Sutamarchán

From Wikipedia, the free encyclopedia
Jump to: navigation, search
Sutamarchán
Municipality and town
Central square and church of Sutamarchán
Central square and church of Sutamarchán
Flag of Sutamarchán
Flag
Location of the municipality and town of Sutamarchán in the Boyacá Department of Colombia
Location of the municipality and town of Sutamarchán in the Boyacá Department of Colombia
Country  Colombia
Department Boyacá Department
Province Ricaurte Province
Founded 14 December 1556
Founded by Antonio de Santana
Government
 • Mayor Wilmer Castellanos Hernández
(2016-2019)
Area
 • Municipality and town 102 km2 (39 sq mi)
 • Urban 8 km2 (3 sq mi)
Elevation 1,800 m (5,900 ft)
Population (2015)
 • Municipality and town 5,916
 • Density 58/km2 (150/sq mi)
 • Urban 1,352
Time zone Colombia Standard Time (UTC-5)
Website Official website

Sutamarchán is a town and municipality in the Ricaurte Province, part of the department of Boyacá of Colombia. Sutamarchán is situated on the Altiplano Cundiboyacense at 44 kilometres (27 mi) from the department capital Tunja. It borders Santa Sofía in the north, Sáchica and Villa de Leyva in the east, Saboyá in the west and Ráquira and Tinjacá in the south.[1]

Etymology[edit]

The name Sutamarchán is derived from the Chibcha sovereign Suta and Spanish marchán: "Merchant of the sovereign Suta". Marchán refers to Pedro Merchan de Velasco, who was an 18th-century encomendero of Suta.[1][2]

History[edit]

Sutamarchán in the times before the Spanish conquest was inhabited by the Muisca, organized in their loose Muisca Confederation. Sutamarchán was ruled by the zaque of Hunza.

Modern Sutamarchán was founded on December 14, 1556, by Antonio de Santana.[1]

Economy[edit]

The main economical activities of Sutamarchán are agriculture, livestock farming and tourism. Among the agricultural products potatoes, onions, tomatoes, barley, maize, grapes and the Colombian fruit curuba are cultivated. The town is famous for its longaniza sausages. Tourism is mainly religious; tourists visit the Santo Ecce Homo Convent.[1]

Since June 15, 2004, a Tomatina festival, like the famous original in Buñol, Spain, is celebrated in Sutamarchán.

Born in Sutamarchán[edit]

Gallery[edit]

Panoramas[edit]

Cemetery of the Santo Ecce Homo Convent, Sutamarchán
Snake fossil in the Santo Ecce Homo Convent, Sutamarchán

References[edit]

  1. ^ a b c d (Spanish) Official website Sutamarchán
  2. ^ (Spanish) Etymology Sutamarchán - Excelsio.net


Coordinates: 5°36′N 73°38′W / 5.600°N 73.633°W / 5.600; -73.633