Svärdet

From Wikipedia, the free encyclopedia
Jump to: navigation, search
Slaget vid Öland Claus Møinichen 1676.jpg
A painting by Claus Møinichen ca. 1686 of the Battle of Öland. Svärdet is the rightmost Swedish ship, with two Danish ships on either side of her.
History
Sweden
Name: Svärdet
Ordered: c. 1660
Laid down: 1662
In service: 1663 – 1676
Fate: Sunk in Battle of Öland, 1676
General characteristics
Class and type: Regalskepp
Tons burthen: 1700 tonnes
Length: 47.5 m (155 ft 10 in)
Beam: 12.5 m (41 ft)
Draught: 5.94 m (19 ft 6 in)
Troops: 220
Complement: 400
Armament:
  • 86 guns
    • Lower gun deck
      • 12 × 36-pounders
      • 4 × 30-pounders
      • 14 × 24-pounders
    • Upper gun deck
      • 26 × 12-pounders
      • 4 × 8-pounders
    • Weather deck
      • 20 × 8-pounders
      • 6 × 3-pounders

Svärdet (Swedish: "the sword") was a Swedish warship that sank on 1 June 1676 at the Battle of Öland during the Scanian War, with most of its crew.[1][2]

History[edit]

Svärdet was, during the Scanian War, under the command of Claes Uggla, and fought in the Battle of Öland.[1] She was surrounded early in the battle, and fought for two hours until her main mast was destroyed and the ship surrendered. Before the surrounding enemies could board Svärdet, a Dutch fireship accidentally set her ablaze. The fire eventually reached the gunpowder store, which set off an explosion that sank the ship. Only about 50 of a crew of nearly 650 men survived.[2]

On 15 November 2011, it was announced that a wreck believed to be Svärdet had been found by divers off the island coast of Öland.[3][4]

General characteristics[edit]

  • Displacement: 1700 tonnes[2]
  • Length: 47.5 meters[2]
  • Width: 12.5 meters[2]
  • Armament: 86 cannons[2]
    • 12 36-pounders (lower gun deck)
    • 4 30-pounders (lower gun deck)
    • 14 24-pounders (lower gun deck)
    • 26 12-pounders (upper gun deck)
    • 4 8-pounders (upper gun deck)
    • 20 8-pounders (weather deck)
    • 6 3-pounders (weather deck)
  • Crew: 650 (both sailors and soldiers)[2]

See also[edit]

References[edit]

  1. ^ a b Munck, Anders (16 November 2011). "Mångmiljonvärden kan finnas ombord på Svärdet". Aftonbladet (in Swedish). Archived from the original on 20 November 2011. Retrieved 20 November 2011. 
  2. ^ a b c d e f g "Svärdet" (in Swedish). Maritime Museum. Archived from the original on 20 November 2011. Retrieved 20 November 2011. 
  3. ^ Munck, Anders (15 November 2011). "Regalskeppet Svärdet hittat utanför Öland". Aftonbladet (in Swedish). Archived from the original on 20 November 2011. Retrieved 20 November 2011. 
  4. ^ "Skeppet Svärdet funnet utanför Öland". Dagens Nyheter (in Swedish). 15 November 2011. Archived from the original on 20 November 2011. Retrieved 20 November 2011. 

External links[edit]