Sverdlovsk, Luhansk Oblast
|• Mayor||Oleksandr Shmalts|
|• Total||83 km2 (32 sq mi)|
|Elevation||268 m (879 ft)|
|• Density||1,300/km2 (3,300/sq mi)|
|Area code(s)||(+380) 6434|
|Vehicle registration||BB / 13|
Sverdlovsk (Ukrainian: Свердловськ, translit. Sverdlovs’k; Russian: Свердловск) is a city in Luhansk Oblast (region) of south-eastern Ukraine on the border with the Russian Federation. Serving as the administrative center of Sverdlovsk Raion (district), the city itself is incorporated as a city of oblast significance, does not belong to the raion, and is located approximately 80 km from the oblast capital, Luhansk. On 12 May 2016 it was renamed Dovzhansk (Ukrainian: Довжанськ, translit. Dovzhansʹk) by the Ukrainian government as part of decommunization. The city is controlled by the self-declared Luhansk People's Republic and the name change has not been enforced. Population: 64,225 (2016 est.).
The city serves as an international gateway between Ukraine and Russia and has border checkpoint in Chervonopartyzansk.
The city tracks its roots from a small village in the headstream of Dolzhyk River. At the end of the 18th century, it was granted by Catherine II of Russia to ataman Vasyl Orlov as a reward for his excellent military service. The farmland took on the name Dolzhykovo-Orlovske. Development of the area significantly expanded towards the end of the 19th century, after the discovery of coal in the Donetsk region.
In 1938 a number of local settlements as well as the Sverdlov mine (today is part of the Sverdlovantratsyt company) were merged into the city of Sverdlovsk in memory of the Bolshevik leader Yakov Sverdlov.
- Ukrainians: 46%
- Russians: 48.6%
- Belarusians: 1.2%
- Other: 4.2%
- "Rada renames some population areas in occupied Donbas as part of decommunization campaign". Interfax-Ukraine. 12 May 2016. Retrieved 20 July 2016.
- "Чисельність наявного населення України (Actual population of Ukraine)" (PDF) (in Ukrainian). State Statistics Service of Ukraine. Retrieved 19 July 2016.
- Ragozin, Leonid (2014-04-16). "Vladimir Putin Is Accidentally Bringing Eastern and Western Ukraine Together". New Republic. Retrieved 2016-07-20.
- "Donbass defenders put WWII tank back into service". Retrieved 2016-07-20.
- "На Луганщині діють понад 4 тисячі членів озброєних загонів ЛНР – Тимчук". Retrieved 2016-07-20.
- "Численность населения по состоянию на 1 октября 2015 года по Луганской Народной Республике" (PDF) (in Russian). Luhansk People's Republic. Retrieved 21 December 2015.
- Дністрянський М. С. Етнополітична географія України. Львів: Літопис, 2006, p. 465
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