Swami Aseemanand

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Swami Aseemanand
Naba Kumar Sarkar[1][2]

Other namesJiten Chatterjee, Omkarnath
Parent(s)Bibhutibhushan Sarkar (Father), Pramila Sarkar (Mother)

Swami Aseemanand is a former Rashtriya Swayamsevak Sangh (RSS) activist and Saffron Terrorist from India who was accused of planning 2007 and now acquitted in Ajmer sharif dargah blast, Mecca Masjid blasts , 2006 Malegaon blasts , September 2008 bombing as well as the 2007 Samjhauta Express bombings[3]. The Central Bureau of Investigation (CBI) arrested Aseemanand on 19 November 2010 for his involvement in the Mecca Masjid bombing. On 24 December 2010, he was handed over to the National Investigation Agency (NIA). Swami Assemanand was acquitted in 2007 Ajmer sharif dargah blast case by NIA court on 8 March 2017.[4][5][6] [7] His confession, recorded in Hindi, has been reported in Tehelka news magazine issue dated 15 January 2011, “In the Words of a Zealot.’’[8] However, in late March 2011, Aseemanand stated that he had been pressurised by the investigating agencies to confess that he was behind these blasts.[9][10][11]

In February 2014, a controversy erupted over interviews given by Swami Aseemanand to a magazine called The Caravan, in which he alleged that some of the worst terror attacks in India were sanctioned by the Rashtriya Swayamsevak Sangh or RSS, and its then General Secretary Mohan Bhagwat.[12] Although Aseemanand subsequently denied making such allegations, the magazine released audio tapes of the interviews which included the Swami's stunning allegations.[13]

Early life[edit]

Aseemanand was born Naba Kumar Sarkar in Kamarpukar located in the Hooghly district of West Bengal. (Over time he also used the aliases Jiten Chatterjee[14] and Omkarnath.) His father was Bibhutibhushan Sarkar a noted freedom fighter and his mother is Pramila Sarkar.[15][16] He is one of seven brothers. His early life was influenced by Ramakrishna Paramhansa and his world-renowned disciple Swami Vivekananda. As a student he was inducted into the Rashtriya Swayamsevak Sangh (RSS). A graduate in physics, he did his post-graduation from the University of Burdwan, at which time his association with the RSS got stronger. He went on to work for the RSS full-time as a pracharak in 1977 with the Sangh Parivar organisation Vanavasi Kalyan Ashram (VKA), which works for tribal welfare.[17] His name Aseemanand was courtesy his guru, Swami Parmanand, in whose ashram in Bangram village of Burdwan Aseemanand stayed till 1988.[18]

Life with tribals[edit]

Aseemanand moved in 1988 to the Andaman and Nicobar islands to work with the local office of the Vanvasi Kalyan Ashram (VKA). Sources[who?] confirmed that Swami Aseemanand had constructed a few hut-type temples and, in some remote areas, installed the idols of Lord Hanuman. “One such temple still could be seen in a village near Miletilek of South Andaman,” said a person who knew Swami Aseemanand very closely in the Andamans.[19]

In 1993, he came to the headquarters of VKA in Jaspurnagar in Chhattisgarh. After two years, Aseemanand was sent to Dangs district of Gujarat to work with tribals in the area. Local tribals told him that Shabari, from the Ramayana, had lived in their forests which influenced Swami Aseemanand to build a Shabari temple there.[18] He was quite popular among Dang tribals. When Vanvasi Kalyan Ashram shunted him out of Dang over some controversy, the tribals refused to cooperate and he had to be brought back to placate them.[20]

Allegations and arrest[edit]

Rajasthan's anti-terrorist squad (ATS) arrested Devendra Gupta on April 29 in connection with 2007 Ajmer Sharif Dargah blast. During the course of his interrogation, Gupta mentioned that it was Aseemanand and Sunil Joshi who had brought him into their fold and persuaded him to carry out the attacks on Ajmer Sharif and Mecca Masjid. Rajasthan ATS was led to track Aseemanand and he was arrested by the Central Bureau of Investigation (CBI) on 19 November 2010 from an ashram in Haridwar in Uttarakhand for his alleged involvement in the Ajmer Sharief, Mecca Masjid and Samjhauta Express blasts.[21][22] He was charged on June 20, 2011 for planning the blast. The case is still in the court of law.[23] He was conditionally granted Bail in 2015 in the blast case[24]

Confession and aftermath[edit]

Tehelka political magazine claimed on 16 December that Aseemanand requested the magistrate to record his confession about his involvement in a string of Terror attacks. He stated that he was making the confession without any fear, force, coercion or inducement. In accordance with the law, the magistrate asked Aseemanand to reflect over his decision and sent him to judicial custody for two days — away from any police interference or influence. On 18 December, Aseemanand returned. “I know I can be sentenced to the death penalty but I still want to make the confession,” he said.[8] Reportedly, in the jail, he got acquainted with a Muslim boy called Kaleem who was being held for the same crimes that he was. Kaleem was very helpful to him, which aroused his conscience and inspired him to confess to the crimes.[25]

Over the next five hours, Aseemanand explained to the magistrate about the "involvement of a few Hindutva leaders, including himself, in planning and executing a series of terror attacks".[8] A letter written by Aseemanand on December 20, 2010, two days after his confession to the CBI, was presented as evidence in January 2011 to show that the confession he gave was voluntary. In the letter, Aseemanand has explained his change of heart after meeting a Muslim boy who was falsely implicated in Malegaon blasts.[26]

However, on 12 May 2011 Aseemanand claimed that his confessional statements were obtained by the National Investigation Agency (NIA) "under pressure".[27] On June 2011 The NIA charged Swami Aseemanand in the Samjhauta Express train blast case,[28] and the 2007 Ajmer dargah blasts case.[29]


  1. ^ https://indiankanoon.org/doc/87120206/
  2. ^ http://organiser.org//Encyc/2011/12/3/DOCUMENT.aspx?NB=&lang=4&m1=&m2=&p1=&p2=&p3=&p4=
  3. ^ https://indiankanoon.org/doc/80332394/
  4. ^ "Swami Aseemanand acquitted in Ajmer blast case as NIA convicts three".
  5. ^ "2007 Ajmer blast case: Swami Aseemanand acquitted, three people convicted".
  6. ^ "Indian court makes rare conviction against Hindu radicals over 2007 Ajmer shrine attack".
  7. ^ Vinay Kumar (8 January 2011). "News / National : Swami Aseemanand's confession reveals Hindutva terror activities". Chennai, India: The Hindu. Retrieved 2011-11-19.
  8. ^ a b c "In the words of a zealot". Tehelka. 15 January 2011. Archived from the original on 4 January 2013. Retrieved 19 November 2011.
  9. ^ "Confessed involuntarily and under duress: Samjhauta blast accused Aseemanand - Times of India". The Times of India. 12 May 2011. Retrieved 2016-11-01.
  10. ^ "Aseemanand's 'U-turn' puts NIA probe in the dock | The Siasat Daily". www.siasat.com. 5 February 2012. Retrieved 2016-11-03.
  11. ^ "Samjhauta blasts: Aseemanand says NIA forced him to confess". 18 July 2011. Retrieved 2016-11-03.
  12. ^ "What Aseemanand allegedly said about Narendra Modi, RSS and terror". NDTV. 6 February 2014. Retrieved 2014-02-06.
  13. ^ "Swami Aseemanand claims RSS chief Mohan Bhagwat knew about conspiracy to bomb civilian targets". The Caravan. 5 February 2014. Retrieved 2014-02-05.
  14. ^ http://www.rediff.com/news/column/a-friend-remembers-terror-suspect-swami-aseemanand/20110118.htm
  15. ^ Jaffrelot, Christophe (5 February 2011). "Paradigm Shifts by the RSS? Lessons from Aseemanand's Confession". Economic and Political Weekly. XLVI (6): 42–46. (Subscription required (help)).
  16. ^ "My son has been framed, says Aseemananda's mother", The Indian Express, 27 November 2010, retrieved 2016-11-03
  17. ^ "Samjhauta Express blast and accused Swami Aseemanand: All you need to know". OneIndia. 28 August 2014. Retrieved 2014-11-09.
  18. ^ a b "Terror has a new colour". The Asian Age. 16 January 2011. Retrieved 2011-11-19.
  19. ^ "Andaman Sheekha, the True Mirror of A & N Islands". Andamansheekha.com. Retrieved 2011-11-19.[dead link]
  20. ^ http://www.rediff.com/news/column/a-friend-remembers-terror-suspect-swami-aseemanand/20110118.htm
  21. ^ "Terror probe: CBI arrests Aseemanand in Haridwar". Indian Express. 20 November 2010. Retrieved 2011-11-19.
  22. ^ "Aseemanand confessed role in Samjhauta blast, claims probe". Indian Express. 7 January 2011. Retrieved 2011-11-19.
  23. ^ Pradhan, Bibhudatta (20 June 2011). "India Charges Hindu Activists for Deadly Bombing of Pakistan Peace Train". Bloomberg. Retrieved 2011-11-19.
  24. ^ http://www.ndtv.com/india-news/nia-ok-with-bail-for-aseemanand-in-samjhauta-express-terror-case-1206239
  25. ^ Christophe Jaffrelot (1 March 2011). "The Pacification of Swami Aseemanand". Caravan. Retrieved 2014-11-09.
  26. ^ "Aseemanand's confession before CBI voluntary - India News - IBNLive". Ibnlive.in.com. 13 January 2011. Retrieved 2011-11-19.
  27. ^ "Confessed involuntarily and under duress: Samjhauta blast accused Aseemanand - Times Of India". Articles.timesofindia.indiatimes.com. 12 May 2011. Retrieved 2011-11-19.
  28. ^ "Aseemanand, four others charged in Samjhauta blast case - Economic Times". Articles.economictimes.indiatimes.com. 20 June 2011. Retrieved 2011-11-19.
  29. ^ "NIA files charge sheet against Aseemanand in Ajmer dargah case". Indian Express. 19 July 2011. Retrieved 2011-11-19.

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