Suryakant Tripathi

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Suryakant Tripathi
Suryakant Tripathi
Tripathi on a 1976 stamp of India
Born(1896-02-21)21 February 1896
Midnapore, Bengal Presidency, British India
Died15 October 1961(1961-10-15) (aged 65)
Allahabad, Uttar Pradesh, India
Pen nameNirala
Occupation
  • Writer
  • poet
  • essayist
  • novelist
NationalityIndian
PeriodChhayavaad
Notable worksSaroj Smriti, Raam Ki Shaktipuja
SpouseManohara Devi

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Suryakant Tripathi "Nirala" (21 February 1896 – 15 October 1961) was an Indian poet, novelist, essayist and story-writer who wrote in Hindi. He also drew many sketches.

Biography[edit]

Nirala's father, Pandit Ramsahaya Tripathi, was a government servant and was a tyrannical person. His mother died when he was very young. Nirala was educated in the Bengali medium at Mahishadal Raj High School at Mahishadal, Purba Medinipur.[1]

After his marriage at the age of 20, Nirala learned Hindi at the insistence of his wife, Manohara Devi. Soon, he started writing poems in Hindi, instead of Bengali. After a bad childhood, Nirala had a few good years with his wife. But this phase was short-lived as his wife died when he was 22, and later his daughter (who was a widow) also expired. Nirala lost half of his family, including his wife and daughter, in 1918 Spanish flu influenza outbreak.[2][3]

Most of his life was somewhat in the bohemian tradition. He wrote strongly against social injustice and exploitation in society. Since he was more or less a rebel, both in form and content, acceptance did not come easily. What he got in plenty was ridicule and derision. All this may have played a role in making him a victim of schizophrenia in his later life and he was admitted to Central Institute of Psychiatry, Ranchi.[4]

Work[edit]

Many of Nirala's poems were translated by David Rubin, and are available in the collections, A Season on the Earth: Selected Poems of Nirala (Columbia University Press, 1977), The Return of Sarasvati: Four Hindi Poets (Oxford University Press, 1993), and Of Love and War: A Chayavad Anthology (Oxford University Press, 2005). Nirala : Aatmhanta Astha was a critical analysis of his works written by Doodhnath Singh.[5]

Legacy[edit]

Today, a park, Nirala Uddyan, an auditorium, Nirala Prekshagrah, and a degree college, Mahapran Nirala Degree College, in the Unnao District are named after him.[6]

In popular culture[edit]

The Films Division of India produced a short documentary film on his life, titled Suryakant Tripathi Nirala, directed by Rajiv Kumar it covers his works and achievements.[7]

Reception[edit]

Eugenia Vanina notes ‘Mahārāj Śivājī kā patr Mirzā Rājā Jai Siṅgh ke nām’ to endear its audience into Hindu Nationalism.[8]

Works[edit]

Poetry[edit]

  • Ram Ki Shakti Puja (राम की शक्ति पूजा)
  • Dhwani (ध्वनि)
  • Apara (अपरा)
  • Saroj Smriti (सरोज स्मृति)
  • Parimal (परिमल)
  • Priyatam (प्रियतम)
  • Anaamika (अनामिका, 1938)
  • Geetika (गीतिका)
  • Kukurmutta (कुकुरमुत्ता, 1941)
  • Adima (अणिमा)
  • Bela (बेला)
  • Naye Patte (नये पत्ते)
  • Archana (अर्चना)
  • Geet Gunj (गीतगुंज)
  • Aradhana (आराधना)
  • Tulsidas (तुलसीदास, 1938)
  • Janmabhumi (जन्मभूमि)
  • Jago Phir Ek Bar (जागो फिर एक बार)
  • Bhikshuk (भिक्षुक)
  • Todti Patthar (तोड़ती पत्थर)

Novels[edit]

  • Apsara (अप्सरा)
  • Alka (अलका)
  • Prabhavati (प्रभावती)
  • Nirupama (निरुपमा)
  • Chameli (चमेली)
  • Choti ki Pakad (चोटी की पकड़)
  • Indulekha (इन्दुलेखा)
  • Kale Karname (काले कारनामे)

Collections of stories[edit]

  • Chhaturi Chamar (चतुरी चमार)
  • Sukul ki Biwi (सुकुल की बीवी, 1941)
  • Sakhi (साखी)
  • Lily (लिली)
  • Devi (देवी)

Essay-collections[edit]

  • Prabandha-Parichaya (प्रबंध परिचय)
  • Bangbhasha ka Uchcharan (बंगभाषा का उच्चारण)
  • Ravindra-Kavita-Kannan (रवीन्द्र-कविता-कानन)
  • Prabandh-Padya (प्रबंध पद्य)
  • Prabandh-Pratima (प्रबंध प्रतिमा)
  • Chabuk (चाबुक)
  • Chayan (चयन)
  • Sangraha (संग्रह)

Prose[edit]

  • Kullibhat (कुल्लीभाट)
  • Billesur Bakriha (बिल्लेसुर बकरिहा)

Translations[edit]

  • Anand Math (आनन्दमठ)
  • Vish-Vriksh (विष वृक्ष)
  • Krishnakant ka Vil (कृष्णकांत का विल)
  • Kapal Kundala (कपाल कुण्डला)
  • Durgesh Nandini (दुर्गेश नन्दिनी)
  • Raj Singh (राज सिंह)
  • Raj Rani (राज रानी)
  • Devi Chaudharani (देवी चौधरानी)
  • Yuglanguliya (युगलांगुलीय)
  • Chandrasekhar (चन्द्रशेखर)
  • Rajni (रजनी)
  • Sri Ramkrishna Vachnamrit (श्री रामकृष्ण वचनामृत)
  • Bharat mein Vivekanand (भारत में विवेकानंद)
  • Rajyog (राजयोग)

References[edit]

  1. ^ "Mahishadal Raj College". College Admission. Retrieved 9 April 2019.
  2. ^ "How literature has helped us make sense of pandemics".
  3. ^ "References to death and disease in Hindi literature". 12 April 2020.
  4. ^ निराला, नज़रुल, मजाज़ भी रहे हैं रांची पागलखाने में – BBC News हिंदी. Bbc.com. Retrieved on 13 December 2018.
  5. ^ "Nirala : Aatmhanta Astha". Rajkamal Prakashan. Retrieved 14 January 2018.
  6. ^ Famous Personalities Archived 16 October 2013 at the Wayback Machine Unnao district Official website.
  7. ^ "SURYAKANT TRIPATHI NIRALA | Films Division". filmsdivision.org. Retrieved 12 June 2021.
  8. ^ Vanina, Eugenia (14 September 2020). "'Blackened face': Emotional Community and the Hindu Nationalist Interpretation of History". Emotions: History, Culture, Society. 4 (1): 66–90. doi:10.1163/2208522X-02010078. ISSN 2206-7485.

External links[edit]