Susanna White (Mayflower passenger)

From Wikipedia, the free encyclopedia
Jump to navigation Jump to search

Susanna White (c. 1592-after 1654) was a passenger on the Mayflower and successively wife of fellow Mayflower passengers William White and Edward Winslow.[1][2]

Born Susanna Jackson, daughter of Richard and Mary (Pettinger) Jackson, she went to Amsterdam and joined its separatist congregation about 1608, and there married future Mayflower passenger William White.[3] She was mother of one son, Resolved, when she boarded the Mayflower and was pregnant during its voyage, giving birth to Peregrine in late November 1620, while the ship was anchored at Cape Cod.[4][5] Peregrine was the second baby born on the Mayflower's voyage, and the first known English child born to the Pilgrims in America.[6][7] Susanna was one of the four adult Pilgrim women who survived their first winter in the New World, along with Eleanor Billington, Elizabeth Hopkins, and Mary Brewster; these four, with young daughters and male and female servants, cooked the first Thanksgiving feast.[8][9][self-published source]

Susanna was widowed February 21, 1621, and months later remarried to Pilgrim Edward Winslow on May 12, 1621 in Plymouth Colony.[1][2][10] Edward's prior wife had died perished on March 24, 1621.[11][12] The wedding of Edward Winslow and Susanna was the first in Plymouth Colony.[13][10]

Children of Susanna's first marriage with William White who became Edward Winslow's step-sons:

  • Resolved White – born ca. 1615. Married 1640 (1) Judith Vassall, daughter of William Vassall, and had eight children. Resolved married 1674 (2) Abigail ____ Lord. She died 1682. He died 1687.
  • Peregrine White – born late November 1620 on board the Mayflower in Cape Cod Harbor. Married ca. 1648/9 Sarah Bassett daughter of William Bassett, and had seven children. She died 1711.[14][15] He died at Marshfield, Massachusetts, July 20, 1704.

Children of Susanna and Edward Winslow include:

  • (child) born and died in 1622 or 1623
  • Edward Winslow – born ca. 1624. No record after May 22, 1627.
  • John Winslow – born ca. 1626. No record after May 22, 1627.
  • Josiah Winslow, 13th Governor of Plymouth Colony – born ca. 1627. Married Penelope Pelham by 1658 and had four children. He died 1680. She died 1703.
  • Elizabeth Winslow – born ca. 1631. Married (1) Robert Brooks on 8 April 1656 in Clapham, Surrey,[16] and had one son. Married (2) George Curwin 1669 and had two daughters. He died 1684/5. She died 1698.[17]

Susanna died between December 18, 1654 (Edward Winslow's will) and July 2, 1675 (date of son Josiah's will).[10] She was buried in Winslow Cemetery. As well, Winslow Cemetery has a substantial stone monument to "The Early Settlers of Green Harbor Marshfield" naming, among others, Susanna, Resolved and Peregrine White, and Susanna's second husband Edward Winslow.[18][19][20][21]

References[edit]

  1. ^ a b Ruth Wilder Sherman, CG, FASG, and Robert Moody Sherman, CG, FASG, Mayflower Families Through Five Generations, Family of William White, Vol. 13, 3rd edition (Pub. by General Society of Mayflower Descendants 2006) pg. 3.
  2. ^ a b Nathaniel Philbrick. Mayflower: A story of Courage, Community and War (Viking 2006) p. 104
  3. ^ Sue Allan, Caleb Johnson and Simon Neal (2017). "The Origin of Mayflower Passenger Susanna (Jackson)(White) Winslow". The American Genealogist. 89: 241–264.CS1 maint: uses authors parameter (link)
  4. ^ Caleb H. Johnson, The Mayflower and Her Passengers (Indiana: Xlibris Corp., copyright 2006 Caleb Johnson), p. 247
  5. ^ A genealogical profile of William White Archived 2012-11-01 at the Wayback Machine
  6. ^ Green, Eugene; Sachse, William; McCaulley, Brian (2006). The Names of Cape Cod. Arcadia Press. p. 206. ISBN 978-1-933212-84-5.
  7. ^ "A genealogical profile of William White" (a collaboration of Plimoth Plantation and New England Historic Genealogical Society, accessed 2013) Archived 2012-11-01 at the Wayback Machine
  8. ^ Julian, Sheryl. "History is Served", The Boston Globe, November 20, 1996
  9. ^ Johnson, Caleb. "Women of Early Plymouth". MayflowerHistory.com. Retrieved November 27, 2014.
  10. ^ a b c William Bradford, ed. by Charles Deane, History of Plymouth Plantation by William Bradford, the second Governor of Plymouth, (Boston: 1856), p. 101
  11. ^ Nathaniel Philbrick, Mayflower: A story of Courage, Community and War (New York: Viking, 2006), p. 104
  12. ^ Eugene Aubrey Stratton, Plymouth Colony: Its History and People, 1620-1691, (Salt Lake City: Ancestry Publishing, 1986), p. 25
  13. ^ Ruth Wilder Sherman, CG, FASG and Robert Moody Sherman, CG, FASG. Re-edited by Robert S. Wakefield, FASG, Mayflower Families through Five Generations: Descendants of the Pilgrims who landed at Plymouth, Mass. December 1620, Vol. 13: Family of William White (Pub. General Society of Mayflower Descendants 2006 3rd Ed.) p. 5
  14. ^ Robert Charles Anderson. Pilgrim Village Family Sketch: Edward Winslow (a collaboration of American Ancestors and New England Historic Genealogical Society) [1]
  15. ^ Mayflower Families Through Five Generations: descendants of the Pilgrims who landed at Plymouth Massachusetts, Dec. 1620: Family of William White, Originally compiled by Ruth Wilder Sherman, CG, FASG and Robert Moody Sherman, CG, FASG, Re-edited by Robert S. Wakefield, FASG, (Pub. by General Society of Mayflower Descendants 2006 3rd Edition), vol. 13, p. 5
  16. ^ "The Clapham Historian". The Clapham Historian. Retrieved 2017-07-09.
  17. ^ Mayflower Families Through Five Generations: Descendants of the Pilgrims who landed at Plymouth Massachusetts, Dec., 1620: Family of William White, Originally compiled by Ruth Wilder Sherman, CG, FASG and Robert Moody Sherman, CG, FASG, Re-edited by Robert S. Wakefield, FASG, (Pub. by General Society of Mayflower Descendants 2006 3rd Edition), vol. 13, p. 5
  18. ^ A genealogical profile of William White (Peregrine) Archived 2012-11-01 at the Wayback Machine
  19. ^ Sherman, Ruth Wilder, CG, FASG and Robert Moody Sherman, CG, FASG. Re-edited by Robert S. Wakefield, FASG, Mayflower Families through Five Generations: Descendants of the Pilgrims who landed at Plymouth, Mass. December 1620. Vol. 13: Family of William White. Pub. General Society of Mayflower Descendants 2006 3rd Ed., pg. 8
  20. ^ Eugene Aubrey Stratton. Plymouth Colony: Its History and People, 1620-1691, (Ancestry Publishing, Salt Lake City, UT, 1986) p. 370
  21. ^ Memorial for Peregrine White