Sviyazhsk

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Assumption Cathedral and Monastery of the town-island of Sviyazhsk
UNESCO World Heritage site
Agnes Vever, Остров-град Свияжск, 2012ум.jpg
Assumption Cathedral
Location Russia
Criteria Cultural: (ii)(iv)
Reference 1525
Inscription 2017 (41st Session)
Area 3.25 ha (8.0 acres)
Buffer zone 11,563.9 ha (28,575 acres)
Coordinates 55°46′13″N 48°39′10″E / 55.77028°N 48.65278°E / 55.77028; 48.65278Coordinates: 55°46′13″N 48°39′10″E / 55.77028°N 48.65278°E / 55.77028; 48.65278
Sviyazhsk is located in Tatarstan
Sviyazhsk
Location of Sviyazhsk in Tatarstan.
Sviyazhsk is located in European Russia
Sviyazhsk
Sviyazhsk (European Russia)
Sviyazhsk is located in Russia
Sviyazhsk
Sviyazhsk (Russia)
Coat of arms of Sviyazhsk

Sviyazhsk (Russian: Свия́жск) is a rural locality (a selo) in the Russia, located at the confluence of the Volga and Sviyaga Rivers. It is often referred to as an island since the construction of the Kuybyshev Reservoir at Tolyatti downstream Volga in 1955, but it is in fact connected to the mainland by a road.[1]

In 2017 the Assumption Cathedral and Monastery were added to the list of UNESCO World Heritage Sites.[2]

Sviyazhsk was founded in 1551 as a fortress, which was built within four weeks from parts made in Uglich and transported down the Volga. It became a military base of the Russian army during the siege of Kazan (1552).

Since the 15th century, Sviyazhsk served as a center of an uyezd. In 1920–1927, it was a center of Sviyazhsky Kanton; in 1927–1931—the administrative center of Sviyazhsky District. In 1932, it was demoted to rural status.

There is a school and a club in Sviyazhsk, as well as a monastery associated with the name of Macarius of Unzha.

Sviyazhsk railway station is located 6 kilometers (3.7 mi) west of the island and is linked with Sviyazhsk proper by a highway running along the dike.

Historical population[edit]

  • 1989: 747 (Russians - 66%, Tatars - 27%)[3]
  • 2000: 258[3]

References[edit]

  1. ^ Drayton, James. "Sviyazhsk". home to roam. Retrieved 11 July 2012. 
  2. ^ Assumption Cathedral and Monastery of the town-island of Sviyazhsk
  3. ^ a b (in Tatar) "Зөя". Tatar Encyclopaedia. Kazan: The Republic of Tatarstan Academy of Sciences. Institution of the Tatar Encyclopaedia. 2002.