Swallow Falls

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Swallow Falls
Swallow falls.jpg
Swallow falls (Rhaeadr Ewynnol)
LocationConwy county borough, Wales
Coordinates53°06′09″N 3°50′48″W / 53.1024°N 3.8468°W / 53.1024; -3.8468Coordinates: 53°06′09″N 3°50′48″W / 53.1024°N 3.8468°W / 53.1024; -3.8468
TypeCascade

Swallow Falls is a name coined by early tourists for the Rhaeadr Ewynnol (English: Foaming Waterfall), a multiple waterfall system in Wales, located on the Afon Llugwy near Betws-y-Coed, in Conwy County Borough.

History[edit]

The Swallow Fall by Crane, W., ca. 1840

Swallow falls is located on Afon Llugwy near Betws-y-Coed, in Conwy County Borough. It is thought that the English name arose from a mis-hearing of the Welsh word ewynnol (foaming) as the similar-sounding y wennol (swallow).[1]

It was suggested in 1899 that the falls could be used to generate electricity for the nearby village of Betws-y-Coed, as well as overhead lighting for the falls.[2] In 1913 the second Lord Ancaster, the landowner, gave the Swallow Falls to the local council, who decided to charge for visiting it in order to pay off some of the £15,000 debt incurred through the installation of water and electricity supplies to the village. Once the debt of costs of installation was cleared the parish retained the fee, resulting in Betws-y-coed having the lowest rates in the country.[3] By the 1930s, the waterfall had become a popular tourist destination, although there were few visitors during the winter off-season. A writer in the Yorkshire Post and Leeds Intelligencer on 17 January 1933, described the waterfall as coming "over the rocks in a perfect torrent, peerless white in the dusk."[4]

In 1939, Richard Morris, the former chairman of the local council, was charged with making false entries in the upkeep of the tolls. There was a total deficiency of £67 15s 6d; by the time the charge was laid, Morris had already repaid the sum.[5] The cheap water and electricity rates ended after Local Government re-organisation in 1974.[3]

References[edit]

  1. ^ Barden Davies, John (2015). Betws-y-coed. Stroud: Amberley Publishing. ISBN 978-1-44565-089-0.
  2. ^ "Proposed Exploitation of the Swallow Falls". Wrexham Advertiser. 11 March 1899. p. 8. Retrieved 25 April 2016 – via British Newspaper Archive. (Subscription required (help)).
  3. ^ a b "Swallow Falls Betws-y-Coed". Betws-y-Coed & District. Retrieved 25 April 2016.
  4. ^ "The Swallow Falls". Yorkshire Post and Leeds Intelligencer. 17 January 1933. p. 6. Retrieved 25 April 2016 – via British Newspaper Archive. (Subscription required (help)).
  5. ^ "Councillor for Trial". Liverpool Daily Post. 21 January 1939. p. 5. Retrieved 25 April 2016 – via British Newspaper Archive. (Subscription required (help)).