Swedish-ESO Submillimetre Telescope

Coordinates: 29°16′S 70°44′W / 29.26°S 70.73°W / -29.26; -70.73
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Swedish-ESO Submillimetre Telescope
Swedish-ESO Submillimetre Telescope
Alternative namesAfrica Millimetre Telescope Edit this at Wikidata
Part ofLa Silla Observatory Edit this on Wikidata
Location(s)Gamsberg Nature Reserve
Coordinates29°16′S 70°44′W / 29.26°S 70.73°W / -29.26; -70.73 Edit this at Wikidata
OrganizationEuropean Southern Observatory
Onsala Space Observatory Edit this on Wikidata
Built–1987 (–1987) Edit this at Wikidata
Telescope styleparabolic reflector
radio telescope Edit this on Wikidata
Diameter15 m (49 ft 3 in) Edit this at Wikidata
Focal length4,875 mm (15 ft 11.9 in) Edit this at Wikidata
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The Swedish-ESO Submillimetre Telescope (SEST) is a 15-metre diameter radio telescope. It was originally located at the La Silla Observatory in Chile, and will be moved to Africa and repurposed as the Africa Millimetre Telescope.

La Silla Observatory, Chile[edit]

The telescope was built in 1987 as a combined project between ESO and Onsala Space Observatory, with contributions from Finland and Australia.[1] It was then the only large telescope for submillimetre astronomy in the southern hemisphere.[2] It was decommissioned in 2003.[3]

The telescope was used for single-dish observations of a wide range of astronomical objects, especially the Galactic Center and the Magellanic Clouds and for interferometric observations at millimetre wavelengths.[1]

In 1995 observations made with SEST showed that the Boomerang Nebula is the coldest known location in the universe, with a temperature lower than the background radiation.[4][5]

Africa Millimetre Telescope[edit]

In 2022 it was announced that the telescope will be relocated on or near to The Gamsberg Mountain, within the Gamsberg Nature Reserve in Namibia, with the exact location to be decided. It will be the first millimetre radio telescope in mainland Africa. The relocation, refurbishment, and modifications, as well as operations and outreach activities, will cost $25 million. The project started in 2022, and will last for five years. The telescope will operate as part of the Event Horizon Telescope for 20% of its time. The project is a collaboration between the University of Namibia, Windhoek, and Radboud University Nijmegen, Netherlands, and also involves the European Southern Observatory and the Netherlands Research School for Astronomy (NOVA).[6] It follows from a proposal to construct such a telescope in Africa in 2017.[7]


See also[edit]


  1. ^ a b "Swedish-ESO Submillimetre Telescope - SEST". Onsala Space Observatory. Retrieved 2012-07-27.
  2. ^ R. S. Booth; et al. "The Swedish-ESO Submillimetre Telescope" (PDF). ESO. Retrieved 2012-07-27.
  3. ^ "Swedish-ESO 15m Submillimeter Telescope (SEST)". Archived from the original on 2012-07-30. Retrieved 2012-07-27.
  4. ^ Cauchi, Stephen (February 21, 2003). "Coolest bow tie in the universe". The Sydney Morning Herald. Archived from the original on September 1, 2006. Retrieved 2 February 2007.
  5. ^ Sahai, Raghvendra; Nyman, Lars-Åke (1997). "The Boomerang Nebula: The Coolest Region of the Universe?". The Astrophysical Journal. 487 (2): L155–L159. Bibcode:1997ApJ...487L.155S. doi:10.1086/310897.
  6. ^ Wild, Sarah (4 February 2022). "Major African radio telescope will help to image black holes". Nature. 602 (7897): 375. Bibcode:2022Natur.602..375W. doi:10.1038/d41586-022-00205-4. PMID 35121817. Retrieved 4 February 2022.
  7. ^ Michael Backes; Cornelia Müller; John E. Conway; et al. (23 June 2017), The African Millimetre Telescope, doi:10.22323/1.275.0029, Wikidata Q62398296{{citation}}: CS1 maint: unflagged free DOI (link)
  8. ^ "Hunting stars". www.eso.org. Retrieved 10 July 2017.
  9. ^ "La Silla Dawn Kisses the Milky Way". Retrieved 23 March 2016.
  10. ^ "Dizzying Star Trails over SEST". www.eso.org. European Southern Observatory. Retrieved 22 September 2014.