Svarog

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Svarog
Celestial fire and blacksmithing
Personal information
ChildrenDažbog
Greek equivalentHephaestus
Roman equivalentVulcan
Hands of Svarog - symbol used by modern Rodnovers[1]

Svarog, Svarožič , Zuarasici (Thietmar of Merseburg VI, 17), Zuarasiz (Bruno of Querfurt), Cyrillic Сварогъ (Hypatian Codex s. a. 1114) was a Slavic god of fire and god of the sun, equated with Hephaistos and Helios in Russian chronicles.[2]

Etymology[edit]

The name is connected with Sanskrit svar "heaven" (Anglo-Saxon sweorc), svā-rāj is the ruler of heaven, i. e. Indra.[3][4]

Alexander Brückner connected the Polish toponyms Swarocin, Swaryszew, Swarzykowo, Swarzeń, Swarzędź, Swaryż and Swarużewo with Svarog, but this is doubtful. The same holds true for the South Slavic toponyms Twaroch and Tbaraschitzberg, and the Russian toponyms Svaruzhevo and Svaryzh.[2]

Swarożyc, Svarožič are diminutives created by adding the suffix "-yc", "-ič". According to the Hypatian Codex gloss, Svarožič is Helios, the son of Svarog, a role taken over by Dažbog. In the Slovo někoego christoljubca, Svarožič is reduced to a fire ghost.

Although Svarog seems to have been venerated throughout ancient Slavdom, South Slavs know of Dažbog instead, and in Russia the Varangian Perun cult seem to have displaced Svarog.

Sources[edit]

Thietmar of Merseburg (VI, 23) calls Zvarasici a "deus Sclavorum in Rethra".

In the Hypatian Codex s. a. 1114 (in a gloss to John Malalas), Svarog is the translation for Hephaistos, and his name is derived from the Russian verb сварить "to weld".[5]

References[edit]

  1. ^ Grzegorzewic, Ziemisław (2016). O Bogach i ludziach. Praktyka i teoria Rodzimowierstwa Słowiańskiego [About the Gods and people. Practice and theory of Slavic Heathenism] (in Polish). Olsztyn: Stowarzyszenie "Kołomir". p. 57. ISBN 978-83-940180-8-5.
  2. ^ a b Norbert Reiter (1973), "Mythologie der alten Slaven", in Hans Wilhelm Haussig (ed.), Wörterbuch der Mythologie, 2
  3. ^ Monier Williams (1872), "सवाराॼ", A Sanskrit-English Dictionary, p. 1162
  4. ^ Max Vasmer, "Сварог", Russian Etymological Dictionary
  5. ^ Vatroslav Jagić (1880), "Mythologische Skizzen", Archiv für slavische Philologie, 4: 412–427