Susan Louisa Moir Allison

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Susan Louisa Moir Allison
Susan Allison.jpg
Susan Louisa Moir

August 18, 1845
DiedFebruary 1, 1937(1937-02-01) (aged 91)
Known forChronicling the Similkameen people

Susan Louisa Moir Allison (August 18, 1845 – February 1, 1937) was a Canadian author and pioneer. In 2010 Allison was designated a National Historic Person by the Canadian Government.[1]

Early life and education[edit]

Susan Louisa Moir was born on August 18, 1845 in Ceylon, where her father owned a tea plantation. When Susan's father died, her family, consisting of her mother, sister and brother, relocated to England, where she was educated. In 1857, Susan's mother remarried, this time to Thomas Glennie, a Scotsman. In 1860, when Susan was 14, Glennie moved the family to Hope, British Columbia in Canada. However, in 1864, Susan's stepfather deserted his new family, leaving her to work as a governess. Using this experience, Susan established Hope's first school with her mother, and subsequently married John Fall Allison, one of the founders of what is now Princeton, British Columbia, in 1868.[2][3]

Similkameen Valley[edit]

After their marriage, the Allisons moved to the Similkameen Valley, becoming the first non-Aboriginal settlers to live there. The couple, aided by John's knowledge of Chinook Jargon, a trade language, as a result of his previous marriage to an Aboriginal woman, became close with nearby Aboriginal populations. There, the two produced 14 children. In the Valley, Allison had what she described as her happiest days, traversing nearby mountains on horseback and establishing relationships with nearby First Nations. Allison claimed to have sighted Ogopogo, a cryptid lake monster similar to the Loch Ness Monster in Okanagan Lake.[2]

In 1891, an ethnographic paper of Allison's was published by the British Association for the Advancement of Science, and another in the Journal of the Royal Anthropological Institute of Great Britain and Ireland. In 1900 she published a poem about an Aboriginal chief.[2]

Later life[edit]

In her final years she was forced to gradually return to urban life, first moving back to Hope and then to Vancouver in 1928, where she died on February 1, 1937. Her memoirs, partially published in The Province in 1931, were edited and republished by the University of British Columbia Press in 1976 as A Pioneer Gentlewoman in British Columbia: The Recollections of Susan Allison,[4] 39 years after her death.[2] On September 4, 2010, Allison was designated a National Historic Person by Jim Prentice, the Government of Canada's Minister for the Environment and Minister responsible for Parks Canada.[1]


  1. ^ a b "Government of Canada designates Susan Louisa Moir Allison as a person of national historic significance". Retrieved October 31, 2010.
  2. ^ a b c d "Susan Louisa Moir Allison". News Releases and Backgrounders. Parks Canada. May 1, 2015. Archived from the original on March 6, 2017. Retrieved 5 April 2018.
  3. ^ Town of Princeton. "Experience Our History". Town of Princeton. Archived from the original on 2011-08-31. Retrieved 2011-06-20.
  4. ^