Svapnesvara Siva Temple

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Svapnesvara Siva temple
Svapnesvara Siva Temple is located in Odisha
Svapnesvara Siva Temple
Location in Orissa
Geography
Coordinates 20°14′27″N 85°50′39″E / 20.24083°N 85.84417°E / 20.24083; 85.84417Coordinates: 20°14′27″N 85°50′39″E / 20.24083°N 85.84417°E / 20.24083; 85.84417
Country India
State Orissa
Locale Bhubaneswar
Elevation 16 m (52 ft)
Culture
Sanctum Lord Shiva
Architecture
Architecture Kalingan Style (Kalinga Architecture)

Svapnesvara Siva temple is in Gourinagar, Old Town, Bhubaneswar, the capital of Orissa. It is 200 m northeast of Purvesvara Siva temple. The temple is facing east. The 2 m2 sanctum is empty.

Physical description[edit]

Surroundings[edit]

The temple is surrounded by private residential buildings in south and west directions at a distance of 3 m. In the east are a road and a drain in the north. The temple faces east.

Architectural features (plan and elevation)[edit]

The temple stands on a high pista decorated with three mouldings measuring 50.80 m in length x 5.75 m in width with 0.92 m in height.

On plan, the temple is pancharatha with a square vimana and a frontal porch towards east. The vimana measures 4.65 square metres and porch 0.15 m width.

On elevation, temple is in rekha order with usual bada, gandi and mastaka measuring 10.00 m from pabhaga to mastaka. The bada of the temple measures 2.85 m in height with threefold division of trianga bada. Pabhaga has five mouldings measuring 0.70 m, plain jangha measuring 1.65 m and the baranda with five moulding measured 0.50 m in height. The gandi measures 5.10 m and is plain and devoid of ornamentation except at the base which is decorated with chaitya designs.

Raha niche and parsva devatas[edit]

The parsvadevata niches on the raha paga of the jangha on the three sides of north, west and south direction measure 0.75 m in height x 0.45 m in width and 0.29 m in depth. They are empty and devoid of ornamentation.

Decorative features[edit]

  • Doorjambs: The doorjambs are recent additions installed during the renovation work and are without any carving.
  • Lintel: The lintel is a renovated one.

The building material used for the construction is light grey sand stone, and the construction technique is dry masonry.

The style is Kalingan. Originally the temple was constructed over a lofty pista with three mouldings.

State of preservation[edit]

Svapnesvara Siva temple was repaired by Orissa State Archaeology under the X and XI Finance Commission Award. Due to the recent[when?] renovation work, the temple is in a good state of preservation. It was totally renovated from pista to kalasa.

Classification Grade
Architecture B
Historic C
Associational C
Social/Cultural C

Threats to the property[edit]

Some of the conservation problems the temple is facing is that stagnation of drain water in the northern side of the platform will weaken the foundation in the long run.

See also[edit]

References[edit]

  1. Lesser Known Monuments of Bhubaneswar by Dr. Sadasiba Pradhan (ISBN 81-7375-164-1)
  2. http://www.ignca.nic.in/asi_reports/orkhurda179.pdf