Surveyor of Marine Victuals

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Office of the Surveyor of Marine Victuals
English White Ensign 1620.svg
White Ensign, as used by the Royal Navy, and merchant vessels of Kingdom of England from 1620 to 1707
Department of the Admiralty
Member of Navy Board (1550–1679)
Reports to Senior Commissioner Navy Board
Nominator Lord High Admiral of England
Appointer Lord High Admiral of England
Subject to formal approval by the King-in-Council
Term length Not fixed (usually for life)
Inaugural holder Edward Baeshe
Formation 1550–1679

The Surveyor of Marine Victuals [1] later known as the Surveyor-General of Victuals [2] was a civilian officer in the Royal Navy who was a former member of the Navy Board from 1550 until 1679, he was responsible for managing the supply of food, beverages and other provisions for the Royal Navy the office was replaced by the Victualling Board in 1683.

History[edit]

The post evolved from a much early official known as the Keeper of the Kings Storehouses the office was formally established in 1550 the post holder was also known as the Surveyor-General of Victuals [3] who was a principle member of the Navy Board, with the exception of Edward Baeshe the first Surveyor of Navy Victuals until 1560 the office was always held jointly for life by two men if one died the surviving office holder would temporarily hold the post until a new appointee was announced. The Surveyor was head of the Marine Victuals Office within the Office of Admiralty and Marine Affairs [4] and the victualling service of the Navy until 1679 when the office is abolished and replaced by a larger body known as the Victualling Board in 1683 run jointly by commissioners.

Responsibilities[edit]

The Surveyor of Victuals was officially responsible for:

List of surveyors of navy victuals[edit]

Included:[5]

Post vacant till 27 November 1635

  • John Crane, 28 November 1635 – 24 October 1660,[16]
  • Denis Alderman Gauden 24 October 1660 – 22 October 1667.
  • Sir Denis Alderman Gauden, Kt, 23 October 1667 – 1677.[17]
  • John Godwin, 1677 – 10 February 1679.[18] dies March 1688.

References[edit]

  1. ^ Ehrman, John (Feb 2, 2012). The Navy in the War of William III 1689-1697: Its State and Direction. Cambridge University Press. p. 181. ISBN 9781107645110. 
  2. ^ Knighton, C. S.; Loades, David (Apr 29, 2016). Elizabethan Naval Administration. Routledge. pp. 7–9. ISBN 9781317145035. 
  3. ^ Hamilton, Sir Vesey (1896). "Chapter VI: The Director of Victualling". Naval Administration. 
  4. ^ Knighton, C. S.; Loades, David; Loades, Professor of History David (Apr 29, 2016). Elizabethan Naval Administration. Routledge. p. 8. ISBN 9781317145035. 
  5. ^ Sainty, J.C. "Surveyor of Marine Victuals 1550-c. 1679 , Institute of Historical Research". history.ac.uk. University of London, 2003. Retrieved 26 March 2017. 
  6. ^ Ferris, John P.; Thrush, Andrew. "QUARLES, Sir Robert (1581-1639), of Stewards, Romford, Essex , History of Parliament Online, CUP, The History of Parliament: the House of Commons 1604-1629,". historyofparliamentonline.org. British Parliament, 2017. Retrieved 26 March 2017. 
  7. ^ Edward Bashe dies 1587
  8. ^ Quarles dies 1599
  9. ^ Darrel is knighted 24 July 1603
  10. ^ Bludder is knighted 1604
  11. ^ Bludder dies 1612
  12. ^ Darrell dies 1623
  13. ^ "Dabbe-Dirkin', Alumni Oxonienses 1500-1714 (1891)". british-history.ac.uk. pp. 366–405. Retrieved 26 March 2017. 
  14. ^ Apsley dies 1630
  15. ^ Darell dies 1635
  16. ^ Crane dismissed by monarch 1660
  17. ^ Gyford, Phil. "Alderman Sir Denis Gauden (Navy Victualler) (Pepys' Diary)". The Diary of Samuel Pepys. Pepys Dairy, 2003–2012. Retrieved 26 March 2017. 
  18. ^ No further occurrence of post after 1679

Sources[edit]

External links[edit]