Swasthani

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Swasthani goddess temple in Sankhu

Swasthani is a Hindu goddess (Parameshwari) and is responsible for the good fortune of king Navaraj and queen Chandravati.

Original Newa version[edit]

The original Newa version is very different from Swasthani written in Nepali language. People in the town of Sakwo have handwritten documents of Swasthani in Newar language. [1]

Swasthani Brata Katha[edit]

A page of Swasthani Brata Katha in Nepali language (ca. 1917).

Swasthani Brata Katha is a Hindu tale recited everyday for a month, which mostly falls in January and February. The book has 31 chapters which tell the story of life of various gods and goddesses. The story of goddess Swasthani and Shiva is mainly focussed, Swasthani is the Hindu deity known for miraculously granting wishes made in a solemn state by the pure.[2] The sacred book was originated in Ancient civilizations of Nepal. The Brahmins were the first to have read this. It is read mostly by Nepali Hindus in comparison with those from India. This book’s story was derived from Skanda Purana.

Festival[edit]

The festival usually begins from the full moon day in the Pohela month of Nepal Era which is Poush month of Bikram Sambat, normally from January to February, and will end on the next full moon day. Every night family members gather around, recite one chapter of the story each day till the 31st day in almost every Nepali family. This month-long festival is marked by fasting especially by women including few men the entire month for the sake of family welfare or getting a good husband or wife. [3] The festival conclude with an Ashwamegha Yagya, devotees worhsip god Shiva for whole night.

When the festival concludes next month, various types of food are prepared to mark the end of the day and it is believed that every thing has to be 108 pieces even the flowers. Of the 108 pieces, eight are to be given to the husbands, if there is no husband then to son, and if no son then to the son of a friend, and if no friend then the fasting lady has to formally release it on the nearby river.

The festival is in fact not a festival. It is a ritual of fasting for 30 days. It is called 'apsan chonegu' in the local Newr language and 'brata' in Nepali. The fasting is a voluntary one. Those who are interested take this brata. Traditionally, the locals of Swaniga - Kathmandu Valley - observed this brata. Swaniga refers to the local villages, towns and cities like Sakwo(Sankhu), Khwopa (Bhaktapur), Yala, (Patan),Yen (Kathmandu), Bhondesh -Bhotan (Banepa), Palanti (Panauti), Phampi (Pharpin), and other Newar localities. Especially people from certain castes of Newars took this brata. In the present day context, the devotees are not limited to Newar community only. There are devotees from all over the country and all the Hindu castes. The devotees from Brahmin and Chhetri communities are increasing year by year. During the Brata, God Madhavnarayan is worshipped. It seems that the brata is a blend of Shaiva and Vaishnav culture. Madhavnarayan is the name of the lord Vishnu in the month Magh since the lord Vishnu is worshipped by different names in each of the 12 different months.[citation needed]

Criticisms[edit]

The Swasthani has been criticized for being a misogynist document. It calls women as dogs and curses women who do not obey men. People have stated that the Nepali translation has manipulated the story into misogynist. Many Newa women have started calling it down and end this tradition.

References[edit]

  1. ^ (PDF). (NewZh VijiiZna) A Journal Of Newar Studies http://himalaya.socanth.cam.ac.uk/collections/journals/jns/pdf/JNS_01.pdf. Missing or empty |title= (help)
  2. ^ "Archived copy". Archived from the original on 2012-04-18. Retrieved 2012-01-27.CS1 maint: Archived copy as title (link)
  3. ^ http://news.xinhuanet.com/english/indepth/2012-01/10/c_131352690.htm

Any religion have its pros and cons however, we most respect belief of every religion even that is not belong to our society. to make fake and disprove statement will create religion war so which will never ever want from any society thus, neither Newa nor other cast of nepal going to end our tradition. we nepalese are very honor for every religion guideline of the world because we believe that religion or tradition is only the source of origin of human society otherwise identity of human being is collapsed.

criticisms is good for betterment of the society but to make religion politics is some how creates ending of the society. [[Category:Hindu goddesses]