Swedish National Police Board
|This article does not cite any references or sources. (July 2015)|
The Swedish National Police Board (Swedish: Rikspolisstyrelsen) was the central administrative authority for the police in Sweden, until the Swedish police reorganised into a single unified agency on 1 January, 2015, named the Swedish Police Authority. Prior to this, the Swedish police used to be composed of 21 local police authorities, each responsible for the police work in their county. The last National Police Commissioner (Swedish: Rikspolischefen) of the old agency was Bengt Svenson.
The agency was responsible for, inter alia, the development of new working methods, technological and administrative support. It was also—through the National Police Academy—responsible for the training of police officers, and the principal agency for the Swedish National Laboratory of Forensic Science (Swedish: Statens kriminaltekniska laboratorium, abbreviated SKL), which was renamed National Forensics Centre post-reorganization.
The National Police Board used to consist of two national departments:
The National Bureau of Investigation
The Swedish National Bureau of Investigation's (Swedish: Rikskriminalpolisen, RKP) mission was fighting serious organised crime, being the point of contact for international police cooperation and crisis management. Its responsibilities included leading and coordinating resources, such as criminal intelligence, border control issues and witness protection, to provide special expertise and conduct operational police work, both on its own and assisting local police authorities. It was organised in five divisions: The Chief of staff's office, the Central border control division, the International police cooperation division, the Criminal intelligence and investigation division and the Special operations division (e.g. the National Task Force and the Police Helicopter Service). Most of its functions have been taken over by the National Operations Department.
The Swedish Security Service
The Security Service (Swedish: Säkerhetspolisen, Säpo) was organized under the National Police Board, although with its own police chief. It formed its own independent agency on 1 January, 2015.
County Police Authorities
In each of the 21 Counties of Sweden there used to be a County Police Authority, which was headed by a County Police Commissioner. There was also a County Police Board, consisting of local politicians and the commissioner. The Commissioners and the members of the board were all appointed by the Government of Sweden. The County Police Authorities answered to the National Police Board, which in turn reported to the Ministry of Justice.
The Swedish police operate a number of helicopters as support units. Tasked mainly with observation and search duties while being stationed in a number of locations in Sweden (Stockholm, Gothenburg, Östersund and Boden). The type used at present is the Eurocopter EC-135.
For most of the 20th century, Swedish police vehicles were painted black and white. In 1990, Swedish police cars changed to a blue and fluorescent yellow livery (Battenburg markings), from a white and blue one. Most Swedish police cars are either Volvos or SAABs, with the same livery all over Sweden. In later years, due to the 2010 bankruptcy of SAAB, the use of other brands, such as Volkswagen Passat and BMW 5-series, has become more common.
Almost all officers wear a waistbelt which carries a service pistol (the official side arms for the Swedish police are the SIG Sauer P225, P226, P228, P229, and P239), extra magazine, expandable baton, handcuffs, TETRA radio, mobile phone, pepper spray, keys and gloves. All police officers must carry identification.
Swedish police use digital radio system, RAKEL (RadioKommunikation för Effektiv Ledning,"Radio Communication for Effective Command and Control"), an encrypted TETRA-system. It is possible to communicate with Fire Departments and Medical Teams. Every unit is assigned a 7-figure serial where the first digit indicates the type of organisation, 1 for police, 2 for Fire Department, 3 for Ambulances. In normal use units are called with the following six figures in pairs, 41-91-00. The last two indicate the type of unit, where 00 indicates some kind of command function, normally a sergeant.
Rakel is covering 99,84 % of Swedish citizens and 95% of the country, mountain areas excepted.
Swedish Police have control rooms spread across the country where operators handle emergency calls and manage the response to incidents. Swedish Police use the CORTEX ICCS software application from APD Communications Ltd to communicate with the public over the telephony network and officers over the RAKEL radio network. Swedish Police use Steria's STORM Command and Control application which interfaces with CORTEX and others systems to enable operators resolve incidents quickly. APD's CORTEX and Steria's STORM products are used by police forces across the UK and Middle East.