Swarm (comics)

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Publication information
PublisherMarvel Comics
First appearanceChampions #14 (July 1977)
Created byBill Mantlo
John Byrne
In-story information
Alter egoFritz von Meyer
Team affiliationsExterminators[1]
Sinister Six[2]
Hateful Hexad
Ability to mentally manipulate the bees that compose his body

Swarm (Fritz von Meyer) is a fictional supervillain appearing in American comic books published by Marvel Comics. The character has been mainly featured as an enemy of Spider-Man. His entire body is composed of bees surrounding his skeleton.

Publication history[edit]

Swarm first appeared in Champions #14 (July 1977). He was created by Bill Mantlo and John Byrne.

Fictional character biography[edit]

Fritz von Meyer was born in Leipzig, Germany and became one of Adolf Hitler's top scientists. Escaping capture after World War II, he became a beekeeper or apiarist in South America and discovered a colony of mutated bees. Intrigued by their intelligence and passive nature, von Meyer attempted to enslave the queen bee, but failed and the bees devoured him, leaving only his skeleton. The bees' unique qualities caused his consciousness to be absorbed into them, allowing von Meyer to manipulate the hive to do his will, although some of his skeletal remains are inside the swarm itself. His consciousness merged with the hive to the extent that they are one being, calling himself/themselves "Swarm".

Swarm battled the Champions.[3] After being defeated, Swarm resurfaced to battle the original Spider-Man (Peter Parker).[4] In the first of many fights, Spider-Man prevailed against him by dosing his own costume in a new type of insecticide that hurt the bees if they got too close to the web-slinger. Swarm lost his/their skeleton in this battle, but returned to fight again (no longer having the skeleton but still possessing von Meyer's consciousness), first teaming with Kraven the Hunter against Iceman and Firestar,[5] then against Spider-Man,[6] but feedback from a weapon fired by the Rhino caused Swarm's bee body to disperse temporarily.

Swarm next appears when a Super-Collider from Rand Industries is activated and called his/their attention.[7] Swarm decides mankind should be exterminated so insects can rule the world. Doctor Druid convinced Swarm that mankind will exterminate themselves and the age of insects can begin.[8] Eventually, Swarm became tired of waiting and returned to New York, after a psychic wave generated by Onslaught disrupted the psychic field that bonded him and his bees together. He forced a group of scientists investigating energy fields to help him not only restore his original field, but expand it to grant him control of every bee on Earth. As New York City is invaded by bees, the second Spider-Man (Ben Reilly) tracked the bees to their destination and — taking advantage of the fact that the swarms' instinctive memory of Peter's use of Raid caused them to automatically flinch away from Spider-Man — infiltrated the building to contact the scientists. By claiming that the scientists' equipment is having trouble broadcasting a sufficiently powerful signal through the dome of bees, Spider-Man is able to trick Swarm into allowing the construction of a device designed to negate the vibrational frequency that the bees create to allow themselves to fly, presenting it as a means of boosting the power of the existing signal. With the bees now grounded, Spider-Man subsequently recovers the queen of Swarm's hive and leaves her in the care of the authorities, reasoning that without her, Swarm won't be a future threat.[9]

Now back with an internal skeleton, Swarm felt that the fall of the criminal organization Pride allowed access to their former territory, specifically Los Angeles. However, he/they are defeated by the Runaways, protectors of the city, when his/their body of bees' mental link is disrupted by electrical blasts.[10]

Swarm regained control over his colony and joins the Chameleon's Exterminators[1] to kill Spider-Man now that Parker's true identity is revealed. Swarm attacks Mary Jane Watson but Mary Jane sprays Swarm with water while a co-worker smashes Swarm's skeleton, but the bees reformed around the skeleton as Stark Industries bodyguards take him/them away.

When Alyosha Kravinoff began collecting a zoo of animal-themed superhumans, Swarm is in one of the cages.[11] He fought Gargoyle as the Punisher passes them and escaped.

Swarm next turns up in Denver, Colorado, having amassed enough bees to become giant-sized. The Thunderbolts face him/them unsuccessfully until Norman Osborn dispatches Venom devouring Swarm's bones. Osborn speculated this was, by now, a minor inconvenience that shouldn't prevent Swarm's return.[12]

Next, Swarm turns up in Buenos Aires having his intelligence again. He fought the Mighty Avengers by creating 'avatars' made of bees. Notably, the Avengers roster included the Wasp, Stature and Amadeus Cho. Stature placed an inhibitor collar on the queen bees which caused Swarm's intelligence to somehow disperse.[13]

He was briefly seen trying to launch an attack of the Jean Grey School for Higher Learning only to be almost instantly thwarted by the X-Men's Krakoa, the Bamfs, and Doop.[14]

Swarm later formed his own incarnation of the Sinister Six with 8-Ball, Delilah, Killer Shrike, Melter and Squid. They attack Spider-Man and the students of the Jean Grey School for Higher Learning. Swarm gets dispersed by Hellion which caused the other members to surrender.[2]

Swarm later attacked New York but was defeated by Squirrel Girl and her ally Koi Boi covering him with water and turning bags full of his constituent bees in to the police.[15]

Swarm later appeared as a member of the Hateful Hexad alongside Bearboarguy, Gibbon, Ox, Squid and White Rabbit. During the disastrous battle against Spider-Man and Deadpool, the battle is crashed by Itsy Bitsy.[16]

Powers and abilities[edit]

Swarm is a composite being of hundreds of thousands of bees driven by a human intelligence. He is technically intangible, as his body is merely an aggregate of tiny forms. He can fly through the air and assume any shape and size he desires. He can mentally influence the actions of other bees, the full range of which may extend over hundreds of yards in radius. With the aid of a team of scientists, Swarm was briefly able to enhance his power to the point where he could have theoretically taken control of every bee on Earth, but this plan was averted by Spider-Man. At first, Swarm seemed capable of only controlling other bees, but he has exhibited the ability to communicate/control other insects as well. Fritz von Meyer's skeleton, the focal point of his consciousness, remained behind as his only remains until being devoured by Venom.[12]

Other versions[edit]

Marvel Fairy Tales[edit]

In the second issue of the Spider-Man line of Marvel Fairy Tales (an adaptation of the legend of Anansi), an alternate version of Swarm appears as the stories' main villain, the Bee Spirit.[17]

Marvel Adventures[edit]

Swarm recently appeared and fought Spider-Man in Marvel Adventures. He/they supposedly wanted to take over the world (or at least kill a few jocks), but it looked like he/they just wanted some ice cream.[18]

Ultimate Marvel[edit]

Syrian female mutant Petra Laskov initially appears as the Ultimate Marvel equivalent of Swarm, as a member of The Liberators and later Avenger under the title Red Wasp.[19][20]

In other media[edit]


  • A version of Swarm appeared in Spider-Man and His Amazing Friends, voiced by Al Fann. This version was originally a beehive irradiated from the alien energy from a fallen meteorite. In the episode "Swarm", Swarm is given sentience via the meteorite. Wanting a hive mind throughout the universe, Swarm uses its eye blast ability to increase the size of bees and mutate humans into insect hybrid drones. When Spider-Man, Firestar and Iceman fight Swarm, the mutated drone hybrids (which included Flash Thompson and May Parker) turn Firestar and Iceman into insect drone hybrids as well, however, were unable to turn Spider-Man due to the web-slinger's irradiated blood. After Spider-Man used a lead-lined room to restore Firestar and Iceman back to normal, the Spider-Friends launch the meteorite back into space, thus there was enough to distance for the bees and hybrids from the meteor's radiation, reversing all of Swarm's effects.
  • An adapted iteration of Swarm appears in the Ultimate Spider-Man animated series,[21] voiced by Eric Bauza (in "Swarm"),[22] and by Drake Bell (in "Sandman Returns").[23] This version is Michael Tan, a disgruntled and immature employee of Stark Industries that assumes the Swarm form via self-replicating nanobots. In his self-titled episode "Swarm", Michael's project to control technology as a personal extension is turned down and fired by Iron Man. Michael activates his device, vowing that Spider-Man and Iron Man will regret this before scattering his own molecules. Unknown to anyone, his molecules then fuses with Spider-Man's Spider-Tracer which turns himself into self-replicating nanobots. When Spider-Man uses the Spider-Tracer on the Juggernaut, something goes wrong as Juggernaut is surrounded by self-replicating nanobots. Spider-Man and Iron Man later fight Swarm, finding out that Michael is now a self-replicating nanobot villain. Intent on assimilating technology due to believing he's the future, Swarm splits into two to simultaneously attack Spider-Man and Iron Man until re-combining into one again. Swarm is eventually stopped when Spider-Man uses Iron Man's arc reactor to amplify the Spider-Tracer's interface with a nullifying frequency as the web-slinger and Iron Man are thrown at Swarm's assimilated form. With Swarm neutralized, Iron Man confiscates the inactive nanobots to attempt Michael's reconfiguration. In the episode "Sandman Returns", Swarm attacks a S.H.I.E.L.D. facility to assimilate the technology, resulting in a fight with Spider-Man and Sandman. Swarm targets Sandman's containment suit, forcing Spider-Man to get the containment suit off Sandman. Sandman then pummels Swarm into submission. In the episode "HYDRA Attacks" [Pt. 1], Swarm has a cameo appearance as a prisoner on the S.H.I.E.L.D. Tri-Carrier when Doctor Octopus's miniature Octobot overrides his nanobots. Spider-Man and Amadeus Cho realize Swarm's nanobots have been altered, converting Nick Fury's headquarters into Arnim Zola's HYDRA Island which presumably killed Swarm.

Video games[edit]

  • Swarm/Fritz von Meyer is referenced in the 2018 Spider-Man video game during one of J. Jonah Jameson's podcasts as "a Nazi made of bees". In the comic book adaptation of the game, S.W.A.R.M. (Symbiotic Warfare Anthophila Restraining Model) fully appears in Spider-Man: City At War #2.[24]


  • An action figure of Swarm was released in 1997 as part of the Spider-Man: Spider Force toy line. It was molded in a translucent yellow plastic, and featured a removable cape and hood, and snap-on bee armor. This armor could also be assembled to create a 'giant' bee accessory.



In August 2009, TIME listed Swarm as one of the "Top 10 Oddest Marvel Characters".[25]

Swarm was ranked #29 on a listing of Marvel Comics' monster characters in 2015.[26]


  1. ^ a b Exterminators (Spider-Man foes)
  2. ^ a b Spider-Man and the X-Men #4
  3. ^ Champions #14–15 (1977)
  4. ^ Spectacular Spider-Man #36–37
  5. ^ Spider-Man Family Amazing Friends #1
  6. ^ Lethal Foes of Spider-Man #3–4
  7. ^ Secret Defenders #18
  8. ^ Secret Defenders #19
  9. ^ Sensational Spider-Man #9–10
  10. ^ Runaways vol. 2 #7
  11. ^ The Punisher War Journal vol. 2 #15
  12. ^ a b Thunderbolts #122
  13. ^ Mighty Avengers #24
  14. ^ Wolverine and the X-Men #18
  15. ^ Unbeatable Squirrel Girl #7
  16. ^ Spider-Man/Deadpool #9
  17. ^ C. B. Cebulski (w), Niko Hendrichon (p), Niko Hendrichon (i). "Once Upon A Time..." Marvel Fairy Tales 2 (August 2007), Marvel Comics
  18. ^ Marvel Adventures #38
  19. ^ Ultimate Avengers #5
  20. ^ Ultimates 2 #9
  21. ^ Goldman, Eric (20 April 2012). "Ultimate Spider-Man: Make Way for Iron Man!". IGN.com. Retrieved 23 May 2013.
  22. ^ "Swarm". Ultimate Spider-Man. Season 2. Episode 11. June 9, 2013. Disney XD.
  23. ^ "Sandman Returns". Ultimate Spider-Man. Season 2. Episode 24. October 27, 2013. Disney XD.
  24. ^ Spider-Man: City At War #2
  25. ^ "Top 10 Oddest Marvel Characters". Time. August 31, 2009.
  26. ^ Buxton, Marc (October 30, 2015). "Marvel's 31 Best Monsters". Den of Geek. Archived from the original on September 30, 2018. Swarm is a very obscure villain who made his debut in the pages of The Champions of all places. So why is he on our list? Because he's a freakin' Nazi Scientist- MADE OF EVIL BEES!

External links[edit]