Sutherland (UK Parliament constituency)

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Sutherland
Former County constituency
for the House of Commons
Subdivisions of Scotland Sutherland
17081918
Number of members One
Replaced by Caithness & Sutherland
Created from Sutherland

Sutherland was a constituency of the House of Commons of the Parliament of Great Britain from 1708 to 1801 and of the Parliament of the United Kingdom from 1801 to 1918. It represented essentially the traditional county of Sutherland, electing one Member of Parliament (MP). The county town of Dornoch, however, was represented as a component of the Tain Burghs constituency, from 1708 to 1832, and of the Wick Burghs constituency, from 1832 to 1918.

In 1918 the Sutherland constituency and Dornoch were merged into the then new constituency of Caithness and Sutherland. In 1997 Caithness and Sutherland was merged into Caithness, Sutherland and Easter Ross.

Members of Parliament[edit]

Election Member [1] Party
1708 Sir William Gordon
1713 William Morison
1714 Sir William Gordon
1727 Lord Strathnaver
1734 Sir James Fergusson
1736 Hon. James St Clair
1747 Hon. George Mackay
1761 Hon. Alexander Mackay
1768 James Wemyss
1784 William Wemyss Pittite
1787 James Grant
1802 William Dundas Tory
1808 John Randoll Mackenzie
1809 George Macpherson-Grant
1812 James Macdonald Whig
1816 George Macpherson-Grant
1826 Lord Francis Leveson-Gower Tory
1831 Sir Hugh Innes Whig
1831 by-election Roderick Macleod Whig
1837 Hon. William Howard Conservative
1840 by-election Sir David Dundas Liberal
1852 Marquess of Stafford Liberal
1861 by-election Sir David Dundas Liberal
1867 by-election Lord Ronald Gower Liberal
1874 Marquess of Stafford Liberal
1886 Angus Sutherland Liberal/Crofter
1894 by-election John MacLeod Liberal/Crofter
1900 Frederick Leveson-Gower Liberal Unionist
1906 Alpheus Cleophas Morton Liberal
1918 constituency abolished

Elections[edit]

Elections in the 1880s[edit]

General Election 1885: Sutherland [2]
Party Candidate Votes % ±%
Liberal Marquess of Stafford 1,071 61.7
Independent Liberal 1,058 38.3
Majority 643 23.4
Turnout
Liberal hold Swing
  • backed by the Crofters
General Election 1886: Sutherland [3]
Party Candidate Votes % ±%
Liberal 1,463 71.5 n/a
Liberal Unionist Ralph Wardlaw McLeod Fullarton 583 28.5 n/a
Majority 880 43.0 n/a
Turnout 64.2
Liberal hold Swing n/a
  • backed by the Crofters

Elections in the 1890s[edit]

General Election 1892: Sutherland [4]
Party Candidate Votes % ±%
Liberal 1,453 70.5
Liberal Unionist John MacKay 607 29.5
Majority 846 41.0
Turnout 75.0
Liberal hold Swing
  • backed by the Crofters
Sutherland by-election, 1894[5]
Party Candidate Votes % ±%
Liberal unopposed n/a n/a
Liberal hold Swing n/a
  • backed by the Crofters
General Election 1895: Sutherland [6]
Party Candidate Votes % ±%
Liberal John MacLeod 1,085 64.8 n/a
Liberal Unionist John Alexander Swanston 590 35.2 n/a
Majority 495 29.6 n/a
Turnout 67.2 n/a
Liberal hold Swing n/a

Elections in the 1900s[edit]

General Election 1900: Sutherland [7]
Party Candidate Votes % ±%
Liberal Unionist Frederick Neville Sutherland Leveson-Gower 1,224 61.9 +26.7
Liberal John MacLeod 752 38.1 -26.7
Majority 472 23.8 53.4
Turnout 76.3 +9.1
Liberal Unionist gain from Liberal Swing +26.7
General Election 1906: Sutherland [8]
Party Candidate Votes % ±%
Liberal Alpheus Cleophas Morton 1,383 59.7 +21.6
Liberal Unionist Frederick Neville Sutherland Leveson-Gower 933 40.3 -21.6
Majority 450 19.4 43.2
Turnout 82.3
Liberal gain from Liberal Unionist Swing +21.6

Elections in the 1910s[edit]

Alpheus Morton
General Election Jan 1910: Sutherland [9]
Party Candidate Votes % ±%
Liberal Alpheus Cleophas Morton 1,607 62.8 +3.1
Conservative Donald Walter Cameron 951 37.2 -3.1
Majority 656 25.6 +6.2
Turnout 83.7 +1.4
Liberal hold Swing +3.1
Stafford
General Election Dec 1910: Sutherland [10]
Party Candidate Votes % ±%
Liberal Alpheus Cleophas Morton 1,464
Liberal Unionist Marquess of Stafford 1,277
Majority
Turnout
Liberal hold Swing

General Election 1914/15:

Another General Election was required to take place before the end of 1915. The political parties had been making preparations for an election to take place and by the July 1914, the following candidates had been selected;

References[edit]

  1. ^ Leigh Rayment's Historical List of MPs – Constituencies beginning with "S" (part 6)[self-published source][better source needed]
  2. ^ Debrett's House of Commons and Judicial Bench, 1889
  3. ^ Debrett's House of Commons and Judicial Bench, 1889
  4. ^ Whitaker's Almanack, 1893
  5. ^ Debrett's House of Commons and the Judicial Bench, 1901
  6. ^ Debrett's House of Commons and the Judicial Bench, 1901
  7. ^ Debrett's House of Commons and the Judicial Bench, 1901
  8. ^ Whitaker's Almanack, 1907
  9. ^ Debrett's House of Commons and the Judicial Bench, 1916
  10. ^ Debrett's House of Commons and the Judicial Bench, 1916
  11. ^ Aberdeen Journal 13 Apr 1914

See also[edit]