Susz

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Susz
Centre of the town
Centre of the town
Coat of arms of Susz
Coat of arms
Susz is located in Poland
Susz
Susz
Coordinates: 53°43′12″N 19°20′14″E / 53.72000°N 19.33722°E / 53.72000; 19.33722
Country Poland
VoivodeshipWarmian-Masurian
CountyIława
GminaSusz
Area
 • Total6.67 km2 (2.58 sq mi)
Population
 (2006)
 • Total5,610
 • Density840/km2 (2,200/sq mi)
Postal code
14-240
Websitehttp://www.susz.pl

Susz [suʂ] (German: Rosenberg in Westpreußen) is a town in Iława County, Warmian-Masurian Voivodeship, Poland, with 5,600 inhabitants (2004).

Geographical location[edit]

Susz is located about 26 kilometres (16 miles) east of Kwidzyn, 48 kilometres (30 miles) south of Elbląg and 130 kilometres (81 miles) south-west of Kaliningrad at an altitude of 114 metres (374 feet) above sea level.

History[edit]

Remains of the defensive walls of Susz
Ruins of Finckenstein Palace (2010)
Finckenstein Palace, photography before 1931

Throughout its history the town carried a rose in its coat of arms (in German Rosenberg means "rose hill"). Between 1871 and 1945 it was part of Germany. Finckenstein Palace was built in Susz. Around 1900 the town had a Protestant church, a Catholic church and a synagogue.

After World War I and the re-establishment of independent Poland, during the ongoing Polish-Bolshevik War, a plebiscite was held to determine whether the town was to be part of Germany or the Second Polish Republic on July 11, 1920. 33,498 voted to remain in Germany, 1,073 voted for Poland. Based on that result the town was included in the Regierungsbezirk Marienwerder within East Prussia. From October 26, 1939, until 1945 Rosenberg was part of Regierungsbezirk Marienwerder in the province of Reichsgau Danzig-West Prussia. During World War II Rosenberg was captured by the Red Army. After the end of war, the town became part of Poland under its Polish name Susz.

After the town had been put under Polish administration almost all German inhabitants who had remained in the town or had returned were expelled.

Ethnic structure in the 19th century[edit]

According to German data in 1846 the county of Rosenberg had 42480 inhabitants, by mother tongue 34380 (~81%) Germans and 8100 (~19%) Poles.[1]

Number of inhabitants by year[edit]

Year Number[2][3][4][5]
1788 781
1829 1,570
1831 1,295
1875 3,081
1880 3,044
1885 3,055
1890 2,909
1905 3,259
1925 3,280
1933 3,822
1939 4,481
1943 4,440
2006 5,610

Notable residents[edit]

References[edit]

  1. ^ Belzyt, Leszek (1996). "Zur Frage des nationalen Bewußtseins der Masuren im 19. und 20. Jahrhundert (auf der Basis statistischer Angaben)". Zeitschrift für Ostmitteleuropa-Forschung (in German). Bd. 45, Nr. 1: 35–71 – via zfo-online.
  2. ^ Johann Friedrich Goldbeck: Vollständige Topographie des Königreichs Preußen. Teil II, Marienwerder 1789, p. 10, no. 7.
  3. ^ Der Große Brockhaus, 15th edition, Vol. 16, Leipzig 1933, pp. 101–102.
  4. ^ Michael Rademacher: Deutsche Verwaltungsgeschichte Provinz Westpreußen, Kreis Rosenberg (2006).
  5. ^ August Eduard Preuß: Preußische Landes- und Volkskunde. Königsberg 1835, p. 440, no. 56.

Coordinates: 53°43′N 19°20′E / 53.717°N 19.333°E / 53.717; 19.333