Svetlana Boginskaya

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Svetlana Boginskaya
Svetlana Boginskaya.jpg
Personal information
Full name Svetlana Leonidovna Boginskaya
Alternative name(s) Svyatlana Leanidaŭna Bahinskaya (Святлана Леанідаўна Багінская)
Nickname(s) Belarusian Swan, Goddess of Gymnastics
Country represented  Belarus
Former countries represented  CIS (Olympic flag.svg Unified Team),  Soviet Union
Born (1973-02-09) February 9, 1973 (age 45)
Minsk, Soviet Union
Height 158.5 cm (5 ft 2 in)
Discipline Women's artistic gymnastics
Level Senior International Elite
Head coach(es) Tatiana Grosovivich
Former coach(es) Lyubov Miromanova
Retired 1997

Svetlana Leonidovna Boginskaya (Belarusian: Святлана Леанідаўна Багінская; born February 9, 1973) is a former artistic gymnast for the Soviet Union and Belarus. She was called the "Belarusian Swan" and the "Goddess of Gymnastics" because of her height, balletic grace, and long body lines. Her last name derives from "boginya" (богиня), literally meaning "goddess" in Russian.

Boginskaya is known for the drama and artistry she displayed on floor exercise. She is a three-time Olympic champion, with an individual gold medal on vault from the 1988 Summer Olympics and team gold medals from the 1988 and 1992 Summer Olympics.

Early life and career[edit]

Boginskaya was born in Minsk. She was a figure skater for several years, but began gymnastics at age six. Two years later, she moved to Moscow to train full-time at the Round Lake Gymnastics Center. By age fourteen, she was a member of the Soviet national team.

She won her first world medal, a bronze on balance beam, at the 1987 World Championships. She went on to compete in the 1988 Olympic Games in Seoul, South Korea, where she won four medals: gold in the team competition, gold on vault, silver on floor, and bronze in the individual all-around.

Just three days after the Olympics, Boginskaya's longtime coach, Lyubov Miromanova, committed suicide. Miromanova had been a surrogate mother to Boginskaya, coaching and caring for her after she moved from Minsk to train full-time in Moscow. After her death, Boginskaya began training with Tatiana Grosovivich Under Grosovivich's tutelage, Boginskaya became world champion in 1989 and later dedicated her performance to her late mentor.

In 1990, Boginskaya became the third woman to sweep the European Championships, winning the gold medal in every individual event. The only other gymnasts to do so were Věra Čáslavská, Larisa Latynina, and Ludmilla Tourischeva. In doing so, she defended her titles in the all-around, vault, and floor exercise, and added titles in the uneven bars and balance beam. In 1991, in a controversial finish, Boginskaya lost the gold medal in the all-around to Kim Zmeskal of the United States. However, she earned gold medals in the team and balance beam competitions.

In 1992, Boginskaya, then 19 years old, had a disappointing performance at the 1992 European Championships, falling on her final event, the floor exercise. She finished in fifth place, while her young teammate Tatiana Gutsu won the all-around title. Boginskaya won the balance beam title with a score of 9.95 and remained a favorite to win the all-around title at the 1992 Summer Olympics in Barcelona, Spain.

Many in the gymnastics world expected a duel between Boginskaya and Zmeskal at the Olympics, and the media promoted this story. However, while Boginskaya won her third Olympic gold medal in the team competition, she faltered on the uneven bars in the individual all-around and finished fifth; Zmeskal finished tenth. Meanwhile, their younger teammates Tatiana Gutsu and Shannon Miller won the gold and silver medals.

Boginskaya retired after the 1992 Olympics but decided to make a comeback in 1995. She said that she was inspired by Katarina Witt who had made a memorable comeback of her own at the 1994 Winter Olympics. Boginskaya moved to Houston, Texas, to train with Bela Karolyi and upgraded the difficulty of her routines. In 1996, at age 23, she placed second in the all-around at the European Championships, behind the defending world all-around champion (and future Olympic all-around champion), Lilia Podkopayeva of Ukraine. She then progressed to the 1996 Olympics in Atlanta, Georgia, where she was one of a number of "older" gymnasts competing. She led the Belarus team to sixth place and competed in the all-around and vault finals, but won no individual medals.

Boginskaya is among a small group of women to have competed in three Olympic Games; and due to the gradual break-up of the Soviet Union, she competed at each Games under a different flag: USSR, the Unified Team, and Belarus. She was inducted into the International Gymnastics Hall of Fame in 2005.[1]

Boginskaya has remained active in both the American and international gymnastics communities. She occasionally travels to other gyms to work with athletes and coaches as a consulting guest coach. In the early 2010s, she frequently supported former teammate Oksana Chusovitina, who competed well into her 40s; Boginskaya occasionally even appeared on the competition floor as Chusovitina's coach. Living in Houston with her husband and two children, she runs several businesses, including an online gymnastics apparel retailer, a summer camp for gymnasts, and a pizzeria. [2]

In Popular Culture[edit]

After the 1992 Olympics, Boginskaya appeared alongside her compatriot Vitaly Scherbo in the music video for the song "Revolution Earth," by The B-52's.

Trademarks[edit]

Boginskaya's floor exercises were routinely noted for unique choreography and high-quality performance generally appraised as superior to nearly all of her contemporaries. Her floor routine at the 1988 Olympics was done to the music of Georges Bizet's Carmen, and another routine she performed in parts of 1990 and 1991 was choreographed by the Bolshoi Ballet. Her uneven bars exercise included a signature giant to handstand with 180° split into a toe-on element. Commentators and reporters frequently cited her height and slim stature as elements she used to her advantage through careful attention to posture and body alignment; meanwhile they also frequently suggested that she relied more on execution and presentation than difficulty, though she did usually fulfill requirements and earn 10.0 start values. She frequently landed dismounts and vaults with her right foot placed slightly in front of her left, an intentional touch of artistry that also helped her stick landings.

Competitive history[edit]

Year Event Team AA VT UB BB FX
1987 World Championships 2nd 3rd
1988 Olympic Games 1st 3rd 1st 2nd
1989 European Championships 1st 1st 4th 4th 1st
World Championships 1st 1st 8th 1st
1990 European Championships 1st 1st 1st 1st 1st
Goodwill Games 1st 2nd 3rd 1st
World Cup Final 2nd 3rd 4th 4th 1st
1991 World Championships 1st 2nd 5th 1st 7th
1992 European Championships 5th 8th 4th 1st
World Championships 2nd 6th
Olympic Games 1st 5th 4th 5th
1995 World Championships 8th 16th
1996 European Championships 4th 2nd 6th 6th 4th 6th
Olympic Games 6th 15th 5th
  • Competitor for Belarus
Year Competition Description Location Apparatus Rank-Final Score-Final Rank-Qualifying Score-Qualifying
1996 Olympic Games Atlanta Team 6 381.263
All-Around 13 38.499 25 76.223
Vault 5 9.712 9 19.474
Uneven Bars 64 18.587
Balance Beam 27 18.850
Floor Exercise 24 19.312
European Championships Birmingham Team 4 114.546
All-Around 2 39.106 4 38.898
Vault 6 9.662 5 9.737
Uneven Bars 6 9.725 7 9.737
Balance Beam 4 9.575 5 9.662
Floor Exercise 6 9.600 3 9.762
1995 World Championships Sabae Team 8 375.512
All-Around 16 38.261 14 76.461
Vault 23 18.925
Uneven Bars 29 19.124
Balance Beam 20 18.975
Floor Exercise 15 19.437
  • Competitor for CIS
Year Competition Description Location Apparatus Rank-Final Score-Final Rank-Qualifying Score-Qualifying
1992 Olympic Games Barcelona Team 1 395.666
All-Around 5 39.673 2 79.287
Vault 4 9.899 8 19.800
Uneven Bars 10 19.787
Balance Beam 5 9.862 2 19.800
Floor Exercise WD 1 19.900
World Championships Paris Vault 2 9.943
Vault (Semi−Final) 1 9.912
Vault (Qualification) 1 9.900
Balance Beam 6 9.750
European Championships Nantes All-Around 5 39.136
Vault 8 9.675 2 9.937
Uneven Bars 4 9.850 2 9.937
Balance Beam 1 9.950 1 9.937
Floor Exercise 44 9.325
  • Competitor for Belarus
Year Competition Description Location Apparatus Rank-Final Score-Final Rank-Qualifying Score-Qualifying
1992 European Championships Nantes All-Around 5 39.136
Vault 8 9.675 2 9.937
Uneven Bars 4 9.850 2 9.937
Balance Beam 1 9.950 1 9.937
Floor Exercise 44 9.325
  • Competitor for Soviet Union
Year Competition Description Location Apparatus Rank-Final Score-Final Rank-Qualifying Score-Qualifying
1991 World Championships Indianapolis Team 1 396.055
All-Around 2 39.736 1 79.548
Vault 5 9.850 1 19.837
Uneven Bars WD 1 19.912
Balance Beam 1 9.962 2 19.887
Floor Exercise 7 9.862 1 19.912
1990 World Cup Final Brussels All-Around 2 39.586
Vault 3 9.912 1 9.937
Uneven Bars 4 9.887 6 9.825
Balance Beam 4 9.887 2 9.887
Floor Exercise 1 9.962 1 9.937
European Championships Athens All-Around 1 39.874
Vault 1 9.943 1 10.000
Uneven Bars 1 9.950 1 9.975
Balance Beam 1 10.000 2 9.962
Floor Exercise 1 10.000 1 9.937
1989 World Championships Stuttgart Team 1 396.793
All-Around 1 39.900 79.262
Vault 19.925
Uneven Bars 8 9.450 19.925
Balance Beam 19.425
Floor Exercise 1 10.000 1 19.987

See also[edit]

References[edit]

  1. ^ "SVETLANA BOGINSKAYA". International Gymnastics Hall of Fame. Retrieved May 12, 2007. 
  2. ^ "Olympic Champion Svetlana Boginskaya". Russian American Business. Archived from the original on April 24, 2009. Retrieved October 14, 2008. 

External links[edit]