Swedish Confederation of Professional Employees
|Full name||Swedish Confederation of Professional Employees|
|Native name||Tjänstemännens Centralorganisation|
|Members||1.1 million (2018):126|
|Affiliation||ITUC, ETUC, NFS|
|Key people||Peter Hellberg, President|
The Confederation of Professional Employees (Swedish: Tjänstemännens Centralorganisation, TCO) is a national trade union centre, the umbrella organisation for 13 trade unions in Sweden that organise professional and other qualified employees in both the private and the public sectors. The affiliated trade unions represent about 1.1 million employees. In 2018, the TCO affiliated unions made up 37% of all active trade union members in Sweden (up from 17% in 1950), making the confederation the second largest of Sweden's three major confederations.:128 The largest TCO affiliate is Unionen with 551,000 active members in 2018.:229 TCO is independent and not affiliated to any political party in Sweden. TCO is an affiliate of the European Trade Union Confederation and Eurocadres.
TCO is the product of two confederations that merged in 1944. The older organisation was the Confederation of Employees (Swedish: De Anställdas Centralorganisation or DACO) founded in 1931 by seven private sector white collar unions representing 20,000 workers.:417 The second organisation was the Swedish Confederation of Professional Employees (Swedish: Tjänstemännens Centralorganisation TCO) which was founded in January 1937 by eight public sector unions representing 38,000 workers.:429 The two confederations merged in 1944, adopting the name TCO, bringing together 40 trade unions representing 180,000.:392–3 After World War II membership in the affiliated unions grew rapidly to more than half a million by 1965.:389
Affiliates and membership
Union density in Sweden has been at one of the highest levels in the world, peaking around 85% in the mid-1980s, but since declining to around 70% in 2015. In general, the decline in union density in Sweden has been faster among blue-collar workers and slower among white-collar workers (TCO's base of membership). Between 1990 and 2015, the rate of unionisation of white-collar workers fell from 80.5% to 72%, but for blue-collar workers, the fall was from 82% to 63%.
(2016 active members)
|Unionen||538 845||235 892||302 953||46 406||63 888||1 134|
|Teachers' Union||168 378||140 615||27 763||30 193||35 846||1 841|
|Vision||137 082||98 246||38 836||18 258||39 625||3 330|
|Association of Health Professionals||91 272||82 254||9 018||10 513||12 534||1 320|
|Union of Civil Servants||66 923||41 488||25 435||7 935||20 356||178|
|Financial Sector Union||26 365||16 047||10 318||2 841||3 760||710|
|Police Union||18 781||6 081||12 700||1 722||2 886||338|
|Forena||13 110||7 412||5 698||103||1 200||107|
|Union of Journalists||11 484||6 033||5 451||728||2 826||539|
|Union for Theatre, Artists and Media||6 322||3 570||2 752||222||1 878||8|
|Union of Civilian Employees in the Defence Forces||2 810||1 154||1 656||0||1 124||11|
|Swedish Union of Professional Musicians||1 394||606||788||46||336||20|
|TULL-KUST||1 794||707||1 087||3||1 793||82|
|Forest and Agricultural Service Union[a]||576||173||403||2||42||18|
|TOTAL||1 085 136||640 278||444 858||118 983||188 074||1 932|
a The Forest and Agricultural Service Union merged with Unionen on 1 June 2019.
TCO owns the non-profit organisation TCO Development. TCO Development owns and develops the international sustainability certification TCO Certified. TCO Certified is a sustainability certification for IT products in offices and data centers worldwide. TCO Certified is available for office IT products: displays, notebooks, tablets, smartphones, desktops, all-in-one PCs, projectors, headsets, and data center products: network equipment, data storage products and servers. Certified products must meet comprehensive environmental and social criteria throughout the life cycle. For instance, factories where certified products are made must follow criteria on working hours, working environment and wages. Products must meet criteria for energy efficiency, ergonomic design and limited hazardous substance content.
- Swedish Federation of Salaried Employees in Industry and Services (PTK)
- Swedish Public Employees' Negotiation Council (OFR)
- Swedish Confederation of Professional Associations (SACO)
- Swedish Trade Union Confederation (LO)
- Anders Kjellberg (2020) Kollektivavtalens täckningsgrad samt organisationsgraden hos arbetsgivarförbund och fackförbund, Department of Sociology, Lund University. Studies in Social Policy, Industrial Relations, Working Life and Mobility. Research Reports 2020:1, Appendix 3 (in English) Table A; see also Anders Kjellberg (2017) The Membership Development of Swedish Trade Unions and Union Confederations Since the End of the Nineteenth Century (Studies in Social Policy, Industrial Relations, Working Life and Mobility). Research Reports 2017:2 (updated 2020). Lund: Department of Sociology, Lund University
- Kjellberg, Anders (22 May 2019). "Kollektivavtalens täckningsgrad samt organisationsgraden hos arbetsgivarförbund och fackförbund" [Coverage of collective agreements and the level of organization of employers' associations and trade unions] (PDF) (in Swedish). Lund University. Retrieved 15 October 2019.
- Kjellberg, Anders (30 August 2019). "The Membership Development of Swedish Trade Unions and Union Confederations Since the End of the Nineteenth Century" (PDF). Lund University. Retrieved 15 October 2019.
- Sweden. U.S. Department of Labor, Bureau of International Labor Affairs. 1995. p. 9.
- "Make the sustainable choice easy with TCO Certified". TCO Certified. Retrieved 15 October 2019.