Surya Kumar Bhuyan

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Surya Kumar Bhuyan
Born (1894-01-27)27 January 1894
Fauzdaripatty, Nagaon district, Assam
Died 1964
Fauzdaripatty, Nagaon, Assam
Pen name Bhanunandan
Occupation writer, lecturer
Language Assamese
Nationality Indian
Education MA, DLit, PhD
Alma mater Calcutta University, London University

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Rai Bahadur Surya Kumar Bhuyan MBE (Assamese: সূৰ্যকুমাৰ ভূঞা; 1894–1964) was a writer, historian, and a poet from Assam.[1][2] He presided over the Asam Sahitya Sabha (1953) held at Shillong.[3] He was the elected member of Rajya Sabha during 1952–53, and was awarded the Padma Shri by the Government of India in 1956.

Life history and achievements[edit]

Bhuyan was born on 27 January 1894 to Rabilal Bhuyan and Bhubaneshwari Bhuyan at Fauzdaripatty, in Nagaon district, Assam. He began his education at Nagaon but in 1904, moved to Shillong. He graduated from the Shillong Government School in 1909. In 1909[citation needed], he completed his Bachelor of Arts degree in the Presidency College, Calcutta, and in 1916, completed his master's degree English in the Calcutta University. He started his career as a teacher in Jorhat Mission School. In 1918, he was appointed as a lecturer in Cotton College at Guwahati. In 1936, Bhuyan went to England to work on his PhD at the London School of Oriental and African Studies.[4] Bhuyan became the first Assamese to be the Principal of the Cotton College, Guwahati. After which, Bhuyan began to resuscitate the Buranjis and formulate a distinct past for Assam, against its inclusion within the framework of the Indian state. In this, he continued the work of Sir Edward Gait, collecting historical manuscripts from old families and converting them into a readable format. He retired as the DPI Assam and took charge as the Vice Chancellor of Gauhati University.[4]

Literary works[edit]

Surya Kumar Bhuyan compiled, collated, and edited a number of books and articles in the Assamese language. He also wrote a few books in English and Bengali, which include:[4]

Historical books[edit]

  • Kamrupar Buranji (কামৰূপৰ বুৰঞ্জী; 1930)
  • Deodhai Assam Buranji (দেওধাই অসম বুৰঞ্জী; 1932)
  • Assamar Padya Buranji (অসমৰ পদ্য বুৰঞ্জী; 1932)
  • Padshah Buranji (পদসাহ বুৰঞ্জী; 1935)
  • Kachari Buranji (কছাৰী বুৰঞ্জী; 1936)
  • Jayantia Buranji (জয়ন্তীয়া বুৰঞ্জী)
  • Tripura Buranji (ত্ৰিপুৰা বুৰঞ্জী)
  • Satsari Assam Buranji (সাতসৰী অসম বুৰঞ্জী)
  • Konwar Bidroh (কোৱৰ বিদ্ৰোহ; 1948)
  • Mirjumlar Asom Akramon (মিৰজুমলাৰ অসম আক্ৰমণ; 1956)

Biographical works in Assamese[edit]

  • Gopal Krishna Gokhle (গোপাল কৃষ্ণ গোখলে; 1961)
  • Ahomar Din (আহোমৰ দিন; 1918)
  • Robindra Nath Thakur (ৰবীন্দ্ৰ নাথ ঠাকুৰ; 1920)
  • Anandaram Baruah (আনন্দৰাম বৰুৱা; 1920)[5]
  • Jonaki (জোনাকী; 1928)
  • Chaneki (চানেকী; 1928)
  • Asom Jiyori (অসম জীয়ৰী; 1935)
  • Rajeswar Singha (ৰাজেশ্বৰ সিংহ; 1974)
  • Ramoni Gabharu (ৰমনী গাভৰু; 1951)
  • Swargadeu Godadhor Singha (স্বৰ্গদেউ গদাধৰ সিংহ)
  • Anandaram Dhekial Phukan (আনন্দৰাম ঢেকীয়াল ফুকন)
  • Jagannath Barua (জগন্নাথ বৰুৱা)
  • Sir Edward Gait (চাৰ এডৱাৰ্ড গেইট) etc.

Creative works in Assamese[edit]

  • Nirmali (নিৰ্মালি; 1918) (collection of poems)
  • Panchami (পঞ্চমী; 1927) (short story collection)
  • Tripodi (ত্ৰিপদী; 1960) (collection of articles written on literature)

Books in English[edit]

  • An Assamese Nurjahan (1962)
  • Tungkhungia Buranji (1932)
  • Assamese Historical Literature
  • Kartuya
  • An Account of Assam
  • Preliminary Report on the old Record at Assam Secretariat
  • Lachit Barphukan and his Times
  • Annal of Delhi Badsahai
  • Anglo Assamese Relations (1937)
  • The Seven Hindrances (1937)
  • Atan Buragohain and his Times (1937)
  • Studies in the Literature of Assam (1937)
  • Catalogue of Historical writings (1955)

Books in Bengali[edit]

  • Bangla Vashai Oxomor Itihaas (বাংলা ভাষায় আসামেৰ ইতিহাস)
  • Obosane Ahom Rajotwo (অবসানে আহোম ৰাজত্ব)
  • Kabyoroshik Boiganiker Atmochorit (কাব্যৰসিক বৈজ্ঞানিকেৰে আত্মচৰিত)
  • Europot Oxomor Jyotish Sutro (য়ুৰোপত অসমৰ জ্যোতিষ সূত্ৰ)

Awards[edit]

See also[edit]

References[edit]

  1. ^ Brahmaputra Valley Regional Handloom Weavers' Co-operative Society (1991). Silent revolution, biggest human achievement in the world. Brahmaputra Valley Regional Handloom Weavers' Co-operative Society. Retrieved 20 June 2013. 
  2. ^ Birinchi Kumar Barua (1965). History of Assamese literature. East-West Center Press. Retrieved 20 June 2013. 
  3. ^ "Asam Sahitya Sabha is the foremost and the most popular organization of Assam". Vedanti.com. Archived from the original on 26 September 2013. Retrieved 2013-06-20. 
  4. ^ a b c "Surya Kumar Bhuyan". Vedanti.com. Archived from the original on 2016-03-04. Retrieved 2013-06-20. 
  5. ^ Nalini Natarajan; Emmanuel Sampath Nelson (1 January 1996). Handbook of Twentieth-Century Literatures of India. Greenwood Publishing Group. pp. 28–. ISBN 978-0-313-28778-7. Retrieved 20 June 2013. 
  6. ^ "Padma Awards Directory (1954–2009)" (PDF). Ministry of Home Affairs. Archived from the original (PDF) on 10 May 2013. 
  7. ^ "No. 37598". The London Gazette (Supplement). 4 June 1946. p. 2792. 

External links[edit]