|Elevation||978 ft (298 m)|
|Location||North York Moors National Park, England|
|Parent range||Hambleton Hills|
|Topo map||OS Explorer OL26|
Sutton Bank is a hill in the Hambleton District of the North York Moors National Park, North Yorkshire in England. It is a high point on the Hambleton Hills with extensive views over the Vale of York and the Vale of Mowbray.
The A170 road runs down the bank with a maximum gradient of 1 in 4 (25%), and including a hairpin bend. Vehicles have to keep in low gear whilst travelling up or down the bank, and caravans are banned from using the section.
Just to the south of Sutton Bank is Roulston Scar, the site of one of the most important prehistoric monuments in the region—a massive hillfort built in the Iron Age, around 400 BC.
It was the approximate location of the Battle of Old Byland in which the Scots won a major victory over the English on 14 October 1322. King Robert the Bruce had made a forced march with his army in an attempt to surprise the English army which was retreating from a failed invasion of Scotland. John of Brittany, Earl of Richmond held the heights of Sutton Bank while King Edward II with his Queen had withdrawn to Rievaulx Abbey about 16 miles (25 km) to the south-east. The Scots fought their way up the steep hillside to totally defeat the Earl whom they took prisoner. King Edward fled ahead of Sir Walter Stewart's forces leaving behind in the Abbey the Great Seal of England and much treasure.
In 1981 a body was found at Sutton Bank. She was never identified and she became known as the Sutton Bank Body.
Because it faces the prevailing westerly winds, Sutton Bank has been used for ridge soaring since the early 1930s for the sport of gliding. The Yorkshire Gliding Club is based at the top of the hill.
Also at the top of the hill is the Sutton Bank National Park Centre, where a high-tech Lime & Ice exhibition tells the story of how the iconic landscape and view came to be through the dramatic action of ice age glaciers. There is also an official tourist information centre, a tea room and a gift shop. Outside, there is a car park, from where pushchair and wheelchair friendly paths leading to a viewing platform, which offers views of Roulston Scar, Hood Hill, Gormire Lake and beyond. There are many legends about Gormire Lake, one of which is that there is a submerged village beneath its waters.
There are many other walking trails close by, including southwards to the popular White Horse of Kilburn. The 110-mile (177 km) long Cleveland Way National Trail crosses over Sutton Bank. It includes a spur to the White Horse of Kilburn.
The North York Moors National Park Authority has developed new cycle trails, which use a mixture of natural and man made trails similar to those found in a purpose built trail centre. Using the same style of trail marking, the mountain biking trails available are:
- 'Cliff' - 3 mile green mostly level, circular off-road cycle trail for families that in part follows the famous cliff edge. The trail opened at the end of 2013
- 'Fort' - 9 mile blue trail with 361m ascent/descent (70% stone, 30% natural surface) runs out past the site of the Iron Age fort at Boltby Scar. A shorter loop of 6 miles avoids the ascent/descent and is suitable for families. The Fort route also includes part of the Cliff Trail along the cliff edge.
- 'Paradise' - 17-mile 'red' trail, making use of existing bridleways that have been upgraded but are shared with walkers and horse riders.
There is also a purpose-built bike skills area and a new cycle centre, Sutton Bank Bikes, offers cycle hire, training and skills courses, a bike wash, repair and servicing and a fully stocked cycle shop.
- "Safety study for Sutton Bank" (PDF) (Press release). North Yorkshire County Council. 24 May 2004. Retrieved 7 September 2010.
- Scott, Ronald McNair (1989). Robert the Bruce, King of Scots. New York: Peter Bedrick Books. p. 203.
- "Second day of the Tour de Yorkshire 2016 draws big crowds". bbc.co.uk. 30 April 2016. Retrieved 1 May 2016.
- Yorkshire Gliding Club
- "Lake Gormire, Sutton Bank". Bradford Telegraph and Argus. Retrieved 13 October 2015.
- Sutton Bank cycling
- North York Moors National Park Authority - Dark Skies
Media related to Sutton Bank at Wikimedia Commons