Logo of the Surrey Police
|Formed||1 January 1851|
|Legal personality||Governmental: Government agency|
|Operations jurisdiction*||Police area of Surrey, UK|
|Map of Surrey Police's jurisdiction.|
|Headquarters||Mount Browne, Guildford|
1,938 (plus 182 Special Constables)
|Police Community Support Officers||
|Police and Crime Commissioner responsible||David Munro|
|Agency executive||Nick Ephgrave, Chief Constable|
|* Police area agency: Prescribed geographic area in the country, over which the agency has usual operational jurisdiction.|
The force is currently led by Chief Constable Nick Ephgrave, following the departure in December 2015 of Lynne Owens, Surrey's first female chief constable. The force has its headquarters at Mount Browne, Guildford, Surrey.
- 1 History
- 2 Today
- 3 Police and Crime Commissioner
- 4 Ranks and pay
- 5 Air Operations Unit
- 6 Surrey Police Museum
- 7 Training of new recruits
- 8 Complaints
- 9 Proposed merger with Sussex Police
- 10 Crime and detection rates
- 11 Future of Surrey Police
- 12 Stations, and former stations, with borough divisions
- 13 Notable cases
- 14 Breakdown of officer numbers
- 15 Motor vehicles
- 16 Road casualties in Surrey
- 17 Criticism by the IPCC
- 18 See also
- 19 References
- 20 External links
On 1 January 1851, the Surrey Constabulary began its policing of the county with a total of 70 officers, the youngest of whom was 14 years old. The first Chief Constable was H. C. Hastings, who served in this capacity for 48 years. Originally Guildford, Reigate and Godalming had separate borough police forces. The Reigate and Guildford forces were merged into Surrey's in 1943.
Part of the present force area was originally part of the Metropolitan Police District, and was only transferred to the control of Surrey Police from the Metropolitan Police in 2000. This includes the boroughs of Epsom and Ewell, Spelthorne and part of Reigate and Banstead and Elmbridge. Surrey Police was divided into three divisions but in 2010 became a single division, and as of March 2014 is policed by 1,938 regular police officers, in addition to 182 Special Constables and 153 Police Community Support Officers (see table below for more information). Surrey has one of the lowest crime rates in England and Wales. It has now reverted to three area divisions.
For 2017/18, Surrey Police has total expenditure of £224.1m, of which £183.2m goes on employee costs, £27.3m on supplies and services, £8.8m on premises, and £4.8m on transport. It also has £11.1m of income, resulting in "gross expenditure" of £213m.
The Chief Constable of Surrey Police is Nick Ephgrave, who was appointed in July 2016. He had been temporary Chief Constable since December 2015 and was previously Deputy Chief Constable, having been in that role since July 2013. Before this he was a commander in the Metropolitan Police. The previous Chief Constable of Surrey Police was Lynne Owens, who left to become the head of the National Crime Agency.
Surrey Police has four main divisions: three area divisions, Northern, Eastern, and Western; and a specialist crime division.
|Total FTE personnel||4,148||4,206||4,206||4,223||4,165||3,930||3,680||3,650|
1. All figures are official Home Office figures.
2. All figures are full-time equivalents apart from for special constables which are a headcount.
3. Figures apply to 31 March of that year, e.g., 2008/09 figures are for 31 March 2009.
4. Designated Officers that are not PCSOs have one of three roles: investigation officer, detention officer or escort officer.
Police and Crime Commissioner
The first election for Surrey Police and Crime Commissioner took place on 15 November 2012. Kevin Hurley (independent, stood under the label Zero Tolerance Policing ex Chief), who was a retired Metropolitan Police Borough Commander, was elected. He defeated candidates from Labour, the Conservatives, the Liberal Democrats, UKIP, plus an independent.
The second election took place on 5 May 2016. The Conservative candidate, David Munro, was elected. He defeated Jamie Goldrick, independent; Kevin Hurley; Camille Juliff, independent; Howard Kaye, Labour; Paul Kennedy, Liberal Democrat; and Julia Searle, UKIP.
Ranks and pay
Surrey Police has the following ranks. Every rank from constable to chief superintendent has a detective equivalent. These confer no additional powers or authority from their uniform equivalents.
- Chief Constable
- Deputy Chief Constable
- Assistant Chief Constable
- Chief Superintendent
- Chief Inspector
Air Operations Unit
Surrey, like most British Police Forces, has Air Operations covered by the National Police Air Service. The helicopter callsign NPAS15 which predominately covers the Surrey Policing area is based at Redhill Aerodrome and also covers the Sussex, West Hampshire and Essex Area.
Surrey Police Museum
To help celebrate its 150th anniversary, a museum portraying the history of the Force was opened at Mount Browne, the Surrey Police's headquarters in Guildford. Surrey resident Sir Michael Caine, CBE, opened the museum on 22 October 2001. Displays include artefacts and touch-screen technology, all tracing the history of the Force up to the present day.
Training of new recruits
Surrey Police now operates the PLC (police, law & community) course method of training and recruitment. This course ensures that potential recruits already possess knowledge of police law before applying to join Surrey Police. The course is run by several colleges in Surrey, as well as the University of Portsmouth. Although the PLC certificate can be obtained with a pass mark of 40% in the final examination, Surrey Police require a pass mark of 60% to become eligible to reach the application stage of the recruitment process.
The course allows the training phase of a police officer to be reduced by 15 weeks.
There were 710 complaint cases for Surrey Police in 2009/10. This is a 206% change on the 2003/04 figure. This is the second highest increase (after Northamptonshire) of all 43 forces in England and Wales. For comparison, the average change across forces in England and Wales over the same period was 113%.
In 2012, an incident arose with a farmer confronting poachers and being shot at with a .22 rifle. After phoning the police, it took an hour for them to arrive. Furthermore, only two unarmed police turned up to deal with the incident. Surrey Police claimed that they followed the correct protocol. Surrey said that the delay was due to the call being relayed to another force. They also claimed that the phone call said only one shot had been fired. Apparently this meant they did not have to make it such a high priority.
Proposed merger with Sussex Police
Under controversial merger plans announced by then Home Secretary, Charles Clarke, in 2006, the number of police forces in England and Wales would have been cut from 43 to 24. Proposals put forward on 20 March 2006 would have seen the Surrey force merged with Sussex Police to form a single strategic police force for the area.
Police authorities had until 7 April 2006 to respond to the plans; the Home Secretary then announced on 11 April 2006 that Surrey Police and Sussex Police would merge by 2008. However, on 12 July 2006, a Government minister announced that all proposed police merger plans in England and Wales were on hold.
Crime and detection rates
Surrey has the joint seventh lowest crime rate (with one other force) of the 43 force areas in England and Wales, with 55 crimes per 1,000 population. In the year to the end of March 2012 there were 61,757 crimes recorded in Surrey, according to Office for National Statistics figures published in July 2012. This is a 5.2% drop on 2010/11 when there were 65,125 crimes recorded in Surrey.
Despite having the joint seventh lowest crime rate, the detection rate for offences was the joint second lowest (with one other force) of the 43 forces in England and Wales, with a rate of 20 percent. The average for England and Wales was 27 percent.
|Total||Violence against the person||Sexual offences||Robbery||Burglary||Offences against vehicles||Other theft offences||Fraud and forgery||Criminal damage||Drug offences||Other offences|
|England and Wales (2011/12)||27||44||30||21||13||11||21||22||13||92||68|
|England and Wales (2010/11)||28||44||30||21||13||11||22||24||14||94||69|
Future of Surrey Police
In a report published by HM Inspectorate of Constabulary in July 2011, the impact on the number of police officers and staff partly due to the reduction to Surrey Police's budget following the comprehensive spending review is as follows:
|Police officers||Police staff||PCSOs||Total|
|31 March 2010 (actual)||1,890||2,092||224||4,206|
|31 March 2015 (proposed)||1,959||2,184||222||4,365|
Stations, and former stations, with borough divisions
Epsom & Ewell Borough
Mole Valley District
Reigate and Banstead Borough
Surrey Heath Borough
|This section needs expansion with: more information and cases. You can help by adding to it. (October 2011)|
- Guildford Four and Maguire Seven
- Deaths at Deepcut army barracks
- Murder of Milly Dowler
- Operation Arundel and Operation Ravine
Breakdown of officer numbers
|Division||Police Constables||Det Constables||Sergeants||Inspectors||Ch Inspectors||Supt||Ch Supt||ACPO||Total|
|CJ & Custody||7||0||52||5||1||1||0||0||66|
|Division||Police Constables||Det Constables||Sergeants||Inspectors||Ch Inspectors||Supt||Ch Supt||ACPO||Total|
|Command||Police Constables||Det Constables||Sergeants||Inspectors||Ch Inspectors||Supt/ Ch Supt/ ACPO||Total|
|Tasking & Coordinating||117||28||31||9||4||2||191|
|Force Improvement Team||0||0||0||4||1||2||7|
|Division||Constables||Sergeants||Inspectors||Ch Inspectors||Superintendents||Ch Superintendents||Total|
Surrey Police use many types of car for the diverse categories of response vehicles required by the modern Police officer. The force uses many different vehicles. Some of them are listed below with principal uses.
- Ford Focus - Targeted Patrol Response
- Ford Mondeo - Targeted Patrol Response
- Ford Fiesta - Police Neighbourhood Patrol
- Jaguar XF - Roads Police Response
- BMW 530d - Roads Police Response
- Volvo S60 - ANPR Intercept Response
- BMW 1 Series - ANPR Intercept Response
- Ford Kuga - Rural Policing Response
- Ford Ranger - Rural Policing Patrol
- Ford Transit - Suspect Transport Patrol
- Ford S-Max - Collision Investigation
- Ford Transit Connect - Forensic Investigation
- Audi Q7 - Armed Response/Roads Policing Unit
- BMW X5 - Armed Response/Roads Policing Unit
- Volvo V70 - Armed Response/Roads Policing Unit
- VW Passat - Armed Response Car/Roads Policing Unit
- Honda Pan-European Motorcycle - Road Escort Support
- BMW - R1200RTP Motorcycle - Roads Police Response
Road casualties in Surrey
As well as preventing and detecting crime, Surrey Police say that "dealing with road accidents forms a large part of our job, or at least taking measures to try and prevent them". The following table shows the number of casualties, grouped by severity, on Surrey's roads over recent years.
Criticism by the IPCC
Lack of investigation of phone hacking
In criticism widely reported in the media, Deborah Glass, Deputy Chair of the IPCC, said in a six-page report regarding the hacking in 2002 of the phone of the murdered Milly Dowler:
"It is apparent from the evidence that there was knowledge of this at all levels within the investigation team.
"There is equally no doubt that Surrey Police did nothing to investigate it; nobody was arrested or charged in relation to the alleged interception of those messages either in 2002 or subsequently, until the Operation Weeting arrests in 2011.
"Phone hacking was a crime in 2002 and it should have been investigated. [...] We have not been able to uncover any evidence, in documentation or witness statements, of why and by whom that decision [not to investigate] was made: former senior officers in particular appear to have been afflicted by a form of collective amnesia about this." She also said: "In view of the widespread knowledge uncovered in this investigation, we consider that it is scarcely credible that no one connected to the Milly Dowler investigation recognised the relevance and importance of the knowledge that Surrey Police had in 2002, before this information was disclosed by Operation Weeting."
Return of firearms used in double murder
In Farnham in February 2014, John Lowe murdered Christine and Lucy Lee, using one of his firearms that had been returned to him by Surrey Police. In October 2014, Lowe was convicted of their murders and received a life sentence with a minimum term of 25 years.
Two independent reports by Hampshire Constabulary and North Yorkshire Police criticised the decision to return his firearms, which prompted the IPCC to launch an independent investigation. This investigation concluded in February 2016 and it published its findings in a 73-page report in April 2017. IPCC associate commissioner Tom Milsom said: "Our investigation paints a deeply concerning portrait of how Surrey Police's firearms licensing team operated at that time. We found a unit which lacked the necessary training and processes to manage such a serious responsibility, staffed by individuals who were failing to undertake their duties with rigour and due consideration."
Two staff members left Surrey Police as a result of this investigation, one being dismissed for gross misconduct and the other retiring before a hearing for gross misconduct could take place.
The IPCC also conducted a separate independent investigation into complaints made by Stacey Banner, the daughter of Christine Lee and sister of Lucy Lee, who was arrested in a separate incident weeks after the murders. The IPCC found that a detective constable and a detective sergeant had cases to answer for misconduct and a detective inspector for gross misconduct.
Other Surrey emergency services
- "Tables for 'Police workforce, England and Wales, 31 March 2013". HM Government. Office for National Statistics. 31 March 2013. Retrieved 29 May 2014.
- "Lynne Owens is new Surrey Chief Constable". BBC News.
- Office of the Police and Crime Commissioner for Surrey. "Surrey Police Council Tax information - 2017/18". Retrieved on 21 April 2017.
- Home Office (18 July 2013). Tables for 'Police workforce, England and Wales, 31 March 2013'.
- Home Office (17 July 2014). Tables for 'Police workforce, England and Wales, 31 March 2014'.
- Home Office (16 July 2015). Police workforce, England and Wales: 31 March 2015: data tables.
- Home Office (21 July 2016). Police workforce, England and Wales, 31 March 2016. See data tables. Retrieved 6 November 2016.
- BBC News (5 May 2016). Surrey PCC elections: Conservatives oust Kevin Hurley. Retrieved on 5 May 2016.
- Police constable pay scale. Retrieved on 1 April 2016.
- Office of the PCC. Role profile. Retrieved on 1 April 2016.
- Office of the PCC. Summary of Key Terms and Conditions. Retrieved on 1 April 2016.
- fieldsportschannel, fieldsportschannel. "Fieldsports Britain : Violent poachers, Tackle & Gun Show, rifle/scope combos". fieldsportschannel.tv. Retrieved 30 October 2012. Cite error: Invalid
<ref>tag; name "fieldsportschannel" defined multiple times with different content (see the help page).
- "Police forces 'to be cut to 24'". BBC News. 20 March 2006. Retrieved 3 April 2011.
- "Forces happy at 'no merger' news". BBC News. 12 July 2006. Retrieved 3 April 2011.
- Home Office (July 2011). Crime in England and Wales 2010/11. See Excel file for "Police force area data tables".
- Office for National Statistics (July 2012). Crime Statistics, Period Ending March 2012. See "Crime statistics: Police force area data tables 2011-12 - Crime in England and Wales, Quarterly First Release to March 2012".
- Home Office (July 2011). Crimes detected in England and Wales 2010/11. See Excel file for "Police force area tables".
- Home Office (July 2012). Crimes detected in England and Wales 2011 to 2012. See Excel file for "Police force area tables".
- HMIC (July 2011). Valuing the Police: Preparedness Inspection - Surrey Police.
- "Horley Police Station to be closed". Surrey Mirror.
- WhatDoTheyKnow.com (11 October 2016). FoI request: "Cross-reference of police officers in Surrey Police by rank and division". Retrieved 13 November 2016.
- WhatDoTheyKnow.com (18 June 2014). FoI request: "Police officers and staff members by rank/grade and department"
- Surrey County Council (updated: 26 Nov 2014). Road accidents facts and figures.
- BBC (23 September 2015). Serious road casualties in Surrey reaches 10-year high.
- The Independent (24 April 2013). Surrey police officers accused of 'collective amnesia' over failure to check 2002 report that Milly Dowler's phone was hacked.
- Daily Mail (24 April 2013). Surrey police accused of 'collective amnesia' over hacking of Milly Dowler’s phone as report reveals force knew of claims TEN years ago but failed to act.
- The Guardian (24 April 2013). Police did nothing about Dowler phone hacking for a decade, says IPCC.
- BBC (24 April 2013). Milly Dowler police 'amnesia' over phone hack claims.
- IPCC (24 April 2013). IPCC issues findings from investigation into Surrey Police and the knowledge that Milly Dowler’s mobile phone was hacked.
- IPCC (24 April 2013). IPCC independent investigation into Surrey Police’s knowledge of the alleged illegal accessing of Amanda (Milly) Dowler’s mobile phone in 2002.
- The Guardian (31 October 2014). Puppy farmer jailed for at least 25 years for double murder. Retrieved 26 April 2017.
- BBC News (26 April 2017). Surrey puppy farm shootings: 'Deep concern' over police staff. Retrieved 26 April 2017.
- The Guardian (26 April 2017). Woman criticises police for returning guns to killer of her mother and sister. Retrieved 26 April 2017.
- IPCC (26 April 2017). IPCC finds Surrey Police failed to properly review John Lowe's firearm licence before returning his firearms. Retrieved 26 April 2017.
- IPCC (26 April 2017). Investigation into the decision by Surrey Police to return firearms to Mr Lowe prior to the fatal shootings of Christine and Lucy Lee. Independent investigation report. Retrieved 26 April 2017.
- Surrey Police
- Office of the PCC (includes contact details)
- Webcasts of management meetings between PCC and Chief Constable
- Chief Constables of Surrey Police