Susquehanna Township, Dauphin County, Pennsylvania
|• Type||Board of Commissioners|
|• Total||15.27 sq mi (39.56 km2)|
|• Land||13.34 sq mi (34.55 km2)|
|• Water||1.93 sq mi (5.01 km2)|
| • Estimate |
|• Density||1,882.61/sq mi (726.89/km2)|
|Time zone||UTC-5 (Eastern (EST))|
|• Summer (DST)||UTC-4 (EDT)|
Susquehanna Township is a township in Dauphin County, Pennsylvania, United States. The population was 24,036 at the 2010 census. This represents a 9.8% increase from the 2000 census count of 21,895. Susquehanna Township has the postal ZIP codes 17109 and 17110, which maintain the Harrisburg place name designation. The township is a suburb of Harrisburg and is connected to Marysville by the Rockville Bridge, the world's longest stone-arch rail bridge at the time of its completion.
On June 4, 1785, the state legislature created Dauphin County from part of Lancaster County. By that time, the territory of today's Dauphin County had been divided among the townships of Derry, Londonderry, Lower Paxtang and Upper Paxtang. The spelling "Paxtang" is from the original Indian name Peshtank, which meant "standing water" and further morphed into "Paxton." Susquehanna Township was incorporated from part of Lower Paxtang on May 1, 1815.
The first settlement where Susquehanna Township now lies was known as "Coxestown" and was laid out by Dr. John Cox Jr. of Philadelphia on October 2, 1757. In honor of his wife, Ester, the town was renamed "Estherton" and was the second oldest town in Dauphin County (behind Middletown). In 1774, a second settlement, "Rockville", and a third in 1815, "Progress" were settled. On January 2, 1952, Susquehanna became a First Class township via the Dauphin County Court.
According to the United States Census Bureau, Susquehanna Township has a total area of 15.3 square miles (39.6 km2), of which 13.3 square miles (34.5 km2) is land and 1.9 square miles (5.0 km2), or 12.66%, is water. It is drained by the Susquehanna River, which separates it from Cumberland County and Perry County to the west. The north end of the township is on Blue Mountain, and Susquehanna Township's elevations range from approximately 300 feet (91 m) on the river to 1,150 feet (350 m) in the northeast.
Unincorporated communities and census designated places in Susquehanna Township
- Beaufort Farms
- Paxtang Manor
- Progress CDP (pronounced "PRO-gress")
- Windsor Farms
- Middle Paxton Township (north)
- Lower Paxton Township (east)
- Swatara Township (south)
- Paxtang (south)
- Harrisburg (southwest and west)
- Penbrook (southwest)
- East Pennsboro Township, Cumberland County (west)
- Marysville, Perry County (northwest)
|U.S. Decennial Census |
As of the 2010 census, the township was 67.3% White, 23.6% Black or African American, 0.1% Native American, 3.6% Asian, and 3.5% were two or more races. 4.9% of the population were of Hispanic or Latino ancestry .
As of the census of 2000, there were 21,895 people, 9,178 households, and 5,727 families residing in the township. The population density was 1,632.9 people per square mile (630.4/km2). There were 9,593 housing units at an average density of 715.4/sq mi (276.2/km2). The racial makeup of the township was 75.30% White, 19.37% African American, 0.11% Native American, 2.19% Asian, 0.02% Pacific Islander, 1.03% from other races, and 1.98% from two or more races. Hispanic or Latino of any race were 2.25% of the population.
There were 9,178 households, out of which 27.6% had children under the age of 18 living with them, 48.5% were married couples living together, 10.9% had a female householder with no husband present, and 37.6% were non-families. 31.5% of all households were made up of individuals, and 11.4% had someone living alone who was 65 years of age or older. The average household size was 2.29 and the average family size was 2.91.
In the township the population was spread out, with 21.9% under the age of 18, 5.8% from 18 to 24, 29.9% from 25 to 44, 26.1% from 45 to 64, and 16.3% who were 65 years of age or older. The median age was 41 years. For every 100 females there were 88.8 males. For every 100 females age 18 and over, there were 85.3 males.
The median income for a household in the township was $49,293, and the median income for a family was $61,781. Males had a median income of $41,367 versus $32,296 for females. The per capita income for the township was $26,572. About 3.9% of families and 5.9% of the population were below the poverty line, including 6.2% of those under age 18 and 4.7% of those age 65 or over.
Neighborhoods in Susquehanna Township include Edgemont, Oxford Court, Beaufort Farms, Mountaindale, Apple Creek Farms, Deer Path Woods, Northwoods Crossing, Sienna Woods, Saybrook Meadows, Latshmere, Green Acres, Crooked Hill, Montrose Park, Waverly Woods, Wedgewood Hills, Whitehall Terrace, Woodridge Estates, and Progress.
The National Civil War Museum is just inside the township boundary.
Politics and government
- State Representative Sue Helm, Republican, 104th district
- State Senator John DiSanto, Republican, 15th district
- US Representative Scott Perry, Republican, 10th district
Board of Commissioners
Susquehanna Township is a first-class township and elects nine commissioners by ward.
Other municipal positions
Residents of Susquehanna Township may attend the local, public schools operated by Susquehanna Township School District which provides full day kindergarten through 12th grade. It is the only public school district serving Susquehanna Township. In 2014, enrollment at Susquehanna Township School District declined to 2,777 pupils. In 2013, enrollment was 2,824 pupils and in 2,966 pupils in 2012. In 2009, Susquehanna Township School District enrollment was 3,091 pupils.
Susquehanna township School District operates: Sara Lindemuth Elementary School K-2nd; Thomas Holtzman Elementary School 3rd–5th; Susquehanna Township Middle School 6th-8th and Susquehanna Township High School 9th-12th. High School students may also choose to attend the publicly funded, Dauphin County Technical School for training in the construction and mechanical trades.
Susquehanna Township School District's graduation rate was 94%. In 2014, the Pittsburgh Business Times ranked Susquehanna Township School District 402nd out of 496 public schools for academic achievement of its pupils.
Susquehanna Township residents may also apply to attend any of the Commonwealth's 14 public cyber charter schools (in 2014) at no additional cost to the parents. Pennsylvania Distance and Electronic Learning Charter School is a public, cyber charter school which is based in Dauphin County. Students can also seek admission to Capital Area School for the Arts, Sylvan Heights Science Charter School, Premier Arts and Science Charter School or Infinity Charter School which are all traditional, public charter schools operating in Dauphin County. The resident's public school district is required to pay the charter school and cyber charter school tuition for residents who attend these public schools. The tuition rate that Susquehanna Township School District must pay was $9,233.78 for elementary students and $10,440 for high school students in 2013. By Commonwealth law, when the District provides transportation for its own students, then the District must provide transportation to any school that lies within 10 miles of its borders. Residents may also seek admission for their school aged child to any other public school district. When accepted for admission, the student's parents are responsible for paying an annual tuition fee set by the Pennsylvania Department of Education.
Capital Area Intermediate Unit #15 provides a wide variety of services to children living in its region which includes Susquehanna Township. Early screening, special education services, speech and hearing therapy, autistic support, preschool classes and many other services like driver education are available. Services for children during the preschool years are provided without cost to their families when the child is determined to meet eligibility requirements. Intermediate units receive taxpayer funding: through subsidies paid by member school districts; through direct charges to users for some services; through the successful application for state and federal competitive grants and through private grants.
Susquehanna Township residents may attend Harrisburg Area Community College a local community college at a discounted rate due to Susquehanna Township being a sponsoring agency. The school district forwards tax dollars each school year to HACC.
Residents of Susquehanna Township have access to the eight public libraries operated by the Dauphin County Public Libraries.
- "2016 U.S. Gazetteer Files". United States Census Bureau. Retrieved Aug 13, 2017.
- "Population and Housing Unit Estimates". Retrieved June 9, 2017.
- "Geographic Identifiers: 2010 Demographic Profile Data (G001): Susquehanna township, Dauphin County, Pennsylvania". U.S. Census Bureau, American Factfinder. Archived from the original on February 13, 2020. Retrieved December 21, 2015.
- Notes and Queries, Historical, Biographical and Genealogical, Relating Chiefly to Interior Pennsylvania. Harrisburg Publishing Company. 1895. p. 19.
- "Dauphin County" (PDF). Pennsylvania Historical & Museum Commission. Retrieved 17 Dec 2020.
- About Susquehanna Township Archived 2012-12-13 at the Wayback Machine
- "National Register Information System". National Register of Historic Places. National Park Service. July 9, 2010.
- "Census of Population and Housing". Census.gov. Retrieved June 4, 2016.
- "U.S. Census website". United States Census Bureau. Retrieved 2008-01-31.
- "Susquehanna Twp. inducts new tax collector". PennLive.com. Retrieved March 13, 2015.
- Pennsylvania Department of Education (November 2014). "Susquehanna Township School Districts Fast Facts 2014".
- PDE, Enrollment and Projections 2012, 2012
- National Center for Education Statistics, Common Core of Data - Susquehanna Township School District, 2011
- Pennsylvania Department of Education (November 6, 2014). "Susquehanna Township High School School Performance Profile 2014".
- Pittsburgh Business Times (April 11, 2014). "Guide to Pennsylvania Schools Statewide ranking 2013".
- Pennsylvania Department of Education (2013). "Charter Schools".
- Pennsylvania Department of Education (2013). "What is a Charter School?".
- Capital Area Intermediate Unit 15 Administration (2015). "About the CSIU".
- Harrisburg Area Community College Administration (2015). "School District Sponsorship".