Swedish Army Service Troops
|Swedish Army Service Troops|
Branch insignia m/60.
|Allegiance||Swedish Armed Forces|
|Part of||Swedish Armed Forces Headquarters[a]|
Swedish Army Service Troops (Swedish: Trängtrupperna or Underhållstrupperna, before 1942 called Trängen) is the train branch of the Swedish Army. The task of the troops is to train personnel for maintenance units, provide supplies, repair damaged equipment, retract and care for sick personnel as well as in the event of war mobilizing them. The troops are today fully motorized.
In 1885, the first army service unit was established, the Train Battalion (Trängbataljonen) in Marieberg, Stockholm. It was divided into the Svea Train Battalion (Svea trängbataljon, T 1) and the Göta Train Battalion (T 2) in 1891, the latter being placed in Karlsborg. According to the Defence Act of 1892, two new train battalions, Norrland Train Battalion (Norrlands trängbataljon, T 3) in Sollefteå and Wendes Train Battalion (Wendes trängbataljon, T 4) in Landskrona were established. Through the Defence Act of 1901, two further train units (now called corps) were established, so that there would be one train unit for each army division. These were the Second Svea Train Corps (Andra Svea trängkår, T 5) and Second Göta Train Corps (Andra Göta trängkår, T 6), which were placed in Sala (1906), and in Linköping (1911) respectively. They changed names in 1904 to Västmanland Train Corps (Västmanlands trängkår, T 5), and Östgöta Train Corps (Östgöta trängkår, T 6). Meanwhile, Wendes Train Corps (Wendes trängkår) changed name to Scanian Train Corps (Skånska trängkåren). In 1905, Göta Train Corps moved to Skövde and in 1907 Svea Train Corps moved to Örebro and Scanian Train Corps moved to Hässleholm.
In the Defence Act of 1914, an inspector (colonel) became the highest guardian of the army service corps. By now it occupied 87 officers plus 6 regimental physicians and 6 battalion physicians, 6 battalion veterinarians and regimental pastors. According to the Defence Act of 1925, Västmanland and Östgöta Train Corps were disbanded, while Svea Train Corps was placed in Linköping. In the Defence Act of 1942, the army service troop were significantly expanded and an independent train company was established in Nora (T 2 N), disbanded in 1952. After the independent commissariat and ordnance companies were transferred to the army service troops, the corps became regiments (1949). In 1954 there were Svea Train Regiment (Svea trängregemente, T 1) in Linköping, Göta Train Regiment (T 2) in Skövde, Norrland Train Regiment (Norrlands trängregemente, T 3) in Sollefteå and Scanian Train Regiment (Skånska trängregementet, T 4) in Hässleholm. Officers where trained at the Swedish Army Service Troops Cadet School (Trängtruppernas kadettskola, TrängKS) 1942–1961, the Swedish Army Service Troops Cadet and Officer Candidate School (Trängtruppernas kadett- och aspirantskola, TrängKAS) 1961–1981, the Swedish Army Service Troops Officers College (Trängtruppernas officershögskola, TrängOHS) 1981–1991 and the Swedish Army Maintenance Center (Arméns underhållscentrum, UhC) 1991–1997.
In 1885 the first uniform of the new army branch was approved. The model was based on the dragoon uniform. The tunic was of dark blue broadcloth, double-buttoned with shoulder straps and medium blue facing fastened with seven silver-coloured buttons of corps model on each side and medium blue piping along the bottom edge. The Prussian collar and cuffs were medium blue and decorated with two white buttonholes. The long trousers and the riding breeches were of dark blue broadcloth and had medium blue piping on the outer seams. Officers had silver-coloured epaulettes with medium blue lining. Headgear was a dark blue cap m/1865 of infantry model or a casque of black leather with plate and chinstrap of silver-plated metal. On parade the point could be exchanged for a drooping plume of black horsehair. A belt of brown leather or, for officers, a blue and yellow sash were worn when needed. For footgear, black boots or riding boots with spurs.
In 1895 a dark blue single-buttoned tunic with medium blue collar and piping along the front and lower edge and on the rear pockets. A white buttonhole with a button on each cuff. Cap m/1865 was replaced by cap m/1886. The casque was kept but from 1895 was called helmet. In 1900 a stable jacket of dark blue broadcloth was introduced for officers and NCOs.
Arms and strappings
The officer's sabre m/1891 was replaced by sabre m/1872 for all personnel. Hand-held firearms were carbine m/1870 and m/1894 while officers had revolver m/1871 and m/1887.
Inspector of the Swedish Army Service Troops
The head was called Inspector of the Swedish Army Service Troops (Tränginspektören, Trinsp).[b] The Inspector was from 1991 to 1997 the head of the Swedish Army Maintenance Center (Arméns underhållscentrum, UhC).
- 1887–1888: Hemming Gadd (acting)
- 1888–1889: Emil Adolf Malmborg (acting)
- 1889–1892: Ernst von der Lancken
- 1892–1896: Gustaf Anton Bråkenhielm
- 1896–1903: Malcolm Hamilton
- 1903–1906: Carl Wilhelm Ericson
- 1906–1915: ?
- 1915–1915: Gustaf Uggla (acting)
- 1916–1926: John Améen
- 1927–1931: Eric Virgin
- 1931–1933: Olof Thörnell
- 1933–1942: Axel Bredberg
- 1942–1946: Ivar Gewert
- 1946–1949: Gottfrid Björck
- 1949–1956: Knut Hagberg
- 1956–1960: Adolf Norberg
- 1960–1965: Birger Hasselrot
- 1965–1972: Magnus Bruzelius
- 1972–1974: Dag Nordenskiöld
- 1974–1983: Börje Wallberg
- 1983–1987: Curt Sjöö
- 1987–1991: ?
- 1991–1993: Ragnar Söderberg
- 1993–1997: Lars Nordmark
- Swedish Armoured Troops
- Swedish Engineer Troops
- Swedish Army Signal Troops
- List of Swedish logistic regiments
- The branch was subordinate the Swedish Army Service Troops (Tränginspektören) at the Service Department of the Army Staff from 1942 to 1991. After that, it was subordinate to the commander of the Swedish Army Maintenance Center (1991–1997), the commander of the Swedish Army Center (1997–2000), the Joint Forces Command (2000–2005), and the Swedish Armed Forces Headquarters from 2005.
- Also translated as the Transportation Corps Inspector.
- Appich, Jr., Thomas W. (22 July 1988). "REFERENCE AID SWEDISH-ENGLISH GLOSSARY OF MILITARY AND TECHNICAL ACRONYMS AND ABBREVIATIONS" (PDF). Joint Publications Research Service. Foreign Broadcast Information Service. p. 167. Archived from the original (PDF) on 20 February 2017. Retrieved 30 October 2018.
- Braunstein, Christian (2013). Svenska arméns uniformer. D. 3, Artilleriet, övriga truppslag och 1900-talets enhetsuniformer [Uniforms of the swedish army. P. 3, Artillery, other branches and standard uniforms of the 20th century] (PDF) (in Swedish). Stockholm: Armémuseum]. ISBN 978-91-86478-43-8. LIBRIS 15180486.
- Carlquist, Gunnar; Carlsson, Josef, eds. (1955). Svensk uppslagsbok (in Swedish) (2nd, revis. and enlarged ed.). Malmö: Förlagshuset Norden. pp. 1096–1097. LIBRIS 11112. Archived from the original on 2014-03-12.
- Gullberg, Ingvar E. (1977). Svensk-engelsk fackordbok för näringsliv, förvaltning, undervisning och forskning [A Swedish-English dictionary of technical terms used in business, industry, administration, education and research] (in Swedish) (2nd ed.). Stockholm: Norstedt. ISBN 91-1-775052-0. LIBRIS 8345587.
- Westrin, Theodor, ed. (1920). Nordisk familjebok: konversationslexikon och realencyklopedi (in Swedish). 30 (Ny, rev. och rikt ill. ed.). Stockholm: Nordisk familjeboks förl. LIBRIS 8072220.