Battle Tendency

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Battle Tendency
Cover of JoJo's Bizarre Adventure volume 8, featuring the Pillar Men, with Joseph Joestar in the foreground
(Sentō Chōryū)
GenreAdventure, fantasy, supernatural[1]
Written byHirohiko Araki
Published byShueisha
English publisher
ImprintJump Comics
MagazineWeekly Shōnen Jump
Original runNovember 2, 1987March 27, 1989
Volumes7 (List of volumes)
Other media
Wikipe-tan face.svg Anime and Manga portal

Battle Tendency (Japanese: 戦闘潮流, Hepburn: Sentō Chōryū) is the second story arc of the manga series JoJo's Bizarre Adventure written and illustrated by Hirohiko Araki. It was serialized in Weekly Shōnen Jump from 1987 to 1989[2][3] for 69 chapters, which were later collected into seven tankōbon volumes. The arc was preceded by Phantom Blood (1987) and followed by Stardust Crusaders (1989–1992).

In 2012, Battle Tendency was digitally colored and released as digital downloads for smartphones and tablet computers. A four-volume hardcover re-release under the title JoJonium was published between February 4 and May 2, 2014.[4] This version was licensed and released in North America by Viz Media; beginning digitally in March 2015 and in print in November 2015.[5]

In its original publication, it was referred to as JoJo's Bizarre Adventure Part 2 Joseph Joestar: His Proud Lineage.[a] Battle Tendency was adapted in the anime television adaptation by David Production between December 7, 2012 and April 5, 2013.


Joseph Joestar is the grandson of Jonathan Joestar, having been raised by his grandmother Erina Joestar and told of his grandfather's death fifty years ago. In 1938, accompanying Erina to New York to visit his "uncle" Robert E. O. Speedwagon, now a wealthy oil tycoon, Joseph befriends a pickpocket named Smokey Brown. Joseph soon learns that Speedwagon was leading an expedition in Mexico when he was attacked by his former friend Straizo, who used the vampire-creating Stone Mask on himself. After Joseph defeats him, Straizo admits to Joseph that Speedwagon survived and is being held captive by a group of Nazi scientists under the command of Major Rudol von Stroheim, who are studying a being known as the "Pillar Man" that Speedwagon's expedition discovered. While he manages to save Speedwagon and defeat the Pillar Man, named Santana, with his wits and latent skills in Hamon, a dying Stroheim warns Joseph that the Germans have discovered three other Pillar Men in Rome who will awaken soon.

Joseph and Speedwagon travel to Italy, where they meet up with a Hamon user named Caesar Zeppeli, the grandson of Jonathan's ally Will A. Zeppeli. However, the group arrive too late to prevent the resurrection of the Pillar Men Kars, Wamuu, and Esidisi, who have developed fighting styles to counter Hamon. Joseph plays on Wamuu's pride and convinces him to let him live to be a more worthy opponent. Both Wamuu and Esidisi implant poison-filled rings in him, giving him one month to get the antidotes from each of them. Caesar takes Joseph to Venice to meet his teacher and the last Hamon master on Earth, the mysterious Lisa Lisa. Lisa Lisa is the protector of a gemstone called the Red Stone of Aja,[b] which Kars seeks in order to evolve the Pillar Men into ultimate beings.

Joseph trains under Lisa Lisa, saving her assistant Suzi Q from Esidisi and managing to destroy him. The group tracks down Kars and Wamuu to Switzerland and cross paths with Stroheim, who has been revived as a cyborg. Caesar tries to fight Wamuu one-on-one and manages to take the antidote for Joseph, at the cost of his life. Joseph and Lisa Lisa then confront Kars and Wamuu for the Red Stone. Although Joseph defeats Wamuu in battle, Kars acquires the Red Stone and uses it to become the Ultimate Being. Now immune to the sun and able to create Hamon, Kars' only desire is to kill Joseph. However, a Hamon strike toward the Red Stone causes a volcanic eruption that sends both of them flying into the sky. Kars is knocked by volcanic debris into space, where his body freezes to a sentient statue. Unable to die, he drifts throughout space for eternity and eventually ceased thought.

Joseph is assumed to have died saving the world until he shows up at his own funeral, where he reveals his marriage to Suzi Q. The world is once again at peace until 1987, when an aged Joseph makes an emergency trip to visit his daughter in Japan, kicking off the events of Stardust Crusaders.


  • Joseph Joestar[c] is the main protagonist and grandson of Jonathan Joestar. Like Jonathan, he can use Hamon, though he is not initially as skilled in its use as Jonathan was. He initially uses a pair of Hamon-empowered clackers in battle, but he relies more on his wits than brute strength in fights, employing his uncanny ability to predict his opponent's actions down to what they say. Joseph makes return appearances in Stardust Crusaders and Diamond Is Unbreakable.
  • Caesar Anthonio Zeppeli[d] is a suave ladies' man and the grandson of Jonathan Joestar's Hamon teacher Will A. Zeppeli. He is rather cool and collected, especially compared to Joseph, with whom he is grudgingly paired to fight the Pillar Men. But over time, Joseph starts to grow on him so much that he is able to understand his strange thought patterns and they form an unbeatable duo. He infuses the Hamon into soap bubbles he creates with his specially-made gloves.
  • Lisa Lisa[e] is a mysterious lady Hamon master and Caesar's Hamon teacher who lives in Venice. She is the last surviving master of the Hamon and she is revealed to be Joseph's mother Elizabeth.[f] She fights with the Hamon by conducting it through her specially made scarf.
  • Smokey Brown[g] is an ordinary petty thief hailing from New York whose newfound friendship with Joseph Joestar places him at the spectator's seat of the battle against the Pillar Men.
  • Robert E. O. Speedwagon[h] is an ally of Joseph, and an old friend of the Joestars. Since the events of Phantom Blood, Speedwagon settled in America where he became an oil tycoon and founded the Speedwagon Foundation in order to deal with paranormal threats such as the Stone Mask and, later, the Pillar Men.
  • Rudol von Stroheim[i] is the commander of the Nazi forces who discovered Santviento in Mexico. He is responsible for not only saving the life of Speedwagon, but also for trying to help Joseph defeat Santviento by blowing himself up. He returns later as a cyborg to assist in the fight against Kars and his army.
  • Esidisi[j] is one of the Pillar Men. His Mode is the Heat Control Mode,[k] which allows him to make boil his blood to 500 °C (932 °F), which he injects into his foes to burn them alive by extending his needle-like blood vessels out of his own body.
  • Wamuu[l] is one of the Pillar Men and Kars' loyal servant, following a warrior's code of honor. His Wind Mode[m] allows him to control the air in his lungs, turning it into a powerful wind at his disposal, from using it like a razor sharp blade to rendering him invisible.
  • Kars[n] is the main antagonist who is the leader of the Pillar Men and the creator of the Stone Masks. He developed a Light Mode,[o] which allows him to produce saw-bladed appendages from his body which produce a radiant glow. He is intelligent and ruthless, and single minded in his dedication to become the Ultimate Being.[p] Though Kars succeeds, his obsession of killing Joseph lead to his defeat as he ends up being knocked out of Earth's orbit and frozen in space.


The original volumization and Shueisha's 2002 re-release use different chapter titles.

Original volumization[edit]

No.TitleJapanese release dateJapanese ISBN
5The Final Hamon!
Saigo no Hamon! (最後の波紋!)
August 10, 1988[6]ISBN 978-4-08-851130-6
  1. "Thunder Cross Split Attack" (稲妻十字空烈刃サンダークロススプリットアタック, Sandā Kurosu Supuritto)[q]
  2. "Blood Battle! JoJo & Dio" (血戦!JoJoジョジョ&Dioディオ, Kessen! JoJo to Dio)[q]
  3. "Fire & Ice!" (ファイヤー&アンドアイス, Faiyā Ando Aisu!)[q]
  4. "A Demon's End!" (悪鬼の最期!, Akki no Saigo!)[q]
  5. "Prelude to the Storm" (恐嵐への序曲, Kyōran e no Jokyoku)[q]
  1. "The Final Hamon!" (最後の波紋!, Saigo no Hamon!)[q]
  2. "Into Oblivion" (忘却の彼方へ, Bōkyaku no Kanata e)[q]
  3. "New York's JoJo" (ニューヨークのジョジョ, Nyū Yōku no JoJo)
  4. "The Living Statue" (生きた彫像, Ikita Chōzō)
  5. "Painful News" (悲痛なしらせ, Hitsū na Shirase)
6JoJo vs. The Ultimate Life-Form
Jojo Tai Kyūkyoku Seibutsu (JoJo Vs.たい 究極生物)
October 7, 1988[7]ISBN 978-4-08-851062-0
  1. "Straizo's Ambition" (ストレイツォの野望, Sutoreitso no Yabō)
  2. "The Game Master" (ゲームの達人, Gēmu no Tatsujin)
  3. "The Immortal Monster" (不死身の化け物, Fujimi no Bakemono)
  4. "Cold and Cruel Straizo" (冷酷非情ストレイツォ, Reikoku Hijō Sutoreitso)
  5. "Nazis and the 'Pillar Man'" (ナチスと〝柱の男〞, Nachisu to "Hashira no Otoko")
  6. "The 'Pillar Man' Resurrection Project" (〝柱の男〞蘇生実験, "Hashira no Otoko" Sosei Jikken)
  1. "The 'Pillar Man' vs. Man With the Stone Mask" (〝柱の男〞対石仮面の男, "Hashira no Otoko" Tai Ishi Kamen no Otoko)
  2. "The Tracker in the Desert" (砂漠の追尾者, Sabaku no Tsuibisha)
  3. "Santana Vanishes" (消えたサンタナ, Kieta Santana)
  4. "JoJo vs. The Ultimate Life-Form" (JoJo Vs.たい 究極生物, JoJo Tai Kyūkyoku Seibutsu)
7The Red Stone of Aja
Eija no Sekiseki (エイジャの赤石)
December 6, 1988[8]ISBN 978-4-08-851063-7
  1. "The Hamon and the Ultimate Life-Form!" (究極生物に波紋!, Kyūkyoku Seibutsu ni Hamon!)
  2. "The Perfect Plan!!" (完璧なる作戦ッ!!, Kanpeki naru Sakusen'!!)
  3. "Stroheim's Determination" (シュトロハイムの覚悟, Shutorohaimu no Kakugo)
  4. "The End of A Proud Man!" (誇り高き男の最期!, Hokori Takaki Otoko no Saigo!)
  5. "The Spaghetti Battle" (スパゲッティーの戦い, Supagettī no Tatakai)
  1. "The Pigeon and the Girl" (ハトと女の子, Hato to Onna no Ko)
  2. "The Red Stone of Aja" (エイジャの赤石, Eija no Sekiseki)
  3. "The Truth That Hides in the Mouth of Truth" (真実の口にひそむ真実, Shinjitsu no Kuchi ni Hisomu Shinjitsu)
  4. "The Ultimate Warrior: Wamuu" (究極戦士ワムウ, Kyūkyoku Senshi Wamū)
  5. "Special Attack! JoJo Clackers!" (必殺JoJoクラッカー, Hissatsu JoJo Kurakkā)
8The Final Trial
Saishū Shiren! (最終試練!)
February 10, 1989[9]ISBN 978-4-08-851064-4
  1. "The 'Blood Clock' Battle" (〝血時計〟の闘い, "Chidokei" no Tatakai)
  2. "A Hero's Proof" (ヒーローの資格, Hīrō no Shikaku)
  3. "The Wedding Ring of Death" (死の結婚指輪ウエディングリング, Shi no Uedingu Ringu)
  4. "The Master of Venice" (ヴェネチアの達人, Venechia no Tatsujin)
  5. "The Training of A Hamon Warrior" (波紋戦士の試練, Hamon Senshi no Shiren)
  1. "Concentrated Hamon Power" (一点集中波紋パワー, Itten Shūchū Hamon Pawā)
  2. "The All-Or-Nothing Gamble!" (一か八かの賭け!, Ichi ka Bachi ka no Kake!)
  3. "Hamon Master JoJo" (波紋達人マスターJoJo, Hamon Masutā JoJo)
  4. "The Final Trial!" (最終試練!, Saishū Shiren!)
  5. "The Fruits of Harassment" (しごきの成果, Shigoki no Seika)
9A Race Towards the Brink
Shi no Gake e Tsuppashire (死の崖へつっ走れ)
April 10, 1989[10]ISBN 978-4-08-851065-1
  1. "The Disturbing Esidisi" (エシディシの不気味, Eshidishi no Bukimi)
  2. "The Deeper Plan" (深く罠をはれ!, Fukaku Wana o Hare!)
  3. "An Ensured Victory" (決定されていた勝利, Kettei Sareteita Shōri)
  4. "The Insidious Demon!" (忍び寄る魔!, Shinobiyoru Ma!)
  5. "The Stolen Body" (奪われた肉体, Ubawareta Nikutai)
  1. "Chasing the Red Stone to Switzerland" (スイスに赤石を追え, Suisu ni Sekiseki o Oe)
  2. "The Mysterious Nazi Officer" (謎のナチス軍人, Nazo no Nachisu Gunjin)
  3. "Kars, Light Mode" (カーズ"光の流法モード", Kāzu "Hikari no Mōdo")
  4. "A Race Towards the Brink" (死の崖へつっ走れ, Shi no Gake e Tsuppashire)
10The Crimson Bubble
Senseki no Shabon (鮮赤のシャボン)
June 9, 1989[11]ISBN 978-4-08-851066-8
  1. "Fight to the Death For 175 Meters" (死闘175m, Shitō Hyaku Nana Jū Go Mētoru)
  2. "Caesar – The Anger From the Past" (シーザー過去からの怒り, Shīzā Kako kara no Ikari)
  3. "Caesar's Lonely Youth" (シーザー孤独の青春, Shīzā Kodoku no Seishun)
  4. "The Horrifying Ghostly Man" (鬼気!幻の男, Kiki! Maboroshi no Otoko)
  5. "The Clash Between Light and Wind!!" (光と風の激突!!, Hikari to Kaze no Gekitotsu!!)
  1. "The Crimson Bubble" (鮮赤のシャボン, Senseki no Shabon)
  2. "Caesar's Final Hamon" (シーザー最期の波紋, Shīzā Saigo no Hamon)
  3. "Lisa Lisa and Her Silk Dance" (絹の舞いリサリサ, Shiruku no Mai Risarisa)
  4. "A Hundred Against Two" (100対2のかけ引き, Hyaku Tai Ni no Kakehiki)
11The Warrior Returning to the Wind
Kaze ni Kaeru Senshi (風にかえる戦士)
August 10, 1989[12]ISBN 978-4-08-851067-5
  1. "The Skeleton Heel Stone" (骸骨の踵石, Gaikotsu no Kakato Ishi)
  2. "Furious Struggle From Ancient Times" (荒ぶる古の戦, Araburu Inishie no Ikusa)
  3. "Moonlight Start!" (月光のスタート!, Gekkō no Sutāto)
  4. "The Pillar and the Hammer!" (柱とハンマー!, Hashira to Hanmā)
  1. "A Trickery Genius" (天才的イカサマ師, Tensaiteki Ikasama Shi)
  2. "A True Warrior" (真の格闘者, Shin no Kakutōsha)
  3. "Shoot Symmetrically!" (対称点上を撃て!, Taishōtenjō o Ute!)
  4. "The Final Mode of the Wind" (風の最終流法ファイナルモード, Kaze no Fainaru Mōdo)
  5. "The Warrior Returning to the Wind" (風にかえる戦士, Kaze ni Kaeru Senshi)
12The Birth of a Superbeing!!
Chō Seibutsu no Tanjō!! (超生物の誕生!!)
October 9, 1989[13]ISBN 978-4-08-851068-2
  1. "Treachery at the Temple of Sacrifice" (悪逆!生贄の神殿, Akugyaku! Ikenie no Shinden)
  2. "The Ties That Bind Lisa Lisa and JoJo" (リサリサ、JOJOを結ぶ絆, Risarisa, Jojo o Musubu Kizuna)
  3. "JoJo: The Ultimate Hamon" (JOJO 最期の波紋, Jojo Saigo no Hamon)
  4. "The Tragedy of Jorge Joestar" (ジョージ・ジョースターの悲劇, Jōji Jōsutā no Higeki)
  5. "The Birth of a Superbeing!!" (超生物の誕生!!, Chō Seibutsu no Tanjō!!)
  1. "JoJo's Final Bet!" (JOJO 最後の賭け!, JoJo Saigo no Kake!)
  2. "The Ascendant One" (神となった男!!, Kami to Natta Otoko!!)
  3. "The Phenomenal Power of the Red Stone" (驚異の赤石パワー, Kyōi no Sekiseki Pawā)
  4. "The Comeback Kid" (帰ってきた男, Kaettekita Otoko)
  5. "A Man Possessed by an Evil Spirit" (悪霊にとりつかれた男, Akuryō ni Toritsukareta Otoko)[r]

2002 release[edit]

No.TitleJapanese release dateJapanese ISBN
4Part 2: Battle Tendency 1
Part 2 Sentō Chōryū 1 (Part2 戦闘潮流 1)
April 18, 2002[14]ISBN 4-08-617787-0
  • 45–47. "Joseph Joestar of New York (1–3)" (ニューヨークのジョセフ・ジョースター その①〜③, Nyū Yōku no Josefu Jōsutā Sono 1–3)
  • 48–52. "Straizo vs. Joseph (1–5)" (ストレイツォVSジョセフ その①〜⑤, Sutoreitso Bāsasu Josefu Sono 1–5)
  • 53. "The 'Pillar Man'" (「柱の男」, "Hashira no Otoko")
  • 54–62. "The Pillar Man, Santana (1–9)" (「柱の男・サンタナ」 その①〜⑨, "Hashira no Otoko: Santana" Sono 1–9)
5Part 2: Battle Tendency 2
Part 2 Sentō Chōryū 2 (Part2 戦闘潮流 2)
April 18, 2002[15]ISBN 4-08-617788-9
  • 63. "Joseph Joestar of Rome" (ローマのジョセフ・ジョースター, Rōma no Josefu Jōsutā)
  • 64. "The Red Stone of Aja" (エイジャの赤石, Eija no Sekiseki)
  • 65–69. "Ultimate Warriors from Ancient Times (1–5)" (太古から来た究極戦士 その①〜⑤, Taiko kara Kita Kyūkyoku Senshi Sono 1–5)
  • 70. "An Engagement with Death: The Wedding Ring" (死の契約・結婚指輪, Shi no Keiyaku: Uedingu Ringu)
  • 71–76. "Hamon Teacher Lisa Lisa (1–6)" (波紋教師 リサリサ その①〜⑥, Hamon Kyōshi Risarisa Sono 1–6)
  • 77. "Go! Hamon Master" (行け!波紋マスター, Ike! Hamon Masutā)
  • 78–79. "Flame Mode Esidisi (1–2)" (炎・流法モード エシディシ その①〜②, Honō Mōdo Eshidishi Sono 1–2)
6Part 2: Battle Tendency 3
Part 2 Sentō Chōryū 3 (Part2 戦闘潮流 3)
May 17, 2002[16]ISBN 4-08-617789-7
  • 80. "Flame Mode Esidisi (3)" (炎・流法モード エシディシ その③, Honō Mōdo Eshidishi Sono 3)
  • 81–82. "The Remains Lurk (1–2)" (忍びよる残骸 その①〜②, Shinobiyoru Zangai Sono 1–2)
  • 83–85. "Stroheim's Unit Strikes Back (1–3)" (シュトロハイム隊の逆襲 その①〜③, Shutorohaimu-tai no Gyakushū Sono 1–3)
  • 86–87. "Light Mode Kars (1–2)" (光・流法モード カーズ その①〜②, Hikari Mōdo Kāzu Sono 1–2)
  • 88–93. "Caesar: A Lonely Youth (1–6)" (シーザー孤独の青春 その①〜⑥, Shīzā Kodoku no Seishun Sono 1–6)
  • 94. "Climb Out of the Fortified Hotel" (要塞ホテルを登り切れ, Yōsai Hoteru o Noborikire)
  • 95–96. "The Wind, the Chariot and Wamuu (1–2)" (風と戦車とワムウ その①〜②, Kaze to Sensha to Wamū Sono 1–2)
7Part 2: Battle Tendency 4
Part 2 Sentō Chōryū 4 (Part2 戦闘潮流 4)
May 17, 2002[17]ISBN 4-08-617790-0
  • 97–103. "The Wind, the Chariot and Wamuu (3–9)" (風と戦車とワムウ その③〜⑨, Kaze to Sensha to Wamū Sono 3–9)
  • 104. "The Warrior Returns to the Wind" (風にかえる戦士, Kaze ni Kaeru Senshi)
  • 105–106. "The Bond That Binds Lisa Lisa and JoJo (1–2)" (リサリサとジョジョを結ぶ絆 その①〜②, Risarisa to JoJo o Musubu Kizuna Sono 1–2)
  • 107–108. "JoJo: The Final Hamon (1–2)" (ジョジョ 最後の波紋 その①〜②, JoJo Saigo no Hamon Sono 1–2)
  • 109–110. "Kars the Ultimate Being Is Born (1–2)" (超生物カーズ誕生 その①〜②, Chō Seibutsu Kāzu Tanjō Sono 1–2)
  • 111. "Joseph's Final Gamble" (ジョセフ最後の賭け, Josefu Saigo no Kake)
  • 112. "The Man Who Became a God" (神となった男, Kami to Natta Otoko)
  • 113. "The Man Who Crossed the Atlantic" (大西洋を越えて来た男, Taiseiyō o Koetekita Otoko)

2012 release[edit]

No.TitleJapanese release dateJapanese ISBN
1Part 2: Battle Tendency Digest Edition Top
Dai Ni Bu Sentō Chōryū Sōshūhen Ue (第2部 戦闘潮流 総集編・上)
December 7, 2012[18]ISBN 978-4-08-111058-2
2Part 2: Battle Tendency Digest Edition Bottom
Dai Ni Bu Sentō Chōryū Sōshūhen Shita (第2部 戦闘潮流 総集編・下)
January 5, 2013[19]ISBN 978-4-08-111059-9

2014 release[edit]

No.TitleJapanese releaseEnglish release
1Part 2: Battle Tendency 01
JoJonium 4
February 4, 2014[20]
ISBN 978-4-08-782835-1
April 21, 2015 (digital)
November 3, 2015 (physical)[21]
ISBN 978-1421578828
  • Chapters 1–18
2Part 2: Battle Tendency 02
JoJonium 5
March 4, 2014[22]
ISBN 978-4-08-782836-8
August 18, 2015 (digital)
February 2, 2016 (physical)[23]
ISBN 978-1421578835
  • Chapters 19–36
3Part 2: Battle Tendency 03
JoJonium 6
April 4, 2014[24]
ISBN 978-4-08-782837-5
November 17, 2015 (digital)
May 3, 2016 (physical)[25]
ISBN 978-1421578842
  • Chapters 37–49
4Part 2: Battle Tendency 04
JoJonium 7
May 2, 2014[26]
ISBN 978-4-08-782838-2
March 15, 2016 (digital)
August 2, 2016 (physical)[27]
ISBN 978-1421578859
  • Chapters 50–69

Related media[edit]

Ōtarō Maijō's 2012 novel Jorge Joestar, follows the titular character, the father of Joseph Joestar, and his story as a child in the Canary Islands and pilot in the Royal Air Force, as well as an alternate version who lives in Japan and is investigating strange events regarding alternate dimensions.[28]

The arc was adapted as part of the first season of David Production's anime television adaptation, airing between December 7, 2012 and April 5, 2013. Warner Bros. Entertainment released this series in English on July 28, 2015.[29]

The young Joseph of this series appears as a playable character, alongside his older self, in Capcom's 1998 arcade fighting game, JoJo's Bizarre Adventure. Joseph, Caesar, Wamuu, Esidisi and Kars appear as playable characters in Bandai Namco Games' 2013 fighting game, JoJo's Bizarre Adventure: All-Star Battle, with Lisa Lisa later appearing as a downloadable character. Joseph, Caesar, Stroheim, Lisa Lisa, Wamuu, Esidisi, and Kars also appear in JoJo's Bizarre Adventure: Eyes of Heaven, also by Bandai Namco.


  1. ^ JoJo's Bizarre Adventure Part 2 Joseph Joestar: His Proud Lineage (ジョジョの奇妙な冒険 第二部 ジョセフ・ジョースター ―その誇り高き血統, JoJo no Kimyō na Bōken Dai Ni Bu Josefu Jōsutā Sono Hokoritakaki Kettō)
  2. ^ Red Stone of Aja (エイジャの赤石, Eija no Sekiseki)
  3. ^ Joseph Joestar (ジョセフ・ジョースター, Josefu Jōsutā)
  4. ^ Caesar Anthonio Zeppeli (シーザー・アントニオ・ツェペリ, Shīzā Antonio Tseperi)
  5. ^ Lisa Lisa (リサリサ, Risarisa)
  6. ^ Elizabeth (エリザベス, Erizabesu)
  7. ^ Smokey Brown (スモーキー・ブラウン, Sumōkī Buraun)
  8. ^ Robert E. O. Speedwagon (ロバート・E・O・スピードワゴン, Robāto Ī Ō Supīdowagon)
  9. ^ Rudol von Stroheim (ルドル・フォン・シュトロハイム, Rudoru Fon Shutorohaimu)
  10. ^ Esidisi (エシディシ, Eshidishi)
  11. ^ Heat Control Mode (怪焔王の流法モード, Kaiennō no Mōdo)
  12. ^ Wamuu (ワムウ, Wamū)
  13. ^ Wind Mode (風の流法モード, Kaze no Mōdo)
  14. ^ Kars (カーズ, Kāzu)
  15. ^ Light Mode (光の流法モード, Hikari no Mōdo)
  16. ^ Ultimate Being (究極生命体アルティメット・シイング, Arutimetto Shiingu, "Ultimate Thing" in Japanese material)
  17. ^ a b c d e f g Chapters 38–44 are part of Phantom Blood.
  18. ^ Chapter 114 is part of Stardust Crusaders.


  1. ^ "Read a Free Preview of JoJo's Bizarre Adventure: Part 2--Battle Tendency, Vol. 1". Viz Media. Retrieved 2018-06-02.
  2. ^ "週刊少年ジャンプ 1987/11/02 表示号数47" (in Japanese). Agency for Cultural Affairs. Retrieved 2018-06-17.
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