Sutherland Falls

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Sutherland Falls
Sutherland Falls.jpg
Location Fiordland, New Zealand, 44°48′.8028″S 167°43′48.76″E / 44.800223000°S 167.7302111°E / -44.800223000; 167.7302111
Type Tiered
Total height 581 m
Number of drops 3
Longest drop 248 m
Average
flow rate
11 m3/s

Sutherland Falls is a waterfall near Milford Sound in New Zealand's South Island. At 580 metres (1,904 feet) the falls were long believed to be the tallest waterfall in New Zealand.[1] However, Browne Falls cascades 843 metres (2,766 feet) down a mountainside in Doubtful Sound, leading some to view that as the tallest.[2]

The water falls from Lake Quill in three cascades: the upper is 229 m tall, the middle is 248 m, and the lower is 103 m tall. A vertical fall of 580 m is made over 480 m of horizontal distance, thus the mean grade of falls is approximately 56 degrees.[citation needed]

The base of Sutherland Falls is a 90 minutes (return) walk from Quintin Public Shelter on the Milford Track.[3]

History[edit]

Sutherland Falls was first discovered by a Scottish settler, Donald Sutherland, in the late 19th century. He initially claimed the falls were over 1,000 m (3,300 ft) tall, which would have made them the highest in the world by far. Later surveys showed that this claim was significantly inflated, and they have been confirmed to actually be 580 m (1,900 ft) tall.[1]

Lake Quill, which forms the source of the falls, was named for the explorer who first climbed up the cliff face to find it in 1890.[1]

References[edit]

  1. ^ a b c Scheffel, Richard L.; Wernet, Susan J., eds. (1980). Natural Wonders of the World. United States of America: Reader's Digest Association, Inc. p. 363. ISBN 0-89577-087-3. 
  2. ^ Jock Phillips. Waterfalls - A land of waterfalls, Te Ara - the Encyclopedia of New Zealand, Ministry for Culture and Heritage. ISBN 978-0-478-18451-8. Updated 1 March 2009. Retrieved 2 September 2010.
  3. ^ Milford Track - Track description, New Zealand Department of Conservation. Retrieved 19 May 2011.

External links[edit]