Sloane won seven national titles and three Kentucky state championships as a junior. As a teenager, she moved to train at the Nick Bollettieri Tennis Academy in Bradenton, Florida. She turned professional in 1986 and joined the WTA Tour. In 1988, she won the Virginia Slims of Nashville, her first and only singles title. She was runner-up at the same tournament in 1990. She achieved a career high ranking of World #19 on July 3, 1989. She posted career victories over Jo Durie, Sylvia Hanika, Carling Bassett, and Lori McNeil. She retired in 1993. She is currently a staff member at the Lexington Tennis Club.
Sloane resides in Lexington, Kentucky, with her two children, a son and a daughter.