Sverdlovsk, Luhansk Oblast

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Sverdlovsk
Свердловськ (Ukrainian)
City
Street Engels (Sverdlovsk).JPG
Flag of Sverdlovsk
Flag
Coat of arms of Sverdlovsk
Coat of arms
Sverdlovsk is located in Ukraine
Sverdlovsk
Sverdlovsk
Location of Dovzhansk
Coordinates: 48°04′40″N 39°38′50″E / 48.07778°N 39.64722°E / 48.07778; 39.64722Coordinates: 48°04′40″N 39°38′50″E / 48.07778°N 39.64722°E / 48.07778; 39.64722
Country  Ukraine
Oblast Luhansk Oblast
Founded 1938
City Status 1938
Government
 • Mayor Oleksandr Shmalts
Area
 • Total 83 km2 (32 sq mi)
Elevation 268 m (879 ft)
Population (2012)
 • Total 105,276
 • Density 1,300/km2 (3,300/sq mi)
Postal code 94800—94819
Area code(s) (+380) 6434
Vehicle registration BB / 13
Climate Dfb
Website http://svk.gov.ua

Sverdlovsk (Ukrainian: Свердловськ, translit. Sverdlovs’k; Russian: Свердловск) is a city in Luhansk Oblast (region) of south-eastern Ukraine on the border with the Russian Federation. Serving as the administrative center of Sverdlovsk Raion (district), the city itself is incorporated as a city of oblast significance, does not belong to the raion, and is located approximately 80 km from the oblast capital, Luhansk. On 12 May 2016 it was renamed Dovzhansk (Ukrainian: Довжанськ, translit. Dovzhansʹk) by the Ukrainian government as part of decommunization.[1] The city is controlled by the self-declared Luhansk People's Republic and the name change has not been enforced. Population: 64,225 (2016 est.)[2].

Most of the city residents work in the mining industry. The city municipality also includes the city of Chervonopartyzansk, six towns and several smaller settlements.

The city serves as an international gateway between Ukraine and Russia and has border checkpoint in Chervonopartyzansk.

History[edit]

The city tracks its roots from a small village in the headstream of Dolzhyk River. At the end of the 18th century, it was granted by Catherine II of Russia to ataman Vasyl Orlov as a reward for his excellent military service. The farmland took on the name Dolzhykovo-Orlovske. Development of the area significantly expanded towards the end of the 19th century, after the discovery of coal in the Donetsk region.

In 1938 a number of local settlements as well as the Sverdlov mine (today is part of the Sverdlovantratsyt company) were merged into the city of Sverdlovsk in memory of the Bolshevik leader Yakov Sverdlov.

Starting mid-April 2014 pro-Russian separatists captured several towns in Luhansk Oblast;[3][4] including Sverdlovsk.[5][6]

Demographics[edit]

As of the 2001 census, the city's ethnic composition was as follows:[7]

  • Ukrainians: 46%
  • Russians: 48.6%
  • Belarusians: 1.2%
  • Other: 4.2%

Gallery[edit]

References[edit]

External links[edit]