Inside this lotus is a white crescent moon which represents the water region presided over by the deity Varuna.
The seed mantra, located in the innermost circle, is a moon-white वं vaṃ. Within the bindu, or dot, above the mantra is the deity Vishnu. He is dark blue, wears a yellow dhoti, and holds a conch, a mace, a wheel and a lotus. He wears the shriwatsa mark, and the koustabha gem. He is seated either on a pink lotus, or on the divine eagle Garuda. His Shakti is the goddess Rakini (or Chakini). She is black, dressed in red or white, seated on a red lotus. She is either one faced and two armed, holding a sword and a shield, or two faced and four armed, holding a trident, lotus, drum and vajra, or an arrow, skull, drum and axe.
Svadhishthana is associated with the unconscious, and with emotion. It is closely related to the Muladhara in that Svadhishthana is where the different samskaras (potential Karmas) lie dormant, and Muladhara is where these Samskaras find expression. It is associated with the element of water, the sense of taste, and the act of procreation.
Svadhishthana contains unconscious desires, especially sexual desire, and it is said to raise the kundalini shakti (energy of consciousness) above Svadhishthana is extremely difficult for this reason. Many saints have had to face the sexual temptations associated with this chakramarijauna.
One who meditates on Svadhishthana is believed to obtain the following siddhis or occult powers: freedom from enemies, the status of a lord among yogis, eloquence and clarity ("words flowing like nectar in well-reasoned discourse"), loss of fear of water, awareness of astral entities, and the ability to taste anything desired for oneself or others.
Association with the body
It is connected with the sense of taste, and is associated with the tongue. It is also connected with reproduction, so it is associated with the genitals.
It is often associated with the testes and ovaries. These produce the hormones testosterone or estrogen, which influence sexual behavior, and are stored in which genetic information lies dormant, in the same way that samskaras lie dormant within Svadhishthana.
Practices in kundalini yoga to control and balance the energy in Svadhisthana chakra include vajroli mudra (contraction of the genitals), ashvini mudra (contraction of the anus), and various asanas and pranayamas.
Comparisons with other systems
The equivalent chakra in the Vajrayana tantra systems of Tibet is called the "Secret Place, "four fingers below the navel. It is red in colour, with 32 downward pointing spokes. Meditation on this point produces great bliss.
According to certain interpretations of Sufism, the spiritual body of a man is defined as an interconnected system (Lataif-e-sitta), in which there is an energy center called the nafs. According to Lataif-e-sitta, the nafs is just below the navel. The nafs incorporates all the elements of man's 'lower self,' which is tamed in order to attain closeness to Allah.
Western occultists make the kabbalistic association of Svadhishthana with the Sephirah Yesod. Yesod is also associated with the sexual organs. Its function in the tree of life is to gather the different energies that have been created in the descent of the tree downwards and distribute them to Malkuth, the material world, where the energy can find physical expression.
- Tantra: Adhishthana, Bhima, Shatpatra, Skaddala Padma, Wari Chakra
- Vedas (late Upanishads): Medhra
- Sacral chakra
- Swami Satyananda Saraswati. Kundalini Tantra
- Geshe Kelsang Gyatso. Tantric Grounds and Paths
- "Sacral Chakra". ASIS Massage. Retrieved 15 September 2013.