Susumu Hirasawa

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Susumu Hirasawa
Native name 平沢進
Born (1954-04-01) April 1, 1954 (age 62)
Nakagawa, Adachi, Tokyo, Japan
Origin Kabukichō, Shinjuku, Tokyo, Japan
Genres
Occupation(s)
  • Musician
  • singer-songwriter
  • arranger
  • producer
  • CG artist
Instruments
Years active 1972–present
Labels
Associated acts
Website 平沢進 Susumu Hirasawa (P-MODEL) Official site

Susumu Hirasawa (平沢 進?) (born April 1, 1954)[1] is a Japanese music artist and composer.

In the fifth year of elementary school, Hirasawa took up the electric guitar, inspired by the surf and instrumental rock bands he heard on the radio and on TV, later joining his junior high school's band. In 1973 he formed Mandrake, a progressive rock band that incorporated elements from heavy metal and krautrock. Being one of the few Japanese progressive rock bands of its time, Mandrake achieved little success and released no albums during its lifetime. After discovering punk rock and working on synthesizer-heavy projects, Hirasawa felt that progressive rock became just for entertainment and decided to reform the band as the new wave/electronic rock band P-Model in 1979. Originally met with success, they turned to decidedly uncommercial post-punk and experimental rock after Hirasawa went through an averse reaction to his fame. With Hirasawa at the forefront, the band went through various lineups and achieved some popularity in the Japanese independent music scene.

In 1989, Hirasawa launched his solo career. Unbound by the restraints of a band, his albums were marked by a refusal to stick to any particular genre. He continued to evolve his sound while concurrently working with P-Model until the group was disbanded in 2000. He has actively been releasing new music since.

While Hirasawa is mostly remembered in Japan for the first two P-Model albums, he has achieved international recognition for his soundtrack work, particularly for the adaptations of the Kentaro Miura manga Berserk and the work of anime director Satoshi Kon.

Compositions[edit]

Hirasawa's music takes from such concepts as analytical psychology, advances in digital technology, the philosophies of yin and yang, and principles of nature versus machines. As an avid fan of science fiction novels since the '70s and an eclectic reader overall, he's been inspired by the works of Frank Herbert, Carl Jung, Hayao Kawai, Kenji Miyazawa, George Orwell, Wilhelm Reich, Antoine de Saint-Exupéry, Theodore Sturgeon, Nikola Tesla and Kurt Vonnegut.

A constant source of inspiration for his music has come from Thailand. On a 1994 trip to Phuket, Hirasawa went through a "Thai shock", amazed by the country’s culture, namely its transsexual cabaret performers, some of whom he would invite to be singers on his albums and guest performers in his concerts throughout his career. After many trips back to the country Hirasawa grew to be increasingly identified with the transsexual population, incorporating their problems and experiences in society into his work.[2]

On having his music categorized based on western trends, Hirasawa has said:

"I dislike it when I hear someone describe [my music] as weird rock, or weird techno. Surely this genre is hard to define in the music scene, because it doesn’t meet the standard of Western music charts. Hence if a rock music critic attempts to judge me [and my music], all they come up with is ambient music, or music to take drugs to. [The Japanese music scene] doesn't help with introducing terms such as new-age or transpersonality. I want to let my music reach a broader part of society, being music born from Japanese culture, and I think this is why I want to connect to the world that doesn’t exist in the music scene".[3]

Performances[edit]

For every main solo album he releases, Hirasawa also stages an accompanying "Interactive Live Show", an interactive concert that merges computer graphics with his music to tell a story. The flow of each show is determined by audience participation; for example, Interactive Live Show 2000 Philosopher's Propeller was formatted as a maze, and the audience was asked to choose which direction to go in. Provided with phone numbers to four cellular phones during one song, the audience was allowed to call the numbers to have Hirasawa play the corresponding ringtones. This created an improvised harmony between the background music and the ringing phones.[4] Since 1998, participation has been possible through the internet.

Hirasawa's live music is built on samples he activates with various hand-crafted machines and pre-recorded tracks without vocals. For the Solar Live concerts, he used solar power and a power-generating wheel as the source of energy for his electronic equipment.

Hirasawa has worked since the start of his solo career to decrease the amount of performers around himself. Most of his solo albums from 1992 onwards feature no guest musicians, and live backing bands were relinquished in 1994. Since then, only a few select shows have had guest singers or backing instrumentalists.

Equipment usage[edit]

One of Hirasawa's defining factors that set him apart from other Japanese electronic artists is ever-changing production techniques and gear of choice.

Guitars[edit]

Hirasawa has favored guitars designed specifically by Japanese instrument manufacturers. With a movement in the early '80s of electric guitar makers moving away from mass-producing copies of foreign designs and towards original ones, Hirasawa played many unique models. Over a five-year period, from Mandrake's last days to the early P-Model phase, he used the H.S. Anderson Rider, Fernandes Art Wave and ESP Random Star, painting them in bright colors (burgundy, yellow, blue and white).[5][6] In 1983 he settled on Tōkai Gakki's Talbo aluminum guitars as his main ones, attracted by their unique material and design.[7] He used multiple Tōkai Talbos over an eleven-year period, with the guitar becoming an integral part of his image.

After Tōkai discontinued production and customer support for the Talbo due to financial difficulties in the mid-'90s, Hirasawa requested Fernandes to make him a guitar of his design in 1994 called PHOTON, a Talbo-shaped guitar with a wooden body.[8] In 2004, he requested TALBO Secret FACTORY, a manufacturer of Talbos run by other musicians who also liked the guitar and wanted to continue to use it, to build a Talbo of his own design, called ICE-9 (named after the material of the same name from Kurt Vonnegut's novel Cat's Cradle). It became Hirasawa's main guitar for the next eight years. To showcase it, he made an eponymous mini-album in 2005.

Hirasawa has continued to work with the TALBO Secret FACTORY, requesting the conversion of one of his early Tōkai models into a new design of his, the ASTRO, in 2011 and asking for the renewal of the PHOTON with new specifications after two decades of usage. In 2012, Secret FACTORY co-founder HISASHI gifted him a Talbo of his own design, the EVO 0101Z, which Hirasawa adopted as his new main guitar,[9] owning standard copies as well as two equipped with single coil guitar pickups for selective usage.[10]

Besides those, Hirasawa has also used different types of guitar for specific purposes, playing MIDI guitars like the Ibanez X-ING IMG-2010 and Casio MG500, various acoustic and classical models, classic surf ones like the Mosrite and the Jaguar, and the Aria AS-100C/SPL silent guitar.

Electronics[edit]

Hirasawa has used Amiga computers extensively in his work, starting out with CG production in 1987,[11] and later on applying it on his albums and live shows, using applications such as Say, SCALA, Bars & Pipes, SuperJAM![12] and OctaMED. He stopped using Amigas with the LIMBO-54 shows of 2003[11] and the Byakkoya/Paprika albums of 2006, since "maintaining an Amiga now is, like maintaining a classic car, costly".[13]

In the '90s he started a gradual transition to Microsoft Windows (later on dabbling in Ubuntu for a time),[14] using programs such as Delay Lama,[15] Vocaloids,[16] Bars'n'Pipes (an unofficial continuation of the Amiga program), Cakewalk Sonar and Synth1.[17]

When choosing string tones Hirasawa aims to find ones with unstable pitches and a "dark sound", which he finds harmonious, such as the Mellotron, Kurzweil synths and EASTWEST's line of Symphonic sounds.[18]

Recording/Production[edit]

In the '90s, Hirasawa gradually moved his work from professional facilities to home, dubbing his workspace on various residences "Studio WIRESELF". He finally moved completely to it by the recording of 2000's Philosopher's Propeller.[19] The following year he undertook the sustainable energy project "Hirasawa Energy Works" and changed his lifestyle so that all his music would be recorded with solar energy. To reduce carbon emission, Studio WIRESELF was outfitted to be powered completely by a photovoltaic system of 2 solar panels,[20] with 2 car batteries to store extra energy. Years later, Hirasawa added 2 more panels to the studio and retired the batteries.[10]

Initially Studio WIRESELF operated on large pieces of equipment, both analog and digital. With the advances of technology and the streamlining of production under Hirasawa Energy Works, the working landscape transitioned to software synthesizers, with the physical elements of the studio reduced to one recording booth and two workstations, one for Hirasawa and the other for engineer Masanori Chinzei.[10]

Activism and charity[edit]

In 1988, Hirasawa sold a cassette book at a flea market in Yoyogi for charity, it contained 3 New Age songs made specifically for the release and came with a 36-page long booklet chronicling the self-analysis of his dreams and reality. All proceeds were donated to the Human Earth – Awakening Village (人間大地・めざめの里 Ningen Daichi Mezame no Sato?) volunteering welfare facility for the mentally ill in Gunma Prefecture, which gave Hirasawa counseling during the production of the P-Model album Karkador.

In 2001, a pregnant stray cat appeared in Hirasawa's studio. He took care of her and helped carry out four of her pregnancies from 2001 to 2002. Since he could not take care of all the kittens, Hirasawa created a temporary site to recruit possible adopters and keep up with the welfare of the various cats.[21]

As Hirasawa objected to the American response after the September 11 attacks, which he believes involved excessive carnage, and the Japanese government's aiding of such actions, he offered downloads of online banners and two of his songs for free, which he hoped would be used as tools of objection.[22] One of them is a rerecording of 1994's "Love Song", which is about children in the battlefield; the other is "High-Minded Castle", about a man who "can not know the truth and true background through media, he tries to face the real tragedy on the other side of the world". The latter was taken from the Blue Limbo album, which displays a dystopian theme partly influenced by the American government's retaliation.

To support freelance journalists, independent and citizen media, Hirasawa started a free music archive to be used by independent news as background music.[23] He sent e-mails to various associates and members of P-Model requesting involvement,[24] the only one to join was guitarist PEVO 1go. The files uploaded were instrumental mixes of songs by both musicians, including some from Vistoron, whose concept revolves around the propagation of a false reality by mass media.[25]

In the aftermath of the 2011 Tōhoku earthquake and tsunami and the Fukushima Daiichi nuclear disaster, Hirasawa started traveling around the country with a Geiger counter, measuring the radiation levels and reporting them in his Twitter account. In June 2011, a song was posted on his site, titled "Nuclear Power" (原子力 Genshiryoku?): A rerecording of the P-Model song "Boat" (from 1984's Scuba) in the style of "The Aggregated Past – Kangen Shugi 8760 Hours" project, with the lyrics changed to protest against Japan's use of nuclear power and to criticize the government and the media. The song, credited to "Stealthman", was only available on the site for six days, but could be redistributed if unaltered and not for profit. An instrumental mix was posted on the site by Hirasawa after the original was taken down, following the same distribution guidelines. As these events occurred, Hirasawa told a story on Twitter of being assaulted and having his computer and website hacked by "Stealthman". Through his tweets and the way the posts were worded on his website, Hirasawa effectively distanced himself from the track and disowned it. The song is available on the karaoke service provider Xing's Joysound online song library, credited to "Stealthman".[26][27]

Personal life[edit]

Hirasawa has an older brother, artist Yūichi (平沢 裕一 born October 5, 1950?), who goes by the moniker "YOU1". He formed a stage effects team to assist Susumu in acquiring expensive instruments during the Mandrake phase and appeared on the band's last show, running on a treadmill.[28] Yūichi was P-Model's art director for the band's first 9 years of existence, and has done occasional artwork for his brother from 2013 onwards. His only musical credits are for writing the lyrics of "For Kids" and "Sunshine City" (from In a Model Room), and for doing backing vocals on "Rocket" (from The Ghost in Science).

In 2013, Yūichi opened the café bar Gazio in Tsukuba. Although branded as a "new wave" café, the establishment was heavily themed around P-Model and Susumu: it was adorned with various band related memorabilia, served original cocktails titled after his songs and often held special events and shows by members and associates of the band; Susumu made exclusive content for it and, as he gives his brother most things he has no need for at a given moment,[29] many studio and stage objects were displayed in the café. Gazio ceased operations as an active restaurant in 2015 and rebranded as an art studio; Yūichi now holds twice monthly "Café Gazio" events in Kichijōji.

Their father, Kiyoshi (平沢 清?), was a firefighter[30] as well as a calligrapher: Under the penname "Hōseki" (峰石?),[31] he wrote the names of album and band for the cover art of the P-Model album Potpourri.[32]

Since childhood, Hirasawa showed a love for machines, and thought of himself as an engineer. He was a RC plane enthusiast (at one point in time wanting to be a pilot) and repaired broken devices (such as radios and flashlights) given to him by his parents. He studied in the electronics department of Honjo Technical High School, where he was the first to finish the graduation project, the construction of a TV, out of sheer luck, since he did not fully understand the circuits. He also had motocross as a hobby for a time.[13]

He enrolled in the Tokyo Designer Gakuin College in 1972 and graduated cum laude in 1975 from the university's interior design course. According to the Tokyo Designers' Gakuin College '75 Design Annual, his graduation project was a dome-shaped stage set hall for Tangerine Dream shows.

During the early days of Mandrake, he worked as a part-time carrier on a fruits and vegetables market during the morning and at a Pepsi warehouse during the night, alongside Mandrake co-founder Fumiyasu Abe.[33] In 1978, Hirasawa applied for a part-time lecturer position at Yamaha Music Foundation, and since he was the only person that applied for that position, he got the job. He taught courses at the Yamaha Synthesizer School until 1983, and met various musicians that would he later collaborate with through these lectures.[28] After leaving his position as teacher, he took to making commercial jingle for the rest of the decade to make ends meet.[34]

Hirasawa started smoking in 1979[35] and quit in 2001. He's also a teetotaler, since drinking anything larger than a fifth of a cup of beer makes him feel like his head is exploding.[36] Regardless of that, he used to drink small amounts of wine during recording sessions to preserve his voice, which he's since replaced with throat lozenges.[37]

He doesn't use common medicine, relying on the widely discredited Miracle Mineral Supplement instead.[38][39]

A vegetarian, Hirasawa doesn't eat meat, remarking, "At any rate, meat is unappetizing and gross. Eating meat makes me tired and makes me throw up".[40] He lives in a house in Tsukuba with his pet calico cat Tebin (テビン?). The house also has a garden, where he grows some of his food; he also cultivates bacteria to make yogurt out of soy milk.[27]

While repeatedly incorporating various concepts from Shintoism and Buddhism in his themes, as well as ones from other Asian religions, Hirasawa has never specified what his beliefs are. However, at one point in time, he supported the return of the imperial cult of the Emperor of Japan as a psychological measure: "I think His Majesty needs to recover his glorification. In this matter, I’m sort of right wing; the Emperor of Japan needs to regain his symbolic position as a God. But this is for the sake of a healthy process of collective consciousness, so please don't lump my position in with all the militaristic talk".[41]

Discography[edit]

Mandrake[edit]

Title Release details
Unreleased Materials
Vol.1
  • Released: March 25, 1997
  • Label: Marquee, BELLE ANTIQUE
  • Formats: CD
Unreleased Materials
vol.2
  • Released: May 21, 1997
  • Label: Marquee, AVALON
  • Formats: CD

P-Model[edit]

Further information: P-Model

Shun/Syun[edit]

Further information: Shun (band)

Original albums[edit]

Title Album details Oricon peak chart position
Water in Time and Space (時空の水 Jikū no Mizu?)
  • Released: September 1, 1989
  • Label: Polydor K.K.
  • Formats: CD
The Ghost in Science (サイエンスの幽霊 Saiensu no Yūrei?)
  • Released: May 25, 1990
  • Label: Polydor K.K.
  • Formats: CD
Virtual Rabbit
  • Released: May 1, 1991
  • Label: Polydor K.K.
  • Formats: CD
Aurora
  • Released: February 25, 1994
  • Label: Polydor K.K.
  • Formats: CD
98
Sim City
  • Released: August 2, 1995
  • Label: Polydor K.K.
  • Formats: CD
91
Siren
  • Released: August 1, 1996
  • Label: Nippon Columbia, TESLAKITE
  • Formats: CD
Technique of Relief (救済の技法 Kyūsai no Gihō?)
  • Released: August 21, 1998
  • Label: Nippon Columbia, TESLAKITE
  • Formats: CD
Philosopher's Propeller (賢者のプロペラ Kenja no Puropera?)
  • Released: October 6, 2000
  • Label: Chaos Union, TESLAKITE
  • Formats: CD, Digital download
Blue Limbo
  • Released: February 13, 2003
  • Label: Chaos Union, TESLAKITE
  • Formats: CD
202
Byakkoya - White Tiger Field (白虎野?)
  • Released: February 2, 2006
  • Label: Chaos Union, TESLAKITE
  • Formats: CD
171
Planet Roll Call (点呼する惑星 Tenko Suru Wakusei?)
  • Released: February 18, 2009
  • Label: Chaos Union, TESLAKITE
  • Formats: CD
42
The Secret of The Flowers of Phenomenon (現象の花の秘密 Genshō no Hana no Himitsu?)
  • Released: November 23, 2012
  • Label: Chaos Union, TESLAKITE
  • Formats: CD
43
The Man Climbing the Hologram (ホログラムを登る男 Horoguramu wo Noboru Otoko?)
  • Released: November 18, 2015
  • Label: Chaos Union, TESLAKITE
  • Formats: CD
32

Live and Remix-Remake albums[edit]

Title Album details Oricon peak chart position
Error CD
  • Released: July 11, 1990
  • Label: Polydor K.K.
  • Formats: CD
Solar Ray
  • Released: October 11, 2001
  • Label: Chaos Union, TESLAKITE
  • Formats: CD
Nano-duplication Memorials (ナノ重複記念曲集 Nano Chōfuku Kinen Kyokushū?)
  • Released: July 12, 2003
  • Label: Chaos Union, TESLAKITE
  • Formats: Digital download
Switched-On Lotus
  • Released: January 10, 2004
  • Label: Chaos Union, TESLAKITE
  • Formats: CD
LIVE Byakkoya Kinen Pakkēji (LIVE白虎野記念パッケージ?, LIVE Byakkoya – White Tiger Field Memorial Package)
  • Released: July 19, 2006
  • Label: Chaos Union, TESLAKITE
  • Formats: Digital download
PHONON 2550 LIVE
  • Released: April 23, 2008
  • Label: Chaos Union, TESLAKITE
  • Formats: CD
220
Totsu-Gen-Hen-I (突弦変異?)
  • Released: June 23, 2010
  • Label: Chaos Union, TESLAKITE
  • Formats: CD
43
Hen-Gen-Ji-Zai (変弦自在?)
  • Released: November 10, 2010
  • Label: Chaos Union, TESLAKITE
  • Formats: CD
44
p-0
Gazio Mix CD
  • Released: June 8, 2013
  • Label: Gazio
  • Formats: CD
The Method of the LIVE 2: The Magic for introduction'' (LIVEの方法2『導入のマジック』 LIVE no Hōhō "Dōnyū no Majikku"?)[1]
  • Released: May 29, 2014
  • Label: Chaos Union, TESLAKITE
  • Formats: CD
52
WORLD CELL 2015
memorial package[2]
  • Released: January 15, 2016
  • Label: Chaos Union, TESLAKITE
  • Formats: Digital download
  • 1 ^ Artist given as "Susumu Hirasawa and Kaku P-Model".
  • 2 ^ Available only to those who own an M∞CARD, sold exclusively at the merchandise stall during the WORLD CELL 2015 shows.

Other releases[edit]

Title Release details
Charity Original Tape by Susumu Hirasawa[1]
  • Released: April 10, 1988
  • Label: Self-released
  • Formats: Cassette Book
Techno Zikken Koubou (テクノ実験工房?, Techno Experimental Workshop) series[2]
  • Released: July 8, 1994 – March 31, 1995
  • Label: HIRASAWA BYPASS
  • Formats: CS
(世界細胞合唱鉄橋団?, World Cell Choral Bridge Team)
  • Released: November 28, 1998
  • Label: Green Nerve
  • Formats: CS
Fuhōtōki (不法投棄?, Illegal Dumping)[3]
  • Released: December 26, 1999
  • Label: Chaos Union, TESLAKITE
  • Formats: Digital download
Yojō Denryoku (余剰電力?, Surplus Power)[4]
  • Released: August 22, 2001 – January 25, 2002
  • Label: Chaos Union, TESLAKITE
  • Formats: Digital download
Kara Hirasawa Solo Mi CD Ka Kyoku (から平沢ソロ未CD化曲?, From Hirasawa: Solo Songs Not on CD)[5]
  • Released: December 27, 2001
  • Label: Chaos Union, TESLAKITE
  • Formats: Digital download
Songs Against the Carnage (殺戮への抗議配信 Satsuriku e no Kōgi Haishin?)
  • Released: March 12, 2003
  • Label: Chaos Union, TESLAKITE
  • Formats: Digital download
Susumu Hirasawa
special ringtones
(スペシャル・リングトーンズ
Supesharu Ringutōnzu?)
  • Released: June 29, 2005
  • Label: Chaos Union, TESLAKITE[6]
  • Formats: Digital download
ICE-9
  • Released: August 30, 2005
  • Label: Chaos Union, TESLAKITE
  • Formats: CD
P-0
  • Released: 2007 – August 18, 2007
  • Label: Chaos Union, TESLAKITE
  • Formats: Digital download
Nuclear Power
  • Released: June 24, 2011[7]
  • Label: Self-released
  • Formats: Digital download
Something I Took Away From Stealthman[8]
  • Released: June 29, 2011
  • Label: Chaos Union, TESLAKITE
  • Formats: Digital download
Christmas in Africa (アフリカのクリスマス Afurika no Kurisumasu?)[9]
  • Released: December 25, 2014
  • Label: Chaos Union, TESLAKITE
  • Formats: Digital download
Hyaku Tarazu-sama (百足らず様?)
  • Released: December 12, 2015
  • Label: Chaos Union, TESLAKITE
  • Formats: Digital download
  • 1 ^ It has never been re-issued, although one of the songs was rerecorded for Water in Time and Space.
  • 2 ^ This is a series of recordings of a weekly FM Gunma half-hour radio show that Hirasawa hosted. It lasted 39 broadcasts, divided in 12 volumes, released in sets of 4 tapes.
  • 3 ^ Although this is considered a P-Model release (with 2 of its 4 files being credited to P-Model), it includes one Susumu Hirasawa song (the remaining file is credited to 4-D mode2, a group heavily associated with P-MODEL and Hirasawa, with two of its three members being P-Model members at some point).
  • 4 ^ 3 part release, with parts 1 and 2 being named Audio File to Honor the Hunter and Winter Sunlight Conversion Example.
  • 5 ^ The track "Ruktun or Die" was a limited time offer, and was taken out of sale in January 2002.
  • 6 ^ Five of the seven ringtones were released by twenty2product on their website for free under the name "keitai".
  • 7 ^ A limited time offer, taken out of NO ROOM on June 29, 2011, although re-distribution was allowed. Comes with text file containing lyrics.
  • 8 ^ A limited time offer, taken out of NO ROOM on July 4, 2011, although re-distribution was allowed.
  • 9 ^ Lyrics co-written with Masami Orimo. Rerecording of 1990 collaboration with Wakako Shimazaki. Fanclub members can download it and a karaoke mix for free.

Soundtracks[edit]

Hirasawa has appeared as a musical guest on various Japanese TV and radio shows (sometimes with P-Model) and some of his songs that were not made with the intention of being BGM have been used to this end. He has also contributed songs for X-Bomber (see "other projects") and has worked on various commercial jingles (most of them unidentified) for companies like Denon, Kirin, Mazda, Mizuno, NTT, Rado, Unicharm and Volvo.[42]

Original work Release Release details
National Color Trans-Am X30[1] radio advertisement
Riki Choshu entrances[2]
Yoru no Drama House[3]
various MODEL HOUSE Works[4]
  • Released: May 1985
  • Label: Model House
  • Formats: CS
Calgary Hurricanes entrances[5] Hurricanes Bomb (ハリケーンズ・バム Harikēnzu Bamu?)
Detonator Orgun[43][6] Detonator Orgun 1
  • Released: August 25, 1991
  • Label: Polydor K.K.
  • Formats: CD
Detonator Orgun 2
  • Released: October 25, 1991
  • Label: Polydor K.K.
  • Formats: CD
Detonator Orgun 3
  • Released: March 25, 1992
  • Label: Polydor K.K.
  • Formats: CD
Glory Wars[7] Glory Wars
  • Released: January 25, 1993
  • Label: Polydor K.K.
  • Formats: CD
Tadashi Shimada's Forest Message
Kamui Mintara
[Akan, Hokkaidō][8]
Sword-Wind Chronicle
BERSERK
Sword-Wind Chronicle
BERSERK
Original Soundtrack
  • Released: November 6, 1997
  • Label: VAP
  • Formats: CD
LOST LEGEND[9] LOST LEGEND
Legend of the Lost Continent
Original Sound Track
  • Released: March 1, 1999 (show opening)
    April 25, 1999
  • Label: Chaos Union, biosphere Records
  • Formats: CD
Sword of the Berserk: Guts' Rage BERSERK
Millennium Falcon Arc
Chapter of the Flowers of Oblivion
Original Game Soundtrack
  • Released: December 15, 1999
  • Label: Hakusensha, Marine ENTERTAINMENT
  • Formats: CD
densha[10]
Lagnacure Legend[11]
loop[12]
Millennium Actress Millennium Actress
Original Sound Track
  • Released: September 6, 2002
  • Label: Chaos Union, TESLAKITE
  • Formats: CD
AmigaOS 4[13]
Paranoia Agent Paranoia Agent Original Soundtrack
Paranoia Agent Outtake Collection
  • Released: May 16, 2004
  • Label: Chaos Union, TESLAKITE
  • Formats: Digital download
IdN My Favorite Conference 2004 intro sequence[14]
Adobe Expert Support trade show loop[15]
BERSERK
Millennium Falcon Arc
Chapter of the Holy Demon War
[16]
BERSERK
Millennium Falcon Arc
Chapter of the Holy Demon War
Original Soundtrack
  • Released: November 25, 2004
  • Label: VAP, ULF Records
  • Formats: CD
Paprika "Paprika" Original Soundtrack
Free Music for Free-Lance Journalists and Independent Media[17]
  • Released: March 24, 2011
  • Label: Chaos Union, TESLAKITE
  • Formats: Digital download
BERSERK
Golden Age Arc
[18]
BERSERK
Golden Age Arc II
Siege of Doldrey
[19]
  • Released: December 5, 2012
  • Label: VAP Video
  • Formats: DVD, BD
Berserk[44][20] Ash Crow
  • Released: September 14, 2016
  • Label: Chaos Union, TESLAKITE
  • Formats: CD
RUINER[45][21]
Dreaming Machine[46][22]
  • 1 ^ A jingle for a radio/TV/cassette recorder combo. Performed with Yasumi Tanaka. Broadcast 1980. Never officially released.
  • 2 ^ Titled Power Hall (パワーホール Pawā Hōru?), the name became a sort of brand for Choshu. Writing is credited to "Hanmyō Ibo", a play on words with the Japanese for "tiger beetle" (Hirasawa's favorite insect) and "wart". Performance is credited to "ZZZ". Disowned by Hirasawa. First released on an obscure 1980 vinyl record, later included on various wrestler entrance theme compilations, such as "Wrestling Q", which includes two covers of other wrestlers' entrance themes by Hirasawa. Various artists have covered the song, including Ken Ishii.
  • 3 ^ Hirasawa only made sound effects for the show, and only worked on it for about a year.[42]
  • 4 ^ A collection of ten assorted commercial jingles for Shiseido, Tama-Plaza, Kansai Yamamoto, Sony, Nescafé, Teijin and Marui. Six variations of a jingle for Matsuden Home Shopping by Teruo Nakano are also included. Released as a bonus for the first volume of the Moire Club newsletter.
  • 5 ^ Writing and performance are credited to "Yoshio Fukurai", a tribute to Tomokichi Fukurai. Out of the album's eleven tracks, "Furukai" is only present on the title track.
  • 6 ^ A month before the release of the first episode, Polydor released a "Making of" tape titled Detonator Orgun 0, where a Hirasawa interview is included. They also released a Music Special disc with the opening and ending themes of the first episode.
  • 7 ^ A fantasy manga by Orgun writer Hideki Kakinuma. The soundtrack would be more accurately described as a commissioned Image EP.
  • 8 ^ The first installment of Human Vision Special, a now defunct series of television documentary specials produced annually by Hokkaido Television Broadcasting. It was originally broadcast on April 29, 1992 and later re-edited for home video release. Hirasawa appears in the TV edit riding a canoe. The soundtrack has never had an official standalone release: The title track was originally released on Root of Spirit~ESSENCE OF HIRASAWA SOLO WORKS and Music For Movies~World of Susumu Hirasawa Soundtracks compilations, while the only release of the soundtrack proper is on Disc 11 of the HALDYN DOME box set, 20 years after the documentary aired.
  • 9 ^ A "spectacle show" summer attraction at the Parque España in Shima. When it premiered, the soundtrack could be only bought from the park's gift shops.
  • 10 ^ A short movie about the JR Shinjuku Station. The soundtrack has never had an official standalone release; the only kind of sound played on the short (which bears some resemblance to the Syun track "Kun Mae #4" from the "Kun Mae on a Calculation" album from 1996) was originally released on Illegal Dumping (named "Densha"), it was later released with other twenty2product collaborations and remaining tracks on Disc 16 of the HALDYN DOME box set (named "densha").
  • 11 ^ An Artdink PlayStation RPG. Hirasawa only composed and performed the opening theme: "The Man Who Knows the Stars" (星を知る者 Hoshi wo Shiru Mono?); it was originally released on "From Hirasawa: Solo Songs Not on CD", a live performance was included on the PHONON 2553 VISION DVD, an alternate version (named "2010 version") was later released with other remaining tracks on Disc 16 of the HALDYN DOME box set.
  • 12 ^ A looping presentation about alternative energy, part of the "Hirasawa Energy Works" project. The soundtrack has never had an official standalone release. The audio, recorded during a surge of "Surplus Power" was originally released on Hirasawa's PHANTOM NOTES website (named "LOOP The Sound Track β1"). It was later released with other twenty2product collaborations and remaining tracks on Disc 16 of the HALDYN DOME box set (named "loop").
  • 13 ^ Hirasawa only composed and performed the boot jingle: "Eastern-boot". Two additional tracks were included on the AmigaOS 4.0 CD to showcase Hirasawa's music. The jingle was later released in the FAMIGA (Japanese Amiga community involved with Hirasawa) Forums and with Hirasawa's Near Future Never Come e-book (which consists of essays published on FAMIGA).
  • 14 ^ The soundtrack has never had an official standalone release; the only kind of sound played on the short was originally released on LIVE Byakkoya – White Tiger Field Memorial Package (named "Bonus Spot"), it was later released with other twenty2product collaborations and remaining tracks on Disc 16 of the HALDYN DOME box set (named "IDN").
  • 15 ^ The soundtrack has never had an official standalone release.
  • 16 ^ Hirasawa only composed and performed the opening theme "Sign" and the ending theme "Sign-2", two different arrangements of the same song.
  • 17 ^ A collection of various songs by Hirasawa and PEVO 1go from their careers that have been edited to serve as film score to be freely used by independent media and free-lance journalists delivering news via the Internet.
  • 18 ^ Hirasawa only composed and performed the theme song: "Aria". While there have been soundtrack releases for the films, none of them include Hirasawa's work.
  • 19 ^ The Japanese home video release of the film includes a live performance of "Aria" from Hirasawa's "PHONON2555" concert tour (when that tour's DVD was released, this same performance was included, but with alternative angles overlaid on top of the version of this DVD). A public appearance made by Hirasawa, the trilogy's director and voice actors of the main characters to promote the third film, The Advent, was included in its Japanese home video release.
  • 20 ^ Hirasawa only composed and performed the insert songs "Ashes" and "Ash Crow". Accompanying album is a compilation of songs written for various Berserk projects.
  • 21 ^ Only a partial contribution.
  • 22 ^ As of 2011, production on the film has been put on hold for financial and artistic reasons following the death of director Satoshi Kon. Only a few scene/song combinations were set by Kon before his death;[47] it is not known if Hirasawa has started work on the film yet.

Compilations[edit]

Title Release details Oricon peak chart position
Root of Spirit
ESSENCE OF HIRASAWA SOLO WORKS
(魂のふる里 Tamashii no Furusato?)
  • Released: May 2, 1992
  • Label: Polydor K.K.
  • Formats: CD
Music For Movies~World of Susumu Hirasawa Soundtracks (映像のための音楽~平沢進サウンドトラックの世界 Eizo no Tame no Ongaku~Susumu Hirasawa Soundtrack no Sekai?)[48]
  • Released: June 7, 2007[49]
  • Label: Chaos Union, TESLAKITE
  • Formats: CD
240
HALDYN DOME
  • Released: February 29, 2012
  • Label: Chaos Union, TESLAKITE
  • Formats: CD
Archetype
1989~1995 Polydor years of Hirasawa
  • Released: September 24, 2014
  • Label: Universal Music Japan
  • Formats: SHM-CD
142
Symphonic Code
Susumu Hirasawa Instrumental Music: The Polydor years
  • Released: November 5, 2014
  • Label: Universal Music Japan
  • Formats: SHM-CD

Singles/free MP3 downloads[edit]

This list also includes a set of purchasable MP3s that promote their main album.

Main release Release Release details
The Ghost in Science World Turbine (世界タービン Sekai Tābin?)
Detonator Orgun 1 Bandiria Travellers
[Physical Navigation Version]
(バンディリア旅行団
[Physical Navigation Version]
Bandiria Ryōkōdan
[Physical Navigation Version]
?)
  • Released: June 25, 1991
  • Label: Polydor K.K.
  • Format: Mini CD single
Root of Spirit
ESSENCE OF HIRASAWA SOLO WORKS
Root of Spirit (魂のふる里 Tamashii no Furusato?)
  • Released: April 10, 1992
  • Label: Polydor K.K.
  • Format: Mini CD single
SIREN SAIREN *Siren* (サイレン *Siren*?)
  • Released: August 1, 1996
  • Label: Nippon Columbia, TESLAKITE
  • Format: Mini CD single
Sword-Wind Chronicle
BERSERK
Original Soundtrack
BERSERK -Forces-
  • Released: November 1, 1997
  • Label: Nippon Columbia, TESLAKITE
  • Format: Mini CD single
BLUE LIMBO RIDE THE BLUE LIMBO
  • Released: December 25, 2002
  • Label: Chaos Union, TESLAKITE
  • Format: MP3
SWITCHED-ON LOTUS Haldyn Hotel (ハルディン・ホテル Harudin Hoteru?)
  • Released: January 21, 2004
  • Label: Chaos Union, TESLAKITE
  • Format: MP3
Paranoia Agent Original Soundtrack Reverie Hill (夢想ヶ谷 Musō ga Tani?)
  • Released: May 16, 2004
  • Label: Chaos Union, TESLAKITE
  • Format: MP3
BERSERK
Millennium Falcon Arc
Chapter of the Holy Demon War
Original Soundtrack
Sign
  • Released: December 20, 2004
  • Label: Chaos Union, TESLAKITE
  • Format: MP3
ICE-9 Eurasia 21 degrees centigrade (ユーラシア21℃ Yūrashia 21°C?)
  • Released: September 21, 2005
  • Label: Chaos Union, TESLAKITE
  • Format: MP3
Byakkoya – White Tiger Field The Westward of Time (時間の西方 Jikan no Seihō?)
  • Released: February 22, 2006
  • Label: Chaos Union, TESLAKITE
  • Format: MP3
"Paprika" Original Soundtrack The Girl in Byakkoya - White Tiger Field (白虎野の娘 Byakkoya no Musume?)
  • Released: November 23, 2006
  • Label: Chaos Union, TESLAKITE
  • Format: MP3
Planet Roll Call Royal Road, Paradise (王道楽土 Ōdō Rakudo?)
  • Released: February 18, 2009
  • Label: Chaos Union, TESLAKITE
  • Format: MP3
Totsu-Gen-Hen-I Solid air
  • Released: June 16, 2010
  • Label: Chaos Union, TESLAKITE
  • Format: MP3
Hen-Gen-Ji-Zai Bandiria Travellers (バンディリア旅行団 Bandiria Ryōkōdan?)
  • Released: November 6, 2010
  • Label: Chaos Union, TESLAKITE
  • Format: MP3
BERSERK
Golden Age Arc I
The Egg of the King
Aria
  • Released: February 4, 2012
  • Label: Chaos Union, TESLAKITE
  • Format: CD single
The Secret of the Flowers of Phenomenon The Secret of The Flowers of Phenomenon (現象の花の秘密 Genshō no Hana no Himitsu?)
  • Released: February 2, 2012
  • Label: Chaos Union, TESLAKITE
  • Format: MP3
The Man Climbing the Hologram The Man Climbing the Hologram (ホログラムを登る男 Horoguramu wo Noboru Otoko?)
  • Released: October 9, 2015
  • Label: Chaos Union, TESLAKITE
  • Format: MP3

Videos[edit]

Title Release details
Hirasawa Susumu no CG Nengajō (平沢進のCG年賀状?, Susumu Hirasawa's CG New Year Message)[1]
  • Released: 1989
  • Label: HIRASAWA BYPASS
  • Formats: VHS
PHOTON series[2]
  • Released: 1989 – 1995
  • Label: PHOTON
  • Formats: VHS
error (エラー erā?)
  • Released: September 21, 1990
  • Label: Polydor K.K.
  • Formats: VHS
making of
tokyo paranesian
  • Released: October 1994
  • Label: HIRASAWA BYPASS
  • Formats: VHS
HIRASAWA error ENGINE
Hirasawa Three Acts in Three Hours
Upper
(HIRASAWA error ENGINE
平沢三幕三時間

HIRASAWA error ENGINE
Hirasawa Sanmakusan Jikan
Kami
?)
  • Released: November 1994
  • Label: HIRASAWA BYPASS
  • Formats: VHS
HIRASAWA error ENGINE
Hirasawa Three Acts in Three Hours
Lower
(HIRASAWA error ENGINE
平沢三幕三時間

HIRASAWA error ENGINE
Hirasawa Sanmakusan Jikan
Shimo
?)
  • Released: November 1994
  • Label: HIRASAWA BYPASS
  • Formats: VHS
SIM CITY TOUR
1995.9.6
TOKYO SHIBUYA KOKAIDO
  • Released: December 1995
  • Label: HIRASAWA BYPASS
  • Formats: VHS
Unreal Soprano
INTERACTIVE LIVE SHOW
SIREN
(架空のソプラノ
INTERACTIVE LIVE SHOW
SIREN
Kakū no Soprano?)
  • Released: January 21, 1997
  • Label: Nippon Columbia, TESLAKITE
  • Formats: VHS
INTERACTIVE LIVE SHOW 2000
Philosopher's Propeller
version 1.4
(INTERACTIVE LIVE SHOW 2000
賢者のプロペラ
version 1.4
INTERACTIVE LIVE SHOW 2000
Kenja no Puropera
version 1.4
?)
  • Released: May 15, 2001
  • Label: Chaos Union, TESLAKITE
  • Formats: VHS, DVD
Hirasawa Energy Works
Solar Live
LIVE SOLAR RAY
  • Released: September 24, 2002
  • Label: Chaos Union, TESLAKITE
  • Formats: VHS, DVD
Interactive Live Show 2003
LIMBO-54
  • Released: November 26, 2003
  • Label: Chaos Union, TESLAKITE
  • Formats: DVD
Reflection on the Meeting of ICE-9
ICE-9 LIVE & TALK EVENT
(反射の集いは氷の9
ICE-9 LIVE & TALK EVENT
Hansha no Tsudoi wa Kōri no 9
ICE-9 LIVE & TALK EVENT
?)
  • Released: September 19, 2006
  • Label: Chaos Union, TESLAKITE
  • Formats: DVD
INTERACTIVE LIVE SHOW 2006
LIVE Byakkoya
(INTERACTIVE LIVE SHOW 2006
LIVE 白虎野
?)
  • Released: October 31, 2007
  • Label: Chaos Union, TESLAKITE
  • Formats: DVD
P-0 (P-Soon) (ピー・スーン Pī Sūn?)
  • Released: August 18, 2008
  • Label: Chaos Union, TESLAKITE
  • Formats: DVD
PHONON 2550 VISION
  • Released: October 30, 2008
  • Label: Chaos Union, TESLAKITE
  • Formats: DVD
PHONON 2551 VISION
  • Released: August 15, 2009
  • Label: Chaos Union, TESLAKITE
  • Formats: DVD
INTERACTIVE LIVE SHOW 2009
LIVE Planet Roll Call
(INTERACTIVE LIVE SHOW 2009
LIVE 点呼する惑星
INTERACTIVE LIVE SHOW 2009
LIVE Tenko Suru Wakusei
?)
  • Released: February 15, 2010
  • Label: Chaos Union, TESLAKITE
  • Formats: DVD
PHONON 2553 VISION
  • Released: May 30, 2011
  • Label: Chaos Union, TESLAKITE
  • Formats: DVD
Tokyo I-jigen Kudou (東京異次弦空洞?)
  • Released: November 30, 2011
  • Label: Chaos Union, TESLAKITE
  • Formats: DVD
PHONON 2555 VISION
  • Released: August 19, 2013
  • Label: Chaos Union, TESLAKITE
  • Formats: DVD
INTERACTIVE LIVE SHOW 2013
Nomonos and Imium
(INTERACTIVE LIVE SHOW 2013
LIVE ノモノスとイミューム
INTERACTIVE LIVE SHOW 2013
Nomonosu to Imyūmu
?)
  • Released: January 28, 2015
  • Label: Chaos Union, TESLAKITE
  • Formats: DVD
  • 1 ^ This tape contains an AMIGA animation made by Hirasawa set to "Wood, Wind and Water Music" from the CHARITY ORIGINAL TAPE BY SUSUMU HIRASAWA and a monologue spoken by the Amiga program "Say" detailing the reasons for P-Model's Freezing/hiatus.
  • 2 ^ Instead of containing a live show, this series of tapes contain experimental videos/Desk Top Movies based around Hirasawa's music.

As Kaku P-Model[edit]

Title Release details Oricon peak chart position
Big Brother
  • Released: October 7, 2004
  • Label: Chaos Union, TESLAKITE
  • Formats: Digital download
Vistoron
  • Released: October 7, 2004
  • Label: Chaos Union, TESLAKITE
  • Formats: CD
1st Live Memorials
  • Released: February 22, 2005
  • Label: Chaos Union, TESLAKITE
  • Formats: Digital download
LIVE VISTORON
  • Released: April 1, 2005
  • Label: Chaos Union, TESLAKITE
  • Formats: DVD
Anti-vistoron (Mecano Version)
  • Released: April 1, 2005
  • Label: MECANO
  • Formats: CD single
Big Brother – Reversible Separation Aspect
  • Released: April 3, 2008
  • Label: MECANO
  • Formats: CD single
гипноза (Gipnoza)
  • Released: October 9, 2013
  • Label: Chaos Union, TESLAKITE
  • Formats: Digital download
гипноза (Gipnoza)
  • Released: November 6, 2013
  • Label: Chaos Union, TESLAKITE
  • Formats: CD
31
Adore me, I am TV (崇めよ我はTVなり Agameyo Ware wa TV Nari?)
  • Released: April 28, 2014
  • Label: Chaos Union, TESLAKITE
  • Formats: Digital download
The Method of the LIVE 2: The Magic for introduction (LIVEの方法2『導入のマジック』 LIVE no Hōhō "Dōnyū no Majikku"?)[1]
  • Released: May 29, 2014
  • Label: Chaos Union, TESLAKITE
  • Formats: CD
52
  • 1 ^ Artist given as "Susumu Hirasawa and KAKU P-MODEL".

Other projects[edit]

Project name Other members Release Release details
Pre P-Model Yasumi Tanaka
Akiro "Kamio" Arishima
Air on the Wiring (配線上のアリア Haisenjō no Aria?)
  • Released: October 22, 1994
  • Label: DIW, SYUN
  • Formats: CD
E-PROJECT (E-プロジェクト E-Purojekuto?) Akiro "Kamio" Arishima
Takashi Kokubo
Synthesizer Trek (シンセサイザー・トレック Shinsesaizā Torekku?)
E-PROJECT
BOW WOW
Suite (組曲 Kumikyoku?)
X-Bomber (エックス ボンバー Ekkusu Bonbā?)
Fukō Project (不幸のプロジェクト Fukō no Purojekuto?) Kenji Konishi How about FUKO? (不幸はいかが? Fukō wa ika ga??)
  • Released: December 5, 1996
  • Label: DIW, SYUN
  • Formats: CD
Global Trotters[1] Kenji Konishi
Hans-Joachim Roedelius
Alquimia
David Bickley
Felix Jay
Drive
  • Released: March 25, 1999 Japan
  • Label: MAGNET, biosphere records
  • Formats: CD
Global Trotters[2]
Hans-Joachim Roedelius
David Bickley
Alex Paterson[3]
GLOBAL TROTTERS PROJECT
volume I
DRIVE
Susumu Hirasawa + InhVmaN Riccardo "InhVmaN" Brett Tetragrammaton
  • Released: June 25, 2008  Japan
  • Label: Chaos Union, TESLAKITE  Japan
    Bunker Productions  Italy
  • Formats: CD single
  • 1 ^ Although Hirasawa is considered a core member of the group, he only worked on the track "Parallel Motives".
  • 2 ^ This album is a remix album of "Drive" made by Roedelius and Bickley, including a remix of "Parallel Motives".
  • 3 ^ Paterson did "Parallel Motives II", a re-remix-crossfade of the "Parallel Motives" remix.

Collaborations[edit]

Artist/Group Release Release details Collaboration(s) Track(s)
The Bach Revolution Synthesizer Study
  • Released: 1978
  • Label: OVER SEAS
  • Formats: 33 RPM Record
Guitar
Keyboard
Synthesizer
Arrangement[1]
All
ROCK & KEYBOARD'79
SYNTHESIZER
Supplement Record
  • Released: October 10, 1978
  • Label: April Music
  • Formats: 45 RPM Record
Composition
Performance
Damī no Sakuryaku (ダミーの策略?)[2]
PRO-WRESTLING SUPER FIGHTER'S THEMES
  • Released: 1979
  • Label: KING
  • Formats: 33 1/3 RPM Record
Performance One of These Days (吹けよ風、呼べよ嵐 Fuke yo Kaze, Yobe yo Arashi?)
Chinese Kung-Fu (チャイニーズ・カン・フー Chainīzu Kan-Fū?)[3]
No Warning
  • Released: November 21, 1979
  • Label: RVC
  • Formats: 33 RPM Record
Performance[4] All
Shampoo Tonight[5] Production
3F=C To-Ma-Do-I (と・ま・ど・い?)
  • Released: Spring 1984
  • Label: RBF Records
  • Formats: 45 RPM Record
Engineering
Sound Adviser
Michiro Endo VIETNAM LEGEND (ベトナム伝説 Betonamu Densetsu?) Guitar
Keyboard
Kanon (カノン?)
KI-GA KI-GA KI-KYO
  • Released: June 1984
  • Label: Self-released
  • Formats: 45 RPM Record
Bass
Keyboard
Arrangement
KI-GA KI-GA KI-KYO (飢餓々々帰郷?)[6]
Hisakatsu Igarashi PUZZLE
  • Released: December 1, 1984
  • Label: KING RECORD, NEXUS Records
  • Formats: 33 RPM Record
Composition
Guitar
SEVEN JOINT MAN (七節男 Nana Fushi Otoko?)[7]
THE LOODS HARD MOUSE
  • Released: 1985
  • Label: RBF Records
  • Formats: 33 RPM Record
Production/Adjustment
Keyboard
"Hard Mouse" and "Paradise"
STOP FUCKIN' AROUND!
  • Released: February 10, 1985
  • Label: RBF Records
  • Formats: 33 RPM Record
Production/Adjustment
Keyboard
All[8]
Michiro Endo THE END
  • Released: March 30, 1985
  • Label: TŌSHIBA-EMI
  • Formats: 45 RPM Record
Synthesizer ING, O! 7 (インゴ セブン Ingo Sebun?)
WATER SISTER
THE LOODS LOUD MACHINE
  • Released: 1986
  • Label: RBF Records
  • Formats: 33 RPM Record
Production All
THE GROOVERS Maximum Kiss Production
Arrangement
All
For the Sister Moon (シスター・ムーンのために Shisutā Mūn no Tameni?)
Jun Togawa 10 Years in Entertainment Memorial (芸能生活十周年記念 Geinō Seikatsu Jū Shūnen Kinen?)
Shōwa at Death (昭和享年 Shōwa Kyōnen?)
Production
Arrangement
Performance
"Virgin Blues" (バージンブルース Bājin Burūzu?), "Princess Knight" (リボンの騎士 Ribon no Kishi?), "In the Morning" (夜が明けて Yo ga Akete?) and "A Good Man Strolls By" (吹けば飛ぶよな男だが Fukeba Tobu Yona Otoko Daga?)[9]
Kazutoki Umezu KINEMA
  • Released: April 21, 1990
  • Label: NEC Avenue
  • Formats: CD
Vocals FROM CHERBOURG ~ LES PARAPLUIES DE CHERBOURG (シェルブールから~シェルブールの雨傘 Sherubūru Kara ~ Sherubūru no Amagasa?)
Wakako Shimazaki White Album'90
  • Released: November 10, 1990
  • Label: Polydor K.K.
  • Formats: CD
Composition
Arrangement
Performance
Christmas in Africa (アフリカのクリスマス Afurika no Kurisumasu?)[10]
Tadahiko Yokogawa TWO OF US
  • Released: December 1990
  • Label: VIVID SOUND, Cycle Records
  • Formats: CD
Lyrics
Vocals
Truk Lagoon (トラック・ラグーン Torakku Ragūn?)
Jun Togawa Virgin Blues (バージンブルース Bājin Burūzu?)
  • Released: December 21, 1990
  • Label: Teichiku Records
  • Formats: Mini CD single
Arrangement
Performance
All[10]
Yapoos Dial Y for Murder (ダイヤルYを廻せ! Daiyaru Y o Mawase!?)
  • Released: June 7, 1991
  • Label: TŌSHIBA-EMI
  • Formats: CD
Guitar 3 Tsu Kazoero (3つ数えろ?)
Hysteria (ヒステリヤ Hisuteriya?)
HERE IS EDEN I'll Continue to Play Even After the Night Falls (夜になっても遊び続けろ Yoru ni natte mo Asobi Tsudukero?)
  • Released: June 25, 1991
  • Label: Tokuma Japan Corporation, Japan Record
  • Formats: CD
Production
Guitar
Boku wa Mainichi Yūgata ni Naruto Sukoshi Tasogaretye Shimau (僕は毎日夕方になると少したそがれてしまう?) and Memento Mori (メメントモリ?)[12]
Yapoos Yapoos de la Cruz no Hanzai Teki Jinsei (ヤプーズ・デ・ラ・クルスの犯罪的人生?)
96m Maki 2 Mai Kasane Mishin me Ari (96m巻・2枚重ねミシン目あり?)
  • Released: October 16, 1991
  • Label: TŌSHIBA-EMI
  • Formats: VHS
Guitar Mysterious Guy (ミステリアス・ガイ Misuteriasu Gai?)
3 Tsu Kazoero (3つ数えろ?)
Hysteria (ヒステリヤ Hisuteriya?)
Red Chariot (赤い戦車 Akai Sensha?)
Fool Girl
Anti-ennui (アンチ・アンニュイ Anchi-annyui?)
Men's JUNAN
Watakushi no Naka no Tanin (私の中の他人?)
Insect Forces (昆虫軍 Konchū Gun?)
Dadada ism
  • Released: October 28, 1992
  • Label: TŌSHIBA-EMI
  • Formats: CD
Composition
Arrangement
Production
Virus (ヴィールス Vīrusu?)[13] and Condor Gaton Dekuru (コンドルが飛んでくる?)
4-D Subconscious Unity
  • Released: 1993
  • Label: Iron Beat Manifesto
  • Formats: CD
Guitar Frontier
TAKA Hyper Angel ~Genki no Moto wa Kimi no Egao~ (Hyper Angel ~元気の素はKimiの笑顔~?)
  • Released: March 25, 1994
  • Label: Polydor K.K.
  • Formats: Mini CD single
Production
Guitar
All
Shelly
  • Released: June 25, 1994
  • Label: Polydor K.K.
  • Formats: Mini CD single
TAKA
  • Released: July 25, 1994
  • Label: Polydor K.K.
  • Formats: CD
Kotobuki Hikaru with Phnonpenh Model Desk Top Hard Lock
  • Released: July 25, 1994
  • Label: DIW, SYUN
  • Formats: CD
Composition NEOTENY BOX (幼形成熟BOX Yō Keisei Juku BOX?)[14]
Yapoos Suspicious Activities of the Yapoos (ヤプーズの不審な行動 Yapoos no Fushin na Kōdō?)
  • Released: January 31, 1995
  • Label: disk UNION, AXËL
  • Formats: CD
Virus (ヴィールス Vīrusu?)
Tadahiko Yokogawa DIVE
  • Released: September 30, 1995
  • Label: DIW, SYUN
  • Formats: CD
Lyrics
Vocals
CALL
Yoko Ueno e-mix
Ai wa Shizukana Basho e Orite Kuru (愛は静かな場所へ降りてくる?)
  • Released: May 25, 1996
  • Label: MAGNET, biosphere Records
  • Formats: CD
Remixing[15] Flower of Asia (アジアの花 Ajia no Hana?) Tangmo Mix
PEVO CONVEX AND CONCAVE
  • Released: October 5, 1996
  • Label: DIW, SYUN
  • Formats: CD
Production
Vocals
Lyrics
All
Coelacance (シーラカンス Shīrakansu?)[16]
Wataru Kamiryo Karasu (鴉 (からす)?)
  • Released: October 19, 1996
  • Label: Nippon Columbia, TESLAKITE
  • Formats: CD
Guitar Solo voix
Karasu (Crow) (鴉 (からす)?)
Yūko Miyamura Mother Composition
Performance
Arrangement
All
Spirit ( Tamashii?)
  • Released: March 21, 1998
  • Label: Victor Entertainment
  • Formats: CD
Mother
MOON[17]
Yoko Ueno biosphere
Label Sampler Plus
  • Released: September 23, 1998
  • Label: MAGNET, biosphere Records
  • Formats: CD
Remixing AOIFE (remix)
Yūko Miyamura Daisūshii (大四喜?)
  • Released: August 25, 1999
  • Label: Victor Entertainment
  • Formats: CD
Composition
Performance
Arrangement
Ruktun or Die[18]
Yuiko Man of the Land (陸の人よ Riku no Hito yo?) Composition[19]
Performance
Man of the Land (陸の人よ Riku no Hito yo?)[20]
NHK Okāsan to Issho Saishin Best (最新ベスト?)Kono Yubi Tomare (このゆびとまれ?)
  • Released: October 16, 2003
  • Label: Pony Canyon
  • Formats: CD
Composition
Arrangement
Earth Cat (地球ネコ Chikyū Neko?)
Tanpopodan ni Hairou!! (タンポポ団にはいろう!!?)
  • Released: April 21, 2004
  • Label: Pony Canyon
  • Formats: DVD
4-D Die offizielle Raubkopie
  • Released: August 1, 2006
  • Label: Self-released
  • Formats: CD
Guest
(Computer
Programming
Vocals
Guitar)
Session7_1 (Yoko-Nari~Koni-Hira~Hirasawa Session)
Rekonnekted
  • Released: February 21, 2008
  • Label: 4-D Label
  • Formats: CD
Guitar My Neighbor Upstairs
Hiiro no Crew (緋色のCrew?)
  • Released: December 28, 2009
  • Label: 4-D Label
  • Formats: CD-R
Hiiro no Crew (緋色のCrew?) (nylon destroyed mix)
DENKMAL
  • Released: September 20, 2010
  • Label: 4-D Label
  • Formats: CD
Hiiro no Crew (緋色のCrew?) (Teruo Nakano's Cafè Mix)
DRIVE
  • Released: October 18, 2013
  • Label: 4-D Label
  • Formats: CD-R
CREST
Wieder
  • Released: December 28, 2013
  • Label: 4-D Label
  • Formats: CD-R
Guitar
Vocals
Wieder
PEVO The Spot Directive (スポット破壊指令 Supotto Hakai Shirei?)
  • Released: November 9, 2014
  • Label: Pullmozile
  • Formats: CD
Guitar[21] Ya! Po!
Kids of the Stars (星の子ども Hoshi no Kodomo?)
OFFICIAL BOOTLEG DVD
NEOZIC
  • Released: April, 2015
  • Label: Pullmozile
  • Formats: DVD
Guitar
Vocals[21]
Nec-Ro-Man-Ser (ネクロマンサー Nekuromansā?)
Kids of the Stars (星の子ども Hoshi no Kodomo?)
Konperitan Chippuru (コンペリタンチップル?)
Ya! Po!
A Spotless World (スポットのない世界 Supotto no Nai Sekai?)
  • 1 ^ Performed with Mandrake.
  • 2 ^ This record was included with a magazine that had an opinion piece by Hirasawa on Tony Banks published in it.
  • 3 ^ Performed with Mandrake. Covers of the entrance themes of Abdullah the Butcher and Jumbo Tsuruta.
  • 4 ^ Credited under "Special Thanks" (alongside P-Model keyboardist Yasumi Tanaka).
  • 5 ^ "Tonight" was also included in the compilation "TECHNOLOID 〜JAPANESE 80's NEW WAVE SAMPLER〜" (which also includes the P-Model song "Art Mania"). "Stock" (ストック Sutokku?) was also included in the compilation "Impossibles! ~ 80's JAPANESE PUNK & NEW WAVE" (which also includes the "Countless Answers" version of the P-Model song "Atom-Siberia").
  • 6 ^ Released with the magazine "ING, O! No.5". Act name given as "Michiro Endo + Susumu Hirasawa + Korechika Kitada + Jun Inui". The only track was also included in the compilation "KI-GA KI-GA KI-KYO".
  • 7 ^ Rerecording of the P-Model song of the same name from the album "Scuba". with new arrangement & guitar lines.
  • 8 ^ Fellow P-Model member Shunichi Miura also plays keyboards on all tracks.
  • 9 ^ Those tracks were also included in the compilations "TWIN ~ VERY BEST COLLECTION" and "TEICHIKU WORKS – 30th anniversary".
  • 10 ^ Lyrics co-written with Masami Orimo. Also included in the compilations "20th anniversary BOX", "for winter music Lovers ~ TECHNO POP Xmas" and "Archetype | 1989~1995 Polydor years of Hirasawa". Rerecorded solo as a standalone MP3 release for Christmas 2014.
  • 11 ^ The tracks with vocals were included in the compilations "TWIN ~ VERY BEST COLLECTION", "TOGAWA LEGEND – SELF SELECT BEST & RARE 1979~2008" and "TEICHIKU WORKS – 30th anniversary". The title track was included in the compilation "Sanagika no Onna: Mika Ninagawa Selection" and its music video was included in the 2002 and 2012 reissues of the video "Yapoos Keikaku" and the compilation "TEICHIKU WORKS – 30th anniversary". All tracks exclusive to this release are included in reissues of Shōwa Kyōnen.
  • 12 ^ "Memento Mori" was also included in the compilation "GROOVIN' Shōwa! 7 ~ Romantist".
  • 13 ^ This song was included in the compilation "TOGAWA LEGEND – SELF SELECT BEST & RARE 1979~2008".
  • 14 ^ A rerecording/remix of the P-Model song of the same name from Big Body, the album also includes an a capella alternatively named version of "LAB=01" from the album P-Model that doesn't use the parts written by Hirasawa and a remix of the Opening SE that P-Model used on their 1992 shows.
  • 15 ^ Remixed with fellow P-Model member Hajime Fukuma.
  • 16 ^ A cover of a P-Model song of the same name from the album Perspective (the original's lyrics were written by Hirasawa and Tanaka and the music was composed by Tanaka). The entire album's lyrics are sung in the PEVO language, which was created by the band (a dictionary can be found in the booklet) and some of them sung by a pitch-shifted Hirasawa, who wasn't credited for either lyrics or vocals, but was credited for production as "Volquice Proladuke".
  • 17 ^ Hirasawa would later re-record both songs, with himself on vocals, for the album TECHNIQUE OF RELIEF. "Mother" was included in the compilation "Best Collection ~ Meccha Best".
  • 18 ^ Hirasawa would later re-record this song 5 times, with himself on vocals.
  • 19 ^ Co-written with Yuiko. Co-Credited with "Shirō Sakata" (Hirasawa under a pseudonym)
  • 20 ^ Also included in the album "Crystal" (結晶 Kesshō?).
  • 21 ^ Credited as "Volquice Proladuke".

Tours[edit]

Concerts[edit]

Year Format Title Dates/Venues
1989 Concert Tour "Water in Time and Space" Tour Part 1
(第1回"時空の水"ツアー
Dai-1 Kai "Jikū no Mizu" Tsuā?)
One-off Concert Village of the Awakening Earth Human Festival '89
(人間大地・めざめの里 Festival '89
Ningen Daichi Mezame no Sato Festival '89?)
Concert Tour "Water in Time and Space" Tour Part 2
(第2回"時空の水"ツアー
Dai-2 Kai "Jikū no Mizu" Tsuā?)
One-off Concert across the forewaters
1990 Concert Tour Live Photon (ライヴ・フォトン Raivu Foton?)
World Turbine Tour (世界タービン・ツアー Sekai Tābin Tsuā?)
One-off Concert Village of the Awakening Earth Human Festival '90
(人間大地・めざめの里 Festival '90
Ningen Daichi Mezame no Sato Festival '90?)
Live Event ERROR FORCE
Concert Tour World Turbine Tour Vol.2 (世界タービン・ツアー Vol.2 Sekai Tābin Tsuā Vol.2?)
1991 Virtual Rabbit Tour (ヴァーチュアル・ラビット・ツアー Vāchuaru Rabitto Tsuā?)
Live Event I3DAYS
1992 Hi-Res
I3DAYS'92
1993 ERROR OF INFORMATION Wait (ERROR OF INFORMATION 待機 ERROR OF INFORMATION Taiki?)
I3DAYS'93
1994 One-off Concert ERROR ENGINE Hirasawa Three Acts in Three Hours (ERROR ENGINE 平沢三幕三時間 ERROR ENGINE Hirasawa Sanmakusan Jikan?)
1999 Concert Tour Live-Phonon Watahashi the Sound Forces (Live-Phonon 渡橋する声軍 Live-Phonon Watahashi Suru Kūgun?)
2001 One-off Concert Hirasawa Energy Works - Solar Live
LIVE SOLAR RAY
2005 Live & Talk Event GREEN NERVE PRESENTS
Reflection on the Meeting of ICE-9 (反射の集いは氷の9 Hansha no Tsudoi wa Kōri no 9?)
2007 One-off Concert PHONON 2550
2008 PHONON 2551
2010 PHONON 2553
2011 Tokyo I-jigen Kudou (東京異次弦空洞?)
2012 PHONON 2555
2014 Susumu Hirasawa × KAKU P-MODEL
HYBRID PHONON

Interactive Live Show[edit]

Year Title Date/Venue/Set Lists Guest Performers
1994 The Aurora Legend (オーロラ伝説 Ōrora Densetsu?) Jun Togawa - Mother of Navajo (マザー・オブ・ナバホ Mazā obu Nabaho?)
TOKYO Paranesian (TOKYOパラネシアン TOKYO Paraneshian?) Toshihiko "BOB" Takahashi - IO Raster (IOラスタ IO Rasuta?)
Wataru Kamiryo - AlgoRhythm (アルゴリズム Arugorizumu?)
TAKA - Electric TAKA (電気っTAKA Denki TTAKA?)
Adios Jay Wataru Kamiryo: Drums
1995 SIM CITY TOUR Miss-N: Vocals
1996 Vol.5 SIREN Miss-N: Vocals
Miss-Aeh: Vocals
1998 WORLD CELL Hajime Fukuma: System
2000 Philosopher's Propeller (賢者のプロペラ Kenja no Puropera?) MIRAI - Space Nat Kadaw (スペース・ナッカドー Supēsu Nakkadō?)
Kenji Konishi - Iron Nat Kadaw (アイアン・ナッカドー Aian Nakkadō?)
2003 LIMBO-54 None
2006 LIVE Byakkoya (LIVE 白虎野?)
2009 LIVE Planet Roll Call (LIVE 点呼する惑星 LIVE Tenko Suru Wakusei?) A-sai - Naangfaa 1
Fiat - Naangfaa 2
Rang - Astro-Hue!
2013 Nomonos and Imium (ノモノスとイミューム Nomonosu to Imyūmu?) Masami Orimo - Sanmia
Junpei Noda - Amputee Gerbera
PEVO 1go - Orimo's Escort
2015 WORLD CELL 2015 PEVO 1go: Guitar, Laser harp
Masami Orimo - Sally at the Fire
Rang - Astro-Hue!

World Inspection Tour[edit]

Duration Title Location(s)
October 12–17, 1994 Island Door Tracking Travellers (トビラ島大追跡旅行団 Tobira Shima Dai Tsuiseki Ryōkōdan?) Phuket, Thailand
October 10–14, 1995 Wiwat Tarasangop Virtual Rescue Transferrers (วิวัฒน์ ธาราสงบウィワット・ターラーサンゴップ仮想救出移動団 Uiwatto Tārāsangoppu Kasō Kyūshutsu Idōdan?) Bangkok, Thailand
October 16–22, 1996 Camouflaged Pilgrimage Soprano Kleshad (偽装巡礼ソプラノ煩悩団 Gisō Junrei Sopurano Bonnōdan?) Kuala Lumpur, Malaysia
October 28–31, 1997 Nonlocal Green Immunized (非局所性緑色免疫団 Hikyokushosei Midoriiro Menekidan?) Bali, Indonesia
November 28-December 3, 1998 World Cell Union Railway Bridge Choir (世界細胞組合合唱鉄橋団 Sekai Saibō Kumiai Gasshō Tekkyōdan?) Bangkok & Mueang Kanchanaburi, Thailand
June 14–19, 2000 Parallel Village Large Propeller Alchemists (平行郷錬金術大プロペラ団 Heikō gō Renkinjutsu Dai Puroperadan?) Yangon & Bagan, Myanmar
Bangkok, Thailand
June 29-July 3, 2007 P-0 Phuket, Thailand

Backing band members[edit]

  • Hikaru KotobukiKeyboards, Backing Vocals (July 4, 1989 – December 31, 1992)
  • Kazuhide "Kitune" Akimoto - Keyboards, Amiga, Bass, Backing Vocals (July 4, 1989 – September 23, 1990)
  • Toshihiko "BOB" Takahashi - Fretless Bass, Backing Vocals (July 4, 1989 – December 2, 1994)
  • Shingo Tomoda - Drums, Electronic drums, Percussion (July 4, 1989 – December 5, 1991)
  • Soft Ballet (September 8, 1989 & September 30, 1991)
    • Ryoichi Endo - Lead and Backing Vocals
    • Maki Fujii & Ken Morioka - Synthesizers
  • Wataru Kamiryo - Drums, Cowbell, Gong Bass, Percussion (September 8, 1989; September 30, 1991; December 31, 1992 - December 2, 1994)
  • Ichiko Hashimoto - Piano (September 28, 1989)
  • Kenji Konishi - Keyboards, Synthesizers, Electronic percussion, Turntable, Backing Vocals (May 7, 1990 - December 18, 2000)
  • Takeo Nagura - Amiga (May 7 & 19, 1990)
  • Jun Togawa - Lead and Backing Vocals (May 19, 1990 - September 23, 1994)
  • Katsuhiko Akiyama - Bass, Backing Vocals (July 4, 1990 - December 31, 1992)
  • Kazutoki Umezu - Saxophones, Bouvian Pipe, Wind Synthsizer, Backing Vocals (July 4, 1990 - September 23, 1994)
  • Orchestral Manoeuvres in the Nurse - Strings, Horns (July 11, 1990)
  • Yasuchika Fujii - Drums, Backing Vocals (September 23, 1990 - June 25, 1991)
  • Yoshinori Sunahara - Keyboards, Backing Vocals (June 21, 1991 - December 31, 1992)
  • Tadahiko Yokogawa & Yoko Honji - Violin, Backing Vocals (June 25, 1991 & September 23, 1994)
  • Kazuhiko Fujii - Backing Vocals (June 25, 1991)
  • Hiroshi Fujiki - Keyboards (December 5, 1991)
  • Eiichi Tsutaki & Kazumi "KERA" Kobayashi - Backing Vocals (December 31, 1992)
  • Takanori "TAKA" Yamaguchi - Keyboards, Backing Vocals (December 15, 1993 - December 2, 1994)
  • Miss N. - Vocals (September 1, 1995 - September 5, 1996)
  • Miss Aeh - Vocals (September 2–5, 1996)
  • Hajime Fukuma - Keyboards, Electronics, Backing Vocals (October 21, 1998 - April 23, 1999)
  • Teruo Nakano - Under Techno System, PC, Electronics, Backing Vocals (April 12–23, 1999)
  • TAINACO-2 – Virtual Drums (April 12–23, 1999)
  • MIRAI - Keyboards, Synthesizers, Electronic percussion (December 11–18, 2000)
  • Yasuhiro Nakano - Talk Time (September 19, 2005)
  • Masami Orimo - Talk Time, Narration, Vocals (September 19, 2005; January 24–26, 2013; November 27–29, 2015)
  • A-sai & Fiat - Vocals (April 16–18, 2009)
  • Neng - Vocals, Graviton, Zeusaphone, Performance (April 16–18, 2009; January 13 & 14, 2011; November 27–29, 2015)
  • Rang - Graviton, Zeusaphone, Performance (January 13 & 14, 2011)
  • Yasuhiro Araki - Timpani, Electronic percussion, Wind chimes (6–8 June 2012)
  • PEVO 1go - Electric guitar, Guitar synthesizer, Misa Kitara, Zeusaphone, Laser harp, PC, Angle grinder, Mobile Wormhole, Katana, Performance (6 June 2012–present)
  • Junpei Noda - Performance (24–26 January 2013)

Publications[edit]

  • Landsale – Record Copy Full Score (with Yasumi Tanaka & Katsuhiko Akiyama). Ongaku Shunjū, 1980
  • P-Model. I3 Promotion, 1992
  • ura P-mania (裏P-MANIA?) – P-model no kako ha ikaga?. Sankakuyama Tsūshin (independent fan club), 1995 (collection of press clippings & flyers, 1973-1993)
  • Music Industrial Wastes (音楽産業廃棄物 Ongaku Sangyō Haikibutsu?) (by Kasiko Takahasi). Chaos Union & SoftBank Publishing, 1999 (2 volumes & 1 CD-ROM)
    • P-Model Side – Open Source
    • Hirasawa Side – Desktop Ouroboros (卓上のウロボロス Takujō no Uroborosu?)
    • Rev.2.0 (revised & expanded reissue). Fascination & Book-ing, 2005
    • Rev.2.4 v2010 (revised & expanded digital reissue). Chaos Union & Fascination, 2010 (available as both a limited pressing of a 1000 physical DVD-ROMs and as download)
  • SP-2 (タイのニューハーフ? いいえ「第2の女性」です?). Chaos Union & Teslakite, 2008 (mix of photography & essays)
  • Near Future Never Come (来なかった近未来?). Chaos Union & Fascination (material originally posted on FAMIGA from December 1998 to March 2002), 2012
Newsletters
  • Moire Club. Model House, 1985–1989 (12 volumes)
  • Hirasawa Bypass. I3 Promotion, 1989–1996 (19 volumes)
  • Green Nerve. Chaos Union & Teslakite, 1997–present (37 volumes)
Special releases
  • Another Papers. Model House & Personal Pulse, 1983
  • Bookmark's Banquet (宴の栞 Utage no Shiori?) two 16-page booklets: Kami (?, Upper) & Shimo (?, Lower). DIW (Disk Union) & SYUN, 1994
  • tokyo paranesian. I3 Promotion, 1994
  • Sim City Photographs. I3 Promotion, 1995
  • Interactive Live Show Vol.5. Hirasawa Bypass (I3 Promotion), 1996
  • p-model 1996. Hirasawa Bypass (I3 Promotion), 1996
  • Day Scanner of Susumu Hirasawa. Chaos Union & Teslakite, 1997
  • deranged door (錯乱の扉 sakuran no tobira?). Chaos Union & Marquee, 1997 (2 volumes)
  • World Cell – History of Interactive Live Show. Chaos Union & Teslakite, 1998
  • A Young Person's Guide to Mandrake 1973–1978. Chaos Union & Mecano, 2006
  • Live Byakkoya. Chaos Union & Teslakite, 2006

References[edit]

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External links[edit]