23 April 1986 |
|Height||1.87 m (6 ft 2 in)|
|Weight||83 kg (183 lb)|
|Achievements and titles|
|Personal best(s)||500 m: 36.17 (2009)
1500 m: 1:43.54 (2009)
3000 m: 3:39.65 (2014)
5000 m: 6:03:32 (2007)
10 000 m: 12:38.89 (2017)
Sven Kramer (Dutch pronunciation: [svɛn ˈkraːmər]; born 23 April 1986) is a Dutch long track speed skater who has won an all-time record nine World Allround Championships as well as a record nine European Allround Championships. He is the Olympic champion of the 5000 meters in Vancouver 2010 and Sochi 2014 and won a record 19 gold medals at the World Single Distance Championships; eight in the 5000 meters, five in the 10,000 meters, and six in the team pursuit. His 13 individual titles are a record shared with Martina Sáblíková. Kramer is the current world record holder in the 5000 m and the team pursuit (the latter alongside Jan Blokhuijsen and Koen Verweij), and broke the world record in each of those events, as well as in the 10,000 m, three times. By winning the 2010 World Allround Championship, Kramer became the first speed skater in history to win four consecutive world allround championships, and eight consecutive international allround championships. He has been undefeated in the 18 international allround championships he participated in since the 2006/2007 season. From November 2007 to March 2009 he was ranked first in the Adelskalender, but despite his dominance as an all-round skater has since been second on that list to Shani Davis by 0.15 to 0.3 points (seconds on the 500 m).
- 1 Personal life
- 2 Speed skating career
- 3 Records
- 4 Tournament summary
- 5 References
- 6 External links
Sven Kramer was born on 23 April 1986 in Heerenveen, Friesland, Netherlands. He is the son of former speed skater Yep Kramer, and the four-year-older brother of speed skater Brecht Kramer. He is a born Frisian.
Since 2007 he has been in a relationship with Dutch field hockey player Naomi van As.
Speed skating career
In the 2004 season he came in second at the Junior allround world championships.
In December 2004 he won the Dutch Allround Championships at just 18 years old and thus qualified for the European Allround Championships for the first time, where he won the silver medal. At the World Allround Championships 2005 he came third. At the end of that season he signed a contract with the Dutch TVM-team.
Kramer set a new world record for the 5000 m in Salt Lake City on 19 November 2005, when he was 19 years old. With his time of 6:08.78 he also entered the top 10 of the all-time world ranking, the Adelskalender. That season he became the Junior Allround champion.
Kramer stopped skating in the junior competition and became a senior speed skater when he was 20 years old.
On 11 February 2006, he won the silver medal in the 5000 m at the 2006 Winter Olympic in Turin. Kramer also participated in the team pursuit event. The Dutch team was favourite and was leading Italy by nearly a full second in their semifinal match-up, but Kramer stepped on a block and fell, taking Carl Verheijen with him. In the race for bronze, they defeated Norway, giving Kramer his second medal of the Games.
Kramer also competed in two other distances, the 1500 and the 10,000 meter. Due to a screw in his skate that broke just a few minutes before his race, Kramer came in 15th at the 1500. The 10,000 meters did not go as planned and he finished in 7th. Afterward, Kramer stepped on the concrete with his skates in his frustration, damaging the blades.
During the 2006 European Allround Championships in Hamar, Kramer got to the fourth place after a tournament full of accidents. On the first day, the ice melted and the skaters had to wait until later in the evening to continue skating.
During the 2006 World Allround Championships in Calgary, Kramer set a new world record in the 10,000 m with a time of 12:51.60. Kramer won both the two longest distances of the tournament, but had to settle for bronze overall.
In the 2006–2007 season, Kramer won the first two 5000 m world cup races, the second in 6:09.78, just outside his world record time. In December 2006 he again became national allround champion, where a personal record in the 500 m, his weakest distance, gave him great prospects for the international allround championships.
On 14 January 2007, Kramer was crowned European Allround Champion in Collalbo, Italy. There had been a tight battle between Kramer and the 2006 winner Enrico Fabris. Fabris had won the two shorter and Kramer the two longer distances, but his overall score was lower than Fabris' (148.800 to 149.389). In addition, his times in the 5 and 10 km were new world records for outdoor skating. By skating a new personal best in the 1500 m Kramer overtook fellow Dutchman Jochem Uytdehaage and Enrico Fabris on the Adelskalender. On the Adelskalender he was ranked first as of 17 November 2007.
On 11 February 2007, Kramer became World Allround Champion for the first time. He skated the 500 m and the 10 km in personal bests, the latter in a new world record of 12:49.88.
At the World Championships of 2007 in Salt Lake City, Kramer participated in the 5000, 10,000 meters and the team pursuit. He won three out of three, the 10,000 m and the team pursuit in world records.
In the first competition of the season Fabris beat Kramer on the 5000 meter and Fabris set a new world record, 6.07,40. A week later Kramer got his world record back and brought it to 6.03,32.
In Kolomna, Russia, Kramer won the European Allround Championship for the second time.
On 10 February, Kramer became World Allround Champion in Berlin, Germany, also for the second time.
During the Essent ISU World Cup in Hamar (Norway) Kramer was awarded the Oscar Mathisen Award mainly due to the four world records he skated during 2007. Kramer skated four distances: 1500, 5000, 10,000 meters, and the team pursuit. On the 1500 meter Kramer skated a good race and placed second, ahead of Olympic Champion Enrico Fabris and Shani Davis. Denny Morrison from Canada won the race. In the 5000 and 10,000 m distances, and the team pursuit, Kramer won three gold medals, just like the year before.
At the national single distance championships in Heerenveen, Kramer won the 1500, 5000 and the 10,000 meters; by winning these three distances he brought his national titles total up to 11.
He won gold at the national allround championships in Heerenveen and at the European allround championships in Heerenveen. At the world single distance championships in Vancouver Kramer won gold on the 5000 and 10,000 meters, and the team pursuit.
Kramer won gold at the world allround championships in Hamar.
At the national championships for single distances in Heerenveen, Kramer won the 5000 and the 10,000 metres. He failed to qualify for the World Cup for the 1500 metres.
At the European allround championships in Hamar in January 2010 Kramer won gold. He became the all-round European champion for the fourth year in a row. He won the final 10,000 metre race from the Italian Enrico Fabris, who ended second in the overall rankings. Russia's Ivan Skobrev came third.
At the 2010 Winter Olympics, Kramer was the favourite to win three gold medals, like his countryman Ard Schenk at the 1972 Olympics in Sapporo. At the 5000 metres race of the 2010 Winter Olympics in Vancouver, Kramer grabbed the gold medal with a new Olympic record of 6:14.60, beating the previous time of Jochem Uytdehaage by 0.06 second. He finished ahead of South Korean Lee Seung-hoon and Russian Ivan Skobrev, leaving four Olympic champions, Shani Davis, Enrico Fabris, Chad Hedrick and Bob de Jong, empty-handed.
Shortly after his 5000 m victory, an NBC affiliated reporter asked Kramer to say his name, country and what he'd just won, to which Kramer replied "Are you stupid? Hell no, I'm not gonna do that."
In the 10,000 meter finals, Kramer finished first, with a time of 12:54.50, only to be disqualified for incorrectly changing lanes during one of the later laps. As a result, Lee Seung-hoon won gold with a new Olympic record, 12:58.55. The lane change mistake was caused by incorrect directions shouted to Kramer by his coach, Gerard Kemkers, near the end of the race.
At the national championships, only shortly after the Olympic games in Vancouver, Kramer didn't compete. After the Olympics in Vancouver he needed to rest to recover for the World Allround Championships in Heerenveen on 19–21 March.
At the World allround championships in Heerenveen on 19–21 March 2010, Kramer won an unprecedented fourth consecutive title. In the general classification after three distances, he ranked number 2, but in the final 10K race he skated 12:57.97 which was more than enough to pass Jonathan Kuck who was leading the overall classification before the start. Kuck ended number 2, Håvard Bøkko third. It also was Kramer's 8th consecutive championship title in European and World allround championship, another unprecedented feat.
At the world allround championships in Moscow he also finished in first place claiming his fifth championship. This tied the record shared by Oscar Mathisen, who won his 5th title in 1914, and Clas Thunberg, who won his 5th title in 1931.
In preparation for the Winter Olympics, Kramer chose not to compete in the European allround championships.
|This section needs expansion. You can help by adding to it. (January 2016)|
|Men's speed skating|
|500 m||36.17||27 December 2009||Thialf, Heerenveen|
|1000 m||1:09.77||28 February 2015||Olympic Oval, Calgary|
|1500 m||1:43.54||11 December 2009||Utah Olympic Oval, Salt Lake City|
|3000 m||3:38.78||21 December 2016||Thialf, Heerenveen||unofficial Dutch record|
|5000 m||6:03.32||17 November 2007||Olympic Oval, Calgary||Current world record|
|10,000 m||12:38.89||11 February 2017||Gangneung Ice Arena, Gangneung||Dutch record|
|Team pursuit||3:35.60||16 November 2013||Utah Olympic Oval, Salt Lake City||Current world record (with Koen Verweij and Jan Blokhuijsen)|
|5000 m||6:08.78||19 November 2005||Salt Lake City|
|10,000 m||12:51.61||19 March 2006||Calgary|
|10,000 m||12:49.88||11 February 2007||Heerenveen|
|5000 m||6:07.48||3 March 2007||Calgary|
|10,000 m||12:41.69||10 March 2007||Salt Lake City|
|Team pursuit||3:37.80||11 March 2007||Salt Lake City[note 1]|
|5000 m||6:03.32||17 November 2007||Calgary|
|Team pursuit||3:37.17||9 November 2013||Calgary[note 2]|
|Team pursuit||3:35.60||16 November 2013||Salt Lake City[note 3]|
|5000 m||6:10.76||9 February 2014||Sochi|
|Team pursuit||3:37.71||22 February 2014||Sochi|
|Season||Dutch Allround||European Allround||World Allround||Dutch Distance||World Distance||
|2004/05||16th 1500 m
4th 5000 m
|2005/06||4th|| 1500 m
|15th 1500 m
7th 10,000 m
|2006/07|| 1500 m
| 5000 m
|2007/08|| 1500 m
| 1500 m
|2008/09|| 1500 m
|8th 1500 m
|2009/10||10th 1500 m
|13th 1500 m
DQ 10,000 m
|2011/12|| 5000 m
| 5000 m
|2012/13||5000 m|| 5000 m
|2013/14||DQ|| 5000 m
| 5000 m
|2014/15|| 1500 m
9th 10,000 m
| 5000 m
|2015/16|| 5000 m
| 5000 m
|2016/17|| 1500 m
| 1500 m
- In the 2010/2011 season Kramer did not participate because of an injury to one of the nerves (neuropathy) in his leg.
- DQ = disqualified.
In the World Cup, Kramer has 30 individual victories and 8 team pursuit victories; he also won the long distance World Cup in the 2006–07 and 2008–09 season. He won the overall team pursuit World Cup in 2006–07 and 2007–08.
In the 2007/2008 season, Kramer won world cup races in Calgary (Canada), Heerenveen (Netherlands, 1500 and 5000 meters), Hamar (Norway), and the world cup final in Heerenveen. He was not ranked first on the 5000 meters ranking, because he did not skate as many races as Håvard Bøkko, who skated all six world cup races.
- Evert Stenlund (15 February 2010). "Adelskalendern". evertstenlund.se. Retrieved 2010-02-16.
- Frisian Kramer
- "Sven Kramer Biography". www.sports-reference.com. Retrieved 12 February 2010.
- "Kramer en Wüst – natúúrlijk- schaatsers van het jaar". schaatsen.blog.nl. 14 March 2007. Retrieved 2010-02-14.
- "Oscar Winners". www.skateresults.com. Retrieved 12 February 2010.
- "Kramer voor derde keer de beste". Telegraaf. 18 March 2009. Retrieved 2010-02-15.
- "Dutch skater wins fourth European title". www.rnw.nl. 10 January 2010. Retrieved 12 February 2010.
- "Sven Kramer takes speed skating gold and Olympic record". BBC News. 13 February 2010. Retrieved 16 February 2010.
- "Speed skater Kramer wins first Olympic gold". NRC Handelsblad. 15 February 2010. Retrieved 17 February 2010.
- "Dutch sensation Kramer claims 5000m gold". Olympics on NBC. 14 February 2010. Retrieved 14 February 2010.
- Deena (18 February 2010). "Sven Kramer To Reporter "Are You Stupid?"". The Huffington Post. Retrieved 5 March 2010.
- "Lee wins gold; Kramer DQed for not switching lanes". ESPN. 23 February 2010. Retrieved 24 February 2010.
- Crouse, Karen (23 February 2010). "Dutchman Loses Gold and a Record". The New York Times. Retrieved 24 February 2010.
- Robertson, Grant (23 February 2010). "Blunder costs Kramer Olympic gold". The Globe and Mail. Retrieved 24 February 2010.
- "Kramer slaat NK allround in Heerenveen over". AD. 2010-02-28. Retrieved 2010-03-23.
- "World Speedskating Championships". Toronto SUN. 2010-03-21. Retrieved 2010-03-22.
- "Essent ISU World Allround Speed Skating Championships 2010". ISU. 2010-03-21. Retrieved 2010-03-22.
- Liesbeth Kombrink (23 March 2010). "Kramer en Wüst schaatsers van het jaar 2010". schaatsen.blog.nl. Retrieved 23 March 2010.
- "Sven kwam slecht uit olympisch jaar". De telegraaf. Retrieved 19 February 2012.
- "Thigh Injury Ends Olympic Champion Kramer's Season". AustraliaNews.com.au. Retrieved 19 February 2012.
- "Record fifth title for Kramer; Wust successfully defends hers". www.morethanthegames.co.uk. 19 February 2012. Retrieved 20 February 2012.
- Paul Newberry, "Kramer shakes off pressure, wins another 5000 gold", The Washington Post, 2014. Retrieved on 18 February 2014.
- "Men's 10000 m : Speed Skating Men's 10000 m". Sochi 2014 Winter Olympics. www.sochi2014.com/. Retrieved 2014-02-18.
- "Kramer wins record eighth European skating title". The Washington Times/Associated Press. 10 January 2016. Retrieved 22 January 2016.
- "Sven Kramer". speedskatingresults.com. Retrieved 6 November 2015.
- Current World Records Ice speed Skating
- "Speed skating, Men's 5000 m". 2010 Winter Olympics. 13 February 2010. Retrieved 14 February 2010.
- "Speed skating, Men's team pursuit". 2010 Winter Olympics. 27 February 2010. Retrieved 28 February 2010.
- "Sven Kramer" (in Dutch). SchaatsStatistieken.nl. Retrieved 25 August 2012.
- "Sven Kramer". SpeedSkatingStats.com. Retrieved 25 August 2012.
|Wikimedia Commons has media related to Sven Kramer.|
- Sven Kramer, official website
- Sven Kramer, profile on the official team website
- Sven Kramer at the International Skating Union
|Men's 5000 m speed skating world record
19 November 2005 – 10 November 2007
17 November 2007 – present
|Mens 10,000 m speed skating world record
19 March 2006 – 21 November 2015
Arne Dankers, Steven Elm, Denny Morrison
|Men's team pursuit speed skating world record
11 March 2007 – present
With: Carl Verheijen, Erben Wennemars (2007–2013)
Jan Blokhuijsen, Koen Verweij (2013–present)