Swan & Edgar

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Swan & Edgar Ltd building, Piccadilly Circus

Swan & Edgar Ltd was a department store, located at Piccadilly Circus on the western side between Piccadilly and Regent Street established in the early 19th century and closed in 1982.

Wiliam Edgar ran a haberdashery stall in St James Market, before meeting George Swan.[1] They first opened a shop together in Ludgate Hill which Mr Swan had been operating, but moved to 20 Piccadilly in 1812. They then moved to 49 Regent Street when their former site was demolished to make way for Piccadilly Circus,[2] which had been the home to the Western Mail coach offices and the Bull & Mouth public house.[3] George Swan died in 1821, however Mr Edgar continued to use the name.[1] By 1848 the premises had expanded to 45-51 and the entire corner of Piccadilly Circus.

In 1886 the old "partnership" businesses of Messrs Swan and Edgar and Messrs Halling, Pearce and Stone were acquired and amalgamated into a new Company named Waterloo House and Swan and Edgar (Limited).[4] The directors of the new Company were John Swayne Pearce Esq (Chairman), Edward G Stone Esq & Lewis Edgar Esq with two others to be elected by the shareholders at the first general meeting.

In 1896 the capital of the Company was reduced following a resolution passed on April 21 and the name of the Company was changed to Swan and Edgar (Limited).[5]

The premises were rebuilt and integrated in 1910-20 to a design by Sir Reginald Blomfield with the interior designed by Murray Adams-Acton. It became a popular place of assignation for Londoners for many generations. The store sold very high quality goods[6] including the popular Merrythought teddy bear. The shop-front was one of the West End businesses targeted by the Suffragettes in their window-breaking spree on 21 November 1911. The store was hit in the last Zeppelin raid on London in 1917 and again rebuilt and remodelled in 1919, by Louis David Blanc and John James Joass.[7]

In 1920 in a period of difficult trading for the industry Swan and Edgar (Limited) were acquired by Harrods' Stores Limited for a reported sum of £600,000.[8]

In 1927 the business was taken over by the Drapery Trust, which became part of Debenham Group in the 1970s. It was Debenhams that closed it in 1982 because of the high cost of modernization. The building lay empty for a few years until it became the flagship UK store for Tower Records. In 2003 it was bought by Richard Branson of the Virgin Group and became a Virgin Megastore. The Virgin name disappeared in 2007 and was replaced by Zavvi but Zavvi went into receivership in 2009. The Sting, a fashion department store with branches in the Netherlands, Germany and Belgium, opened in the building in July 2010.[9]

Legacy[edit]

The Feathers public house at 43 Linhope Street, Marylebone was renamed the "Swan & Edgar" in honour of this former department store.[10]

External links[edit]

Picture of Swan & Edgar prior to remodelling - http://londonist.com/2012/12/in-pictures-londons-lost-department-stores.php

References[edit]

  • Maurice Corina (1978). Fine Silks and Oak Counters: Debenhams, 1778-1978. London: Hutchinson. ISBN 0-09-134910-9. 
  1. ^ a b Story of London (Bill McCann)
  2. ^ Crime, Gender and Consumer Culture in Nineteenth-century England' by Tammy Whitlock
  3. ^ "Are you being served". cabbieblog.com. Retrieved 3 December 2014. 
  4. ^ St. James's Gazette August 4, 1886 page 15 Column 3
  5. ^ Morning Post 13 May 1896 page 4 column 5
  6. ^ Judith Flanders, The Victorian City: Everyday Life in Dickens, London
  7. ^ Dictionary of Scottish Architects: Louis David Blanc
  8. ^ Yorkshire Post and Leeds Intelligencer 12 July 1920 page 13 column 6
  9. ^ The Sting Opens In Piccadilly Circus Today
  10. ^ Williams, Oscar. "Bid to save the Swan & Edgar, Marylebone's pint-sized pub, from being converted into a home". West End Extra. New Journal Enterprises Ltd. Retrieved 1 June 2014. 

Coordinates: 51°30′35″N 0°08′07″W / 51.50985°N 0.13523°W / 51.50985; -0.13523