The Solar Dynasty

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Solar Dynasty
Suryavansh Dynasty, Ikshvaku Dynasty
Imperial and Royal House
Complete Guide to Heraldry Fig550.png
Sun (in splendor) features heavily in the coat of arms of the dynasty and its branches
Parent houseKshatriya
FoundedAntiquity (Disputed -some time before 1500 BC based on archaeological dating of the Dwarka Kingdom)
FounderIkshvaku of Kosala
Current headMaharana Mahendra Singh of Mewar (As the head of the senior branch of Sisodia itself the most senior male line from Lord Rama)

Cadet branches
  • Raghuvanshi
    • Patial (Kaundal)
  • Raghuvanshi of Ayodhya (Descendants of Lord Rama or Laxman)
    • Bais
    • Kachwaha
    • Minhas
    • Pakral
    • Sissodia
  • Ikshvaku
The Ramayana was adopted by several Asian cultures. This Thai artwork shows the battle of Rama and Ravana.

The Ikshvaku dynasty (lit. sugarcane), in Puranic literature, was a dynasty[1] founded by the legendary king Ikshvaku. The dynasty is also known as Sūryavaṁśa (the Solar dynasty) and along with The Lunar Dynasty and The Fire Dynasty it comprises one of the main lineages of the Kshatriya Varna. Lord Rama belonged to the Ikshavaku dynasty.[2] Twenty-two out of the twenty-four Jain Tirthankara belonged to this dynasty.[3] Rishabha is present in both Hindu as well as Jain mythology. Both refers to the same person. According to the Buddhist texts, Prince Siddhartha belonged to this dynasty.

The important personalities belonging to this royal house are Mandhatri , Muchukunda , Ambarisha , Bharata Chakravartin, Bahubali, Harishchandra, Dilīpa, Sagara,[4] Raghu, Rama and Pasenadi. Although, both the Hindu Puranas and the Buddhist texts include Shuddodhana, Gautama Buddha and Rahula in their accounts of the Ikshvaku dynasty, but according to the Buddhist texts, Mahasammata, an ancestor of Ikshvaku was the founder of this dynasty,[5] who was elected by the people as the first king of the present era. According to the Puranas, supreme preceptor of the Ikshvaku dynasty was sage Vashishta.

Major Houses and Branches[6][edit]


The Harrappa Ancestry project showed that autosomaly Punjabi Arain are most closely related to Sindhis excluding the African ancestry present among Sindhis. This gives credence to a tradition mentioned by H.A.Rose that Arain are descendants of Raja Bhutta of Multan, a descendant of the Buddhist Rai Dynasty of Sindh that preceded that Brahmin dynasty, the last king of the Rai dynasty was a brother of the Rana of Chittor, and hence member of the Maurya dynasty, branch of the Suryavanshi Shakya.[7][8] The name Arain is plural for Rai the name of their dynasty as rulers of Sindh.

They warred against the Bhattis for control over Ghaggar in the late 18nth Century. They converted in the 12th Century and in modern times are entirely Muslim and maintain a large presence in Pakistan's politics. Including former President Zia-ul-Haq, Prime ministers Zulfiqar Ali Bhutto and Chaudhry Muhammad Ali.[9] Note: Arains are not Rajputs.


They are a sept of Chamber-Gaurs and divided into two branches. the Amethiyas of Kumhrawan in Rai Barel and the Amethiyas of Unsari in Barabanki.


Descendants of Laxman, the brother of Lord Rama who ruled Ayodhya. They used to rule Sialkot at some point of time.


Ruled of much of the Martha Empire either directly or indirectly.

Later on claimed to be related to the Sisodia and allegedly had a connection with the Maharana of Udaipur, but this was contested by Brahmins even during the Chatrapatti's coronation and they were not allowed to fulfil all the rights usually entitled to Solar Dynasty Rajput on account of the discrepancy of their lineage.


Proginator of most Rajasthani Rajputs. One of the most respected military lineages of the rajput.


Descendants of Bharat, younger brother of Lord Rama, and founder of the Rajput Pala dynasty and used to rule Bengal in the 13th century.


Headed by the Maharaja of Jaipur.They are descendants of Kusha, they younger son of Lord Rama.


Claim descent from Kusha the younger twin son of Lord Rama, the ruler of Ayodhya. They are a collateral branch of the Kachawa of Jaipur


A sub-clan of minhas rajput.They embraced Islam in the 18th and 19th Century.They moved from Jaipur to Kashmir.

Patial or Kundal[edit]

A raghuvanshi branch descended from chattari lineage. Previously ruled the trigarta kingdom.


The name means destroyer of forts. They are populace and found across Utter Paradesh.


Their ancestor Raja Naru converted to Islam at he hand of Mahmud of Ghor. His descendants founded the city of Phillaur.


Headed by the Maharaja of Jodhpur. They descend from the Gahadavala Dynasty of Kanauj.


Descendants of Lord Rama through his son Lava. They moved from Lahore to Chitor and descend from bappa rawal a member of the Guhila dynasty. The Rana of Nepal also descends from this house. They ruled the princely states of:

  • Banswara
  • Barwani
  • Dhadi
  • Dharampur
  • Dungarapur
  • Pratapgarh
  • Shahpura
  • Tharoch
  • Mewar (Udaipur)
  • Nepal

See also[edit]



  1. ^ Geography of Rigvedic India, M.L. Bhargava, Lucknow 1964, pp. 15-18, 46-49, 92-98, 100-/1, 136
  2. ^ Zimmer 1952, p. 218.
  3. ^ Zimmer 1952, p. 220.
  4. ^ Ikshaku tribe The Mahabharata translated by Kisari Mohan Ganguli (1883 -1896), Book 3: Vana Parva: Tirtha-yatra Parva: Section CVI, p. 228 'There was born in the family of the Ikshaku, a ruler of the earth named Sagara, endued with beauty, and strength...".
  5. ^ Malalasekera, G. P. (2007) [1937]. Dictionary of Pāli Proper Names: A-Dh. Delhi: Motilal Banarsidass. pp. 461–2. ISBN 978-81-208-3021-9.
  6. ^ Rathore, Abhinay. "Indian Rajputs".
  7. ^ Rose, Horatio Arthur (1911). Glossery of Indian tribes and castes volume 2. p. 13.
  8. ^ Ajmal, Zack. "The Harrapa Project".
  9. ^ Rose, Horatio Arthur (1911). A Glossary of the Tribes and Castes of the Punjab and North-West Frontier Province (Volume 2 ed.). p. 13.


Preceded by
Kulakara (in Jainism)
Ikshvaku Dynasty Succeeded by