Suwałki Governorate

From Wikipedia, the free encyclopedia
Jump to navigation Jump to search
Suwałki Governorate
Сувалкская губерния
Gubernia suwalska
Suvalkų gubernija
Governorate of Russian Empire

1867–1914

Coat of arms of Suwałki

Coat of arms
Location of Suwałki
Suwałki Governorate
Capital Suwałki
54°5′N 22°56′E / 54.083°N 22.933°E / 54.083; 22.933Coordinates: 54°5′N 22°56′E / 54.083°N 22.933°E / 54.083; 22.933
History
 •  Established 1867
 •  Disestablished 1914
Today part of  Poland
 Lithuania

Suwałki Governorate (Russian: Сувалкская губерния, Polish: gubernia suwalska) was a governorate (administrative area) of Congress Poland ("Russian Poland") which had its seat in the city of Suwałki. It covered a territory of about 12,300 km².

History[edit]

Suwałki Governorate (in light blue)

In 1867, the territories of the Augustów Governorate and the Płock Governorates were re-organised to form the Płock Governorate, the Suwałki Governorate (consisting mostly of the Augustów Governorate territories) and a recreated Łomża Governorate.

After World War I, the governorate was split between the Second Polish Republic and Lithuania, mostly along ethnic lines (with an exception of Puńsk). The Polish part, known as Suwałki Region, was incorporated into the Białystok Voivodeship. The Lithuanian region of Suvalkija was named after the governorate.

Demographics[edit]

According to contemporary Russian Empire statistics, from 1889 the Suwałki Governorate was predominantly Lithuanian since they comprised 57.8% of the population.[1] Lithuanians formed a majority only in the northern part of the governorate in the counties of Kalvarija, Marijampolė, Naujamiestis, Vilkaviškis as well as the eastern part of Sejny. Poles were in a majority in the southern part of the governorate in the counties of Suwałki, Augustów and in the western part of Sejny.[2]

Population in 1897[3]
Nationality People Percent
Lithuanians 304,500 52%
Poles 134,000 23%
Jews 59,100 10%
Germans 30,500 5%
Belarusians 26,600 5%
Russians 24,500 4%
Others 3,700 .7%
Total 582,900 100%

Administrative divisions[edit]

It was divided into seven counties:[4]

County County Seat Major Towns
Augustów County POL Augustów COA.svg Augustów LipskRaczkiSopoćkinie
Kalvarija County Kalvarija COA.gif Kalvarija LiudvinavasAlytusSimnas
Marijampolė County Marijampole COA.svg Marijampolė BalbieriškisPilviškėsPanemunėPrienaiZapyškis
Sejny County POL Sejny 1 COA.svg Sejny KapčiamiestisLazdijaiSeirijai
Suwałki County POL Suwałki COA.svg Suwałki BakałarzewoFilipówPrzeroślWiżajny
Naujamiestis County Kudirkos Naumiestis COA.gif Naujamiestis SudargasŠakiai
Vilkaviškis County Vilkaviškis CoA.svg Vilkaviškis VirbalisVištytis

References[edit]

  1. ^ Šenavičienė, Ieva (1999). "Tautos budimas ir blaivybės sąjūdis" (PDF). Istorija. 40: 3. ISSN 1392-0456. Retrieved 2007-12-07.
  2. ^ Piotr Łossowski, Konflikt polsko-litewski 1918-1920 (1996) p.10 and p.15
  3. ^ Nikolajew, Christina Juditha (2005). Zum Zusammenhang zwischen nationaler Identitätsbildung und Katholischer Kirche in Litauen (PDF) (in German). Eberhard Karls University of Tübingen. p. 16.[permanent dead link]
  4. ^ Jonas Zinkus; et al., eds. (1988). "Suvalkų gubernija". Tarybų Lietuvos enciklopedija (in Lithuanian). IV. Vilnius, Lithuania: Vyriausioji enciklopedijų redakcija. pp. 136–137.