Survivor: Africa

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Survivor: Africa
Season 3
Presented byJeff Probst
No. of days39
No. of castaways16
WinnerEthan Zohn
Runner-upKim Johnson
LocationShaba National Reserve, Kenya
Country of originUnited States
No. of episodes14
Original networkCBS
Original releaseOctober 11, 2001 (2001-10-11) –
January 10, 2002 (2002-01-10)
Additional information
Filming datesJuly 11 (2001-07-11) –
August 18, 2001 (2001-08-18)
Season chronology
Next →
List of episodes

Survivor: Africa is the third season of the American CBS competitive reality television series Survivor. The season was filmed from July 11, 2001 through August 18, 2001 in Kenya's Shaba National Reserve on the African continent, and aired weekly from October 11, 2001 until the live finale on January 10, 2002, when Ethan Zohn was named Sole Survivor over Kim Johnson by a jury vote of 5-2. Hosted by Jeff Probst, it consisted of the usual 39 days of gameplay with 16 competitors.

The two initial tribes were Boran and Samburu, named for the real-life Borana and Samburu tribes. After 12 days, three members of each team switched to the other team, in what became known as the first "twist" in Survivor. When ten contestants remained, the two tribes merged into the Moto Maji tribe (Swahili for 'fire' and 'water').


List of Survivor: Africa contestants
Contestant Original tribe Switched tribe Merged tribe Finish
Diane Ogden
42, Lincoln, Nebraska
Boran 1st voted out
Day 3
Jessie Camacho
26, Orlando, Florida
Boran 2nd voted out
Day 6
Carl Bilancione
46, Winter Springs, Florida
Samburu 3rd voted out
Day 9
Linda Spencer
44, Boston, Massachusetts
Samburu 4th voted out
Day 12
Silas Gaither
23, Los Angeles, California
Samburu Boran 5th voted out
Day 15
Lindsey Richter
26, Portland, Oregon
Samburu Samburu 6th voted out
Day 18
Clarence Black
24, Detroit, Michigan
Boran Boran Moto Maji 7th voted out
Day 21
Kelly Goldsmith
22, San Diego, California
Boran Samburu 8th voted out
1st jury member
Day 24
Brandon Quinton
25, Dallas, Texas
Samburu Samburu 9th voted out
2nd jury member
Day 27
Frank Garrison
43, Odessa, New York
Samburu Boran 10th voted out
3rd jury member
Day 30
Kim Powers
29, Conshohocken, Pennsylvania
Samburu Samburu 11th voted out
4th jury member
Day 33
Teresa Cooper
42, Jackson, Georgia
Samburu Boran 12th voted out
5th jury member
Day 36
Tom Buchanan
45, Rich Valley, Virginia
Boran Samburu 13th voted out
6th jury member
Day 37
Lex van den Berghe
38, Santa Cruz, California
Boran Samburu 14th voted out
7th jury member
Day 38
Kim Johnson
56, Oyster Bay, New York
Boran Boran Runner-up
Ethan Zohn
27, New York City, New York
Boran Boran Sole Survivor

Future appearances[edit]

Ethan Zohn has competed with Lex van den Berghe and Tom Buchanan again on Survivor: All-Stars. Zohn also competed on Survivor: Winners at War. In 2015, Teresa Cooper was included on the public poll to choose the cast of Survivor: Cambodia, but was not chosen to compete.

Outside of Survivor, Zohn competed on a "Reality All-Stars" episode of Fear Factor[1] and also appeared on The Amazing Race 19 with then-girlfriend and fellow Survivor winner Jenna Morasca.[2] In 2013, van den Berghe and Buchanan were both involved in the making of the television series Family Beef.[3]

Season summary[edit]

The sixteen castaways were split into two tribes, Samburu and Boran, and were given camps that included pre-constructed fencing to help protect them from wildlife. Samburu took an early lead, but the tribe was internally divided along age lines (Silas, Kim P., Brandon and Lindsey as one, and Frank, Teresa, Carl and Linda as the other). At their first Tribal Council, the age blocs left a stalemate tie between Carl and Lindsey, and with no previous votes to count, a quiz was used, with Lindsay winning and putting the younger members in control; on the next visit to Tribal Council, Linda was eliminated, and both tribes were even at six members. On Day 13, the tribes were given a vague clue about sending three members on a quest, unaware this would be the first tribal swap for Survivor. Silas picked himself along with the two remaining older Samburu, Frank and Teresa, while Kelly, Big Tom and Lex were picked for Boran. After informed of the tribal swap, these players joined their new tribe; Frank and Teresa quickly went to work with the original Boran members to eliminate Silas, while the original Boran members on Samburu learned of Lindsay's past votes and were able to eliminate her.

The tribes merged into Moto Maji with ten players remaining, six from the original Boran and four from Samburu. Aware that the Boran players were sticking with original alliances, Samburu members of Moto Maji scrambled to stay in. During the first tribal council post-merge, a mystery vote was cast for Lex, sending him on a witch hunt. Deciding it had been Kelly, a member of his alliance that had voted against him, he asked his alliance to turn against one of their own. When she found out what was going to happen, Kelly banded with the Samburu members, but Lex had also convinced Brandon to vote with his alliance, leading to Kelly's elimination. Brandon's disloyalty to Samburu would lead to his elimination as well as the elimination of the other remaining original Samburu members.

The final four were Ethan, Lex, Big Tom, and Kim J. Kim won the last two immunity challenges; Tom was voted off, then, Lex was voted out by Kim's solitary vote.

At the Final Tribal Council, Kim J. was praised for surviving the game for her age, but accused of riding the coattails of Lex, Ethan, and Big Tom. Ethan was praised for his likeability and integrity, and the jury voted Ethan the Sole Survivor on a 5-2 vote.

Challenge winners and eliminations by episode
Episode Challenge winner(s) Eliminated Finish
No. Title Original air date Reward Immunity
1 "Question of Trust" October 11, 2001 Samburu[a] Diane 1st voted out
Day 3
2 "Who's Zooming Whom?" October 18, 2001 Samburu Samburu Jessie 2nd voted out
Day 6
3 "The Gods Are Angry" October 25, 2001 Boran Boran Carl 3rd voted out
Day 9
4 "The Young and Untrusted" November 1, 2001 Samburu Boran Linda 4th voted out
Day 12
5 "The Twist" November 8, 2001 Boran Samburu Silas 5th voted out
Day 15
6 "I'd Never Do It To You" November 15, 2001 Samburu Boran Lindsey 6th voted out
Day 18
7 "Will There Be a Feast Tonight?" November 22, 2001 None[b] Teresa Clarence 7th voted out
Day 21
8 "The First 21 Days" November 29, 2001 Recap Episode
9 "Smoking Out the Snake" December 6, 2001 Ethan
Ethan Kelly 8th voted out
1st jury member
Day 24
10 "Dinner, Movie and a Betrayal" December 13, 2001 Brandon,
Lex Brandon 9th voted out
2nd jury member
Day 27
11 "We Are Family" December 20, 2001 Survivor
Lex Frank 10th voted out
3rd jury member
Day 30
12 "The Big Adventure" December 27, 2001 Lex
Tom Kim P. 11th voted out
4th jury member
Day 33
13 "Truth Be Told" January 3, 2002 Lex Lex Teresa 12th voted out
5th jury member
Day 36
14 "The Final Four: No Regrets" January 10, 2002 None Kim J. Tom 13th voted out
6th jury member
Day 37
Kim J. Lex 14th voted out
7th jury member
Day 38
15 "The Reunion" Jury vote
Kim J. Runner-up
Ethan Sole Survivor
In the case of multiple tribes or castaways who win reward or immunity, they are listed in order of finish, or alphabetically where it was a team effort; where one castaway won and invited others, the invitees are in brackets.
  1. ^ Combined reward and immunity challenge.
  2. ^ There was no reward challenge due to tribal merge.


No. in
TitleCBS recapOriginal air dateUS viewers
311"Question of Trust"RecapOctober 11, 2001 (2001-10-11)23.84[4]10.4/20[5]

The sixteen castaways, already divided into the two tribes of Boran and Samburu, were dropped off in the middle of a remote area of Kenya and given a common set of supplies and maps to their camps, requiring them to carry whatever supplies they could. The camps were pre-made fenced enclosures to help protect them from wild animals, and required the tribes to keep a fire going and at least two players on watch.

Samburu's tribe found itself split based on age, with the older, ex-military Frank's orders were resented by the younger members. On Boran, Diane had fallen sick from the initial hike.

  • Reward/Immunity challenge: Both tribes must roll a heavy cart, which holds a fire cauldron, across a rugged terrain while lighting three fire towers along the way. The first tower is across a bridge; the second tower is on top of a mountain, and the third is down on a beach. The first tribe to light all three towers and cross the finish line with all eight members wins waterproof matches and one of the carts used in the challenge.

Samburu won the challenge. Boran, defeated, went to collect water while Clarence, who stayed behind to watch Diane, split one of the tribe's can of beans with her, which created trust issues when the rest of the tribe returned. At Tribal Council, the tribe commented on the newfound trust issues, but decided to vote off the weak Diane.

322"Who's Zooming Whom?"RecapOctober 18, 2001 (2001-10-18)19.59[6]7.9/20[5]

Boran dealt with considering how trustworthy Clarence was after the can of beans incident. Meanwhile, at Samburu, the older group attempted to reach out to Silas, part of the younger group, to warn them about the younger groups' weakness and attempted to arrange an alliance to strengthen the older group's position.

  • Reward challenge: Both tribes have five logs of different lengths. Each tribe must carry their logs one at a time along their criss-crossing paths while negotiating a series of obstacles to a tower where they must use the logs to build a staircase by inserting them into peg holes around the tower. Both tribes must stay together and on their own path. The first tribe to get all their logs to their tower, build their staircase and have one member to the top of the tower wins blankets, canned food and other supplies left behind on the first day.

Samburu won the reward challenge. On Boran, Jessie had fallen ill from the events of the previous days.

  • Immunity challenge: Two at a time, one member of each tribe must drink a shot of cow's blood mixed with milk. The tribe that downs the most shots out of eight wins.

Boran lost the immunity challenge, their third loss in a row, due to a faltering performance by Kelly but, at Tribal Council, they decided to vote off the physically-ill Jessie to help strengthen their tribe.

333"The Gods Are Angry"RecapOctober 25, 2001 (2001-10-25)20.43[7]8.0/20[5]

The Boran tribe worked to correct the trust issues within their group, aided by the need to shore up their camp's fence from wild lions that appeared during the night. Boran won their first challenge. At Samburu, a larger gap formed between the older and younger groups, with the younger group showing little work ethic to keep up camp, leaving it to the older group. During one outburst, Carl reveals that he is already wealthy, making him a target by the younger group.

  • Reward challenge: Both tribes have a giant boulder which must be rolled along a marked course. The first tribe to get their boulder across the finish line and into their resting spot wins a tall metal tower containing 100 gallons of fresh drinking water and a supply of organic shampoo.

Boran wins their first challenge, breaking their losing streak and improving tribe morale.

  • Immunity challenge: Both tribes must use whatever is handy to create a distress signal that can easily be seen from the air in an airplane flying overhead, The tribe whose distress signal is chosen to be the most visible of the two in a rescue situation according to the drop master wins.

After losing the immunity challenge, Samburu goes to Tribal Council for the first time, and the vote split on age lines between Carl and Lindsey. As the regular tie-breaker method of counting previous votes would not apply due to it being Samburu's first tribal council, the two vie off in a survival quiz; Lindsey wins and Carl is eliminated, putting the younger players in control at Samburu.

344"The Young and Untrusted"RecapNovember 1, 2001 (2001-11-01)18.73[8]7.8/18[5]

The Boran tribe continues to improve their overall alliance, while the younger group at Samburu use their voting majority to try to coerce the older members to leave them alone.

  • Reward challenge: Before each tribe is a large rope web. Hanging on each web are twelve baskets each containing a different food item. One at a time, one member of each tribe must race up a ramp, across a netting and up the rope web. Once a tribe member grabs one item, brings it back and crosses a line, another tribe member must do the same. The first tribe to retrieve all twelve food items from their rope web wins all twelve of the food items that the winning tribe retrieves.

Once again, Kim J.'s poor challenge performance results in Boran losing another challenge.

  • Immunity challenge: Each tribe has a camp with a hut, animal pen, flagpole and other camp supplies. Both tribes must choose two members as architects who must remember how the camp looks as the other members must move the camp, one or a few pieces at a time, to a new spot that is 200 yards up a small hill and rebuild it exactly as before. The architects must be at the new spot at all times and cannot physically help the others rebuild the camp. Keeping in mind that the flagpole is the last to be put in, the first tribe to rebuild their camp in their new spot exactly as it was built in the original spot wins.

After Samburu loses the immunity challenge, Linda is the clear target of the younger group, while Silas suggests to the other older players they continue to vote for Lindsey as to buffer them from potential tie-breakers in the future. At Tribal Council, the older members target Silas, but their votes are insufficient to stop Linda from being eliminated by the younger group.

355"The Twist"RecapNovember 8, 2001 (2001-11-08)20.55[9]8.3/20[5]

The following day, both tribes are told to select three members for a "quest"; Boran selects Kelly, Lex and Tom, while Samburu chooses Silas, Frank, and Teresa. Both groups are surprised to learn that they will be switching tribes (the first such switch in the show's history). At the new Samburu, the remaining younger players, Brandon, Lindsey, and Kim P., find their new tribemates to have just as demanding a work ethic as the former older members.

  • Reward challenge: A large pen holds forty goats (twenty with red collars and twenty with gold collars). Several yards away at the finish line are one small red pen and one small gold pen. Both tribes must select one player to be their gatekeeper who must be in their color pen at all times and is responsible for getting their color tribe's goats in while keeping the other tribe's goats out. The first tribe to get all twenty of their goats into their color pen wins three egg-laying chickens, one rooster and a supply of chicken feed.

Boran wins the reward. Despite their victory, there is a lot of paranoia due to the tribe swap. Silas, now isolated from his former allies, becomes a target to Ethan and Kim J., who consider throwing the challenge and eliminate Silas.

  • Immunity challenge: Each tribe has a giant twenty-piece puzzle which, when put together, form a picture of an African mask. The first tribe to put their puzzle together correctly wins.

After Boran loses the challenge, Silas attempts to scramble to attain security but is unsuccessful and unanimously sent home.

366"I'd Never Do It To You"RecapNovember 15, 2001 (2001-11-15)19.71[10]8.1/21[5]

Both tribes begin to plan and theorize on a pending merge, rationing supplies to last until this point.

  • Reward challenge: Both tribes stand on the top step of either of two bleachers and are asked a series of questions about Africa which they must answer together as a tribe. Each time a tribe answers correctly, they move one step down. The first tribe to reach the ground wins a buffet of food including Mountain Dew soda, fresh pasta salad with vegetables, sandwiches, and cookies for dessert.

During the challenge, Kim J. gave small hand signals to the former Boran tribe members, which they later released was information about which Samburu member they should vote for between Brandon and Lindsey given the past voting history. Samburu won the challenge.

  • Immunity challenge: Each tribe has five targets ranging from thirty to seventy feet. In pairs, one member of each tribe must try to hit one of their targets with a bow and lighted arrow. Once one has had their turn, another pair must try to do the same. The first tribe to hit all five targets from closest to farthest wins.

Boran wins the challenge. On Samburu, the three former Boran members have deciphered Kim J.'s signals and choose to vote for Lindsay. The three original Boran members attempt to lure one of the others to vote with them, but Kim P. is hesitant of this plan. At Tribal Council, the initial vote is a 3-3 tie between Tom and Lindsey. A revote (without Tom or Lindsey's votes) ends in another tie, leading to the previous votes earned by players to decide who goes home; Tom had lacked any votes prior to that point, and Lindsey is eliminated.

377"Will There Be a Feast Tonight?"RecapNovember 22, 2001 (2001-11-22)17.70[11]6.6/18[5]

The tribes are told of the immunity challenge but not until they arrive do they realize they have reached the merge, and the challenge is now on an individual level.

  • Immunity challenge: Each player stands on top of a log with one arm raised. Their wrists are cuffed to a rope that is connected to the rim of a large bucket that is full of water. All must try to keep their raised arms very still due to the slightest movement being enough to trigger the bucket to tip over and dump the water on top of the player, thus eliminating him or her from the challenge. The last player with their arm still raised wins.

The challenge continues for over six hours, and it's down to Clarence and Teresa. With both showing little sign of giving up, the two agree to a rock-paper-scissors round to determine who will drop out while promising not to vote for the other player; Teresa wins this and the individual immunity. The tribe returns to Boran's camp for the traditional merge feast, and name the new tribe "Moto Maji" after the Swahili words for "fire" and "water".

With the original Boran tribe entering the merge with more members of the original Samburu tribe, Clarence becomes a target by the original Boran due to being a physical threat. Clarence tries to sway the vote of the original Borans but is unable to secure a vote, and he is voted out over Lex.

388"The First 21 Days"N/ANovember 29, 2001 (2001-11-29)17.80[12]TBA
Recap episode of the first 21 days including bonus scenes.
399"Smoking Out the Snake"RecapDecember 6, 2001 (2001-12-06)19.28[13]7.9/21[5]

Lex becomes angry after receiving two votes from the previous council, and attempts to figure out who placed the second vote (Teresa, who had held her deal with Clarence from the previous immunity challenge), creating tension in the tribe.

  • Reward challenge: Each player is given nine items. Using a plank as a springboard, they must place each item, one at a time, on one end of the plank and stomp on the other end, catapulting the items up into a bucket on top of a tower. The first player to get all nine items into their basket wins two goats to be bartered at small African village for luxuries, food, souvenirs or whatever the winner decides.

Ethan wins the reward challenge, and when told he can select another player, brings along Lex who nearly won the challenge over Ethan. The two bond during the trading expedition, and bring back several food items that they share with the tribe.

  • Immunity challenge: The players are given thirty seconds to memorize nine objects and their locations in a grid inside a barrel. Afterwards, they must head out to each of nine similar barrels whose grids are blank. Reminded to think of their grid like a phone pad, they must remember the number to each item, meaning that item #1 is in the top-left, #5 in the center, #9 in the bottom-right, etc. When Jeff calls a number from 1-9, the players must find the item to the number in a field that is 150 feet away, bring it back to their barrel and put it in its proper spot in their grid. If a player is right, he or she moves on to the next round. If wrong, they are out of the game. After two rounds, the remaining players are given 15 seconds to memorize a second grid of nine items. They are then given one minute to find as many of the nine items as possible and place them in their proper spots in their grids. Whoever gets the most right out of nine wins.

Ethan wins immunity at the challenge. Lex is still paranoid about who placed the vote against him, and begins to suspect Kelly and tried to convince the Boran for her elimination, but Tom remains suspicious. Meanwhile, Kelly is aware of Lex's plan and joins with Kim P. and Teresa's alliance to protect herself and target Lex, leaving Brandon as the swing vote. At Tribal, Brandon is shown to have voted for Kelly and eliminating her from the game though she becomes the first member of the jury.

4010"Dinner, Movie and a Betrayal"RecapDecember 13, 2001 (2001-12-13)18.39[14]7.3/20[5]

Brandon finds himself in a state of distrust by both former tribes; his former Samburu members having found him favoring the Boran members, while the Boran tribe worries he might return to Samburu in the future.

  • Reward challenge: The remaining eight players are teamed up in four pairs of two. Two pairs at a time, the players run an obstacle course. The pairs start by going over a cargo net and across a timber tumble followed by going up a rope climb by climbing up a rope or rope ladder to ring a bell. Next they go under a belly crawl leading to three walls for the pairs to jump over. They must then assemble a ladder for them to climb over the fourth and final wall which is ten feet high. The two pairs to finish first in either of the first two heats go on to the final round in which they must run the same course. The pair that finishes first in the final round wins a private screening of the movie "Out of Africa" complete with popcorn, nachos, candy, hot dogs and Mountain Dew.

The pair of Frank and Brandon win the reward, a combination found humorous by others. Despite this, Brandon's intentions are still questioned by the other members. Kim P. realizes she is likely one of the next targets, along with Brandon, and begins to try to align herself to stay in the game.

  • Immunity challenge: Each player has a circle lined with stones and on the other side of the field is a pile brush, sticks and dried elephant dung. All must race to gather as much of these materials and place them in their circle. They must then attempt to build a fire using a magnifying glass and refracting the sun's rays. The first player to build a fire and build the flame high enough to burn a wick to drop a sandbag and raise a flag wins. Players are disqualified if their materials touch the wick or any other part of their structure.

Lex wins individual immunity. Lex tries to convince his former tribe to vote for Frank instead of Brandon, but Ethan and Tom worry about Lex's complicated plans and consider abandoning their alliance with him. The tribe ends up voting out Brandon over Frank at Tribal Council.

4111"We Are Family"RecapDecember 20, 2001 (2001-12-20)19.60[15]7.7/22[5]

  • Reward challenge: Instead of a reward challenge, players are each given KSh20,000 and a Survivor auction takes place. Jeff offers various food items and players bid on them in KSh500 increments. Items go to the player who bids highest. Items can be shared so long as money is pooled.

After the food auction, there is a discussion on how Tom was happy to not have to share the ham in the breakfast meal they bid on together due to Ethan's Jewish background, but Ethan understands Tom was joking around and it doesn't affect their relationship.

  • Immunity challenge: Along the perimeter of an abandoned Boma fence is seven stations. Each station has a question relating to a story told to the players by Jeff and two ostrich eggs, each below one of two possible answers to the question. Players must enter the stations, one at a time, latching the gate behind them. If a player breaks open the egg with the right answer, they will find a strap of colored leather which must be wrapped around the same color on their staff. If a player breaks the egg with the wrong answer, it will be empty inside, and the player must try again later. Eggs are replaced after a player leaves a station. The first player to answer five questions correctly and return to the starting circle with five straps of leather wrapped around their staff in the right places wins.

Lex wins the immunity challenge, and Frank realizes he is next to be voted out. He tries to show his sympathetic side to the others, but his opinion on gun control and past military action unnerves Kim P. The remaining women realizes that they may be dominated by the remaining men and plan to eliminate Ethan at Tribal Council over Frank, but this plan does not work and Frank is voted out.

4212"The Big Adventure"RecapDecember 27, 2001 (2001-12-27)18.92[16]7.5/20[5]

  • Reward challenge: All six players are asked a series a four questions which their loved ones had previously answered on videotape. When a question is asked, the players must write down their answers on a pad. If their answers match their loved ones' responses, they get a point. The player who matches the most of their four loved ones' responses wins a flight to the Maasai Mara to witness the migration of the wildebeest, an overnight stay at a safari resort complete with a bed, shower and good food, and a private hot air balloon ride the next morning all paid with Jeff's Visa credit card.

Lex wins the challenge, and is given the opportunity to take along another player; Lex chooses Tom.

  • Immunity challenge: Hanging in a line are eighteen clay pots. Each player's name is printed on three of the pots. The players are given traditional African weapons called rungus which they must throw at their opponents' pots trying to break them and have them fall to the ground. Each player throws one rungu stick per round and players switch positions after each round. When a player's third pot is broken, that player is out of the challenge. The last player with at least one pot still hanging wins.

Tom wins the immunity challenge. Teresa, still worried about Lex, convinces Kim J. and Kim P. to vote with her and attempts to sway Tom who is still dubious about Lex's former alliance with Brandon. However, at Tribal Council the former Boran alliance holds true and Kim P. is voted out.

4313"Truth Be Told"RecapJanuary 3, 2002 (2002-01-03)21.31[17]8.7/20[5]

  • Reward challenge: All five players race to find twelve Swahili words in a word scramble puzzle. Each player has their own board. If a player finds a word, they must circle it on their board and cross it off on their list. Each word intersects with at least on other word. Once a player finds and circles all twelve Swahili words, they must take the intersecting letters and unscramble them to make one English word. An envelope containing a clue to that English word is pinned to the bottom of the board. The first player to unscramble the final English word wins a new Chevrolet Avalanche pick-up truck loaded with a year's worth of medical supplies including HIV test kits to be taken to Wamba Hospital.

Lex wins the reward challenge, but after the fact he realizes that being away from camp has put him in a position of vulnerability and unable to plot with his alliance. Meanwhile, his alliance members do worry about Lex' increasing instability and consider him a weakness.

  • Immunity challenge: The players compete in an obstacle course consisting of elements from five previous challenges. Players start by assembling a puzzle ladder which, when completed, must be climbed up to a net. Once they are on the net, they must make their way up one side of the net and down the other side. Once off the net, they will find a cart loaded with pieces to a mask puzzle. Players must drag the cart to a mask-shaped platform where the mask puzzle must be assembled. Once the mask puzzle is completed, they must go under a ladder crawl leading to a bow and arrows. The first player to hit their target with an arrow wins.

Lex wins immunity, and the Boran members set their sight on Teresa, the last Samburu member. Fighting to stay in the game, she explains to Lex that she had cast that vote against him at Clarence's elimination on advice from Tom, and Lex attempts to sway his alliance to vote off Tom. However, the Borans continue to hold to their original plan and Teresa is eliminated from the game.

4414"The Final Four: No Regrets"RecapJanuary 10, 2002 (2002-01-10)27.26[18]11.3/25[5]

Lex confronts Tom on Teresa's claim about her Lex vote, and while Tom denies having told her that, he does admit having advised her about voting against Lex prior to the swap. Lex discuss this with Ethan and the two agree that taking Tom to the final three would be risky and consider absolving their alliance with him.

  • Immunity challenge: At Tribal Council, the final four are asked a series of eight questions about their tribemates. When a question is asked, the players must write their answers on their pads and wait until all have written their answers before revealing them. Each time a player answers correctly, they get one point. The player with the most points at the end of eight questions wins.

Kim J. wins the challenge, and Tom is unanimously voted out by the others.

After a traditional Samburu ritual, the final three players compete in the final immunity challenge.

  • Immunity challenge: All three players step on two stumps of different heights (one per foot) and place one hand on the immunity idol. If at any time a player lifts one foot, lets go of the idol or touches the idol or the supporting pole with their free hand, they are out of the challenge. Whichever player lasts the longest wins.

Ethan is eliminated from the challenge earlier by accidentally stepping off a post. Lex and Kim J. continue for several hours, but Lex, who has been feeling ill for the few days, stumbles, and Kim J. wins immunity. At the following Tribal, she votes to eliminate Lex and go into the jury with Ethan. At the final Tribal Council, the jury quizzed Ethan and Kim J. over their gameplay.

4515"The Reunion"N/AJanuary 10, 2002 (2002-01-10)19.05[18]8.7/20[5]

Months later, Jeff was on at a CBS studio in Los Angeles (with a live audience) along with a voting urn and, when he returned, it appeared he had returned directly to the tribal council site to read the votes. In reality, the CBS sound stage was made up to look like the site. This was revealed after he read the votes and Ethan was named Sole Survivor with a 5-2 vote, Ethan receiving Kelly, Frank, Teresa, Big Tom, and Lex's votes and Kim J. getting Brandon and Kim P.'s. Prior to appearing in the finale, the contestants were told to make themselves appear as they had looked during the last tribal council and, during the reading of the votes, the audience was told to hold any cheering or applause until after the winner was announced.

The castaways return to discuss the season with host Bryant Gumbel.

Voting history[edit]

  1. ^ a b The first Tribal Council Vote resulted in a tie. Per the rules, a second vote was held where the castaways involved in the tie would not vote and the remaining castaways could only vote for those who tied.
  2. ^ a b c d After two rounds of voting between Lindsey and Carl, Tribal Council remained tied. As this was Samburu's first Tribal Council, no castaway had prior votes and a countback could not be called. Per the rules, Lindsey and Carl competed in a nature quiz tiebreaker, which Carl lost.
  3. ^ a b c d After two tied votes between Lindsey and Tom, a Tribal Council countback was called as a tiebreaker. Tom had no previous votes but Lindsey had four, therefore Lindsey was eliminated.
  4. ^ a b Ethan and Lex were not eligible to vote as the only eligible players they could vote for were each other.
  5. ^ a b Lindsey and Tom were not eligible to vote in the second Tribal Council vote.
  6. ^ a b Carl and Lindsey were not eligible to vote in the second Tribal Council vote.


Unlike the previous two seasons, Survivor: Africa received much more criticism, primarily for the tough living conditions that the cast had to go through during filming. Dalton Ross of Entertainment Weekly ranked it as the ninth-worst season of the series, saying that, aside from "Some great challenges, not that much else was great."[19] Tom Santilli of ranked it #26, saying that following Borneo and Australian Outback, "it was a complete dud at the time," while also noting that winner Ethan Zohn "was just so-so and not that interesting," and that the cast's "lethargy showed on screen" due to the poor conditions in the filming location. In 2020, it was also ranked 29th by fan site "The Purple Rock Podcast", which similarly said that "this season suffers because of its location," and that "the cast on this season is generally pretty decent, and probably would have been much better if they weren't constantly sapped of energy by lack of food and water."[20] In 2015, a poll by Rob Has a Podcast ranked Africa 19th out of 30 with Rob Cesternino ranking this season 26th.[21] This was updated in 2021 during Cesternino's podcast, Survivor All-Time Top 40 Rankings, ranking 21st out of 40.[22][23] The season was similarly ranked as the fifth-worst by Andrea Deiher of Zap2it in 2013, before it was replaced by Survivor: San Juan del Sur in 2015.[24][25] In 2020, Inside Survivor ranked this season 23rd out of 40 saying "Is it the most dynamic season in terms of gameplay? No. But it is rich in character."[26]


There was some controversy surrounding an immunity challenge in the final episode. In a "Fallen Comrades" challenge, in which the contestants were quizzed on trivia regarding players in the game who had been voted out, the final question was "Which female contestant has no piercings?" The official answer, given by Kim J to earn the win, was Kelly. Lex answered the question with Lindsey's name, who, unbeknownst to the producers, also had no piercings. Had Lex been given credit for his correct answer, he and Kim J. would have been tied in the challenge and would have faced tie-breaker questions. After the producers had been alerted to the mistake, both third-place finisher Lex and fourth-place finisher Tom were awarded the $100,000 runner-up prize instead of the traditional third and fourth place earnings.[27]


  1. ^ "Episode 4.24 (Reality All-Stars) - February 28". Game Show Newsnet. Retrieved December 20, 2019.
  2. ^ Ross, Dalton (August 31, 2011). "'Survivor' winners Ethan and Jenna head up new 'Amazing Race' cast. Plus: New twists revealed! -- EXCLUSIVE". Entertainment Weekly. Retrieved May 30, 2020.
  3. ^ Helling, Steve (August 7, 2013). "Survivor Finalist Tom Buchanan Returns with a Show of His Own". People. Retrieved May 13, 2021.
  4. ^ "Top 20 Network Primetime Report. Week of 10/08/01 - 10/14/01". Zap2it. Archived from the original on June 9, 2003. Retrieved July 27, 2020.
  5. ^ a b c d e f g h i j k l m n "SpotVault - Survivor Africa (CBS). Fall 2001 Original Ratings". Spotted Ratings. December 8, 2011. Retrieved July 27, 2020.
  6. ^ "Top 20 Network Primetime Report. Week of 10/15/01 - 10/21/01". Zap2it. Archived from the original on June 9, 2003. Retrieved July 27, 2020.
  7. ^ "Top 20 Network Primetime Report. Week of 10/22/01 - 10/28/01". Zap2it. Archived from the original on June 9, 2003. Retrieved July 27, 2020.
  8. ^ "Top 20 Network Primetime Report. Week of 10/29/01 - 11/04/01". Zap2it. Archived from the original on June 9, 2003. Retrieved July 27, 2020.
  9. ^ "Top 20 Network Primetime Report. Week of 11/05/01 - 11/11/01". Zap2it. Archived from the original on June 9, 2003. Retrieved July 27, 2020.
  10. ^ "Top 20 Network Primetime Report. Week of 11/12/01 - 11/18/01". Zap2it. Archived from the original on April 2, 2003. Retrieved July 27, 2020.
  11. ^ "Top 20 Network Primetime Report. Week of 11/19/01 - 11/25/01". Zap2it. Archived from the original on April 17, 2003. Retrieved July 27, 2020.
  12. ^ "Top 20 Network Primetime Report. Week of 11/26/01 - 12/02/01". Zap2it. Archived from the original on April 15, 2003. Retrieved July 27, 2020.
  13. ^ "Top 20 Network Primetime Report. Week of 12/03/01 - 12/09/01". Zap2it. Archived from the original on April 27, 2003. Retrieved July 27, 2020.
  14. ^ "Top 20 Network Primetime Report. Week of 12/10/01 - 12/16/01". Zap2it. Archived from the original on April 27, 2003. Retrieved July 27, 2020.
  15. ^ "Top 20 Network Primetime Report. Week of 12/17/01 - 12/23/01". Zap2it. Archived from the original on June 15, 2002. Retrieved July 27, 2020.
  16. ^ "Top 20 Network Primetime Report. Week of 12/24/01 - 12/30/01". Zap2it. Archived from the original on April 27, 2003. Retrieved July 27, 2020.
  17. ^ "Top 20 Network Primetime Report. Week of 12/31/01 - 01/06/02". Zap2it. Archived from the original on April 27, 2003. Retrieved July 27, 2020.
  18. ^ a b "Top 20 Network Primetime Report. Week of 01/07/02 - 01/13/02". Zap2it. Archived from the original on April 27, 2003. Retrieved July 27, 2020.
  19. ^ Ross, Dalton (May 6, 2020). "Survivor Winners at War recap: Double elimination smackdown!". Entertainment Weekly. Retrieved May 13, 2021.
  20. ^ "Survivor season rankings (with spoiler-free summaries)". The Purple Rock Survivor Podcast. May 22, 2020. Retrieved February 17, 2021.
  21. ^ "Survivor Top 30 All-Time Season Rankings Results". Rob Has a Podcast. September 21, 2015.
  22. ^ "Survivor All-Time Top 40 Rankings | #21: Africa PART ONE". Rob Has a Podcast. May 19, 2021. Retrieved May 20, 2021.
  23. ^ "Survivor All-Time Top 40 Rankings | #21: Africa PART TWO". Rob Has a Podcast. May 20, 2021. Retrieved May 20, 2021.
  24. ^ "'Survivor's' 10 best and 5 worst seasons: How will 'Blood vs. Water' rank?". December 10, 2013. Archived from the original on April 16, 2014.
  25. ^ "The 10 best and 5 worst 'Survivor' seasons, ranked". Archived from the original on December 17, 2015. Retrieved December 22, 2015.
  26. ^ Holmes, Martin (October 21, 2020). "Best Season Rankings – No. 23 – Africa". Inside Survivor. Retrieved May 13, 2021.
  27. ^ Kaplan, Don (February 20, 2002). "'SURVIVOR' 'SCREW-UP' COSTS CBS $200G". New York Post. Retrieved October 17, 2015.

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