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|Born||21 February 1896|
Midnapore, Bengal Presidency, British India
|Died||15 October 1961 (aged 65)|
Allahabad, Uttar Pradesh, India
|Notable works||Saroj Smriti, Raam Ki Shaktipuja|
Suryakant Tripathi "Nirala" (21 February 1896 – 15 October 1961) was an Indian poet, novelist, essayist and story-writer who wrote in Hindi. He also drew many sketches.
Nirala's father, Pandit Ramsahaya Tripathi, was a government servant and was a tyrannical person. His mother died when he was very young. Nirala was educated in the Bengali medium at Mahishadal Raj High School at Mahishadal, Purba Medinipur.
After his marriage at the age of 20, Nirala learned Hindi at the insistence of his wife, Manohara Devi. Soon, he started writing poems in Hindi, instead of Bengali. After a bad childhood, Nirala had a few good years with his wife. But this phase was short-lived as his wife died when he was 22, and later his daughter (who was a widow) also expired. Nirala lost half of his family, including his wife and daughter, in 1918 Spanish flu influenza outbreak.
Most of his life was somewhat in the bohemian tradition. He wrote strongly against social injustice and exploitation in society. Since he was more or less a rebel, both in form and content, acceptance did not come easily. What he got in plenty was ridicule and derision. All this may have played a role in making him a victim of schizophrenia in his later life and he was admitted to Central Institute of Psychiatry, Ranchi.
Many of Nirala's poems were translated by David Rubin, and are available in the collections, A Season on the Earth: Selected Poems of Nirala (Columbia University Press, 1977), The Return of Sarasvati: Four Hindi Poets (Oxford University Press, 1993), and Of Love and War: A Chayavad Anthology (Oxford University Press, 2005). Nirala : Aatmhanta Astha was a critical analysis of his works written by Doodhnath Singh.
In popular culture
Eugenia Vanina notes ‘Mahārāj Śivājī kā patr Mirzā Rājā Jai Siṅgh ke nām’ to endear its audience into Hindu Nationalism.
- Ram Ki Shakti Puja (राम की शक्ति पूजा)
- Dhwani (ध्वनि)
- Apara (अपरा)
- Saroj Smriti (सरोज स्मृति)
- Parimal (परिमल)
- Priyatam (प्रियतम)
- Anaamika (अनामिका, 1938)
- Geetika (गीतिका)
- Kukurmutta (कुकुरमुत्ता, 1941)
- Adima (अणिमा)
- Bela (बेला)
- Naye Patte (नये पत्ते)
- Archana (अर्चना)
- Geet Gunj (गीतगुंज)
- Aradhana (आराधना)
- Tulsidas (तुलसीदास, 1938)
- Janmabhumi (जन्मभूमि)
- Jago Phir Ek Bar (जागो फिर एक बार)
- Bhikshuk (भिक्षुक)
- Todti Patthar (तोड़ती पत्थर)
- Apsara (अप्सरा)
- Alka (अलका)
- Prabhavati (प्रभावती)
- Nirupama (निरुपमा)
- Chameli (चमेली)
- Choti ki Pakad (चोटी की पकड़)
- Indulekha (इन्दुलेखा)
- Kale Karname (काले कारनामे)
Collections of stories
- Chhaturi Chamar (चतुरी चमार)
- Sukul ki Biwi (सुकुल की बीवी, 1941)
- Sakhi (साखी)
- Lily (लिली)
- Devi (देवी)
- Prabandha-Parichaya (प्रबंध परिचय)
- Bangbhasha ka Uchcharan (बंगभाषा का उच्चारण)
- Ravindra-Kavita-Kannan (रवीन्द्र-कविता-कानन)
- Prabandh-Padya (प्रबंध पद्य)
- Prabandh-Pratima (प्रबंध प्रतिमा)
- Chabuk (चाबुक)
- Chayan (चयन)
- Sangraha (संग्रह)
- Kullibhat (कुल्लीभाट)
- Billesur Bakriha (बिल्लेसुर बकरिहा)
- Anand Math (आनन्दमठ)
- Vish-Vriksh (विष वृक्ष)
- Krishnakant ka Vil (कृष्णकांत का विल)
- Kapal Kundala (कपाल कुण्डला)
- Durgesh Nandini (दुर्गेश नन्दिनी)
- Raj Singh (राज सिंह)
- Raj Rani (राज रानी)
- Devi Chaudharani (देवी चौधरानी)
- Yuglanguliya (युगलांगुलीय)
- Chandrasekhar (चन्द्रशेखर)
- Rajni (रजनी)
- Sri Ramkrishna Vachnamrit (श्री रामकृष्ण वचनामृत)
- Bharat mein Vivekanand (भारत में विवेकानंद)
- Rajyog (राजयोग)
- "Mahishadal Raj College". College Admission. Retrieved 9 April 2019.
- "How literature has helped us make sense of pandemics".
- "References to death and disease in Hindi literature". 12 April 2020.
- निराला, नज़रुल, मजाज़ भी रहे हैं रांची पागलखाने में – BBC News हिंदी. Bbc.com. Retrieved on 13 December 2018.
- "Nirala : Aatmhanta Astha". Rajkamal Prakashan. Retrieved 14 January 2018.
- Famous Personalities Archived 16 October 2013 at the Wayback Machine Unnao district Official website.
- "SURYAKANT TRIPATHI NIRALA | Films Division". filmsdivision.org. Retrieved 12 June 2021.
- Vanina, Eugenia (14 September 2020). "'Blackened face': Emotional Community and the Hindu Nationalist Interpretation of History". Emotions: History, Culture, Society. 4 (1): 66–90. doi:10.1163/2208522X-02010078. ISSN 2206-7485.
- Nirala at Kavita Kosh – A large collection of Hindi Poetry