Swedish Covenant Hospital

From Wikipedia, the free encyclopedia
Jump to navigation Jump to search
Swedish Covenant Hospital
Geography
LocationChicago, Illinois, United States
Organization
Hospital typeNon-profit independent hospital
Affiliated universityMidwestern University, North Park University, St George’s, University of London
Services
Beds312 licensed beds
History
Founded1886

Swedish Covenant Hospital is a nonprofit teaching hospital located on the north side of Chicago, Illinois. The hospital offers over 50 medical specialties, including neurosurgery for the spine and brain, integrative cancer care, heart services (including electrophysiology), women's health services, childbirth and emergency services.[1] The hospital has 312 beds, more than 600 physicians[1] and 2,500 employees.[2] The hospital is accredited by the American Osteopathic Association's Healthcare Facilities Accreditation Program.[3]

Founded in 1886, and historically affiliated with the Evangelical Covenant Church -- at one time a largely Swedish body -- in 2019, it announced it would become part of NorthShore University HealthSystem.[4]

History[edit]

Swedish Covenant Hospital was founded as the Home of Mercy on April 1, 1886 by the Swedish Evangelical Covenant Church Mission Friends. Original records of the Home of Mercy state that the original hospital had 12 iron beds, two wooden wash stands, a bookcase, sofa, swing and a table with six chairs.[5]

In 1899, the hospital began a nurse training program. By 1923, fifty doctors had joined the staff, a complete system of medical records had been initiated and the hospital had earned recognition by both the American Medical Association and the American College of Surgeons.[6]

In 1903, the hospital completed its first expansion with the construction of Delano Hall.[6]

In 2004, Swedish Covenant Hospital became Chicago’s only member of the Planetree Alliance, an organization that develops and implements guidelines for patient-centered care. The hospital maintained its membership until 2009, making it the longest running affiliate in Illinois.[7] Of 5,000 Planetree-affiliated US hospitals, only 125 have committed fully to the Planetree philosophy of treating the whole patient—body, mind and spirit.[8]

Beginning in 2009, Swedish Covenant Hospital has performed extensive retrograding on the hospital's campus to benchmark energy efficiency.[9]

In 2012, a lawsuit was filed against Swedish Covenant that garnered national attention after the Associated Press reported on the lawsuit. The suit alleges that the hospital failed to meet its mission by not providing adequate free and reduced cost care to two low-income uninsured patients.[10]

In March 2014, Swedish Covenant Hospital became affiliated with St George's, University of London for clinical rotations.

In the fall of 2014, Swedish Covenant Hospital opened the Mayora Rosenberg Women’s Health Center.[11]

In November 2014, Swedish Covenant Hospital announced a partnership with Land of Lincoln Health (LLH) and began offering medical insurance plans to individuals and small businesses.

In June 2015, Swedish Covenant Hospital opened its first immediate care center in Chicago's Sauganash neighborhood [12]. A second immediate care center opened in North Center shortly after.

In June 2015, Swedish Covenant Hospital opened an outpatient breastfeeding clinic to provide lactation support to new mothers-the only clinic of its kind in Chicago. [13]

In April 2016, Swedish Covenant Hospital announced a new residency program in partnership with McGraw Medical Center of Northwestern University and Erie Family Health. [14]

In May 2016, Swedish Covenant Hospital's Nurse-Midwifery Group announced the launch of a CenteringPregnancy program, allowing expecting mothers with similar due dates and their providers to develop long-lasting relationships with one another in a comfortable group setting. [15]

In June 2016, Swedish Covenant Hospital's Chicago Back Institute was renamed the Chicago Brain & Spine Institute after the additional integration of neurologists and a new neurosurgeon specializing in brain surgery.

In January 2017, Swedish Covenant Hospital began posting verified patient reviews and physician ratings on Swedish Covenant Medical Group provider profiles on their site. [16]

In June 2017, Swedish Covenant Hospital hosted a Summer Social to promote bike safety in the community. The event drew more than 3,000 visitors and distributed 1,000 free bike helmets and 1,200 reusable water bottles.[17]

Achievements and awards[edit]

In 2004, the Nurses Improving Care for Healthsystem Elders (NICHE) program named Swedish Covenant Hospital a NICHE designated hospital. The hospital was awarded a “Senior-Friendly” status when they renewed their designation in 2015.[18]

In 2009, Forbes Magazine recognized Swedish Covenant Hospital in its list of “America’s Safest Hospitals.” According to Forbes, Swedish Covenant Hospital was designated as a Distinguished Hospital for Clinical Excellence by HealthGrades.[19] In the same year, Swedish Covenant Hospital was also listed on the Best Hospitals in America by U.S. News & World Report[20] and named a "hospital of the 21st century by NBC 5 Chicago or the hospital's implementation of electronic medical records over the last 20 years.[21] Due to this implementation, Swedish Covenant Hospital has demonstrated a yearly reduction of ER wait time since 2006.[21]

In 2010, the American Nurses Credentialing Center (ANCC) granted Magnet Recognition to Swedish Covenant Hospital. The hospital maintained this recognition and was granted Magnet Recognition for a second time in September 2015.[22]

In December 2013, Swedish Covenant Hospital was selected as a Top Hospital by the Leapfrog Group during their annual meeting in Washington, D.C.[23]

In January 2015, CAN Healthcare gave Swedish Covenant Hospital the Leadership in Safety Award, making it the fourth hospital to receive the award since its inception in 2008.[24]

In August 2015, Swedish Covenant Hospital's cardiology department was a recipient of the National Cardiovascular Data Registry's ACTION Registry- Platinum Performance Award, recognizing the hospitals commitment to meeting the highest standards of cardiac care.[25]

In September 2015, Swedish Covenant Hospital was ranked as a high performing hospital for heart by-pass surgery by U.S. News & World Report's "Best Hospitals" Survey.[26]

In September 2015, the Metropolitan Chicago Healthcare Council (MCHC) presented Swedish Covenant Hospital with the Insurance Marketplace Disrupter Award for their partnership with Land of Lincoln Health.[27]

In November 2015, Swedish Covenant Hospital receive Tuesday’s Child’s Corporate award to honor the hospital’s excellence in helping young children overcome obstacles or assisting in providing parents with the tools they need to be great parents. [28]

In February 2016, Swedish Covenant Hospital was named a Blue Distinction Center+ for Cardiac Care and Maternity Care by the Blue Cross Blue Shield Association (BCBSA). The national designation distinguishes health care facilities that BCBSA believes have proven to provide safe, effective and cost-efficient care to members of the community. [29]

As of April 2016, Swedish Covenant Hospital has earned nine consecutive 'A' grades from The Leapfrog Group's Hospital Safety Scores. Swedish Covenant Hospital was one of only six hospitals in Chicago to receive an A grade in the April 2016 report, and one of only four Chicago hospitals to have earned Straight ‘A’s nine consecutive times.[30]

In August 2016, Swedish Covenant Hospital completed its first high-risk angioplasty procedure using a mini-heart pump called the Impella percutaneous left ventricular assist device (LVAD).[31]

In September 2016, Swedish Covenant Midwifery Group was named Illinois’ only “Triple Aim” Best Practice Group[32]. They were named a “Triple Aim” Best Practice Group for a second time in 2017.

In December 2016, Swedish Covenant Hospital’s Extended Care Facility (ECF) was named a U.S. News & World Report Best Nursing Home.[33]

In May 2017, Swedish Covenant Hospital Received the American Heart Association/American stroke Association’s Get With The Guidelines® Stroke Gold Plus Quality Achievement Award with Target: StrokeSM Honor Roll.[34]

In June 2018, Swedish Covenant Hospital became one of the first hospitals in Chicago to begin using a risk assessment test for acute kidney injury (AKI)[35].

Centers, Departments and Institutions[edit]

Chicago Brain & Spine Institute[edit]

In 2010, the Hospital opened the Chicago Brain & Spine Institute, a comprehensive program emphasizing back and spine health and individualized treatment, with surgical intervention as a last alternative. The program incorporates complementary medicine and therapy programs as well as conventional treatment of physical therapy and pain management. It also incorporates the wellness programs at Galter Life Center (see below).[36]

The surgeons at the Chicago Brain & Spine Institute utilize minimally invasive spinal surgery when the situation warrants it. While the patient lies on their side, very narrow tools and a camera are inserted through a tiny opening about the size of a pen to fix the disc that is causing the discomfort, without disturbing important back muscles. The procedure is known to offer a rapid recovery and a faster return to normal activities.[37]

In June 2016, the Chicago Brain & Spine Institute, which was formerly known as the Chicago Back Institute, was renamed after the additional integration of neurologists and a new neurosurgeon specializing in brain surgery.

Orthopedic Services[edit]

Swedish Covenant Hospital provides sports medicine, minimally invasive treatment and surgery and rehabilitation on their main campus. Minimally invasive procedures include direct anterior hip replacement, ultrasound-guided injections and percutaneous tenotomy.[38]

Cancer Care[edit]

Swedish Covenant Hospital has earned designation as a Community Hospital Comprehensive Cancer Program[39] with Commendation, awarded to cancer programs that meet and exceed established standards for high-quality cancer care by the American College of Surgeons' Commission on Cancer.[40]

Cancer treatments available at Swedish Covenant Hospital include tumor boards, chemotherapy, hormonal therapy, immunotherapy, radiation therapy and minimally invasive and robotic surgery.

Radiation therapy[edit]

Swedish Covenant Hospital offers radiation therapy treatment, using an advanced linear accelerator, for all types of cancers. This technology allows it to use a number of advanced techniques, including electron beam therapy for supplemental tumors and image-guided and intensity-modulated treatments for difficult-to-treat tumors. The intensity modulated radiation therapy (IMRT) adds precision to treat highly sensitive area such as tumors of the brain, head, neck and pelvis.[41][42]

Childbirth[edit]

Swedish Covenant Hospital has been named a Blue Distinction Center[43] for Maternity Care by the Blue Cross Blue Shield Association. The hospital and medical group employs both OB/GYNs and certified nurse midwives[44] for women’s health services, including childbirth. They offer natural childbirth options in their family birthing center, including being the only hospital in Chicago offering nitrous oxide as an additional pain management tool[45] for women in childbirth.

Emergency Services[edit]

Swedish Covenant Hospital’s Emergency Services is a 24-hour department with a board-certified team of emergency medical specialists. Children with special urgent care needs can be seen by one of the pediatric emergency specialists affiliated with Children's Memorial Hospital on the medical staff at Swedish Covenant Hospital.[46]

The Yelda Family Emergency Services at Swedish Covenant Hospital was unveiled in 2007 in response to the closure of two neighboring hospitals – Edgewater and Ravenswood – and the patient volume that nearly doubled from 2000. In March 2006, Swedish Covenant Hospital broke ground on an 11,000-square-foot (1,000 m2) expansion and renovation[47] of the original Emergency Department.[48]

Special features include decontamination rooms to treat patients exposed to chemical agents, negative pressure rooms and spaces that incorporate independent air handling systems to help contain airborne pathogens such as SARS.[48]

Swedish Covenant Hospital’s latest renovation also adds addition acute care patient rooms, including a S.A.N.E. room (for sexual assault patients/exams) and four behavioral health patient rooms.

Cardiology and Heart Services[edit]

The Cardiology and Heart Services Department of Swedish Covenant Hospital is composed of the Cardiac Care Unit, the Cardiac Catheterization Lab and the Chest Pain Center.

In November 2009, Swedish Covenant Hospital received full accreditation as a Chest Pain Center by the Society of Chest Pain Centers.

The Cardiac Care Unit at Swedish Covenant Hospital opened as part of an expansion of the Galter Medical Pavilion in 2003. The unit was developed by cardiologists, cardiac nurses and staff in order to centralize, streamline and enhance the quality of care for cardiac patients. [49]

Electrophysiology[edit]

Swedish Covenant Hospital offers electrophysiology diagnosis and treatments to correct arrhythmia and other conditions caused by the heart’s electrical system, including cryoablation and fluoroless ablation. It is the only hospital in Chicago that performs ablations without any x-ray whatsoever.[50]

Cardiac Catheterization[edit]

The procedures and programs in the Cardiac Catheterization Laboratory include: Cardiac catheterization, angioplasty and stents, cardiac ablation, pacemaker and ICD implants, pacemaker and defibrillator clinic and electrophysiology program.[51]

As part of the update, high-performance equipment including advanced GE imaging devices were installed to enable cardiac specialists to view images on monitors within the lab to assist them during procedures.[51]

Nursing[edit]

In 1898, Swedish Covenant Hospital established a hospital-based School of Nursing. In 1968, the program was transitioned to a sister affiliate, North Park University. Many Swedish Covenant Hospital nurses are from North Park University, Loyola University and University of Illinois. At Swedish Covenant Hospital, more than 100 nurses are board certified in Cardiology, Case management, Critical Care, Diabetes, Emergency, Gerontology, Home Care, Infection control, Medical/Surgical, Obstetrics, Oncology, Pain Management, Pediatrics, Psychiatry, Physical rehabilitation, Surgery and Wound Care.[52]

Magnet Excellence[edit]

On May 19, 2010, the American Nurses Credentialing Center granted Swedish Covenant Hospital designation as a Magnet hospital for excellence in nursing. Swedish Covenant Hospital is one of 28 hospitals in Illinois to achieve this status.[53]

Swedish Covenant Hospital began its Journey to Magnet Excellence in 2006. It is a program developed and sponsored by the American Nurses Credentialing Center to recognize excellence in the delivery of nursing services and providing a method of disseminating successful nursing practices. The Magnet Recognition Program acknowledges quality patient care, nursing excellence, and innovations in professional nursing practice.[54]

NICHE Designation[edit]

In 2004, the Nurses Improving Care for Healthsystem Elders (NICHE) program named Swedish Covenant Hospital a NICHE designated hospital. The hospital was awarded a “Senior-Friendly” status when they renewed their designation in 2015.[18]

NICHE is a nurse-driven program producing standards and resources to assist hospitals in improving the quality of care provided for patients age 65 and older.[55] To receive recertification as a NICHE hospital, Swedish Covenant Hospital completed the Annual Membership Profile and the Annual Program Evaluation, designed to determine a hospital’s committed to improving quality, enhancing patient and family experience and supporting efforts to serve the community.[56]

Technological Innovations[edit]

da Vinci Surgical System[edit]

In 2009, Swedish Covenant Hospital acquired the third generation da Vinci Surgical System. The da Vinci Surgical System’s EndoWrist© instruments are designed to mimic the movements of the surgeon’s hands and wrists, giving natural hand-eye coordination and excellent flexibility and control when operating.[57] Nine physicians at Swedish Covenant Hospital are trained to use the da Vinci Si.[58]

Hyperbaric Oxygen Therapy[edit]

In 2002, Swedish Covenant Hospital completed its hyperbaric oxygen chambers to help wounds heal seven days faster than the national average.[59] The 100 percent pure oxygen encourages better circulation and faster healing so that diabetic patients, for example, have a 96 percent healing rate, with an average healing time of 31.5 days at Swedish Covenant Hospital.[60]

Partner Organizations on Campus[edit]

Erie[edit]

The Erie Foster Avenue Health Center on Swedish Covenant Hospital’s campus provides expanded health services and high-quality low-cost medical care. [61]Erie currently operates 13 other locations throughout the city and surrounding hospital.

Child Care Center[edit]

The James and Suzanne McCormick Montessori Child Care Center at Swedish Covenant Hospital serves both hospital employees with small children and members of the community. The Montessori discipline focuses on teaching independence, responsibility and self-discipline, as well as encouraging cognitive development at the child's own pace and stressing the uniqueness of each child. The Child Care Center is the only Montessori hospital-based program in the United States. The Child Care Center at Swedish Covenant Hospital offers Montessori infant, toddler and preschool daycare for children ages 6 weeks to 6 years old.[62]

Galter LifeCenter[edit]

Galter LifeCenter, affiliated with Swedish Covenant Hospital and the Evangelical Covenant Church, is a 69,000-square-foot (6,400 m2) medical fitness center on the hospital campus. Galter LifeCenter offers programs and services for the mind and body, including yoga and Pilates, as well as sports performance training. It is the only fitness center in Chicago to offer seven Body Training Systems programs, which are licensed programs that require the instructors teaching these programs to have additional certifications. Swedish Covenant Hospital’s Cardiac Rehabilitation, physical therapy and pain management programs are located at the LifeCenter. The integration of wellness-based and medical services makes Galter LifeCenter a medical-based fitness center.[63]

Accreditations[edit]

Old info

Affiliations[edit]

Statistics[edit]

Basic Information

  • 323 licensed beds[64]
  • 2,200 full-time staff[64]
  • 580 physicians[1]
  • 250 volunteers[64]
  • 16,162 admissions[64]
  • 2,915 obstetrical services[64]
  • 46,145 emergency treatments[64]
  • 14,012 surgical procedures[64]
  • 260,730 outpatient visits[64]

Notable people[edit]

Notes[edit]

  1. ^ a b c "Swedish Covenant Hospital in Chicago, IL | US News Best Hospitals". health.usnews.com. Retrieved January 25, 2016.
  2. ^ "About Us | Swedish Covenant Hospital". swedishcovenant.org. Retrieved January 25, 2016.
  3. ^ "Acute Care Hospitals". Healthcare Facilities Accreditation Program. 2012. Retrieved November 16, 2012.
  4. ^ Goldberg, Stephanie (2019-06-27). "NorthShore agrees to buy Swedish Covenant". Crain's Chicago Business. Retrieved 2019-07-08.
  5. ^ "History of Swedish Covenant Hospital". Swedish Covenant Hospital.
  6. ^ a b Olsson, Karl (1961). Quality of Mercy.
  7. ^ Hitzeman, Harry (September 3, 2007), "Hospitals see "warm and fuzzy" treatment for patients, families as a better path to healing", Daily Herald, Chicago Check date values in: |year=, |year= / |date= mismatch (help)
  8. ^ "Key Accomplishments". Swedish Covenant Hospital.
  9. ^ "City of Chicago Building Energy Benchmarking 2015" (PDF). City of Chicago. City of Chicago.
  10. ^ "Uninsured patients sue Chicago nonprofit hospital". Washington Examiner. 2012. Retrieved 14 May 2013.
  11. ^ "Swedish Covenant Hospital Breaks Ground on $8 Million Women's Health Center". swedishcovenant.org. Retrieved 2016-01-25.
  12. ^ "New Swedish Covenant Immediate Care Center - Opening this June". swedishcovenant.org. Retrieved 2018-06-30.
  13. ^ "Swedish Covenant Hospital's Breastfeeding Clinic Turns One". swedishcovenant.org. Retrieved 2018-06-30.
  14. ^ "Swedish Covenant Hospital Announces New Residency Program in Partnership With McGaw Medical Center of Northwestern University and Erie Family Health". swedishcovenant.org. Retrieved 2018-06-30.
  15. ^ "Swedish Covenant Hospital Announces New CenteringPregnancy® Program". swedishcovenant.org. Retrieved 2018-06-30.
  16. ^ "Verified Patient Reviews Now Posted on Swedish Covenant Hospital Website". swedishcovenant.org. Retrieved 2018-06-30.
  17. ^ "Summer Social at Swedish Covenant Hospital Draws 3,000 Visitors and Distributes 1,000 Free Bike Helmets". swedishcovenant.org. Retrieved 2018-06-30.
  18. ^ a b "NICHE Program » Nurses Improving Care for Healthsystem Elders". www.nicheprogram.org. Retrieved 2016-01-25.
  19. ^ Ruiz, Rebecca; Whelan, David (January 27, 2009), "America's Safest Hospitals", Forbes, United States Check date values in: |year=, |year= / |date= mismatch (help)
  20. ^ Comarow, Avery (July 15, 2009), "America's Best Hospitals", US News & World Report, United States Check date values in: |year=, |year= / |date= mismatch (help)
  21. ^ a b Nesita, Kwan; Lutz, Bj (18 June 2009), "Hospitals of the Future: Paperless, Efficient", NBC, United States
  22. ^ "North Side Hospital Receives Prestigious Magnet® Recognition for Nursing Excellence for the Second Time". swedishcovenant.org. Retrieved 2016-01-25.
  23. ^ "News Display Page". www.leapfroggroup.org. Archived from the original on 2014-06-26. Retrieved 2016-01-25.
  24. ^ "North Side Hospital Receives Leadership Award for Commitment to Patient Safety". swedishcovenant.org. Retrieved 2016-01-25.
  25. ^ "Swedish Covenant Hospital Goes Platinum with Cardiology Performance Achievement Award". swedishcovenant.org. Retrieved 2018-07-06.
  26. ^ "Swedish Covenant Hospital Earns "High Performing" Ranking". swedishcovenant.org. Retrieved 2018-07-06.
  27. ^ "Swedish Covenant Hospital receives Metropolitan Chicago Healthcare Council Disrupter Award". swedishcovenant.org. Retrieved 2016-01-25.
  28. ^ "Swedish Covenant Hospital Earns Tuesday's Child's Corporate Award". swedishcovenant.org. Retrieved 2018-07-07.
  29. ^ "Blue Distinction Center Finder/Blue Distinction Centers and Blue Distinction Centers+".
  30. ^ "Swedish Covenant Hospital Gets 'A' for Safety".
  31. ^ "Swedish Covenant Hospital Completes Successful High-Risk Angioplasty Procedure Using State-of-the-Art Mini-Heart Pump". swedishcovenant.org. Retrieved 2018-07-07.
  32. ^ "Swedish Covenant Midwifery Group Named Only "Triple Aim" Best Practice Group in Illinois". swedishcovenant.org. Retrieved 2018-07-07.
  33. ^ "Swedish Covenant Hospital's Extended Care Facility (ECF) Named a U.S. News & World Report Best Nursing Home". swedishcovenant.org. Retrieved 2018-07-07.
  34. ^ "Swedish Covenant Hospital Receives Get With The Guidelines-Stroke Gold Plus Quality Achievement Award". swedishcovenant.org. Retrieved 2018-07-07.
  35. ^ "Swedish Covenant Hospital Among First to Deploy Novel Test to Combat Acute Kidney Injury Risk". swedishcovenant.org. Retrieved 2018-07-07.
  36. ^ "Chicago Back Pain Center Aims to Avoid Surgery". HealthLeaders Media. July 16, 2010.
  37. ^ "Beating back pain". Retrieved 2016-01-25.
  38. ^ "Orthopedic Surgery & Non-Surgical Treatments|Swedish Covenant Hospital". swedishcovenant.org. Retrieved 2018-07-07.
  39. ^ "Cancer Treatment Options | Swedish Covenant Hospital | Chicago". swedishcovenant.org. Retrieved 2018-07-07.
  40. ^ "Community Comprehensive Cancer Program Annual Report 2007" (PDF). Swedish Covenant Hospital. 2007.
  41. ^ "Cancer Services". Swedish Covenant Hospital.
  42. ^ The Science of Precision. Chicago: Swedish Covenant Hospital. 2009.
  43. ^ "Swedish Covenant Hospital Named a Blue Distinction Center+ for Cardiac Care and Maternity Care". swedishcovenant.org. Retrieved 2018-07-07.
  44. ^ "Midwife or OB". swedishcovenant.org. Retrieved 2018-07-07.
  45. ^ "Pain Management | Childbirth | Chicago | Swedish Covenant Hospital". swedishcovenant.org. Retrieved 2018-07-07.
  46. ^ "Emergency Services". Swedish Covenant Hospital.
  47. ^ "Emergency Department Renovation | Swedish Covenant Hospital | Chicago". swedishcovenant.org. Retrieved 2018-07-07.
  48. ^ a b "Swedish Covenant Celebrates Expanded Emergency Center". The Evangelical Covenant Church. March 16, 2007.
  49. ^ "Cardiac Care Unit". Swedish Covenant Hospital.
  50. ^ "Revolutionary Electrophysiologist & Restaurant Enthusiast Dr Hany Demo". swedishcovenant.org. Retrieved 2018-07-19.
  51. ^ a b "Cardiac Catheterization Laboratory". Swedish Covenant Hospital.
  52. ^ "Nursing Awards and Recognition". Swedish Covenant Hospital.
  53. ^ "Find a Magnet Facility". American Nurses Credentialing Center.
  54. ^ "Journey to Magnet Excellence". Swedish Covenant Hospital.
  55. ^ "NICHE Program » Nurses Improving Care for Healthsystem Elders". www.nicheprogram.org. Retrieved 2016-01-25.
  56. ^ "Swedish Covenant Hospital Earns Recertification as a NICHE Designated Hospital". swedishcovenant.org. Retrieved 2016-01-25.
  57. ^ Intuitive Technology. "The da Vinci Surgical System".
  58. ^ SCH Test Drives New Surgical Technology, Swedish Covenant Hospital Employee News Website, November 2, 2009
  59. ^ "Clinical Hyperbaric Facilities, Current and Completed Major Projects". Reimers Systems. 2006.
  60. ^ The Science of Recovery. Chicago: Swedish Covenant Hospital. 2009.
  61. ^ "Erie Foster Avenue Health Center | Swedish Covenant Hospital". swedishcovenant.org. Retrieved 2018-07-19.
  62. ^ "Child Care". Swedish Covenant Hospital.
  63. ^ "About the LifeCenter". Galter LifeCenter.
  64. ^ a b c d e f g h i j k l m n o p q r s "2009 Swedish Covenant Hospital Fact Sheet" (PDF). Swedish Covenant Hospital. May 2009.
  65. ^ Duke, Brad (2004). "1. An Ordiniary Upbringing". Harrison Ford: the films. McFarland. p. 5. ISBN 9780786420162. Retrieved 2010-02-20.

References[edit]

[1]

External links[edit]

Coordinates: 41°58′31.3″N 87°41′57.9″W / 41.975361°N 87.699417°W / 41.975361; -87.699417