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Sūtrayāna, (Sanskrit) is the Indo-Tibetan three-fold classification of yanas. A yana is a Buddhist mode of practice that leads to the realization of emptiness. The three yanas of the Sutrayana are Hinayana, Mahayana, and Vajrayana. The third yana, Vajrayana, comprises Tantrayana and Dzogchen.


  • Norbu, Chögyal Namkhai (1999). The Crystal and the Way of Light: Sutra, Tantra and Dzogchen. Snow Lion Publications. ISBN 978-1-55939-135-1.