Suzan-Lori Parks

From Wikipedia, the free encyclopedia
Jump to navigation Jump to search
Suzan-Lori Parks
SuzanLoriParksByEricSchwabel.jpg
Born Susan-Lori Parks
(1963-05-10) May 10, 1963 (age 55)
Fort Knox, Kentucky, United States
Occupation Playwright, screenwriter
Nationality United States
Spouse Paul Oscher (m. 2001-2010; divorced)
Information
Magnum opus Topdog/Underdog
Awards Pulitzer Prize for Drama (2002)
Website http://www.suzanloriparks.com

Suzan-Lori Parks is an American playwright, screenwriter, musician and novelist. Her 2001 play Topdog/Underdog won the Pulitzer Prize for drama in 2002; Parks is the first African American woman to achieve this honor for drama.[1]

Early life and education[edit]

Parks was born in Fort Knox, Kentucky. She grew up with two siblings in a military family. Parks enjoyed writing poems and songs and even created a newspaper with her brother, called the "Daily Daily".[2] In 1974 her father, a career officer in the United States Army, was stationed in West Germany where she attended middle school and attended German high school.[2] The experience showed her "what it feels like to be neither white nor black, but simply foreign".[2][3] After returning to the United States Parks lived and attended school in several states such as Kentucky, Texas, California, North Carolina, Maryland, and Vermont.[2] Parks says her constant relocation could have influenced her writing.[4] She graduated high school at The John Carroll School in 1981 while her father was stationed in Aberdeen Proving Ground, Maryland.[5][6]

In high school, Parks was discouraged from studying literature due to a teacher criticising her spelling. However, upon reading Virginia Woolf's To the Light House, Parks found herself veering away from her initial interest in chemistry, gravitating towards writing.[4] Parks attended and graduated from Mount Holyoke College in 1985 with a B.A. in English and German literature while a member of Phi Beta Kappa. She studied under James Baldwin, who encouraged her to become a playwright. James Baldwin describes Parks during this time as, "an utterly astounding and beautiful creature who may become one of the most valuable artists of our time."[6] Parks then studied acting for a year at Drama Studio London in order to better understand the stage.[7][8][9]

Career[edit]

Parks credits the impact of Mount Holyoke on her career later in life.[10] Since acting at the Drama Studio, Suzan-Lori Parks has received 11 awards, being the first female African-American to receive the Pulitzer Prize for her play Topdog/Underdog in 2002. She has also received a number of grants including the MacArthur Foundation "Genius" Grant in 2001, the same year as the production of her play "Topdog/Underdog".[6]

While she was an undergraduate, her Mount Holyoke English professor Mary McHenry introduced Parks to James Baldwin.[11] Parks was initially opposed to theater, thinking that it was "where a lot of people with too much attitude wore funny clothes and funny little costumes, and they talked with funny little voices even though they were from, like, New York or New Jersey. And I didn't respect that."[4] Parks began to take classes with Baldwin and, at his behest, began to write plays.[11] She was still out of touch with theater; the only plays she was familiar with were those of Shakespeare, only because she was a German/English major.[4] Parks also noted that she was inspired by Wendy Wasserstein, a 1971 Mount Holyoke graduate who won the Pulitzer in 1989 for her play The Heidi Chronicles.[10] Parks also credited another Mount Holyoke professor, Leah Blatt Glasser, with her success.[12]

Parks' first screenplay was for Spike Lee's 1996 film Girl 6. She later worked with Oprah Winfrey's Harpo Productions on screenplays for Their Eyes Were Watching God (2005) and The Great Debaters (2007).[13][14]

Parks is often noted for her unique voice in the way she experiments and explores with language and dialect, stating how she tries to capture emotion and expression through language: "The difference between 'k' and 'o.k.' is not just what one might call Black English versus standard English, for example.... It's just getting more specific, letting the words hold the emotion. Instead of some parenthetical stage direction."[4]

She is a winner of the 2017 Poets, Essayists and Novelists (PEN) America Literary Awards in the category Master American Dramatist.[15]

Topdog/Underdog[edit]

One of her best-known works is titled Topdog/Underdog. This play marked a departure from the heightened language she usually wrote. Parks is an admirer of Abraham Lincoln and believed he left a legacy for descendants of slaves. Topdog/Underdog explains what that legacy is. It tells the story of two African-American brothers: Lincoln and Booth. Lincoln works at a boardwalk arcade, dressing up like Abraham Lincoln and letting the tourists shoot him with plastic guns. He got this job because he could be paid less than the white man who had the job before. Parks does not judge Lincoln in this play, but rather enjoys bringing him into the other characters' lives and seeing how they are affected. She said, "Lincoln is the closest thing we have to a mythic figure. In days of Greek drama, they had Apollo and Medea and Oedipus – these larger than life figures that walked the earth and spoke – and they turned them into plays. Shakespeare had kings and queens that he fashioned into his stories. Lincoln, to me, is one of those." Parks also believes that Lincoln "created an opening with that hole in his head." She makes the case that everything we do has to pass through everything else, like the eye of a needle. She says we have all passed through the hole in Lincoln's head on our journey to whatever lies ahead. Like many of her other plays, Topdog/Underdog takes her characters on a quest to find out who they are and to examine the stories and experiences that have shaped their lives. More than anything, she believes that we have an important relationship with the past.[16]

365 Plays/365 Days[edit]

Parks decided that she wanted to give herself the task of writing 365 plays in 365 days, hence her play 365 Plays/365 Days. This decision was made shortly after one of her books, Getting Mother's Body, was published. She kept herself on schedule and succeeded. She wrote anywhere she had to: on the road, hotel rooms, and modes of transportation. The end result has been produced by more than 700 theaters around the world.[17]

The plays were presented by 725 performing arts groups, taking turns until the entire cycle was performed. The performances started in 2006, and included venues such as the Denver Center Theatre Company, colleges in England and Australia and the Steel City Theatre Company in Pueblo, Colorado.[18] Other venues were the Steppenwolf Theatre Company and the Goodman Theatre in Chicago, and the Center Theater Group in Los Angeles. The plays were presented at the Public Theater, New York City in November 2006, directed by Michael Greif.[19]

Father Comes Home From the Wars, Parts 1, 2 & 3[edit]

Father Comes Home From the Wars, Parts 1, 2 & 3 premiered Off-Broadway at the Public Theater on March 14, 2014 and closed on March 22, 2014 in a developmental production. Directed by Jo Bonney, the cast featured Sterling K. Brown (Hero), Peter Jay Fernandez (Oldest Old Man), Russell G. Jones (Leader/Runaway), and Jacob Ming-Trent (Runaway slave / Odyssey Dog / Fourth).[20] The play returned to the Public Theater on October 14, 2014 and ran to December 7, 2014, with the same director and cast. Jacob Ming-Trent won the 2015 Lucille Lortel Award for Outstanding Featured Actor in a Play[21] and Parks won the 2015 Obie Award for playwriting presented by the American Theater Wing.[22]

The play, which takes place during the American Civil War, is presented in three parts: Part 1, A Measure of a Man; Part 2, The Battle in the Wilderness; and Part 3, The Union of My Confederate Parts.[23]

The play was a finalist for the 2015 Pulitzer Prize for Drama. The Pulitzer committee wrote: "A distinctive and lyrical epic about a slave during the Civil War that deftly takes on questions of identity, power and freedom with a blend of humor and dignity."[24]

Works[edit]

Plays[edit]

Screenplays[edit]

Essays[edit]

  • "Suzan-Lori Parks's Aha! Moment". O. May 2003. Archived from the original on 2008-01-13. Retrieved 2008-12-25. 
  • "Commencement Speech to the Mount Holyoke College Class of 2001". Mount Holyoke College. 27 May 2001. Retrieved 2008-12-25. 
  • "An Equation for Black People Onstage." In The America Play and Other Works, 19–22. New York: Theatre Communications Group, 1995.
  • "From the Elements of Style." In The America Play and Other Works, 6–18. New York: Theatre Communications Group, 1995.
  • "Possession." In The America Play and Other Works, 3–5. New York: Theatre Communications Group, 1995.
  • "Tradition and the Individual Talent." Theater 29.2 (1999): 26–33.

Novels[edit]

Awards and nominations[edit]

Awards
Nominations
  • 2000 Pulitzer Prize Drama Finalist – In The Blood
  • 2002 Drama Desk Award Outstanding New Play – Topdog/Underdog
  • 2002 Tony Award for Best Play – Topdog/Underdog
  • 2015 Lucille Lortel Awards Nomination Outstanding Play - Father Comes Home From the Wars, Parts 1, 2 & 3
  • 2015 Pulitzer Prize Drama Finalist - Father Comes Home From the Wars, Parts 1, 2 & 3

Personal life[edit]

In 2001, Parks married blues musician Paul Oscher.[28] They divorced in 2011. She is currently engaged to Christian Konopka. They have a child now.

Parks noted in an interview that her name is spelled with a "Z" as the result of a misprint early in her career:

When I was doing one of my first plays in the East Village, we had fliers printed up and they spelled my name wrong. I was devastated. But the director said, 'Just keep it, honey, and it will be fine.' And it was.[29]

She teaches playwriting at Tisch School of the Arts in the Rita & Burton Goldberg Department of Dramatic Writing.

Notes[edit]

  1. ^ "Suzan-Lori Parks Biography". biography.com. Retrieved July 30, 2015. 
  2. ^ a b c d "Suzan-Lori Parks Biography". Academy of Achievement A Museum of Living History. Academy of Achievement. November 11, 2013. Archived from the original on January 6, 2014. Retrieved August 3, 2015. 
  3. ^ Suzan-Lori Parks (Archived from January 2010)
  4. ^ a b c d e Jiggetts, Shelby; Parks, Suzan-Lori (1996-01-01). "Interview with Suzan-Lori Parks". Callaloo. 19 (2): 309–317. JSTOR 3299177. 
  5. ^ "Connections" (PDF). John Carroll School. Spring 2007. p. 4. Archived from the original (PDF) on 2007-08-08. 
  6. ^ a b c "Biography Page for Suzan-Lori Parks". The History Makers. November 21, 2006. Archived from the original on September 24, 2015. Retrieved August 5, 2015. 
  7. ^ Als, Hilton (October 30, 2006). "The Show-Woman". The New Yorker. Retrieved January 28, 2016. 
  8. ^ "Suzan-Lori Parks Biography". biography.com. Retrieved 14 August 2015. 
  9. ^ "Suzan-Lori Parks '85 Took Her Cue from Five College Professor James Baldwin". Mount Holyoke College. Archived from the original on July 13, 2010. Retrieved August 13, 2015. 
  10. ^ a b "Suzan-Lori Parks '85 Wins Pulitzer Prize for Drama". College Street Journal. April 12, 2002. Archived from the original on November 29, 2005. 
  11. ^ a b "Suzan-Lori Parks Interview". Academy of Achievement. June 22, 2007. Archived from the original on January 8, 2009. 
  12. ^ "In the News: Traditions and communications". College Street Journal. May 24, 1996. Archived from the original on March 23, 2005. 
  13. ^ 'Debaters' makes its case Archived 2009-04-13 at the Wayback Machine.
  14. ^ Harris, Dana and Brodesser, Claude (2004). "Back-to-back helming: Washington to take 2 gigs", Variety, September 29, 2004. Retrieved December 16, 2007.
  15. ^ Hetrick, Adam. "Suzan-Lori Parks, Tarell Alvin McCraney, and Thomas Bradshaw Win PEN America Literary Awards", Playbill, February 23, 2017.
  16. ^ Shenk, Joshua Wolf (2002-04-07). "Theater; Beyond a Black-and-White Lincoln". The New York Times. ISSN 0362-4331. Retrieved 2016-04-20. 
  17. ^ "Suzan-Lori Parks Biography -- Academy of Achievement". www.achievement.org. Archived from the original on 2014-01-06. Retrieved 2016-04-20. 
  18. ^ Moore, John. "365 Days … 365 Plays", The Denver Post, November 10, 2006, retrieved January 15, 2017.
  19. ^ Robertson, Campbell. "A Playwright's Cycle, With a New Work a Day for an Entire Year", The New York Times, November 10, 2006.
  20. ^ " Father Comes Home From the Wars, Parts 1, 2 & 3 March", lortel.org, retrieved January 14, 2017.
  21. ^ " Father Comes Home From the Wars, Parts 1, 2 & 3 October", lortel.org, retrieved January 14, 2017.
  22. ^ Obie Awards, 2015 Winners.
  23. ^ Hetrick, Adam. "Suzan-Lori Parks Father Comes Home from the Wars' Extends Again", Playbill, November 17, 2014.
  24. ^ "Suzan-Lori Parks", pulitzer.org, retrieved January 14, 2017.
  25. ^ "Kennedy Prize, 2015", columbia.edu, February 23, 2015, retrieved January 14, 2017.
  26. ^ Piepenburg, Erik (October 14, 2015). "Suzan-Lori Parks Is Awarded the Gish Prize". The New York Times. Retrieved October 14, 2015. 
  27. ^ "Yale awards eight writers $165,000 Windham-Campbell Prizes". YaleNews. 2018-03-07. Retrieved 2018-03-07. 
  28. ^ Suzan-Lori Parks and Paul Oscher
  29. ^ "A moment with Suzan-Lori Parks, playwright", The Seattle Post-Intelligencer, May 26, 2003.

References[edit]

External links[edit]