Susan de Vere, Countess of Montgomery
This article relies largely or entirely on a single source. (November 2010)
|Countess of Montgomery|
Baroness Herbert of Shurland
Effigy of Lady Susan de Vere on her tomb in Westminster Abbey
|Buried||Westminster Abbey, London|
|Noble family||de Vere|
|Spouse(s)||Philip Herbert, 4th Earl of Pembroke, 1st Earl of Montgomery, Knight of the Garter|
Lady Anna Sophia Herbert
Sir Charles Herbert
Philip Herbert, 5th Earl of Pembroke
Hon. James Herbert
|Father||Edward de Vere, 17th Earl of Oxford|
Susan de Vere, Countess of Montgomery (26 May 1587 – 1628/29), was an English court office holder. She served as lady-in-waiting to the queen consort of England, Anne of Denmark. She was the youngest daughter of Elizabethan courtier, poet, and playwright Edward de Vere, 17th Earl of Oxford.
Family and early years
Lady Susan was born on 26 May 1587, the youngest daughter of Edward de Vere, 17th Earl of Oxford and Anne Cecil, the daughter of statesman William Cecil, 1st Baron Burghley, Queen Elizabeth's chief advisor and leading member of her Privy Council. She had two older sisters, Lady Elizabeth and Lady Bridget. She also had an illegitimate half-brother, Edward, born out of wedlock to Anne Vavasour, who had an intimate relationship with the earl.
Following the death of Anne Cecil on 5 June 1588, a year after her birth, Susan and her sisters remained in the household of their maternal grandfather William Cecil, 1st Baron Burghley, owner of the Burghley estate, where they received an excellent education. In 1591 Susan's father married for the second time to Elizabeth Trentham. The second Lady Oxford gave birth to a son, Henry de Vere, later the 18th Earl of Oxford.
Shortly after the death of her father, on 24 June 1604, Susan married Philip Herbert, Knight of the Garter (1584–1649). Herbert was an English courtier and politician active during the reigns of James I and Charles I; he was the son of Mary Sidney. A year after their marriage King James created him Baron Herbert of Shurland and 1st Earl of Montgomery; in 1630, after Susan's death, he would succeed his older brother as 4th Earl of Pembroke. Philip Herbert and his older brother William Herbert, 3rd Earl of Pembroke were the "incomparable pair of brethren" to whom the First Folio of Shakespeare's collected works was dedicated in 1623.
- Lady Anna Sophia Herbert (died 1695), who married Robert Dormer, 1st Earl of Carnarvon, and had children.
- Sir Charles Herbert (c. 1619–1635), married Mary Villiers, daughter of George Villiers, 1st Duke of Buckingham, and had no children.
- Philip Herbert, 5th Earl of Pembroke (c. 1621–1669)
- Hon. James Herbert (c. 1623–1677), who married, first, Lady Catherine Osborne, and second, Jane Spiller, and had children from both marriages
- John Nichols, The Progresses, Processions, and Magnificent Festivities, of King James the First, vol. 2 (London, 1828), pp. 348-9.
- "Lady Anna Sophia Herbert, Countess of Carnarvon (d.1695)". National Trust Collections. Retrieved 16 March 2018.
- George Edward Cokayne, editor, The Complete Baronetage, 5 volumes (no date (c. 1900); reprint, Gloucester, U.K.: Alan Sutton Publishing, 1983), volume IV, page 65.