Swabian nationalism grew during World War I after 1916, when the government of Baden attempted to secede and make a separate peace with the Allies, however this was put down by Prussian soldiers of the German Army. and by October 1918 with defeat of Germany looming, a wave of Swabian separatism soared across Württemberg and Baden with anti-Prussian rioting occurring. In November 1918, revolution spread across Germany, with the monarchs of Baden and Württemberg being overthrown. During this period France provided support to Swabian separatists as a means to break-up Germany that was viewed as a serious threat to French security in retrospect to World War I.
After World War II, Swabians voted in favour of merging Baden and Württemberg together into the state of Baden-Württemberg, which has been regarded as a Swabian state. In present-day, Swabians have pressed for autonomy and a greater say in the European Union and Swabian nationalists have cited the medieval Swabian League as an ideal model for a sovereign Swabia within a united Europe.
- James Minahan. Encyclopedia of the stateless nations. 4. S - Z. Greenwood Publishing Group, 2002. P. 1807.
- James Minahan. Encyclopedia of the stateless nations. 4. S - Z. Greenwood Publishing Group, 2002. P. 1806-1808.