Suryeo Line

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Suryeo Line
Overview
Native name 수려선(水驪線)
Type Passenger/freight rail
Status Ceased operation
Locale Gyeonggi
Termini Suwon
Yeoju
Stations 21
Operation
Opened 1 December 1930 (1930-12-01)
Closed 31 March 1972
Owner Korean National Railroad
Operator(s) Korean National Railroad
Technical
Line length 73.4 km (45.6 mi)
Number of tracks Single track
Track gauge 762 mm (2 ft 6 in)
Route map
Suin Line (former and planned line)
Gyeongbu Line
0.0 Suwon
Bundang Line
3.0 Hwaseong (Bon–Suwon)
6.5 Weoncheon
Suwon/Yongin
9.0 Deokgok Since 1932
Gyeongbu Expressway
12.5 Singal
Giheung, Bundang Line
Giheung
Kangnam Univ.
Jiseok
15.9 Eojeong
Dongbaek
Chodang
Samga
21.8 Samga,City Hall–Yongin Univ.
Myongji Univ.
Gimryangjang
24.1 Yongin
Stadium–Songdam College
 EverLine 
28.4 Mapyeong
31.9 Yangji
35.4 Jeil
Yeongdong Expressway
Yongin/Icheon
40.0 Ocheon
45.7 Pyogyo
49.4 Yusan
53.1 Icheon
57.6 Muchon
59.7 Jukdang Since 1932
Icheon/Yeoju
64.4 Maeryu
67.0 Gwangdaeri Since 1966
69.7 Yeonrari
73.4 Yeoju
Suryeo Line
Hangul 수려선
Hanja
Revised Romanization Suryeoseon
McCune–Reischauer Suryŏsŏn

The Suryeo Line is a former narrow-gauge railway line owned by Korean National Railroad. The line connected Suwon to Yeoju.

History[edit]

The first section of the line was opened by a private railway company, Chosun–Gyeongdong Railway Co. Ltd. in 1930 and in the next year the construction was complete as follows:

Date Section Length
1 December 1930 Suwon–Icheon 53.1 km
1 December 1931 Icheon–Yeoju 20.3 km

The line was bought on 16 October 1942 by the Chosen Railway[1] and after the independence of Korea nationalized. After the first opening of the Yeongdong Expressway, the demand diminished abruptly and the line was after all abandoned on 31 March 1972. The Everline was finally opened on 26 April 2013 and the section GiheungStadium–Songdam College coincides almost with the former Suryeo line.[2] The Gyeonggang Line, which is slated to open on August 27, 2016, will follow the line from Icheon to Yeoju.

Future plans[edit]

Neither the Ministry of Construction and Transportation nor Korail have reconstruction plans for the Suryeo Line as a whole. However, part of the line was reconstructed as a part of the Yongin Everline, and another part of the line will serve as a section of the Gyeonggang Line, allowing Yeoju to have a rail connection with Seongnam and Icheon.

Rolling stock[edit]

The Suryeo line used narrow gauge steam locomotives, narrow gauge freight cars, KNR160 diesel cars, and KNR18000 passenger cars. After closure, all rolling stock was sent to the Suin Line. Examples of KNR160 and KNR18000 cars are have been preserved in the Korean Railroad Museum in Uiwang.

The Gyeonggang Line, which will follow part of the Suryeo Line, will use Korail Class 371000 EMUs. The Yongin Everline, which follows another part of the Suryeo Line, uses Bombardier Innovia Metro Mark II cars.

See also[edit]

References[edit]

  1. ^ 朝鮮總督府官報 (The Public Journal of the Governor-General of Korea), Shōwa No. 4729, 4 November 1942
  2. ^ 百年の鉄道旅行(The railway travel-100 years): The map of the section Singal – Yongin (Japanese)
  • Japanese Government Railways (1937), 鉄道停車場一覧. 昭和12年10月1日現在(The List of the Stations as of 1 October 1937), Kawaguchi Printing Company, Tokyo, p514