Swabian football league system

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Swabian football league system
Nation
 Germany
State
 Bavaria
Map of Bavaria: The seven Bezirke
Region
Swabia
Number of senior men's leagues in 2016-17
63
Level on Pyramid
Level 7 to 11

The Swabian football league system is a league system operating in the Bavarian Regierungsbezirk of Swabia (German: Schwaben).[1]

Overview[edit]

The Swabian football league system operates within the Bavarian and German football league systems. The highest league in Swabia was, from 1988 to 2012, the Bezirksoberliga Schwaben, in its final years the seventh tier of the German football league system. Until the 3. Liga was introduced in 2008, was the sixth tier of the league system, until the introduction of the Regionalligas in 1994 the fifth tier.

The league system in Swabia currently consists of five tiers, these being:

Unlike most other parts of Germany, Swabia does not allow all reserve teams to take part in the main league system. Reserve teams from clubs in the Kreisliga and below play in separate, parallel leagues without promotion or relegation. A reserve side can only enter the main league system when the first team gains entry to the Bezirksliga. When a first team is relegated back down from the Bezirksliga, the second team has to leave the main system again.

Clubs in the B-Klasse do not suffer relegation as there is no league below, it is the bottom of the league pyramid in Swabia.

In the other regions of Germany, where reserve sides are fully integrated, there is further leagues below the B-Klasse, usually the C-Klasse. In some areas there can also be a D and E-Klasse, like in Berlin.

The Swabian league system is home to some clubs not actually based in Swabia. The best known of those clubs, all from the western part of Upper Bavaria, are the FC Pipinsried and the TSV Landsberg.

In turn, some clubs from the very west of Swabia chose to play in the Württemberg league system, most successful of those are the SpVgg Au/Iller, FV Illertissen and the SpVgg Lindau. All up, 75 clubs from Swabia play in the Württemberg league system, 45 of those in the Donau/Iller region, the remainder spread over other border regions of the WFV. In late 2010, the idea was floated that those clubs could be forced to return to the Bavarian league system but this idea was dropped again.[2] The Swabian league system also accommodates one club from Austria, the SV Kleinwalsertal, which plays in the A-Klasse Allgäu 4 since 2016-17.[3]

With the league reform at the end of the 2011-12 season, which included an expansion of the number of Landesligas from three to five, the Bezirksoberligas were disbanded. Instead, the Bezirksligas took the place of the Bezirksoberligas once more at the level below the Landesligas.[4]

The league system[edit]

The league system from the 2014-15 season:

Level

League(s)/Division(s)

I

Bundesliga
18 clubs

II

2nd Bundesliga
18 clubs

III

3. Liga
20 clubs

IV

Regionalliga Bayern
18 clubs

V

Bayernliga Süd
19 clubs

VI

Landesliga Bayern-Südwest
18 clubs

VII

Bezirksliga Nord
16 clubs

Bezirksliga Süd
16 clubs

VIII

Kreisliga West

Kreisliga North

Kreisliga East

Kreisliga Augsburg

Kreisliga Central

Kreisliga South

IX

Kreisklasse West I
Kreisklasse West II

Kreisklasse North I
Kreisklasse North II

Kreisklasse Aichach
Kreisklasse Neuburg

Kreisklasse Augsburg-Northwest
Kreisklasse Augsburg-Central
Kreisklasse Augsburg-South

Kreisklasse Allgäu I
Kreisklasse Allgäu II

Kreisklasse Allgäu III
Kreisklasse Allgäu IV

X

A-Klasse West I
A-Klasse West II
A-Klasse West III

A-Klasse Nord

A-Klasse Aichach
A-Klasse Neuburg

A-Klasse Augsburg-Northwest
A-Klasse Augsburg-Central
A-Klasse Augsburg-Southwest

A-Klasse Allgäu I

A-Klasse Allgäu II
A-Klasse Allgäu III
A-Klasse Allgäu IV

XI

B-Klasse West I
B-Klasse West II
B-Klasse West III
B-Klasse West IV

B-Klasse Nord

B-Klasse Aichach
B-Klasse Neuburg

B-Klasse Augsburg-Northwest
B-Klasse Augsburg-Central
B-Klasse Augsburg-South
B-Klasse Augsburg-Southeast
B-Klasse Augsburg-West

B-Klasse Allgäu I
B-Klasse Allgäu II

B-Klasse Allgäu III
B-Klasse Allgäu IV
B-Klasse Allgäu V
B-Klasse Allgäu VI
B-Klasse Allgäu VII
B-Klasse Allgäu VIII
B-Klasse Allgäu IX
B-Klasse Allgäu X
B-Klasse Allgäu XI

Denotes parts of league system above Swabian level.
  • All leagues on same level run parallel.
  • Denotes league without clubs from Swabia since 2012-13.

Recent changes[edit]

In 1998, the Bavarian FA renamed the three lowest football leagues:

  • A-Klasse became Kreisliga
  • B-Klasse became Kreisklasse
  • C-Klasse became A-Klasse

Additionally, in some of the seven Bezirke, two new lowest levels were introduced and named B and C-Klasse. Initially, only Oberbayern introduced both of this new levels.

In 2010, Swabia introduced the B-Klasse, disbanding the A-Klasse for a season in the process to make adjustments to the league system. The following season, A-Klasses were reintroduced.

Schwaben Cup[edit]

Annually since 1947, the Swabian FA, like the other six Bavarian FA's, staged a cup competition, the Schwaben Cup, open to all senior teams from the Swabian league system and Swabian clubs up to the Regionalliga. The winner of this competition was qualified for the Bavarian Cup. Through this competition, the winner and runners-up in turn gain entry to the German Cup. The record number of wins is held by FC Augsburg which won its thirteenth title in 2005. The competition went defunct in 2009.

References[edit]

  1. ^ "Das Fußball-Jahresjournal". Swabian Football Association. An annual publication by the Swabian FA. 
  2. ^ Umzug nach Bayern ist vom Tisch (in German) Südwest Presse, published: 16 December 2010, accessed: 3 August 2011
  3. ^ "AK Allgäu 4". Bavarian FA. Retrieved 19 November 2016. 
  4. ^ "Untere Ligen erfahren eine Aufwertung" (PDF). Augsburger Allgemeine (in German). 11 April 2011. Retrieved 19 November 2016. 

External links[edit]