Crveni Otok, also called Sveti Andrija (Croatian for Saint Andrew, Italian: Isola di Sant'Andrea) is an island in the Croatian part of the Adriatic Sea. It is situated near Rovinj and connected with neighbouring islet of Maškin with an embankment. Its area is 0.144 km2 (0.056 sq mi).
The island was probably inhabited in prehistory. In the 6th century, Benedictines built a monastery on the island. The Benedictines left the island in the 13th century and in the 15th century it was taken over by Franciscans who renovated the church and the monastery. In 1809, the island was conquered by France, and in 1892 a cement and lime factory was built on the island using the church tower as a chimney.
According to statistics it has a current, reported population of 1 person.
- Duplančić Leder, Tea; Ujević, Tin; Čala, Mendi (June 2004). "Coastline lengths and areas of islands in the Croatian part of the Adriatic Sea determined from the topographic maps at the scale of 1 : 25 000" (PDF). Geoadria. Zadar. 9 (1): 5–32. Retrieved 2011-01-21.
- Sveti Andrija on inforovinj.com
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