The Swank Diet is a diet that is low in saturated fat, which was proposed in 1949 by Roy Laver Swank, MD, PhD (1909–2008), academic neurologist at the University of Oregon, for the treatment of multiple sclerosis.
According to the Swank diet web site, the diet consists of:
- Saturated fat should not exceed 15 grams per day
- Unsaturated fat (oils) should be kept to 20-50 grams per day
- No red meat for the first year; after that, a maximum of 3 oz. (85 grams) of red meat per week
- Dairy products must contain 1% or less butterfat
- No processed foods containing saturated fat
- A good source of omega-3 (oily fish, Flaxseed, cod liver oil, cod liver oil tablets, etc.) along with a multi-vitamin and mineral supplement are recommended daily
- Wheat, gluten or dairy product quantities are not restricted
Swank claimed that the diet could "slow progression of the disease as well as benefit overall health".
There is no good medical evidence supporting the use of the Swank or any alternative diet for MS other than by Dr. Swanks' publications, e.g., in Archives of Neurology \& Psychiatry. The British Dietetic Association does not recommend the Swank diet, or any other alternative diet, for people with multiple sclerosis.
- Farinotti M, Vacchi L, Simi S, Di Pietrantonj C, Brait L, Filippini G (2012). "Dietary interventions for multiple sclerosis". Cochrane Database Syst Rev. 12: CD004192. doi:10.1002/14651858.CD004192.pub3. PMID 23235605.
With the present review we are not able to confirm the positive results claimed in a broad case-series study (Swank 1990) on a dietary treatment developed by Dr Roy Swank.
- "Policy Statement—Use of Alternative Diets and Supplementation in the Management of Multiple Sclerosis". British Dietetic Association. 2015. p. 2. Retrieved 10 December 2015.
- "The Diet". swankmsdiet.org. Swank MS Foundation. Retrieved 15 September 2016.[self-published source?]
- "Swank MS Foundation: For Your Health, For Your Future". swankmsdiet.org. Swank MS Foundation. Retrieved 15 September 2016.[self-published source?]
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