Swedish-ESO Submillimetre Telescope
|Alternative names||Africa Millimetre Telescope|
|Part of||La Silla Observatory|
|Location(s)||Gamsberg Nature Reserve|
|Organization||European Southern Observatory|
Onsala Space Observatory
|Telescope style||parabolic reflector|
|Diameter||15 m (49 ft 3 in)|
|Focal length||4,875 mm (15 ft 11.9 in)|
|Related media on Wikimedia Commons|
The Swedish-ESO Submillimetre Telescope (SEST) is a 15-metre diameter radio telescope. It was originally located at the La Silla Observatory in Chile, and will be moved to Africa and repurposed as the Africa Millimetre Telescope.
La Silla Observatory, Chile
The telescope was built in 1987 as a combined project between ESO and Onsala Space Observatory, with contributions from Finland and Australia. It was then the only large telescope for submillimetre astronomy in the southern hemisphere. It was decommissioned in 2003.
The telescope was used for single-dish observations of a wide range of astronomical objects, especially the Galactic centre and the Magellanic Clouds and for interferometric observations at millimetre wavelengths.
Africa Millimetre Telescope
In 2022 it was announced that the telescope will be relocated on or near to Table Mountain, within the Gamsberg Nature Reserve in Namibia, with the exact location to be decided. It will be the first millimetre radio telescope in mainland Africa. The relocation, refurbishment, and modifications, as well as operations and outreach activities, will cost $25 million. The project started in 2022, and will last for five years. The telescope will operate as part of the Event Horizon Telescope for 20% of its time. The project is a collaboration between the University of Namibia, Windhoek, and Radboud University Nijmegen, Netherlands, and also involves the European Southern Observatory and the Netherlands Research School for Astronomy (NOVA). It follows from a proposal to construct such a telescope in Africa in 2017.
SEST dish measures 15 metres across. It was decommissioned in 2003.
SEST with the ESO 3.6 m Telescope in the background
- "Swedish-ESO Submillimetre Telescope - SEST". Onsala Space Observatory. Retrieved 2012-07-27.
- R. S. Booth; et al. "The Swedish-ESO Submillimetre Telescope" (PDF). ESO. Retrieved 2012-07-27.
- "Swedish-ESO 15m Submillimeter Telescope (SEST)". Archived from the original on 2012-07-30. Retrieved 2012-07-27.
- Cauchi, Stephen (February 21, 2003). "Coolest bow tie in the universe". The Sydney Morning Herald. Archived from the original on September 1, 2006. Retrieved 2 February 2007.
- Sahai, Raghvendra; Nyman, Lars-Åke (1997). "The Boomerang Nebula: The Coolest Region of the Universe?". The Astrophysical Journal. 487 (2): L155–L159. Bibcode:1997ApJ...487L.155S. doi:10.1086/310897.
- Wild, Sarah (4 February 2022). "Major African radio telescope will help to image black holes". Nature. doi:10.1038/d41586-022-00205-4. Retrieved 4 February 2022.
- Michael Backes; Cornelia Müller; John E. Conway; et al. (23 June 2017), The African Millimetre Telescope, doi:10.22323/1.275.0029, Wikidata Q62398296
- "Hunting stars". www.eso.org. Retrieved 10 July 2017.
- "La Silla Dawn Kisses the Milky Way". Retrieved 23 March 2016.
- "Dizzying Star Trails over SEST". www.eso.org. European Southern Observatory. Retrieved 22 September 2014.