List of swamp monsters
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Legends of swamp creatures, passed on from generation to generation, are usually bound to a specific swamp. Some swamp monsters resemble aquatic creatures while other swamp monsters resemble aquatic plants and moss. Below is a list of the known swamp monsters in folklore and different media appearances.
Swamp monsters in folklore, legends, and mythology
- The Will-o'-the-wisp appears in swamps, and in some areas there are legends of it being an evil spirit.
- The Bunyip are a creature from Aboriginal mythology that lurk in swamps, billabongs, creeks, riverbeds, and waterholes. 
- The Grootslang are huge elephant-like creature with a serpent's tail which according to legend live in caves, swamps, freshwater in South Africa. 
- The Lernaean Hydra in Greek and Roman mythology, was the creature Heracles killed in the swamp near Lake Lerna.
- The Honey Island Swamp monster in Louisiana. 
- Mokele-mbembe, a legendary water-dwelling creature of Congo River basin folklore that resembles a Brontosaurus.
- The skunk ape is a horrible smelling large ape creature said to live in swamps.
- The Lizard Man of Scape Ore Swamp  
- In Beowulf, Grendel lived in a marsh near King Hrothgar's mead hall, as did Grendel's mother.
Examples in comics
From the 1940s to the present many swamp monsters have been used in comics, an early example being Hillman Publications' the Heap.
- DC had the Swamp Thing, created by Len Wein and Berni Wrightson.
- Marvel had the Man-Thing, created by Stan Lee, Gray Morrow, Roy Thomas, and Gerry Conway.
The debuts of the two characters were so close that it is impossible to say which came first. Alan Moore, who worked on Swamp Thing for a period, later described the character's original incarnation as "a regurgitation of Hillman Comics' The Heap", adding that "When I took over that character at Len Wein's suggestion, I did my best to make it an original character that didn't owe a huge debt to previously existing swamp monsters."
Other swamp monsters in comics include:
- Solomon Grundy, created by Alfred Bester and Paul Reinman for DC Comics
- The Glob, created by Roy Thomas and Herb Trimpe for Marvel Comics
- Swamp Beast, from Monster in My Pocket by Dwayne McDuffie and Gil Kane for Harvey Comics.
- Bog Swamp Demon, a fictional character appearing in Teenage Mutant Ninja Turtles comic books.
- Danny Dunn and the Swamp Monster by Raymond Abrashkin and Jay Williams.
- In the anime and manga Princess Resurrection, the characters are attacked by a tribe of monsters resembling the creature while vacationing by a lagoon, who desire Hime's blood to make them immortal and keep their kind from dying out. In a possible reference to the novel version of the movie, one of the creatures is roughly 30 feet tall.[volume & issue needed]
- In the anime and manga One Piece, the Straw Hat Pirates are attacked by Caribou who has eaten the Swamp Swamp Fruit (a Logia-type Devil Fruit that lets it's consumer generate, control, and turn into a "swamp").[volume & issue needed]
Examples in other media
- The title creature in Theodore Sturgeon's 1940 short story "It!" is the earliest example of a plant-based swamp monster.
- The Gill-man from the 1954 film Creature from the Black Lagoon appears as a fish-like humanoid.
- An episode of Kolchak: The Night Stalker entitled "The Spanish Moss Murders" (December 6, 1974) features a young man, subject of a study in sleep research, whose nightmares of a Spanish moss-covered swamp-dwelling monster called Pèremalfait from stories heard in his youth in the Louisiana Bayou come to life. (The creature in this case was played by Richard Kiel.)
- The DC comics character "Swamp Thing" mentioned above was the subject of a 1982 film and a 1990 live-action television series.
- In the 1986 novel It by Stephen King, It takes the form of a swamp monster to kill Eddie Corcoran.
- The 1996 Goosebumps book "How to Kill a Monster" featured a Swamp Monster. It was depicted as a green-furred monster with the head of an alligator and a gorilla-like body.
- The Swamp Monster makes an appearance in the 2015 Goosebumps movie performed by Nate Andrade (who was credited as "Monster #1"). He is one of Slappy the Dummy's monster and villain henchmen and is referred to as the "Bog Monster" during the 2014 Comic Con appearance. Its appearance is different where it looks like a large creature made of moss.
- The TV series Family Guy featured some swamp monsters. In the episode "I Never Met the Dead Man" (April 11, 1999), the Griffin family catches a creature strongly resembling a "Swamp Monster" while fishing. In the episode "Business Guy" (December 13, 2009), Carter Pewterschmidt and Lois Griffin trick Peter Griffin into surrendering Pewterschmidt Industries by scaring him into believing a local swamp monster will eat him if he does not. A seemingly real swamp monster scares Peter out of the office and then chases Lois and a disguised Carter before being trapped and unmasked to be Gregory House.
- Victor Crowley is a deformed killer and main character in Adam Green's 2006 film, Hatchet.
- David Winning's 2008 film Swamp Devil stars Bruce Dern as a retired sheriff trying to prove the existence of a swamp monster.
- In Animal Planet's Lost Tapes, the episode "Swamp Creature" (January 26, 2009) is about the Louisiana Swamp Monster, which is said to be an abandoned Native American child who was raised by alligators. 
- While criticizing a movie featuring a swamp monster, one of the hosts of the 2010 series This Movie Sucks! (Ron Sparks) tells the legend of Lake Erie Pete about a man who becomes a crime-fighting swamp monster after his parents are killed by one.
- In the video game Infamous 2, the Swamp Monsters are the least mutated type of the Corrupted that have scythes instead of forearms and are the more common of the Corrupted.
- In Season Two of Scream Queens, the Green Meanie is described to be a swamp monster that lives in a toxic swamp near the C.U.R.E. Institute Hospital.
- Jon B. Cooke and George Khoury, Swampmen: Muck-Monsters and their Makers (2015), p. 6, ISBN 1605490571.
- Observations on Popular Antiquities: Including the Whole of Mr. Bourne's Antiquitates Vulgares (1777).
- "Expedia produces map of the world's mythical creatures and, yes, drop bears made the cut". pickle.nine.com.au.
- Giants, Monsters & Dragons: An Encyclopedia of Folklore, Legend, and Myth By Carol Rose
- H. David Brumble, Classical Myths and Legends in the Middle Ages and Renaissance: A Dictionary of Allegorical Meanings (1998), p. 156.
- Theresa Bane, Encyclopedia of Beasts and Monsters in Myth, Legend and Folklore (2016), p. 211.
- "Swamp Creature". 13 August 2012.
- Coleman, Loren (2003). The Field Guide to Lake Monsters, Sea Serpents, and Other Mystery Denizens of the Deep. New York: Jeremy P. Tarcher. ISBN 978-1-58542-252-4.
- "BBC News - Americas - The abominable swampman". news.bbc.co.uk.
- The Washington Post (1988-08-14) "'Lizard Man' Claims a Casualty", The Washington Post
- "New images claim to show mythic Lizard Man monster". 2015-08-07.
- Cotter, Robert Michael "Bobb" (2008). The Great Monster Magazines: A Critical Study of the Black and White Publications of the 1950s, 1960s and 1970s. Jefferson, North Carolina: McFarland. p. 80. ISBN 978-0-7864-3389-6.
- "Interview with Alan Moore Page 5 of 8". Seraphemera. February 19, 2013.
- "Take a Look Inside UVA Employee Matthew Gatto's 'Parlor of Horrors'". 24 October 2017.
- Walsh, Megan. "These 'Scream Queens' Killer Theories Prove The Green Meanie Could Be Anyone".