Sushil Koirala

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Sushil Koirala
Sushil Koirala.jpg
37th Prime Minister of Nepal
In office
11 February 2014 – 10 October 2015
President Ram Baran Yadav
Preceded by Khil Raj Regmi
Succeeded by Khadga Prasad Sharma Oli
President of the Nepali Congress
In office
22 September 2010 – 9 February 2016
Preceded by Girija Prasad Koirala
Succeeded by Sher Bahadur Deuba
Personal details
Born (1939-08-12)12 August 1939
Biratnagar, Morang, Nepal
Died 9 February 2016(2016-02-09) (aged 76)
Kathmandu, Nepal
Political party Nepali Congress
Religion Hinduism

Sushil Koirala (Nepali: सुशील कोइराला; 12 August 1939 – 9 February 2016) was the Prime Minister of Nepal from 11 February 2014 to 10 October 2015. He was also President of the Nepali Congress party from 2010 until his death, from severe pneumonia, on 9 February 2016.

Koirala was elected as Prime Minister of Nepal by the parliament on 9 February 2014.[1] Koirala joined the Nepali Congress in 1952 and served in various capacities prior to becoming its president in 2010.[2]

Personal life[edit]

Sushil Koirala was born to Bodh Prasad Koirala and Kuminidi Koirala on 12 August 1939 in Biratnagar, second-biggest city of Nepal.[2] Koirala was unmarried and known to live a simple life.[3] A member of the politically prominent Koirala family, he was the cousin of former prime ministers Matrika Prasad Koirala, Girija Prasad Koirala and Bishweshwar Prasad Koirala.[4]

A heavy smoker, Koirala was diagnosed with tongue cancer in 2006 and lung cancer in June 2014.[5] He died on 10 February 2016 at 12:50 AM of pneumonia in Kathmandu, Nepal,[6] at the age of 76. He used to be known as 'Sushil daa'. It is said that Mr. Koirala had a formal education of I.Com from a college of India according to his sister-in-law although he always mentioned his qualification as informal education.

Political career[edit]

Koirala entered politics in 1954 inspired by the social-democratic ideals of the Nepali Congress. He was in political exile in India for 16 years following the royal takeover of 1960. Koirala also spent three years in Indian prisons for his involvement in a plane hijacking in 1973.[7] While in exile, Koirala was the editor of Tarun, the official party publication. He has been a member of the Central Working Committee of the party since 1979 and was appointed General Secretary of the party in 1996 and Vice President in 1998.[2]

In 2001, he lost the contest for the Nepali Congress Parliamentary Party leader to Sher Bahadur Deuba. Koirala was appointed acting President of the party in 2008 by President Girija Prasad Koirala. On 22 September 2010, the 12th general convention of the Nepali Congress elected him as party President.[7]

The Nepali Congress emerged as the largest party in the 2013 Constituent Assembly elections under Koirala's leadership. He was elected leader of the Nepali Congress Parliamentary party securing 105 out of 194 votes against former Prime Minister Sher Bahadur Deuba's 89 votes and on 10 February 2014 he was nominated as prime minister.[8][9] During his tenure as prime minister, his government was criticized for its slow aid response to the April 2015 Nepal earthquake.[10] A historic agreement among four major political parties was also made that year, which paved the way for a new constitution in the country.[11] Honoring a pledge to stand down as prime minister once the new constitution came into effect, Koirala resigned on 10 October 2015.[12] He sought re-election but was defeated by Khadga Prasad Sharma Oli, leader of Congress' former coalition partners CPN-UML.[13]

Electoral history[edit]

He was elected to the Pratinidhi Sabha from the Banke-2 constituency in 1991 and 1999 on a Nepali Congress ticket.

1991 Pratinidhi Sabha Election Banke-2[2]

Party Candidate Votes Status
Nepali Congress Sushil Koirala - Elected

1994 Pratinidhi Sabha Election Banke-2[14]

Party Candidate Votes Status
RPP Shanti Shamsher Rana 15,711 Elected
Nepali Congress Sushil Koirala 10,222 -

1999 Pratinidhi Sabha Election Banke-2[14]

Party Candidate Votes Status
Nepali Congress Sushil Koirala 15,256 Elected
CPN (M.L) Rijwan Ahammad Sah 6,185

2008 Constituent Assembly Election Banke-3[15]

Koirala lost in the 2008 Constituent Assembly elections from Banke-3 coming in third behind the candidates of the Madeshi People's Rights Forum and the CPN (Maoist)[16]

Party Candidate Votes Status
M.P.R.F - Nepal Sarbadev Prasad Ojha 14,900 Elected
UCPN (Maoists) Parma Nanda Kurmi 6970
Nepali Congress Sushil Koirala 5969

2013 Constituent Assembly Elections

Koirala contested the 2013 constituent assembly elections from Banke-3 and Chitwan-4, winning both races.[17] Koirala later relinquished the Chitwan-4 seat and represented Banke-3 in the 2nd Constituent Assembly.[18]

Banke-3

Party Candidate Votes Status
Nepali Congress Sushil Koirala 10,753 Elected
R.P.P Dhawal Shumsher Rana 8,809
UCPN (Maoists) Damodar Acharya 6,135
TMLP Pashupati Dayal Mishra 4,016
CPN (UML) Bijaya Dhital 2,497
M.P.R.F - Nepal Kailash Kumar Mishra 1,047
Others 4,525
Total 37,782

Chitwan-4

Party Candidate Votes Status
Nepali Congress Sushil Koirala 20,760 Elected
UCPN (Maoists) Chitra Bahadur Shrestha 10,739
CPN (UML) Dil Kumari Rawal Thapa 10,067
Independent Bikash Koirala 1,083
Others 2,511
Total 45,160

References[edit]

  1. ^ "Koirala elected new PM". The Kathmandu Post. Retrieved 10 February 2016. 
  2. ^ a b c d "Personal Resume". Nepali Congress. Archived from the original on 21 March 2012. Retrieved 10 February 2016. 
  3. ^ "Sushil shifts to GPK's apartment". The Kathmandu Post. Archived from the original on 22 July 2015. Retrieved 10 February 2016. 
  4. ^ Parashar, Utpal (9 February 2016). "Nepali Congress looks at future without a Koirala at its helm". Hindustan Times. Retrieved 10 February 2016. 
  5. ^ "Nepal PM Sushil Koirala has lung cancer". BBC News. Retrieved 10 February 2016. 
  6. ^ "Ex-PM Sushil Koirala passes away". My Republica. Retrieved 10 February 2016. 
  7. ^ a b Bhattarai, Kamal Dev (10 February 2016). "ADIOS SUSHIL DA (1939-2016)". The Kathmandu Post. Retrieved 10 February 2016. 
  8. ^ "Koirala elected as NC PP leader". My Republica. Retrieved 26 January 2014. 
  9. ^ Ghimire, Binod (3 January 2014). "For PMship, Koirala to be PP leader first". The Kathmandu Post. Retrieved 7 January 2014. 
  10. ^ Subramanian, Samanth (30 April 2015). "Anger rises in Nepal over government's response to earthquake". The National. Retrieved 10 February 2016. 
  11. ^ Jha, Prashant (9 February 2016). "Why Sushil Koirala leaves a contested legacy in Nepal". Hindustan Times. Retrieved 10 February 2016. 
  12. ^ "Nepal's Koirala resigns as PM and seeks re-election". Al Jazeera. Retrieved 10 February 2016. 
  13. ^ "Communist party leader elected as Nepal's new prime minister". The Guardian. Retrieved 10 February 2016. 
  14. ^ a b "Finalised Constituencies With Top Two Candidates". 
  15. ^ "Ca Election report". 
  16. ^ "Ca Election report". 
  17. ^ "Ca Election report". 
  18. ^ "Top leaders give up seats from Chitwan, Kailali, Kathmandu". The Kathmandu Post. 5 February 2014. Retrieved 5 February 2014. 

External links[edit]

Political offices
Preceded by
Khil Raj Regmi
Prime Minister of Nepal
2014–2015
Succeeded by
Khadga Prasad Sharma Oli