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Sustainable diets are defined as "those diets with low environmental impacts that contribute to food and nutritional security and to healthy lives for present and future generations. Sustainable diets are protective and respectful of biodiversity and ecosystems, culturally acceptable, accessible, economically fair and affordable, are nutritionally adequate, safe, and healthy, and optimize natural and human resources." These diets attempt to address undernourishment, nutrient deficiencies and obesity and covers ecological phenomena such as climate change, loss of biodiversity and land degradation.
As a theme, it also covers the study of eating patterns that look at the impact that food consumption has on planetary resources and the health of humans and promotes the needs of the environment, society, and the economy. This growing body of research is recognized by a variety of international bodies such as the United Nations Food and Agriculture Organization (FAO) and the World Health Organization (WHO).
In 2010, the FAO and Bioversity International defined a sustainable diet as:
those diets with low environmental impacts which contribute to food and nutrition security and to healthy life for present and future generations. Sustainable diets are protective and respectful of biodiversity and ecosystems, culturally acceptable, accessible, economically fair and affordable; nutritionally adequate, safe and healthy; while optimizing natural and human resources.
Diets denominated as "sustainable"
Sustainable diets mostly concentrate on issues that have something to do with Low Carbon Diets which are structured to reduce the impact of global warming. Others also focus on broader environmental factors, as well as social and economic challenges.
Common alternative diets
- Economic vegetarianism
- Environmental vegetarianism
- Sattvic diet
- Biodiversity and food
- Cultured meat
- Environmental impact of meat production
- Ethical eating
- Ethics of eating meat
- Organic farming
- Organic food
- Organic gardening
- Planetary diet
- Stock-free agriculture
- Sustainable agriculture
- Sustainable food system
- Forest gardening
- Vegan organic gardening
- Burlingame B, Dernini S (3–5 November 2010). "Sustainable Diets and Biodiversity: Directions and Solutions for Policy, Research and Action." (PDF). International Scientific Symposium, Biodiversity and Sustainable Diets United Against Hunger. FAO Headquarters, Rome, Italy: Food and Agriculture Organization of the United Nations (FAO).
- Garnett T (April 2014). "What is a sustainable healthy diet? A discussion paper" (PDF). Food Climate Research Network.
- "Low Carbon Diet". Bon Appétit Management Co.
- Prosperi P, Allen T, Padilla M, Peri I, Cogill B (June 2014). "Sustainability and food & nutrition security: A vulnerability assessment framework for the Mediterranean region". SAGE Open. 4 (2): 2158244014539169. doi:10.1177/2158244014539169.
- "What is the Nordic Diet?". List Nutrition. Archived from the original on 16 April 2015. Retrieved 16 February 2015.