|Directed by||K. Viswanath|
|Produced by||Edida Nageshwara Rao|
|Written by||Sainath Thotapalli (dialogues)|
|Screenplay by||K. Viswanath|
|Story by||K. Viswanath|
|Cinematography||M. V. Raghu|
|Edited by||G. G. Krishna Rao|
Poornodaya Movie Creations
|Distributed by||Sri Venkata Krishna Films|
|2 hrs 40 min|
Swati Mutyam (English: The White Pearl) is a 1986 Telugu-language drama film written and directed by K. Viswanath, and produced by Edida Nageshwara Rao. The film stars Kamal Haasan and Raadhika in the lead roles, with soundtrack and background score by Ilaiyaraaja. Swati Mutyam depicts the plight of a young widow who is rescued by an autistic man. The cult classic was selected by India as its entry for the Best Foreign Language Film for the Academy Awards in 1986, but was not nominated.
Swati Mutyam was a box office success. The film was screened at the Moscow Film Festival, the Asian and African film festival in Tashkent, the 11th International Film Festival of India in the inaugural mainstream section, and the Asia Pacific Film Festival where it won awards for "Best Film" and "Best Actor" categories. The film received the National Film Award for Best Feature Film in Telugu, the Nandi Award for Best Feature Film, and the Filmfare South Award for Best Direction. The film was later dubbed into Tamil as Sippikkul Muthu. Upon its success, the film was later remade in Hindi as Eeshwar and in Kannada as Swathi Muthu. The 2003 Bollywood film Koi... Mil Gaya was inspired by Swati Mutyam.
Shivaiah (Kamal Haasan), an autistic orphan, lives along with his grandmother (Nirmalamma) in a village. In that village, Lalitha (Raadhika), a young widow with a 5-year-old son, lives along with her brother Chalapati's (Sarath Babu) family. She and her son often get abused by her sister-in-law (Y. Vijaya), but Lalitha, having nowhere to go, bears it all.
Shivaiah often encounters Lalitha and gets appalled by her condition. One day, during Sri Rama Navami festival, Shivaiah marries Lalitha, shocking all the villagers. His grandmother approves of his marriage as she also has much sympathy and regard for Lalitha, but his uncle and Orthodox villagers oppose that marriage as they consider remarriage of a widow as a sin. In that brawl, Shivaiah's grandmother dies leaving innocent Shivaiah in the hands of Lalitha. Lalitha moves in with her husband with the blessings of her brother.
Some of the villagers help them to build a new life. Gradually, Lalitha makes Shivaiah understand the household duties and responsibilities of a man. Shivaiah finds work and starts to support his wife and stepson. Later they have a son and live happily for a long time. Years pass and Lalitha becomes ill and dies in her husband's arms. In the climax, Shivaiah walks out of his house surrounded by his children and grandchildren. He carries a tulsi plant, which was his memory of Lalitha's love.
- Kamal Haasan as Sivayya
- Raadhika as Lalitha
- Gollapudi Maruthi Rao as Landlord
- J. V. Somayajulu as Lalita's guru
- Nirmalamma as Sivayya's grandmother
- Sarath Babu as Chalapati, Lalita's brother
- Major Sundarrajan
- Y. Vijaya as Lalita's sister-in-law
- Allu Arjun
- Dubbing Janaki
- Edida Sriram
- Mallikarjuna Rao
- Suthi Veerabhadra Rao
Arun Kumar and Venkatesh were the production designers for the film. The film was shot for nearly 70 days near the shores of Rajamundry, Torredu, Tadikonda, Pattiseema, Chennai and Mysore. Allu Arjun did a small role of one of the grandsons of Kamal Haasan.
The scene where Kamal pretends to dance like someone who does not know to dance, took so many days to get it rightly wrong.
|Soundtrack album by|
|Genre||Feature film soundtrack|
All music composed by Ilayaraja.
|1.||"Chinnari Ponnari Kittayya!"||Aatreya||S. P. Balasubrahmanyam, S. Janaki|
|2.||"Dharmam Sharanam Gacchaami"||Aatreya||S. P. Balasubrahmanyam, S. P. Sailaja|
|3.||"Laali Laali"||C. Narayanareddy||P. Susheela|
|4.||"Manasu Palike"||Sirivennela Sitaramasastri||S. P. Balasubrahmanyam, S. Janaki|
|5.||"Pattuseera Testanani"||Aatreya||S. P. Balasubrahmanyam, S. P. Sailaja|
|6.||"Raama, Kanavemiraa!" (harikatha)||C. Narayanareddy||S. P. Balasubrahmanyam, S.P. Sailaja|
|7.||"Suvvi Suvvi!"||C. Narayanareddy||S. P. Balasubrahmanyam, S. Janaki|
|8.||"Laali Laali (sad)"||C. Narayanareddy||S. P. Balasubrahmanyam, P. Susheela|
|Tamil Track List|
|1.||"Kannodu Kannana"||Vairamuthu||S. P. Balasubrahmanyam, S. Janaki||04:49|
|2.||"Dharmam Sharanam Gacchaami"||Vairamuthu||S. P. Balasubrahmanyam, S. P. Sailaja||02:52|
|3.||"Varam Thantha Saamikku"||Vairamuthu||P. Susheela||04:38|
|4.||"Manasu Mayangum"||Vairamuthu||S. P. Balasubrahmanyam, S. Janaki||05:23|
|5.||"Pattu Chelai"||Vairamuthu||S. P. Balasubrahmanyam, S. P. Sailaja||01:22|
|6.||"Raman Kathai"||Vairamuthu||S. P. Balasubrahmanyam, S.P. Sailaja||06:22|
|7.||"Thulli Thulli!"||Vairamuthu||S. P. Balasubrahmanyam, S. Janaki||05:38|
|8.||"Varam Thantha Saamikku (sad)"||Vairamuthu||S. P. Balasubrahmanyam, S. P. Sailaja||03:02|
Baradwaj Rangan said in 2017, "K Viswanath, this year's recipient of the Dadasaheb Phalke Award, made three films with Kamal Haasan. Sagara Sangamam is the best, Subha Sankalpam the weakest – and between these two films, chronologically and quality-wise, lies Swathi Muthyam (White Pearl)."
|Year||Nominee / work||Award||Result|
|1986||Kasinathuni Viswanath||National Film Award for Best Feature Film in Telugu||Won|
|Nandi Award for Best Feature Film - Swarna (Golden) Nandi||Won|
|Filmfare Award for Best Director – Telugu||Won|
|Kamal Haasan||Nandi Award for Best Actor||Won|
|1989||Eeshwar||Hindi||Anil Kapoor, Vijayshanti|
|2003||Swathi Muthu||Kannada||Sudeep, Meena|
- "Phalke nomination". 17 March 2012 – via The Hindu.
- admin (13 March 2016). "30 Years: Swathi Muthyam...Priceless Pearl".
- TNN 29 Mar 2012, 05.20PM IST (29 March 2012). "K Viswanath's film at the Oscars " (Press release). The Times of India. Retrieved 5 September 2012.
- "Frame by frame". 8 August 2009 – via The Hindu.
- "Swati Mutyam: 30 Years & Still a Classic — Telugu360". 15 March 2016.
- Bureau, Bangalore (21 December 2012). "Festival of world cinema begins Bollywood style" – via The Hindu.
- "Kamal Haasan". Bharatwaves.com. Archived from the original on 4 September 2012. Retrieved 14 August 2011.
- Dundoo, Sangeetha Devi (29 July 2012). "Poster boy" – via The Hindu.
- "IndiaGlitz — They copied it from us : Kamal Haasan [Interview] - Telugu Movie News".
- Krishnamoorthy, Suresh (24 May 2015). "Kamal Haasan to act in a Telugu movie after 20 years" – via The Hindu.
- "Fans remember Bunny's 'Swathi Muthyam' stint - Telugu Movie News - IndiaGlitz.com". IndiaGlitz.com. Retrieved 6 September 2018.
- Shivakumar, S. (23 June 2016). "Playing the cold-hearted". The Hindu. ISSN 0971-751X. Retrieved 6 September 2018.
- "Southern Lights: Two Shots, Two Songs - Film Companion". Film Companion. 4 May 2017. Retrieved 6 September 2018.