Svema

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Svema
IndustryPhotography
Founded1931
Defunct2000
HeadquartersShostka, Ukraine
ProductsPhotographic film, Photochemistry

Svema (Russian: Свема, Светочувствительные Материалы) is a registered trade mark and former name ("NPO "Svema") of the Shostka Chemical Plant, located in Shostka, Sumy Oblast, Ukraine. It was founded in 1931 in then Ukrainian SSR.

"Svema" used to be the major photographic film manufacturer in the USSR, but their film lost market share in former Soviet countries to imported products during the late 1990s. They made black-and-white photographic film, photographic paper, B&W/colour cine film and magnetic tapes until 2000.[1] Colour film was made with equipment dismantled from the Agfa-Wolfen Factory after World War II. Svema products were known among enthusiasts as an easy and sturdy product for beginners in home film development and printing.

Color photographic films[edit]

* Svema DS-4 Color Negative Film ISO/ASA 50

* Svema CO-32D Color Reversal film ISO/ASA 32

* Svema CO-50d Color Reversal film ISO/ASA 50

* Svema CND 64 Color Negative Film ISO/ASA 64

* Svema TsNL 65 Color Negative Film ISO/ASA 80

* Svema LN-9 Color Negative Film, 35mm motion picture film stock

* Svema DS-5M Color Negative Film, 35mm motion picture film stock

Tape[edit]

Svema tape for reel-to-reel recorder, 1970s

Reel to reel tapes

Black-and-white photographic films[edit]

Before 1987
(old GOST speed scale)

Svema 65 film
  • Svema Foto 32; 32 GOST, ISO 40/17°
  • Svema Foto 65; 65 GOST, ISO 80/20°; sheet films 6.5×9 cm - 30×40 cm, KB, 6×9", bulk
  • Svema Foto 130; 130 GOST, ISO 160/23°; KB, bulk
  • Svema Foto 250; 250 GOST, ISO 320/26° (Daylight); 350 GOST, ISO 400/27° (Tungsten); KB, bulk

1987-1990
(new GOST speed scale, same as ASA)

Black-and-white 135 film, GOST/ISO 64.
  • Svema Foto 32; ISO 32/16°
  • Svema Foto 64; ISO 64/19°
  • Svema Foto 125; ISO 125/22°
  • Svema Foto 250; ISO 250/25° (Daylight); ISO 320/26° (Tungsten)
  • Svema Reporter; 200 GOST, ISO 200/24° (actually cinematographic filmstock); KB, bulk

After 1990
(ISO speed scale)

  • Svema Foto 50; ISO 50/18°
  • Svema Foto 100; ISO 100/21°; KB, 6×9", bulk
  • Svema Foto 200; ISO 200/24°; KB, bulk
  • Svema Foto 400; ISO 400/27°; KB, bulk

The plant's production of photographic products slowed through the 1990s and ceased entirely in 2000. Svema shut down completely in 2006, having served only as a district heating source for the town of Shostka in the intervening years.[2]

See also[edit]

  • ru:Свема
  • Astrum a company that took over some of Svema's manufacturing equipment after its closure

References[edit]

  1. ^ Kronke, Claus: "'Finished!' The Decline of the Svema Film Works", "Smallformat", 01 2007
  2. ^ Kronke, Claus: "'Finished!' The Decline of the Svema Film Works", "Smallformat", 01 2007