Svrljig

From Wikipedia, the free encyclopedia
Jump to: navigation, search
Svrljig
Сврљиг
Municipality and Town
Svrljig.jpg
Coat of arms of Svrljig
Coat of arms
Location of the municipality of Svrljig within Serbia
Location of the municipality of Svrljig within Serbia
Coordinates: 43°25′N 22°07′E / 43.417°N 22.117°E / 43.417; 22.117Coordinates: 43°25′N 22°07′E / 43.417°N 22.117°E / 43.417; 22.117
Country  Serbia
District Nišava
Settlements 39
Government
 • Mayor Milija Miletić
Area[1]
 • Municipality 497 km2 (192 sq mi)
Population (2011 census)[2]
 • Town 7,543
 • Municipality 14,224
Time zone CET (UTC+1)
 • Summer (DST) CEST (UTC+2)
Postal code 18360
Area code +381 18
Car plates NI
Website www.svrljig.rs

Svrljig (Serbian Cyrillic: Сврљиг, [sʋř̩ʎiːɡ]) is a town and municipality located in the Nišava District of Serbia. According to 2011 census, the town has a population of 7,543 inhabitants, while the municipality has 14,224.

Geography[edit]

Svrljig is situated on the river Svrljiški Timok, 30 km east from Niš, the biggest city in south Serbia. Nearby villages include Crnoljevica and Prekonoga.

Settlements[edit]

Aside from the town of Svrljig, the municipality includes the following settlements:

History[edit]

Middle Ages[edit]

Svrljig was the name of a župa (county) in the Middle Ages. It is mentioned (for the first time) in the geographical list of counties and cities in the 1019–20 charters of Byzantine Emperor Basil II.[3] The settlement and its surrounding region is mentioned as part of the Eparchy of Niš.[4] In 1183, Svrljig and other nearby fortifications were taken over by Serbian Grand Prince Stefan Nemanja.[5] The fortification mostly dates to the medieval Serbian period.[3] It was situated on the road which connected Niš with the road to Constantinople.[6] A evangelion manuscript written in Svrljig in the Serbian redaction of Old Slavic dating to 1279 is preserved in fragments.[7] After the fall of Braničevo under the Serbian king Stefan Milutin in 1290s Svrljig became a border region.[citation needed] Svrljig was conquered and plundered in 1413 by Ottoman prince Musa Çelebi.[3] It was then part of Stefan Lazarević's Serbian Despotate.[3]

Early modern period[edit]

The town was known as Isferlik and Isfirlig in Ottoman Turkish.[8] It was administratively part of the Sanjak of Vidin.[9]

Modern[edit]

During the Toplica Uprising (1917), Serbian guerrilla bands were active in the region.[10]

In 1922, the Niš–Svrljig–Knjaževac–Zaječar highway was built.[11]

From 1929 to 1941, Svrljig was part of the Morava Banovina of the Kingdom of Yugoslavia.

During World War II, Yugoslav Partisans were active in the region.[12]

Demographics[edit]

Ethnic groups in the municipality (2002 census):

Anthropology[edit]

An anthropological study by Mihailo Kostić claimed that the Svrljig province was inhabited by mostly an "olden" population, while part descends from "colonists from the second half of the 15th century".[13] According to Petar Vlahović, Svrljig is part of the Serbian Šopi ethnographical region.[13]

See also[edit]

References[edit]

  1. ^ "Municipalities of Serbia, 2006". Statistical Office of Serbia. Retrieved 2010-11-28. 
  2. ^ "2011 Census of Population, Households and Dwellings in the Republic of Serbia: Comparative Overview of the Number of Population in 1948, 1953, 1961, 1971, 1981, 1991, 2002 and 2011, Data by settlements" (PDF). Statistical Office of Republic Of Serbia, Belgrade. 2014. ISBN 978-86-6161-109-4. Retrieved 2014-06-27. 
  3. ^ a b c d Geografsko društvo (1969). Glasnik. 49–52. p. 103. 
  4. ^ Mišić 2010, pp. 103, 252.
  5. ^ Mišić 2010, p. 252.
  6. ^ Синиша Мишић (2010). Лексикон градова и тргова средњовековних српских земаља: према писаним изворима. Завод за уџбенике. p. 252. ISBN 978-86-17-16604-3. 
  7. ^ Arheografski prilozi. Narodna biblioteka Srbije, Arheografsko odeljenje. 1999. p. 555. Ово је писани споменик чије је друго издање приредио Никола Родић 1999. године 1 Фрагменти старог рукописног јеванђеља српске редакције старословенског језика писани су на пергаменту године 1279. у Сврљигу 
  8. ^ Hazim Šabanović (1969). Prilozi za orijentalnu filologiju: Revue de philologie orientale. 
  9. ^ Gliša Elezović (1974). Turski spomenice. p. 169. 
  10. ^ Божица Младеновић (1 September 2007). Топлички устанак 1917.: збирка докумената. Istorijski institut. pp. 64–. GGKEY:X5X73Z78UTZ. 
  11. ^ Srboljub Đ Stamenković (2001). Географска енциклопедиjа насеља Србиjе: М-Р. Универзитет у Београду. Географски факултет. ISBN 978-86-82657-15-6. 
  12. ^ Petar Višnjić (1985). Operacije za oslobođenje istočne Srbije: jun-oktobar 1944. Izd. Istorijski arhiv "Timočka krajina". 
  13. ^ a b Jasna Bjeladinović-Jergić (2001). Зборник Етнографског музеја у Београду: 1901-2001. Етнографски музеј. p. 183. 

External links[edit]